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NAICS Codes

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Codes:

(Click here for the codes used in version 2012.1 or lower)

Crop production

111110 Soybean farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing soybeans.

Examples:
-  soybean farming
-  soybeans (soya beans), growing

111120 Oilseed (except soybean) farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fibrous plants that produce oilseeds.

Examples:
-  canola (rapeseed) farming
-  linseed (flaxseed) growing
-  mixed oilseeds (except soybean) farming
-  mustard seed farming
-  oilseed (except soybean) farming
-  safflower and sunflower farming

111130 Dry pea and bean farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing dry peas, beans and lentils.

Examples:
-  bean or pea farming (field crop)
-  dry cowpea farming
-  dry peas and beans farming
-  legume (forage) farming
-  leguminous crop plant (e.g., dry peas, beans, lentils, dry pulses) growing

Exclusions:
-  growing fresh green beans and peas

111140 Wheat farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing wheat.

Examples:
-  wheat (i.e., spring, winter and durum) growing or farming
-  wheat cereal grain farming
-  wheat farming

111150 Corn farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing corn.

Examples:
-  corn farming
-  corn for fodder or silage, growing
-  corn for popping, growing
-  grain corn (except sweet corn) farming

Exclusions:
-  growing sweet corn

111160 Rice farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing rice, except wild rice.

Examples:
-  rice (except wild rice) farming
-  rice farming

Exclusions:
-  growing wild rice

111190 Other grain farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing grains. Farms primarily engaged in growing a combination of oilseeds and grains are also included.

Examples:
-  broomcorn farming
-  buckwheat farming
-  feed grain farms
-  grain farms (except wheat, rice, corn and soybeans)
-  grain growing (except rice, wheat and corn)
-  milo farming
-  oil seed and grain farming, combination
-  other grain farming for fodder
-  small grains including mixed (except wheat) farming
-  wild rice, farming

Exclusions:
-  growing wheat
-  growing corn
-  growing rice, except wild rice
-  growing sweet corn

111211 Potato farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing potatoes, yams and seed potatoes.

Examples:
-  growing vegetables and melons and selling them at roadside stands (if potatoes are greater than 50%)
-  potato farming
-  potato farming (e.g., seed or table)
-  yam and sweet potato farming

111219 Other vegetable (except potato) and melon farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing vegetables and melons. Establishments primarily engaged in producing vegetable and melon seeds, except seed potatoes, and vegetable and melon bedding plants are also included in this industry.

Examples:
-  bean farms (except dry beans)
-  bean growing, snap (wax and green)
-  beet, table (except sugar beet), growing
-  cantaloup, melon and watermelon farming
-  growing vegetables and melons and selling them at roadside stands (if potatoes are less than 50%)
-  mangel growing
-  market gardening
-  mixed vegetables growing
-  onion (e.g., green or scallion, red, Spanish, shallot), farming
-  pepper farming (e.g., bell, chilli, green, hot, red, sweet)
-  sweet corn growing
-  truck farming
-  vegetable (e.g., asparagus, bok choy, pumpkin, rhubarb, squash), farming
-  vegetable (e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, carrot, cauliflower), farming
-  vegetable (e.g., celery, cucumber, lettuce, radish, rutabaga), farming
-  vegetable (e.g., spinach, tomato, table turnip), farming
-  vegetable bedding plants, growing of
-  vegetable farming, other than potato (except field crops)
-  vegetable seed growing

Exclusions:
-  growing corn
-  growing vegetables and melons under glass or protective cover

111310 Orange groves This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges.

Examples:
-  orange groves
-  orange groves and farms

111320 Citrus (except orange) groves This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing citrus fruit, except oranges.

Examples:
-  citrus (except orange) groves
-  grapefruit groves
-  lemon groves
-  lime groves

111330 Non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tree nuts and non-citrus fruit.

Examples:
-  apple orchards
-  avocado orchards and farms
-  banana and plantain farming
-  cherry orchards
-  coffee farming
-  commercial blueberry fields, operating
-  cranberries (partridge berries), growing or bogs
-  date and fig orchards or farms
-  fruit and tree nut combination farming
-  fruit growers (e.g., pome and stone fruits)
-  growing edible nuts chiefly for food
-  growing nuts used chiefly for oil extraction
-  non citrus fruit farming
-  non-citrus fruit and tree nut farming
-  non-citrus fruits (e.g., apricot, nectarine, peach), orchards and farms
-  pear, plum or prune orchards and farms
-  persimmon orchards and farms
-  pineapple plantation or farming
-  pomegranate orchards and farms
-  quince orchards and farms
-  small berry fruit farming (e.g., blackberry, blueberry, currant, dewberry, loganberry, raspberry)
-  strawberries, growing
-  tree fruit farming
-  tree nut (e.g., almond, filbert, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio, tung nut, walnut) groves and farms
-  tropical fruit farms
-  vineyards

Exclusions:
-  harvesting berries and nuts from native and non-cultivated plants

111411 Mushroom production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing mushrooms under cover.

Examples:
-  mushroom cellars or houses
-  mushroom growing
-  mushroom production
-  mushroom spawn farming

111419 Other food crops grown under cover This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing food crops under glass or protective cover.

Examples:
-  fruit farming, berry grown under cover
-  herb and spice crops grown under cover
-  herb farming (e.g., ginseng, echinacea, etc.), greenhouse grown
-  hydroponic crops, grown under cover
-  market gardening, greenhouse
-  seaweed, grown under cover
-  vegetable farming, under cover
-  vegetable food crops grown in greenhouses

Exclusions:
-  growing vegetable and melon bedding plants, in open fields
-  raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations, aquaponics

111421 Nursery and tree production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, nursery products and trees, and short rotation woody crops, for pulp and tree stock, that have a typical growth cycle of less than ten years.

Examples:
-  Christmas tree growing
-  field nurseries (e.g., growing ornamental plants, shrubs and trees)
-  fruit stock (e.g., plants, seedlings, trees), growing
-  garden nursery
-  nursery and tree production
-  nursery farm
-  nursery stock growing
-  ornamental plants, shrubs and trees, nursery grown
-  preseeded mats farming
-  rose bushes, growing
-  tree and shrub farming (except forestry), short rotation growing and harvesting cycle
-  tree nursery
-  turf (sod) farming

Exclusions:
-  operation of timber tracts that have a growth cycle of ten years or more
-  retailing nursery, tree stock, and floriculture products primarily purchased from others

111422 Floriculture production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing, under cover or in open fields, floriculture products and propagating materials.

Examples:
-  floriculture production
-  flower farm
-  flower nursery
-  flower seed production
-  flower, plant and bulb growing, greenhouse
-  flowers (i.e., cut or potted) and plants, greenhouse grown
-  greenhouses, growing of floral products
-  holly growing
-  tropical foliage and green plants, greenhouse grown

Exclusions:
-  retailing floriculture products primarily purchased from others

111910 Tobacco farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco.

Examples:
-  tobacco farming

111920 Cotton farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton.

Examples:
-  cotton farming

111930 Sugar cane farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugar cane.

Examples:
-  sugar cane farming
-  sugarcane farming

111940 Hay farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, grasses and mixed hay.

Examples:
-  alfalfa, clover, hay or timothy farming
-  forage crops (except corn for grain) farming
-  hay farming

Exclusions:
-  growing grain hay or forage/silage production
-  growing grass and hay seeds

111993 Fruit and vegetable combination farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing a combination of fruit and vegetables.

Examples:
-  fruit and vegetable combination farming

Exclusions:
-  growing vegetables and melons

111994 Maple syrup and products production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in gathering maple sap and producing maple products. Establishments primarily engaged in producing maple products in plants are also included.

Examples:
-  growing maple trees for the harvest of maple sap
-  maple syrup and products production
-  operation of maple sugar bush
-  production of maple sugars and syrups in a separate central facility

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing artificially flavoured maple syrup products

111999 All other miscellaneous crop farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in growing crops. Establishments primarily engaged in general crop farming or combination crop farming (except combination fruit and vegetable farming), are also included in this Canadian industry.

Examples:
-  chicory plants and roots, growing
-  combination field crop farming
-  crop and animal (livestock) combination farming (primarily crop)
-  crop farms, general
-  crops, hay and grain farming
-  field crop combination farm (except grain and oil seeds; or fruit and vegetable)
-  ginseng and echinacea herb growing (except greenhouse grown)
-  grain and forage crops
-  grain and sugar beets, farming
-  grass, clover and alfalfa seed growing
-  hemp growing
-  herb farming (except greenhouse grown)
-  hop, growing or farming
-  hops and grain growing, combination
-  marijuana growing for medicinal purposes
-  osier growing
-  peanut farming
-  potatoes and cauliflower growing, combination
-  potatoes and grain growing, combination
-  potatoes and holly growing, combination
-  potatoes and turnips growing, combination
-  spice farming (except greenhouse grown)
-  sugar beet farming
-  tea farming

Exclusions:
-  growing hay
-  growing sugar cane
-  growing cotton
-  growing tobacco
-  growing greenhouse, nursery and floriculture products
-  growing tree nuts and fruit
-  growing wheat, corn, rice, soybeans, and other grains and oilseeds
-  growing a combination of fruit and vegetable
-  growing a combination of oilseeds and grains

Animal production and aquaculture

112110 Beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising and fattening cattle. The raising of cattle for dairy herd replacements is also included in this industry.

Examples:
beef cattle finishing
beef cattle ranching
beef cattle ranching and farming, including feedlots
beef farming
dairy heifer replacement production
milk breeding stock, raising
stock raising, dairy animal
stockyards (exclusively for fattening cattle)

Exclusions:
-  milking dairy cattle

112120 Dairy cattle and milk production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle.

Examples:
-  dairy cattle (cows) farming and milk production
-  dairy cattle and milk production
-  raising dairy cattle for both milking and meat production
-  raw fluid milk or cream, production

Exclusions:
-  raising, feeding or fattening cattle
-  raising dairy herd replacements

112210 Hog and pig farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs.

Examples:
-  hog and pig farming
-  hog feedlot
-  hog, pig and swine (including breeding, farrowing, nursery and finishing activities) farming
-  pig farming (i.e., swine, farrows, piglets, hogs, domestic boar, sows)
-  weanling pig operations

112310 Chicken egg production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of eggs, including hatching eggs.

Examples:
-  chicken egg production
-  started pullet farms

112320 Broiler and other meat-type chicken production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of meat.

Examples:
-  broiler, fryer and roasting chickens, raising
-  capon, chicken or Cornish hens farming

112330 Turkey production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising turkeys.

Examples:
-  combination turkey farm, meat and eggs
-  turkey and turkey egg production
-  turkey production

112340 Poultry hatcheries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hatching poultry of any kind.

Examples:
-  egg hatcheries, poultry
-  hatchery services (e.g., chick, poultry, pheasant, turkey poults)
-  poultry hatcheries

Exclusions:
-  raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds

112391 Combination poultry and egg production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising any combination of poultry for meat and egg production, with no one predominating.

Examples:
-  combination poultry and egg production
-  meat poultry and egg farm combined

Exclusions:
-  raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds
-  raising broilers and other meat-type chickens
-  raising turkeys
-  hatching poultry of any kind
-  raising all other poultry
-  raising chickens for egg production

112399 All other poultry production This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in raising poultry such as ducks, geese, pheasant, quail, ostriches and emus.

Examples:
-  chuckar patridge production
-  egg farms, poultry (except chicken, duck or turkey)
-  Hungarian patridge production
-  ostrich or emu farming
-  patridge production
-  pheasant, geese, goose, duck, quail or guinea fowl farming
-  pigeon or squab farming

Exclusions:
-  hatching poultry of any kind
-  raising aviary birds, such as parakeets, canaries and lovebirds
-  combination poultry and egg production
-  raising broilers and other meat-type chickens
-  raising chickens for egg production
-  raising turkeys

112410 Sheep farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and lambs, and feeding or fattening lambs.

Examples:
-  feedlots, lamb
-  lamb or sheep farming
-  sheep farming
-  wool production, farming

112420 Goat farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising goats.

Examples:
-  goat farming
-  milk production, goat farm
-  mohair production

112510 Aquaculture This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm-raising aquatic animals and plants. Establishments primarily engaged in raising both aquatic animals and plants in integrated growing operations, aquaponics, are also included. These activities can occur both in natural waters and in artificial aquatic impoundments and include the use of some form of intervention in the rearing or growing process to enhance production.

Examples:
-  algae and seaweed farming
-  algae and seaweed farming, freshwater
-  alligator production, farm raising
-  aquaculture
-  aquaculture, animal, salt water
-  aquaponics
-  catfish production in freshwater, farm raising
-  finfish hatcheries
-  fingerlings, raising in freshwater or salt water
-  fish breeding and propagating service, freshwater
-  fish breeding and propagating service, salt water
-  fish hatchery service (freshwater)
-  fish hatchery service (salt water)
-  frog, farm raising
-  goldfish production in freshwater, farm raising
-  management services for freshwater aquaculture industry
-  management services for salt water aquaculture industry
-  minnow and trout farms, freshwater
-  ornamental (non-food) aquaculture plants, greenhouse grown
-  oyster breeding and propagation service
-  saltwater shellfish farming, including the production of cultured pearl
-  shellfish farming
-  tropical aquarium fish farms, freshwater
-  turtle and other freshwater animal aquaculture
-  turtle and other salt water animal aquaculture

Exclusions:
-  hydroponic crops, grown under cover
-  catching or taking fish and other aquatic animals from their natural habitats

112910 Apiculture This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising bees, collecting and gathering honey, and performing other apiculture activities.

Examples:
-  apiaries or beekeeping (apiculture)
-  apiculture
-  bee pollen collecting
-  honey and beeswax production

112920 Horse and other equine production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising horses, mules, donkeys and other equines.

Examples:
-  burro, donkey or mule production
-  equines (i.e., horse), raising or ranching
-  pregnant mares' urine (PMU), producing

Exclusions:
-  boarding horses

112930 Fur-bearing animal and rabbit production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising fur-bearing animals, including rabbits.

Examples:
-  fur-bearing animal (e.g., chinchilla, fox, muskrat, rabbit, mink) raising
-  fur-bearing animal and rabbit production
-  game farm (fur-bearing animals)

Exclusions:
-  trapping or hunting wild fur-bearing animals

112991 Animal combination farming This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals, with no one predominating.

Examples:
-  animal combination farming
-  animal specialty combination farm
-  beef and hog, raising
-  beef and lamb, farming
-  beef cattle, hogs, sheep and goat combination, farming
-  cattle and pigs, raising
-  cattle and poultry farm
-  cattle, calves, pigs, and, chickens, raising
-  crop and livestock combination farming (primarily livestock)
-  dairy and hog farm
-  dairy cattle, beef cattle and swine raising
-  dairy, beef, pork farming
-  eggs, beef, producing
-  hogs, cattle and horses, farms
-  horse and cattle, raising
-  lamb, pork, chicken, goats and horses, farming
-  livestock and animal specialty farms, general
-  livestock and poultry combination farm
-  livestock combination farm
-  livestock combination feedlots
-  milk farm, cattle and pigs, raising
-  milk, beef and pigs, producing
-  milk, hogs, cattle, producing
-  pheasants (seasonal) and sheep farming
-  poultry and beef operation
-  sheep and dairy, farming
-  stock farming, livestock combination
-  swine and cattle, raising
-  swine and poultry combination farms

112999 All other miscellaneous animal production This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in raising animals.

Examples:
-  aviaries (e.g., raising parakeet, canary, lovebirds)
-  bird (song and pet) raising
-  bison production
-  buffalo production
-  earth worm production, farms or hatcheries
-  guinea pig and hamster, raising
-  kennels, breeding and raising stock (i.e., dogs and cats) for sale
-  laboratory animal production (e.g., rats, mice, guinea pigs)
-  llama, dromedary and camel raising
-  pet animal, raising
-  rattlesnake production
-  reindeer, elk and deer farming
-  rodent (pet and laboratory) raising
-  silk (raw) production and silkworm farms
-  wild boar, raising

Forestry and logging

113110 Timber tract operations This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts, for the purpose of selling standing timber.

Examples:
-  forestry farms
-  timber tract operations
-  timber tracts operations for the purpose of selling standing timber

Exclusions:
-  holding timbered property as real property and not for the sale of timber
-  growing short rotation woody crops, such as Christmas trees and cottonwood for pulpwood, where the typical life cycle for growing and harvesting is less than ten years
-  cutting timber

113210 Forest nurseries and gathering of forest products This Canadian industry comprises establishments with two different production processes, those primarily engaged in growing trees for the purpose of reforestation, and those primarily engaged in gathering forest products.

Examples:
-  flower, wild, gathering
-  forest gums (e.g., chestnut, hemlock, cherry, pine and spruce), gathering
-  forest nurseries and gathering of forest products
-  forest nurseries for reforestation, growing trees
-  forest products (e.g., balsam needles, bark, cone) gathering
-  gathering berries in the forest
-  gathering of non-cultivated berries
-  gathering of wild mushrooms and truffles
-  huckleberry greens, gathering of
-  leaf collecting
-  moss (e.g., Spanish, sphagnum), gathering of
-  nonwood forest products gathering
-  tree seeds gathering
-  wild berry picking
-  wild rice gathering

Exclusions:
-  gathering maple sap

113311 Logging (except contract) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on an own-account basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

Examples:
-  bolts, wood (e.g., handle, heading, shingle, stave), cutting
-  booming, bunching, rafting, driving logs
-  burls, wood, cutting
-  chipping logs (in the forest)
-  Christmas tree cutting
-  crossties, hewn, producing
-  cutting cordwood, in the forest
-  fence posts, cutting
-  fuelwood cutting
-  log barking, rossing and peeling on contract
-  log cutting (forest trees)
-  log decking
-  log grading, scaling, sorting
-  log or timber driving
-  logging (except contract)
-  logging camp
-  logging, logs for lumber
-  logging, pulpwood logs
-  logs and bolts, logging
-  mine timbers, cutting
-  peeler logs, cutting
-  pickets and paling, round or split, cutting
-  pitprops, wooden, untreated, cutting
-  poles and pilings, wooden, untreated, cutting
-  posts, wood, hewn, round or split, producing
-  pulpwood camps
-  pulpwood logs, cutting
-  railroad ties, hewn, cutting
-  rails, fence, round or split, cutting
-  sawlogs, cutting
-  shingle bolts, cutting
-  tie bolts, cutting
-  ties, railroad, hewn, producing
-  timber (product of logging camps)
-  timber pole cutting (e.g., telephone poles)
-  timbers, mine, hewn, producing
-  timbers, round mine, cutting
-  tree felling, bucking, cutting
-  veneer logs, logging
-  wood chips produced in the forest

Exclusions:
-  trucking timber, local
-  trucking timber, long distance

113312 Contract logging This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting timber, producing rough, round, hewn, or riven primary wood, and producing wood chips in the forest, on a fee or contract basis. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting and transporting timber are also included.

Examples:
-  beachcombers (lost log recovery)
-  contract logging
-  custom logging, contractor
-  log booming, bucking, salvaging, skidding and yarding on contract
-  log hauling in the forest with logging
-  logging contractor (felling, cutting, bucking)
-  logs contract stump to truck
-  lumber jack contractor, log, tree felling
-  pulpwood and timber cutting on contract
-  timber cutting and yarding on contract

Exclusions:
-  trucking timber, local
-  trucking timber, long distance

Fishing, hunting and trapping

114113 Salt water fishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching all types of finfish, shellfish and other marine animals, and harvesting other sea products.

Examples:
-  bait catching, salt water
-  clam, mussel and oyster fishing or digging
-  crab, crayfish and lobster, catching of
-  dulse, Irish moss and laver gathering
-  eel catching, salt water
-  finfish, salt water, fishing
-  flatfish and salmon fishing
-  groundfish, fishing
-  hand lining and long lining fishing, salt water
-  inshore or coastal finfish fishing, salt water
-  lobster pound operation
-  marine finfish fishing (e.g., flounder, salmon, trout)
-  marine shellfish fishing (e.g., clam, crab, oyster, shrimp)
-  offshore or deep sea finfish fishing
-  otter trawling
-  pelagic fish, fishing
-  salt water fishing
-  salt water fishing (e.g., bluefish, cod, haddock, herring, mackerel, menhaden, pilchard)
-  salt water fishing (e.g., pollack, shark, squid, tuna)
-  salt water fishing (i.e., gill netting, jigging, danish or purse seining, pound netting or weir fishing)
-  salt water, seaweed or sponge gathering or catching turtles and frogs in the wild
-  sea urchin and shrimp fishing
-  sea worm gathering
-  seal hunting (sealing)
-  shellfish, fishing, salt water
-  trawling and trolling, seafish
-  whiting fishing

114114 Freshwater fishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching or gathering freshwater species of finfish and shellfish, and harvesting other freshwater products.

Examples:
-  bait catching, freshwater
-  eel catching, inland
-  finfish, inland fishing (e.g., flounder, salmon, trout), fresh water
-  fresh water, seaweed or sponge gathering or catching turtles and frogs in the wild
-  hand lining and long lining fishing, freshwater
-  inland finfish fishing, freshwater
-  inland fishing
-  inland fishing (i.e., gill netting, trap net, prairie jigging, pound netting, trolling), freshwater fish
-  shellfish digging or fishing, freshwater

114210 Hunting and trapping This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial hunting and trapping, and operating and managing commercial game preserves.

Examples:
-  animal trapping, commercial
-  hunting and trapping
-  hunting and trapping, wild animals for furs (except seals)
-  hunting or game preserves
-  pelts or skins, wild animal, undressed (except seal skins), skinning
-  self-employed hunting business
-  worm gathering

Exclusions:
-  farm-raising rabbits and other fur-bearing animals
-  operating nature preserves

Support activities for agriculture and forestry

115110 Support activities for crop production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing crops.

Examples:
-  aerial crop dusting service using specialized aircraft
-  agricultural product sterilization service
-  artificial nucleation (cloud seeding)
-  bracing and pruning of orchard trees and vines
-  brush killing service, chemical
-  chemical dusting and spraying service, crops and plants
-  chemical treatment of seed and soil for crops
-  chopping and silo filling
-  citrus grove, orchard and vineyard management and maintenance, with or without crop services
-  cleaning service, grain
-  combining service, agricultural crop
-  compressing cotton and other plants, contract
-  corn detasseling service
-  corn shelling service
-  cotton ginning
-  crop dusting and spraying service, with or without fertilizing
-  crop gathering service
-  crop harvesting service
-  crop planting or seeding services
-  crop, orchard and vineyard cultivation services
-  custom farming (planting and cultivating), contract services
-  disease control for crops
-  drying of corn, rice, hay, fruits and vegetables
-  entomological service, agricultural
-  farm labour contractors
-  farm labour pool (supplies help to farmers)
-  farm management service (crop production)
-  farm produce (e.g., fruit, vegetable) packing service
-  farm product (crop) sorting, grading or packing service (for the grower)
-  fertilizer application service
-  flax decorticating and retting service
-  fruit and vegetable drying service
-  fruit and vegetable vacuum cooling service
-  fruit or vegetable precooling
-  fruit picking service, hand (e.g., apple, strawberry, blueberry, cherry)
-  grain drying service
-  grain fumigation service
-  hay mowing, raking, baling and chopping
-  hulling and shelling of almonds, filberts, nuts, peanuts, pecans and walnuts
-  insecticide and weed spraying service, crops and plants
-  inspection and grading of agricultural products (crop)
-  irradiation of fruits and vegetables
-  lime spreading service, agricultural
-  machine harvesting of crops, including grains, fruits and vegetables
-  moss ginning service
-  orchard fruit picking, hand
-  orchard spraying and dusting service
-  packaging service, fresh or farm, dried fruits and vegetables
-  pollinating service
-  potato curing service
-  seed bed preparation service
-  seed cleaning service, agricultural
-  seed drilling service, agricultural
-  seed processing for propagation
-  seed treating service, chemical
-  soil preparation services (e.g., hoeing, ploughing, rototilling, weeding), agricultural
-  sorting farm products (for the grower)
-  support activities for crop production
-  surgery on orchard trees and vines
-  thinning of crops, mechanical and chemical
-  threshing service, agricultural crop and plant
-  tobacco grading service
-  tobacco picking service
-  tree planting (except forestry services)
-  weed control service, chemical, agriculture

Exclusions:
-  providing support activities for forestry
-  providing water for irrigation
-  artificially drying and dehydrating fruits and vegetables
-  stemming and redrying tobacco
-  buying farm products, such as fruits or vegetables, for resale and preparing them for market or further processing
-  providing landscaping and horticultural services, such as lawn care services and ornamental shrub and tree services

115210 Support activities for animal production This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities related to raising livestock, including companion animals.

Examples:
-  animal husbandry service
-  animal judging service
-  animal pedigree service
-  animal semen collection, production and storage services
-  artificial insemination services, animal specialties and livestock
-  breeding services for livestock
-  breeding services, pet and small animal
-  breeding services, poultry
-  caponizing service
-  catching poultry, with no hauling
-  cattle breeding services
-  cattle dehorning and hoof trimming services
-  cattle registration service
-  chick sexing service
-  cleaning poultry houses
-  corral and feedlot cleaning, service
-  dairy herd improvement associations
-  egg grading station
-  embryo transplant service, agricultural
-  farm animal specialties breeding services
-  farm management service (animal production)
-  farriers (horseshoeing)
-  fur pelting service
-  honey straining on the farm
-  horses, boarding (except racehorses)
-  livestock registration services
-  livestock spraying (with insecticide) services
-  milk testing for butterfat
-  pedigree service, animal
-  sheep dipping and shearing services
-  stud services, farm animal
-  training horses (except racehorses)
-  vaccinating livestock (except by veterinarians)
-  vaccinating pets and other animal specialties (except by veterinarians)
-  wool grading service

115310 Support activities for forestry This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities, related to harvesting timber.

Examples:
-  aerial water bombing service
-  estimating timber
-  fighting forest fires using specialized water bombers
-  forest conservation services
-  forest fire fighting services (e.g., inspection, prevention, protection)
-  forest management
-  forest patrol
-  forestry maintenance (e.g., spacing and thinning trees, reforestation, mensuration services, measurement of trees)
-  log hauling in the forest, without logging
-  pest control services, forestry
-  silviculture
-  support activities for forestry
-  timber cruising and valuation
-  tree planting (forestry services)

Oil and gas extraction

211113 Conventional oil and gas extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the exploration for, and/or production of, petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will initially flow or can be produced using normal pumping techniques.

Examples:
-  battery operators (petroleum industry)
-  coal gasification and pyrolysis at the mine site
-  combustion chamber natural gas processing plant
-  condensate, cycle, natural gas production
-  conventional oil and gas extraction
-  crude oil, conventional extraction
-  crude oil, conventional, secondary and waterflood recovering
-  crude oil, upgrading (heavy crude to crude)
-  drilling, well, petroleum, oil company (except contract)
-  fractionating natural gas liquids
-  helium content from natural gas, recovery of
-  liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) from natural gas, production, mining
-  methane gas extraction
-  naptha content from natural gas, recovery of
-  natural butane, ethane, isobutane and propane production
-  natural gas absorption plant
-  natural gas cleaning and preparation plants
-  natural gas liquids recovering and mining
-  natural gas production
-  natural gas pumping, mining
-  natural gas washing and scrubbing, mining
-  natural gasoline production
-  natural sour gas processing, mining
-  oil and gas exploration
-  pentanes plus gas liquid, mining
-  petroleum condensates production, mining
-  sulphur, extraction from natural gas
well head condensate (natural gas liquid), extracting

Exclusions:
-  producing crude oil from surface shales or tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are semisolids and conventional production methods are not possible
-  performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis
-  recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining

211114 Non-conventional oil extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in producing crude oil from surface shales or tar sands or from reservoirs in which the hydrocarbons are semisolids and conventional production methods are not possible.

Examples:
-  bitumen production, extraction by mining
-  bitumen production, in situ extraction
-  bituminous sand and oil shale digging
-  crude oil (tar or bituminous sands) extracting
-  heavy oil in place, solution gas drive recovering
-  heavy oil, thermal in situ recovering
-  kerogen processing
-  natural gas production from surface shale or tar sands
-  non-conventional oil extraction
-  petroleum, from shale or sand, production
-  shale oil mining
-  synthetic crude oil production, mining
-  tar sand mining for oil extraction

Exclusions:
-  exploration for, and/or production of, petroleum or natural gas from wells in which the hydrocarbons will initially flow or can be produced using normal pumping techniques
-  performing oil field services for operators, on a contract or fee basis
-  recovering liquefied petroleum gases incidental to petroleum refining

Mining and quarrying (except oil and gas)

212114 Bituminous coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining bituminous coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Examples:
-  anthracite mining
-  bituminous coal mining
-  bituminous coal preparation plants
-  bituminous coal washeries
-  coal for coking, bituminous, mine
-  coal mining, bituminous
-  coal, bituminous, hydraulic mining
-  colliery, bituminous coal
-  culm bank recovery, anthracite (except on a contract basis)
-  dredging, anthracite
-  hard coal underground mining
-  semianthracite mine
-  semianthracite surface mining
-  strip mining, bituminous coal (except on a contract basis)
-  thermal coal, bituminous, mining
-  washeries, anthracite

Exclusions:
-  producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel

212115 Subbituminous coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining subbituminous coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Examples:
-  breaking, washing, grading, subbituminous coal
-  colliery, subbituminous coal
-  subbituminous coal mining
-  subbituminous coal preparation plant
-  thermal coal, subbituminous, mining

Exclusions:
producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel

212116 Lignite coal mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining lignite coal. Mining operations and preparation plants (also known as cleaning plants and washeries), whether or not such plants are operated in conjunction with mine sites, are included.

Examples:
-  brown coal mining
-  colliery, lignite coal
-  lignite coal mining
-  lignite coal preparation plants
-  lignite mining

Exclusions:
-  producing coal fuel briquettes and packaged fuel

212210 Iron ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing iron ores, and manganiferous ores valued chiefly for their iron content. Establishments engaged in the production of sinter and other agglomerates, except those associated with blast furnace operations, are included.

Examples:
-  iron agglomerate and pellet production
-  iron concentrates, mining
-  iron ore dressing (beneficiation) plants
-  iron ore mining
-  magnetite mining
-  magnetite ore mining
-  magnoferrite and manganiferous ore valued for iron content, mining
-  mining ore (i.e., ilmenite, limonite, siderite, taconite, brown ore)
-  sintering iron ore produced at the mine
-  specular hematite concentrate, mining

Exclusions:
-  operating blast furnaces to produce pig iron from iron ore

212220 Gold and silver ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing ores valued chiefly for their gold or silver content.

Examples:
-  alluvial gold (telluride) mining
-  calaverite mining
-  gold and silver ore mining
-  gold bullion production at mine site
-  gold concentrates, mining
-  gold dredging and panning
-  gold hydraulic or gravity mining
-  gold ore mining
-  gold placer mining
-  gold quartz ore mining
-  lode gold mining
-  silver bullion, produced at mine site
-  silver concentrates
-  silver ores mining and milling
-  sylvanite mining

212231 Lead-zinc ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing lead ores, zinc ores or lead-zinc ores.

Examples:
-  calamine, galena, smithsonite, sphalerite ore and willemite mining
-  cerusite mining
-  lead concentrates
-  lead ore milling
-  lead, zinc and lead-zinc ore, beneficiating and mining
-  lead-zinc ore mining
-  zinc concentrates, mining
-  zincite and zinc blende (sphalerite), mining

212232 Nickel-copper ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing nickel or nickel-copper ores.

Examples:
-  nickel ore dressing, beneficiating, milling and mining
-  nickel-copper concentrates
-  nickel-copper ore mining

Exclusions:
-  mining copper ores combined with zinc or any mineral other than nickel

212233 Copper-zinc ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing copper or copper-zinc ores. Establishments engaged in the recovery of copper concentrates by the precipitation and leaching of copper ore are also included.

Examples:
-  chalcocite, chalcopyrite and cuprite ore mining
-  copper concentrates, mining
-  copper ore dressing and beneficiating
-  copper ore milling and grinding
-  copper ore mining (mine)
-  copper-zinc ore mining
-  cuprite mining
-  mining copper bearing ores

Exclusions:
-  mining nickel-copper ores
-  recovery of refined copper by leaching copper concentrates

212291 Uranium ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing uranium-radium-vanadium ores.

Examples:
-  carnotite, pitchblende, radium, tyuyamunite, uraninite, uranium mining
-  leaching of uranium or radium ore at mine site
-  radioactive ore mining
-  radium bearing ore milling
-  radium, uranium and yttrium ore mining
-  uranium ore milling
-  uranium ore mining
-  vanadium ore mining

Exclusions:
-  mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing molybdenum ores, antimony ores, columbium ores, ilmenite ores, magnesium ores, tantalum ores and tungsten ores

212299 All other metal ore mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing metallic ores.

Examples:
-  bastnasite, bauxite or beryl mining
-  chromite or cobalt ore milling
-  chromite, cinnabar or columbite mining
-  ferberite, huebnerite, manganite or microlite mining
-  magnesium, pyrochlore or titania concentrates, mining
-  molybdenite, molybdite or wulfenite mining
-  molybdenum ore mining
-  monazite mining
-  ore (e.g., antimony, beryllium, cerium, chromite, chromium, cobalt) mining
-  ore (e.g., columbium, ilmenite, iridium, magnesium, manganese, palladium, roscoelite) mining
-  ore (e.g., ruthenium, scheelite, tantalum, tin, titanium, tungsten, quicksilver, zirconium) mining
-  ore dressing and beneficiating (e.g., cobalt, manganese, tantalum, tungsten)
-  osmium, psilomelane, pyrolusite, rhodium or rhodochrosite mining
-  platinum group ore mining
-  rare earths mine
-  rare-earths ore mining
-  rutile, scheelite, tantalite or wolframite mining
-  thorium ore mining
-  titaniferous-magnetite ores, valued chiefly for titanium content, mining

Exclusions:
-  mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing uranium-radium-vanadium ores

212314 Granite mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension granite, rough blocks or slabs of granite, and crushed and broken granite, including related rocks.

Examples:
-  building stone, granite, rough, mining
-  dimensional stone, granite, rough, mining
-  diorite or gneiss quarrying
-  granite chemical and metallurgical stone, rough, mining
-  granite crushing, on a contract basis
-  granite mining and quarrying
-  greenstone, dimension, quarrying
-  syenite (except nepheline) and granite, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  syenite (except nepheline), dimension, quarrying
-  syenite (except nepheline), quarrying

212315 Limestone mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension limestone, rough blocks or slabs of limestone, and crushed and broken limestone, including related rocks. Establishments engaged in the grinding or pulverizing of limestone are also included.

Examples:
-  agricultural limestone, ground (except fertilizer)
-  bituminous limestone quarrying
-  building stone, limestone, rough, mining
-  calcareous tufa, crushed and broken, quarrying
-  calcareous tufa, dimension, quarrying
-  calcium limestone, crude, mining
-  cement rock, quarrying
-  chalk mine or quarry
-  chalk, ground or otherwise treated, mining
-  chemical and metallurgical stone, limestone, crude, mining
-  dolomite (limestone), crude, quarrying
-  dolomite, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  flux stone, limestone, crude, mining
-  lime rock, ground, mining
-  limestone crushing, on contract
-  limestone cutting (quarrying)
-  limestone mining and quarrying
-  magnesium limestone, crude, mining
-  marl bed or pit
-  quarry, dolomite
-  sedimentary rock quarry
-  stone quarrying, limestone
-  travertine, quarrying
-  whiting mining, crushed and broken stone, quarrying

Exclusions:
-  producing lime

212316 Marble mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension marble, rough blocks or slabs of marble, and crushed and broken marble. Establishments engaged in mining or quarrying slate are also included.

Examples:
-  argillite, dimension, quarrying
-  basalt, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  basalt, dimension, quarrying
-  bluestone, dimension, quarrying
-  building and monumental stone, marble
-  chemical and metallurgical stone, marble, rough, mining
-  diabase, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  diabase, quarrying
-  dolomitic marble, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  gabbro, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  gabbro, quarrying
-  marble crushing, on contract
-  marble cutting (quarrying)
-  marble mining and quarrying
-  marble quarry
-  mica schist, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  mica schist, dimension, quarrying
-  monumental and ornamental stone, marble, rough, mining
-  onyx marble, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  onyx marble, dimension-quarrying
-  riprap (except limestone and granite), quarrying
-  serpentine, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  serpentine, dimension-quarrying
-  slate mining or quarrying
-  trap rock, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  trap rock, dimension, quarrying
-  verde' antique, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  verde' antique, dimension-quarrying
-  volcanic rock, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  volcanic rock, dimension, quarrying
-  volcanic rock, quarrying

212317 Sandstone mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying dimension sandstone, rough blocks or slabs of sandstone, and crushed and broken sandstone.

Examples:
-  ganister, quarrying
-  grits, crushed and broken stone mining
-  quartzite, crushed and broken stone, quarrying
-  quartzite, quarrying
-  sandstone crushing, on contract
-  sandstone mining and quarrying
-  sandstone mining or quarrying
-  sandstone, bituminous, quarrying
-  sandstone, monumental and ornamental stone, rough, mining

212323 Sand and gravel mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sand and gravel pits, including dredging for sand and gravel, and washing, screening or otherwise preparing sand and gravel.

Examples:
-  abrasive sand mining
-  blast sand mining
-  common sand mining
-  construction sands, crude, mining
-  enamel sand mining
-  fill dirt pits
-  filter sands, crude, mining
-  filtration sand mining
-  foundry sand mining
-  glass sand mining
-  gravel and sand grinding and screening
-  gravel and sand pits
-  gravel pit
-  grinding sand mining
-  industrial sand mining
-  mortar sands, mining
-  moulding sand mining
-  natural sand, other than metal-bearing, manufacturing
-  pebbles mining
-  sand and gravel mining and quarrying
-  sand pit or quarry
-  silica sand, mining

212326 Shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing kaolin or ball clay and other clays and refractory minerals. Mines operated in conjunction with plants that manufacture cement, brick or other structural clay products, or pottery and related products, are included in this Canadian industry when separate reports are not available.

Examples:
-  andalusite mining
-  aplite mining
-  ball clay mining
-  bentonite mining
-  brucite mining
-  burley mining
-  china clay mining
-  common clay quarrying
-  conglomerate mine or quarry
-  Cornwall stone mining
-  cyanite mining
-  diaspore mining
-  dumortierite mining
-  feldspar mining
-  feldspar, crushed, ground or pulverized, mining
-  fire clay mining
-  fuller's earth mining
-  kaolin mining
-  kyanite mining
-  magnesite mining
-  nepheline syenite mining
-  nepheline syenite quarrying
-  olivine (nongem) mining
-  pegmatite (feldspar) mining
-  pinite mining
-  plastic fire clay mining
-  shale mining
-  shale, clay and refractory mineral mining and quarrying
-  sillimanite mining
-  slip clay mining
-  stoneware clay mining
-  topaz (nongem) mining

Exclusions:
-  grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating ceramic minerals, not in conjunction with mining or quarrying operations
-  grinding, pulverizing or otherwise treating clay and refractory minerals, not in conjunction with mining or quarrying operations

212392 Diamond mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining diamonds of industrial or gem quality.

Examples:
-  diamond mining

212393 Salt mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining rock salt or in the recovery of salt from brine wells.

Examples:
-  brine well
-  processing of salt at the mine site
-  rock salt mining
-  rock salt processing at the mine site
-  salt brining (deposit extraction)
-  salt mining
-  salt mining, common
-  salt refining at the mine site

212394 Asbestos mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing asbestos.

Examples:
-  amosite, milled fibre, mining
-  asbestos mining
-  chrysotile fibre, milling
-  chrysotile mineral mining
-  crocidolite, milled fibre, mining

212395 Gypsum mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing gypsum.

Examples:
-  alabaster (gypsum) mining
-  anhydrite mining
-  gypsum mining
-  hydrous calcium sulphate (gypsum) mining
-  selenite mining

212396 Potash mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing potash.

Examples:
-  muriate of potash, mining
-  potash mining
-  potash screening and pulverizing, mining
-  potassium chloride (i.e., potash), mining and/or beneficiating

212397 Peat extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting and processing peat.

Examples:
-  peat bog
-  peat digging
-  peat extraction mining
-  peat mining
-  peat moss digging or harvesting
-  peat moss harvesting, extraction, cutting
-  peat, agglomerated, mining
-  peat, fuel, mining
-  screening peat
-  sedge peat mining
-  shredding peat mining

212398 All other non-metallic mineral mining and quarrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing non-metallic minerals.

Examples:
-  actinolite mine
-  agate mining
-  alum natural mining
-  alunite mining
-  amblygonite mining
-  amethyst mining
-  apatite mining
-  arsenic mineral mining
-  barite mining
-  barium ore mining
-  barytes mining
-  black lead mine
-  borate compounds (natural) mining
-  borax mining
-  boron mineral mining
-  brimstone mining
-  calcite mining
-  catlinite mining
-  celestite concentrate, mining
-  colemanite mining
-  corundum mining
-  cryolite mining
-  diatomaceous earth mining
-  diatomite mining
-  earth, coloured, mine
-  emery mining
-  epsom salts, mining
-  epsomite mining
-  fluorite mining
-  fluorspar mining
-  garnet mining
-  gem stone mining
-  gilsonite mining
-  Glauber's salt, mining
-  grahamite mining
-  graphite mining
-  greensand mining
-  guano mining
-  hydrous sodium sulphate (Glauber's salt), mining
-  Iceland spar (i.e., optical grade calcite), mining
-  jade mining
-  kernite mining
-  lepidolite mining
-  lithium mineral mining
-  magnesium sulphate mine
-  marcasite mining
-  meerschaum mining or quarrying
-  mica mining
-  mine, miscellaneous, non-metal
-  mineral pigment mining
-  muscovite mining
-  natural abrasives (except sand) mining
-  ocher mining
-  orpiment mining
-  ozokerite mining
-  perlite mining
-  phlogopite mining
-  phosphate rock mining
-  pozzolana (volcanic ash), mining
-  precious stones mining
-  probertite mining
-  pumicite mining
-  pyrites mining
-  pyrophyllite mining
-  pyrrhotite mining
-  quartz crystal mining (pure)
-  ruby mining
-  salines mining (except common salt)
-  sapphire mining
-  scoria mining
-  scythestone quarrying
-  semiprecious stones mining
-  shell mining
-  sienna mining
-  soda ash mining
-  sodium compounds, natural (except common salt) mining
-  sodium sulphate mining
-  spodumene mining
-  steatite mining
-  strontianite mining
-  strontium minerals, mining
-  sulfur, native, mining
-  sulphur, ground or otherwise treated
-  talc mining
-  tripoli mining
-  trona mining
-  turquoise mining
-  ulexite mining
-  umber mining
-  vermiculite mining
-  volcanic ash mining
-  withrite mining or quarrying
-  wurtzilite mining

Exclusions:
-  mining or recovering salt from brine wells
-  extracting and processing peat
-  mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing potash
-  mining or quarrying dimension stone
-  mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing asbestos
-  mining diamonds of industrial or gem quality
-  mining or quarrying shale and mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing clays and refractory minerals
-  operating sand and gravel pits and dredging for sand and gravel
-  mining, beneficiating or otherwise preparing gypsum

Support activities for mining, and oil and gas extraction

213111 Oil and gas contract drilling This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drilling wells for oil or gas field operations, for others, on a contract or fee basis.

Examples:
-  directional drilling of oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
-  gas or oil well drilling or redrilling, on a contract basis
-  offshore drilling, oil and gas, on contract basis
-  oil and gas contract drilling
-  spudding in oil and gas wells on a contract basis
-  troubleshooting, natural gas and oil well, on a contract basis

213117 Contract drilling (except oil and gas) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in diamond, test, prospect and other types of drilling, for minerals, other than oil and gas, on a contract or fee basis.

Examples:
-  boring test holes for non-metallic minerals mining (except fuels), on contract basis
-  contract diamond drilling, metallic minerals
-  contract drilling (except oil and gas)
-  drilling for anthracite mining, contract
-  drilling for coal (except anthracite), contract
-  drilling services for non-metallic minerals mining (except fuels), on a contract basis
-  iron ore mine diamond drilling, contract services
-  metal mining, prospect drilling for, on a contract basis
-  prospect drilling for metal mining, on a contract basis
-  prospect drilling for non-metallic minerals (except fuels), on contract basis
-  test drilling for metal mining, on a contract basis
-  test drilling for non-metallic minerals mining (except fuels), on a contract basis

213118 Services to oil and gas extraction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing oil and gas field services, except contract drilling, for others, on a contract or fee basis.

Examples:
-  acidizing wells, on a contract basis
-  bailing wells, on a contract basis
-  cementing oil and gas well casings, on a contract basis
-  chemically treating wells, on a contract basis
-  cleaning lease tanks, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
-  cleaning out (e.g., bailing out, steam and swabbing) oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
-  clearing and servicing of oil leases
-  contract battery operators, oil field
-  cutting casings, tubes and rods, oil field
-  dismantling of oil well rigs (oil field service), on a contract basis
-  drilling water intake wells, on a contract basis
-  erecting lease tank, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
-  excavating slush pits and cellars, on a contract basis
-  fishing for tools, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
-  gas compressing (natural gas) at the fields, on a contract basis
-  gas well surveying, contract services (except seismographic), in combination with exploration
-  oil and gas exploration on a contract or fee basis (except geophysical)
-  oil and gas field fire fighting services
-  oil well fire control services
-  oil well logging, on a contract basis
-  oil well surveying, contract services (except seismographic)
-  perforating well casings, on a contract basis
-  pipe testing service, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
-  plugging and abandoning wells, on a contract basis
-  removal of condensate gasoline from field (gathering) lines, contract
-  rig building, repairing and dismantling, on a contract basis
-  roustabout mining services, on a contract basis
-  salt water, impounding (in connection with petroleum products)
-  seismographic exploration (except surveying), oil and gas on a contract basis
-  services to oil and gas extraction
-  servicing oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
-  shooting wells, on a contract basis
-  shot-hole drilling service, oil and gas field, on a contract basis
-  slush pits and cellars, excavation of, on a contract basis
-  specialized services to contract oil and gas well drillers
-  swabbing wells, on a contract basis
-  thawing and cleaning wellheads in oil fields
-  well foundation building, at oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
-  well plugging and abandoning, oil and gas wells, on a contract basis
-  well pumping, oil and gas, on a contract basis
-  wells, cleaning out, bailing, swabbing, oil field

Exclusions:
-  performing exploration for oil or gas, other than geophysical
-  contract drilling for oil and gas

213119 Other support activities for mining This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in performing mining services for others, except drilling, on a contract or fee basis. Establishments engaged in the exploration for minerals are included. Such exploration is often accomplished using purchased services of specialty businesses, such as contract drilling services to obtain core samples.

Examples:
-  anthracite mine tunnelling, on a contract basis
-  anthracite mining services on a contract basis
-  blasting and explosive service, mines and quarries only
-  coal exploration (except geophysical) on a contract or fee basis
-  contract or fee services to anthracite coal mining, including auger mining, draining or pumping, stripping, or tunnelling
-  contract or fee services to lignite and bituminous coal mining, including auger mining, draining or pumping, stripping or tunnelling
-  culm bank recovery, bituminous coal, anthracite, and lignite on a contract basis
-  diamond mine developing, on a contract basis
-  draining or pumping of metal mines, on a contract basis
-  draining or pumping of mines, on a contract basis
-  draining or pumping of non-metallic mineral mines (except fuels), on a contract basis
-  drilling for bituminous coal, anthracite, and lignite on a contract basis
-  exploration services for metal mining, on a contract basis
-  geotechnical drilling services
-  iron ore mine shaft sinking, contract services
-  mine development for metal mining, on a contract basis
-  mine development, on a contract basis
-  mine exploration, metal, on a contract basis
-  mine exploration, non-metallic minerals (except fuels), on a contract basis
-  mine shaft sinking services for non-metallic minerals (except fuels), on a contract basis
-  mine shaft sinking, metal mining, on a contract basis
-  mining exploration
-  mining support services (except oil and gas)
-  overburden removal for bituminous coal, anthracite and lignite on a contract basis
-  overburden removal, including iron ore, on a contract basis
-  overburden removal, mines, on a contract basis
-  peat extraction support services
-  rock washing on a contract basis
-  strip mining for non-metallic minerals (except fuels), on a contract basis
-  strip mining, metal, on a contract basis
-  support services for iron ore mining
-  support services for lignite mining
-  support services for metal (uranium or thorium) mining
-  support services for other non ferrous metal ore (except uranium and thorium), mining
-  support services to salt mining

Exclusions:
-  performing geophysical surveying services on a contract or fee basis

Utilities

221111 Hydro-electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using hydraulic energy. Establishments that use pumped hydro storage generation processes are included.

Examples:
-  hydro-electric power generation

221112 Fossil-fuel electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electricity using fossil fuels (coal, gas, oil) in internal combustion or combustion-turbine conventional steam processes.

Examples:
-  fossil-fuel electric power generation
-  generation of electricity using fossil fuels
-  wood-fuelled electric power generation

221113 Nuclear electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the generation of electric power using nuclear energy.

Examples:
-  nuclear electric power generation

Exclusions:
-  operating reactors for nuclear research

221119 Other electric power generation This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in the generation of electricity, using sources such as wind, solar or tidal energy.

Examples:
-  biomass electric power generation
-  compressed air electric power generation
-  electric power generation (e.g., geothermal, solar, tidal, wind)
-  electric power generation (except hydro, fossil fuel or nuclear)
-  power generation, biomass
-  power generation, geothermal
-  solar farms

221121 Electric bulk power transmission and control This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the transmission of electric power from the generating source to the distribution centre, or in transmission and distribution. The transmission system includes transmission lines and the transformer stations that are integral to transmission. The control of electric power, which includes arranging, facilitating or co-ordinating the transmission of electric power between or among electric utilities, is included.

Examples:
-  electric bulk power transmission and control
-  electric power control (e.g., arranging transmission between utilities)
-  transmission of electric power

221122 Electric power distribution This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of electric power to the individual user or consumer. The electric power distribution system includes distribution lines and transformer stations integral to power distribution, as well as any dedicated generating stations. Electric power brokers and agents, that arrange the sale of electricity over power distribution systems operated by others, are included.

Examples:
-  activities of electricity brokers, agents or marketers that arrange the sale of electricity power over electricity power distribution systems operated by others
-  distribution of electric power
-  electric power distribution
-  water supply and irrigation systems

221210 Natural gas distribution This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of natural or synthetic gas to the ultimate consumers through a system of mains. Gas marketers or brokers, that arrange the sale of natural gas over distribution systems operated by others, are included.

Examples:
-  activities of gas brokers, agents or marketers that arrange the sale of natural gas over natural gas distribution systems operated by others
-  distribution and sale of natural gas to the user through mains
-  manufacturing or alteration (purification or blending) of natural gas
-  natural gas distribution

221310 Water supply and irrigation systems This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating water collection, treatment and distribution systems for domestic and industrial needs. Establishments primarily engaged in operating irrigation systems are included.

Examples:
-  filtration plant, water, municipal
-  irrigation system operation
-  municipal water system operation
-  water board, local government
-  water collection, treatment and distribution systems
-  water cooperatives
-  water distribution for irrigation
-  water filtration plant operation
-  water supply and irrigation
-  water supply pipelines, long distance
-  water supply systems, operation

221320 Sewage treatment facilities This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities that collect, treat and dispose of wastewater.

Examples:
-  operating sewage treatment or disposal facilities
-  sewage treatment facilities

Exclusions:
-  operating waste treatment or disposal facilities, other than wastewater

221330 Steam and air-conditioning supply This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production or distribution of steam and heated or cooled air.

Examples:
-  chilled water distribution
-  distribution of cooled air
-  heating plant
-  steam and air-conditioning supply
-  steam generation plant
-  steam heating systems (i.e., suppliers of heat)
-  steam production and distribution
-  steam supply systems (including geothermal)

Construction of buildings

236110 Residential building construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction or remodelling and renovation of single-family and multi-family residential buildings. These establishments include residential housing general contractors, operative builders and remodellers of residential structures, residential project construction management firms, and residential design-build firms.

Examples:
-  additions to residences, general contractors
-  additions, alterations and renovations of multifamily buildings, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations of residential buildings, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations of single-family dwellings, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations, multifamily buildings
-  additions, alterations and renovations, residential buildings
-  additions, alterations and renovations, single-family dwellings
-  apartment building construction, by general contractors
-  apartment building construction, by operative builders
-  apartment building, construction
-  builders, speculative, single family
-  building alterations and repairs, general contractor, residential
-  building repairs, residential (except single-family), general contractors
-  building repairs, single family, general contractors
-  buildings, residential, additions, alterations and renovations
-  cabin construction, by operative builders
-  condominiums, construction
-  condominiums, construction, by operative builders
-  condominiums, multifamily, construction, by general contractors
-  condominiums, single-family, construction by general contractors
-  construction management, multifamily buildings
-  construction management, new residential operative builders
-  construction management, single-family buildings
-  cooperative apartments, construction
-  cooperative apartments, construction by operative builders
-  cooperative apartments, construction, by general contractors
-  cottage construction, by operative builders
-  cottages construction
-  custom builders, multifamily buildings, by general contractors
-  custom builders, single-family houses, by general contractors
-  custom builders, single-family houses, general contractors
-  designing and erecting combined, single-family homes, general contractors
-  duplex (i.e., one unit above the other), construction, by general contractors
-  duplex (i.e., side-by-side), construction, by general contractors
-  duplex row, construction
-  duplex, construction, by operative builders
-  duplex, double, construction
-  duplex, single, construction
-  fire and flood damage clean-up, residential services
-  fire and flood restoration of multifamily buildings, by general contractors
-  fire and flood restoration of residential homes, by general contractors
-  garden apartments, construction, by general contractors
-  garden apartments, construction, by operative builders
-  general technical repair and maintenance of residential building installations
-  handyman construction services, residential buildings
-  high-rise apartments, construction, by general contractors
-  high-rise apartments, construction, by operative builders
-  home builder, multiple residential
-  home builder, single residential
-  home builders, operative
-  home builders, single-family, general contractors
-  home construction, multiple residential
-  home construction, single residential
-  home improvement (e.g., additions, remodelling, renovations), multifamily buildings, by operative builders
-  home improvement (e.g., additions, remodelling, renovations), single-family
-  home improvements and repairs, general contractor
-  home renovations
-  house construction by custom home builders
-  house construction, by merchant builders
-  house construction, by operative builders
-  houses, construction, general contractors
-  houses, multifamily, construction
-  houses, single-attached, construction
-  log home construction, by operative builders
-  log home, construction
-  low income housing, construction, by operative builders
-  low-rental projects, multiple residential
-  low-rental projects, single residential
-  low-rise apartments, construction, by general contractors
-  mobile home repair, on site, contractors
-  modular houses, assembly on site, by operative builders
-  modular housing assembly and installation on site, construction
-  modular, panellized or prefabricated houses, assembly on site, by general contractors
-  multifamily building construction, by general contractors
-  one-family house construction, general contractors
-  operative builders (i.e., building on own land, for sale), single-family housing
-  panellized housing, assembly on site by operative builders
-  panellized housing, multifamily, assembly on site by general contractors
-  prefabricated multifamily buildings, assembled on site by general contractors
-  prefabricated multifamily buildings, assembled on site by operative builders
-  premanufactured housing, single-family, assembled on site, general contractors
-  quadruplexes, construction
-  remodelling and renovating residential buildings, by general contractors
-  remodelling and renovating residential buildings, by operative builders
-  remodelling and renovating single-family houses
-  renovating buildings, residential (except single-family), general contractors
-  renovating single-family buildings, general contractors
-  renovation, residential, general contractor
-  repairing buildings, residential (except single-family), general contractors
-  residential building (e.g., cabin, cottage, vacation home) construction, by general contractors
-  residential building construction
-  residential buildings, custom construction
-  residential buildings, semi-custom construction
-  residential buildings, tract builders
-  residential construction, single-family houses, by general contractors
-  residential house construction
-  residential remodelling contractor
-  residential renovation, contractors
-  residential restoration, single-family, general contractor
-  row house construction, by operative builders
-  semi-detached houses, construction
-  senior citizen's apartments, construction
-  single-family home improvements, general contractors
-  single-family homes, built on others' land, by general contractors
-  single-family homes, built on own land, for sale, by operative builders
-  single-family house construction, by operative builders
-  sun-room additions, residential
-  time-share condominiums, construction, by operative builders
-  town house and row-house (i.e., single-family type) construction, by general contractors
-  townhouse construction, general contractors
-  triplexes, construction
-  vacation homes, construction, by operative builders

Exclusions:
-  performing specialized construction work on houses and other residential buildings, generally on a subcontract basis
-  performing manufactured (mobile) home set-up and tie-down work
-  constructing and leasing residential buildings on their own account

236210 Industrial building and structure construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and major alterations) of industrial buildings (except warehouses). The construction of selected additional structures, whose production processes are similar to those for industrial buildings (e.g., incinerators, cement plants, blast furnaces, and similar non-building structures), is included in this industry. Included in this industry are industrial building general contractors, industrial building operative builders, industry building design-build firms, and industrial building construction management firms.

Examples:
-  acid plants, construction
-  additions, alterations and renovations of industrial buildings, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations, industrial buildings
-  aluminum plant construction, general contractors
-  ammonium plants, construction
-  assembly plant (e.g., automobile and truck) construction
-  cement plants, construction
-  chemical plants, industrial or heavy, construction
-  clean room construction, general contractors
-  coke oven construction, general contractors
-  construction management, industrial buildings
-  custom builders, industrial buildings, construction
-  designing and erecting, combined, industrial, general contractors
-  discharging station construction, mine, general contractors
-  disposal plants (e.g., garbage, refuse, waste), construction
-  drycleaning plant construction, general contractors
-  foundry construction
-  industrial building and structure construction
-  industrial building construction, by operative builders
-  industrial building or plant construction, general contractors
-  industrial establishments (e.g., canneries, textiles or rubber factories) construction
-  industrial incinerators, furnaces, blast furnaces and kiln construction, general contractors
-  industrial plant appurtenance construction, general contractors
-  light industrial buildings or manufacturing plants, construction
-  loading station construction, mine, general contractors
-  materials recovery facilities, construction
-  metal refineries, construction
-  mine loading and discharge station, construction
-  mining appurtenance construction, general contractors
-  operative builders (i.e., building on own land, for sale), industrial buildings
-  ore milling and metal processing plants, construction
-  oven construction for industrial plants, general contractors
-  pharmaceutical manufacturing plant construction, general contractors
-  pre-engineered or prefabricated light industrial metal buildings, erection
-  printing plant construction
-  processing plants (e.g., food, fish), construction
-  remodelling industrial buildings, general contractors
-  smelters, construction
-  speculative builders (i.e., building on own land, for sale), industrial buildings
-  steel mills, construction
-  washeries construction, mining, general contractors

Exclusions:
-  constructing warehouses
-  performing specialized construction work on industrial buildings, generally on a subcontract basis
-  constructing power generation plants (except hydroelectric)
-  constructing water treatment plants, sewage treatment plants, and pumping stations for water and sewer systems
-  constructing oil refineries and petrochemical plants

236220 Commercial and institutional building construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction (including new work, additions and major alterations) of commercial and institutional buildings and related structures, such as stadiums, grain elevators, and indoor swimming pools. This industry includes establishments responsible for the on-site assembly of modular or prefabricated commercial and institutional buildings. Included in this industry are commercial and institutional building general contractors, commercial and institutional building operative builders, commercial and institutional building design-build firms, and commercial and institutional building construction management firms.

Examples:
-  additions, alterations and renovations of commercial warehouses, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations of hotels and motels, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations of industrial warehouses, by operative builders
-  additions, alterations and renovations, commercial warehouses
-  additions, alterations and renovations, commercial warehouses, by general contractors
-  additions, alterations and renovations, hotels and motels
-  additions, alterations and renovations, hotels and motels, by general contractors
-  additions, alterations and renovations, industrial warehouses
-  additions, alterations and renovations, industrial warehouses, by general contractors
-  animal shelter and clinic construction
-  barracks, bunkhouses, dormitories construction
-  bush depots and camps, construction
-  cold storage plant construction, general contractors
-  commercial and institutional building construction
-  commercial building construction by general contractors (e.g., cafeterias, cinemas, garage and service stations)
-  commercial building construction by general contractors (e.g., restaurants, shopping centres and malls, theatres, casinos)
-  commercial building construction, by operative builders
-  commercial buildings construction (e.g., barber shop, beauty salon)
-  construction management, commercial and institutional buildings
-  farm building construction (except residential), general contractors
-  fire and flood restoration of commercial and institutional buildings
-  grain and storage elevator, construction
-  handyman construction services, commercial and institutional buildings
-  health and athletic club construction
-  health institutions (e.g., medical clinics, hospitals, first-aid station, sanatoria), construction
-  hotels and motels construction
-  institutional building construction, by operative builders
-  institutional buildings construction (e.g., educational buildings, hospitals, libraries)
-  monuments (i.e., buildings), construction
-  office buildings and complexes, construction
-  parking garages, construction
-  penal complexes (e.g., penitentiaries, jails, prisons), construction
-  public buildings construction (e.g., telephone exchange or stations, post office, fire station, dome, civic centre, bank, auditorium), general contractors
-  public warehouse construction
-  radio and television broadcast studio or station construction
-  religious buildings construction (e.g., churches, synagogues, temples, mausoleums)
-  renovating and remodelling buildings, commercial and institutional, construction
-  sports facilities, recreational (e.g., arenas, indoor gymnasium and tennis courts), construction
-  stadium construction, general contractors
-  storehouses, construction
-  swimming pool construction (indoor)
-  transportation facilities building construction (e.g., bus shelter, terminals, hangars, stations)
-  warehouse (e.g., commercial, industrial, manufacturing, public or private) construction

Exclusions:
-  constructing structures that are integral parts of utility systems (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations) or are used to produce products for these systems (e.g., power plants, refineries)
-  performing specialized construction work on commercial and institutional buildings generally on a subcontract basis
-  constructing buildings on their own account for rent or lease

Heavy and civil engineering construction

237110 Water and sewer line and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of water and sewer lines, mains, pumping stations, treatment plants and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to water and sewer line and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of water and sewer networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, water treatment plants, and sewage treatment plants) is included in this industry.

Examples:
-  aqueduct construction, general contractors
-  artesian wells, construction
-  capping of water wells
-  construction management, water and sewer lines
-  construction management, water and sewer lines and related structures
-  deep wells, water
-  distribution line, sewer and water, construction
-  drilling water wells, contractors
-  filtration plant, construction
-  fire hydrant, installation
-  geothermal drilling, contractors
-  hydrant and flushing hydrant installation
-  irrigation project, construction
-  lagoons, sewage treatment construction
-  manhole construction, contractors
-  pipeline (e.g., gas, oil, sewer, water), construction
-  pumping stations, water, construction
-  reservoir construction
-  sanitary sewers, construction
-  sewage collection and disposal line construction
-  sewage treatment and disposal plants, construction
-  sewage treatment plant, construction management
-  sewer mains, pipes and connections, construction
-  storm sewers, construction
-  utility line (i.e., sewer and water), construction
-  water and sewer line and related structures construction
-  water desalination plant construction
-  water main line construction, general contractors
-  water mains and hydrants, construction
-  water sampling station installation
-  water storage tanks and towers, construction
-  water treatment plant construction
-  water well drilling (except water intake wells in oil and gas fields)
-  water well pumps and well piping systems, installation

Exclusions:
-  constructing water intake wells in oil and gas fields
-  constructing marine facilities (e.g., ports), flood control structures, dams, or hydroelectric power generation facilities

237120 Oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of oil and gas lines, mains, refineries, and storage tanks. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of oil and gas networks (e.g., storage tanks, pumping stations, and refineries) is included in this industry.

Examples:
-  building petrochemical plants
-  chemical complex or facilities construction, general contractors
-  compressor, metering and pumping stations, gas and oil pipeline, construction
-  construction management, oil and gas pipelines
-  construction management, oil and gas pipelines and related structures
-  corrosion protection of underground pipelines and oil storage tanks
-  distribution lines, gas and oil, construction
-  gathering and distribution systems, gas and oil pipeline
-  natural gas pipelines, construction
-  natural gas processing plant, construction
-  oil and gas field distribution line construction
-  oil and gas pipeline and related structures construction
-  oil refineries and petrochemical complexes, construction management
-  petroleum refinery, construction
-  pipe lining (except thermal insulating) contractors
-  pipeline rehabilitation contractors
-  pipeline wrapping contractors
-  pipelines, oil and gas, construction
-  service lines, gas and oil, construction
-  storage tanks, natural gas or oil, construction

Exclusions:
-  building chemical plants (except petrochemical) and similar process or batch facilities

237130 Power and communication line and related structures construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of power lines and towers, power plants (except hydroelectric generating facilities), and radio, television, and telecommunications transmitting et receiving towers. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to power and communication line and related structures construction are included. The construction of structures (including buildings) that are integral parts of power and communication networks (e.g., transmitting towers, substations, and power plants) is included.

Examples:
-  alternative energy (e.g., geothermal, ocean wave, solar and wind) structure construction
-  antennas (towers), construction
-  cable installation (hydro, telephone, telegraph, underground and marine)
-  cable television line construction, contractors
-  cellular phone towers, construction
-  co-generation plant construction
-  communication towers, construction
-  construction management, power and communication lines and related structures
-  construction, transformer stations
-  contractors, telephone and telegraph lines
-  electric power transmission lines and towers, construction
-  fibre-optic cable transmission lines, construction
-  generating plants or stations (except hydro), construction
-  microwave relay towers, construction
-  nuclear power plants, construction
-  nuclear reactor containment structure construction, general contractors
-  pole line construction, general contractors
-  power and communication line and related structures construction
-  power plants (except hydroelectric), construction
-  radio and television transmitting tower construction, general contractors
-  satellite receiving stations, construction
-  solar central receiving structure, construction
-  substation and switching station construction
-  telecommunication transmission lines, construction
-  telegraph line construction, general contractors
-  telephone line construction, general contractors
-  telephone line stringing
-  thermal power plants, construction
-  towers, power distribution and communication, construction
-  transformer stations and substations, electric power, construction
-  underground cable (e.g., cable television, electricity, and telephone) laying
-  utility line (e.g., communication and electric power), construction
-  wind energy equipment, construction

Exclusions:
-  line slashing or cutting (except maintenance)
-  performing electrical work within buildings
-  tree and brush trimming for overhead utility lines
-  locating underground utility lines prior to digging
-  constructing hydroelectric generating facilities
-  constructing broadcast studios and similar non-residential buildings
-  installing and maintaining telecommunication lines by telecommunication companies

237210 Land subdivision This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in servicing land and subdividing real property into lots, for subsequent sale to builders. Land subdivision precedes any building activity and may create residential lots, commercial tracts or industrial parks.

Servicing of land may include land clearing and excavation work for the installation of roads and utility lines. The extent of the work may vary from project to project and establishments may perform all the work themselves or subcontract it out. Establishments that perform only the legal subdivision of land are not included.

Examples:
-  building lot subdividing, land development
-  land (except cemeteries) subdividers
-  land acquisition, assembling and developing
-  land servicing (hydro, sewer and water) and land subdivision
-  property development
-  real estate subdividers, residential
-  real property (except cemeteries) subdivision
-  servicing of raw land for subsequent sale
-  subdividing and servicing land owned by others

Exclusions:
-  installing roads on a subcontract basis for land subdividers
-  preparing land owned by others for building construction
-  installing utilities on a subcontract basis for land subdividers
-  constructing buildings, for sale, on lots they subdivide
-  legal subdivision of land without land preparation is classified elsewhere based on the primary activity of the establishment
-  constructing buildings, for rent or own use, on lots they subdivide

237310 Highway, street and bridge construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of highways (including elevated), streets, roads, airport runways, public sidewalks, or bridges. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to highway, street, and bridge construction (e.g., installing guardrails on highways) are included.

Examples:
-  abutment construction
-  asphalt or concrete paving (i.e., highways, roads, streets and public sidewalks)
-  bridge approach, construction
-  bridge decking construction
-  bridge, construction
-  culverts, highway, road and street, construction
-  curbs and gutters, concrete, for residential and commercial paved areas, construction
-  curbs and street gutters, highway, road and street, construction
-  grading for highways, roads, streets or airport runways
-  guardrail construction on highways
-  highway, road, street and bridge, construction management
-  highway, street and bridge construction
-  painting or marking lines (e.g., parking lots, highway lines, traffic lanes)
-  parkway construction, general contractors
-  pavement of highways, roads, streets, bridges or airport runways and tarmacs
-  paving highway, street and bridge, contractors
-  repairing highways, roads, streets, or airport runways
-  resurfacing and surfacing highways, roads, streets, bridges or airport runways
-  sign erection (e.g., highway, street, road, bridge) contractors
-  tarring roads
-  traffic signalling and lighting installation contractors (if they are specialized in this activity only)
-  trestle bridge construction, general contractors
-  underpass construction, general contractors

Exclusions:
-  constructing parking lots and private driveways and sidewalks, or erecting billboards
-  constructing tunnels
-  highway lighting and signal installation
-  painting bridges

237990 Other heavy and civil engineering construction This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in constructing heavy and civil engineering works. The work performed may include new work, reconstruction, rehabilitation, and repairs. Specialized trade activities related to these civil engineering construction projects (such as marine pile driving) are included. Construction projects involving water resources (e.g., dredging and land drainage), development of marine facilities, and open space recreational construction projects (e.g., parks and trails) are included in this industry.

Examples:
-  anchored earth retention contractors
-  athletic field (except stadiums), construction
-  avalanche protection, construction
-  breakwater construction
-  caissons (i.e., marine or pneumatic structures), construction
-  channel cutoff construction, general contractors
-  civil engineering (recreational) construction (e.g., golf course, playground, sports field/facilities)
-  civil engineering (recreational) construction (e.g., indoor ice rink, outdoor tennis court)
-  cofferdams, construction
-  construction management, dams
-  construction management, marine structures
-  construction management, mass transit
-  construction management, outdoor recreation facilities
-  construction management, tunnels
-  cribbing (shore protection) and seawalls (wave protection), construction
-  dam construction
-  dikes (dykes) and other flood control structures, construction
-  docks, piers and wharves, construction
-  drainage project construction
-  drive-in movie facility construction
-  earth retention system construction
-  farm drainage tile installation
-  flood control project construction
-  floodway and drainage canals and ditches, construction
-  gabion construction
-  harbour and port facility construction
-  horizontal drilling (e.g., cable, pipeline, sewer installation)
-  hydroelectric generating facilities construction
-  hydroelectric power plant construction
-  jetty construction, general contractors
-  land drainage contractor
-  levee and jetty construction, general contractors
-  light rail system construction
-  lock and waterway construction, general contractors
-  marine construction, general contractors
-  marine landing stage facilities, construction
-  microtunneling contractors
-  miscellaneous heavy and civil engineering construction, construction management
-  missile facilities construction and/or maintenance, general contractors
-  monorail construction
-  nuclear waste disposal site construction
-  other heavy and civil engineering construction water project (e.g., dredging canals, channels, waterways, ditches)
-  pile driving, marine
-  pipe-jacking contractors
-  pond construction, general contractors
-  power generating stations, hydroelectric, construction
-  railroad construction
-  railway construction (track, roadbed, trestles, signals, interlockers)
-  railway roadbed construction
-  recreation areas (open space), construction
-  recreational vehicle park construction
-  retaining walls, anchored (e.g., with piles, soil nails, tieback anchors), construction
-  revetment construction
-  riprapping installation, stone work erection
-  rock removal, underwater, contractor
-  sediment control system construction
-  shipping channel construction
-  ski tow erection, general contractors
-  spillways, floodwater, construction
-  streetcar line construction
-  submarine rock removal, general contractors
-  subway construction
-  subway construction, general contractors
-  timber removal underwater, general contractors
-  trail building, general contractors
-  trenching, underwater
-  tunnel construction

Exclusions:
-  constructing power and communication transmission lines and related structures
-  trenching (except underwater)
-  constructing highways, streets, and bridges
-  constructing water mains, sewers, and related structures
-  constructing oil and gas pipelines and related structures

Specialty trade contractors

238110 Poured concrete foundation and structure contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring and finishing concrete foundations and structural elements. This industry also includes establishments performing grout and shotcrete work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  cement finishing
-  cement work
-  chimneys, concrete, construction
-  concrete finishing, contractors
-  concrete floor finishing and surfacing
-  concrete footing and foundation contractors
-  concrete paving of residential and commercial driveways and parking areas
-  concrete pouring
-  concrete pumping (placement)
-  concrete repair
-  concrete resurfacing
-  foundations, building, poured concrete, contractors
-  grouting foundation work, contractors
-  gunite work on construction projects
-  gunning concrete
-  mud-jacking contractors
-  poured concrete foundation and structure contractors
-  retaining walls, poured concrete, construction
-  shotcrete contractors

Exclusions:
-  constructing or paving streets, highways, and public sidewalks
-  erecting and dismantling forms for poured concrete
-  concrete sealing, coating, waterproofing, or dampproofing
-  paving residential driveways, commercial parking lots, and other private parking

238120 Structural steel and precast concrete contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in: (1) erecting and assembling structural parts made from steel or precast concrete (e.g., steel beams, structural steel components, and similar products of precast concrete); and/or (2) assembling and installing other steel construction products (e.g., steel rods, bars, rebar, mesh, and cages) to reinforce poured-in-place concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  balconies, precast, concrete, installation
-  concrete products, structural precast or prestressed, installation
-  concrete reinforcement placement, contractors
-  curtain wall, precast concrete, installation
-  erecting structural steel
-  iron work, structural, contractors
-  metal storage tank erection
-  placing and tying reinforcing rods, construction
-  precast concrete framing
-  precast concrete panels, slabs or forms, installation
-  pre-stressed concrete beams, slabs or other components, installation
-  rebars (deformed steel bars for concrete reinforcement), installation
-  reinforcing rods, bars, mesh and cage, installation
-  reinforcing steel contractors
-  siding, precast concrete, installation
-  stairs, precast concrete, installation
-  structural steel and precast concrete contractors
-  structural steel erection, contractors

Exclusions:
-  pouring concrete at the construction site for building foundations or structural elements

238130 Framing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in structural framing and sheathing using materials other than structural steel or concrete. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  assembly and erection of prefabricated building components on site
-  building framing (except structural steel), installation
-  carpentry, framing
-  ceiling beams (wooden), rough installation
-  foundations, building, wood, contractors
-  framework, house, contractors
-  framing contractors
-  permanent wood foundations, installation
-  post framing contractors
-  prefabricated wood frame components (e.g., trusses), installation
-  roof truss contractor (wood only)
-  sheathing (house, building, structure), wood, construction
-  steel framing (except structural) contractors
-  stud walls, wood or steel, installation
-  wood frame components (e.g., truss), fabrication on site

Exclusions:
-  constructing brick, block, stone foundations
-  installing structural steel framing or precast concrete framing
-  finish carpentry

238140 Masonry contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in masonry work, stone setting, brick laying, and other stone work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  brick veneer, installation
-  bricklaying, contractors
-  cement block laying
-  chimney building and repairing
-  cinder blocks, installation
-  concrete block laying
-  exterior marble, granite or slate work, installation
-  field stone, installation
-  fireplaces, masonry, installation
-  foundations, building, block, stone or brick, contractors
-  glass block laying
-  glass unit (i.e., glass block) masonry
-  granite, exterior, contractors
-  granite, installation (exterior work)
-  marble installation (exterior work)
-  masonry contractors
-  masonry pointing, cleaning or caulking
-  masonry, contractors
-  ornamental stone, installation
-  refactory brick construction, contractors
-  retaining wall construction, block, stone, or brick, contractors
-  slate (i.e., exterior work), contractors
-  stone cutting and setting, construction
-  stonework erection, contractors
-  stucco application contractors
-  tuck pointing, contractors

Exclusions:
-  erecting the basic structure of buildings by pouring concrete
-  interior marble, granite and slate work
-  laying precast stones or bricks for patios, sidewalks, and driveways; or paving residential driveways, commercial parking lots and other private parking

238150 Glass and glazing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing glass panes in prepared openings (i.e., glazing work) and other glass work for buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  curtain wall, glass, installation
-  glass and glazing contractors
-  glass cladding installation
-  glass installation (except automotive), contractors
-  glass partitions, installation
-  glass tinting, construction
-  glazing work, contractors
-  hermetically sealed glass for window units, installation
-  hermetically sealed window units, commercial type, installation
-  mirror installation
-  stained glass, installation
-  window panes or sheets, installation

Exclusions:
-  installing prefabricated window units
-  replacement, repair, and/or tinting of automotive glass

238160 Roofing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roofing. This industry also includes establishments treating roofs (i.e., spraying, painting, or coating) and installing skylights. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  asphalt roof shingles, installation
-  copper roofing, installation
-  corrugated metal roofing, installation
-  galvanized iron roofing, installation
-  low slope roofing installation (cold or hot apply)
-  painting, spraying or coating of roofs
-  roll roofing installation
-  roof membrane, installation
-  roof spraying, painting, or coating, contractors
-  roofing contractors
-  roofing installation
-  sheet metal roofing, installation
-  skylights, installation
-  solar reflecting coatings, application onto roofs
-  steep slope roofing installation
-  tinsmiths, roof work, construction
-  treating roofs (by spraying, painting or coating)

Exclusions:
-  installing roof trusses and sheathing attached to trusses
-  installing downspouts, gutters, fascia, and soffits

238170 Siding contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing siding of wood, aluminum, vinyl or other exterior finish material (except brick, stone, stucco, or curtain wall). This industry also includes establishments installing eavestroughs, gutters and downspouts. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  aluminum siding, installation
-  cladding, installation (except glass)
-  down spout and gutter, installation, contractors
-  eavestroughing, contractors
-  fascia and soffit, metal and plastic, installation
-  flashing installation, contractors
-  gutters, seamless roof, formed and installed on-site
-  ice apron, roof, installation
-  metal siding, installation
-  siding (aluminum, steel, asbestos, cement, plastic, hardboard), installation
-  siding contractors
-  siding, contractors (installation and repair)
-  vinyl siding, soffit and fascia, installation
-  wood siding, installation

Exclusions:
-  installing curtain wall
-  installing sheet metal duct work
-  installing brick, stone, or stucco building exterior finish materials

238190 Other foundation, structure and building exterior contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in foundation, structure and building exterior trades work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  architectural sheet metal work, contractors
-  awning installation
-  balconies, metal, installation
-  cathodic protection, installation
-  concrete forms, contractors
-  curtain wall (except glass and precast concrete) installation, contractors
-  decks and grates, metal, installation (except roof)
-  decorative iron and steel work, installation
-  fire escapes, installation
-  forming contractor
-  forms for poured concrete, erection and dismantling
-  metal furring, contractors
-  ornamental metal work, installation, contractors
-  other activities as part of structural work which may include cribbing
-  shutters, installation
-  stairways, metal, installation
-  store fronts, metal or metal frame, installation
-  urethane slabjacking contractors
-  urethane soil stabilization contractors
-  welding contractors, operating at site of construction

Exclusions:
-  erecting and assembling structural parts made from steel or precast concrete
-  fireproofing buildings contractors
-  installing siding
-  installing or repairing roofs
-  glass and glazing work
-  framing buildings
-  poured concrete foundation and structure work
-  masonry work

238210 Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical contractors included in this industry may include both the parts and labour when performing work. Electrical contractors may perform new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  airport runway lighting contractors
-  alarm systems (fire, burglar), electric, installation only
-  audio-visual wiring systems, installation only
-  building automation systems, contractors
-  burglar alarm systems, electric wiring, installation
-  cable splicing, electrical, contractors
-  cable television hookup, contractors
-  communication equipment installation, contractors
-  computer and network cable installation
-  electric contracting
-  electric power control panels and outlets, installation
-  electrical contractors
-  electrical installation of environmental control systems for temperature and humidity
-  electrical repairs on buildings
-  electrical wiring contractors
-  electrical work, construction and maintenance
-  electrician
-  electronic containment fencing for pets, installation
-  fibre-optic cable (except transmission lines), installation
-  fire alarm systems, installation
-  highway lighting and electrical signal construction, contractors
-  highway, street and bridge lighting systems and electrical signal installation
-  home automation system installation
-  home theatre installation
-  installation of photovoltaics panels
-  intercommunication systems, installation
-  lighting systems, electric, installation
-  low voltage electrical work
-  private driveway or parking area lighting contractors
-  public address systems, installation
-  railroad signalling equipment, installation
-  security and fire systems, installation only
-  smoke sensors electrical installation
-  snow melting cable, electric, installation
-  sound equipment installation
-  surveillance systems, installation only
-  telecommunications equipment installation, contractors
-  telephone and telephone equipment installation, contractors
-  traffic signal installation
-  tunnel lighting contractors

Exclusions:
-  constructing power and communication transmission lines
-  burglar and fire alarm installation combined with sales, maintenance, or monitoring services

238220 Plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning equipment. Contractors in this industry may provide both parts and labour when performing work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  air system balancing and testing
-  air vents, installation
-  air-conditioning systems, installation or repair
-  bathroom plumbing fixtures and sanitary ware, installation
-  blowers and fans, cooling and dry heating, installation
-  boiler chipping, cleaning and scaling
-  central air-conditioning equipment, installation
-  central cooling equipment and piping, installation
-  chilled water systems, installation
-  commercial refrigeration systems, installation
-  diffusers, grilles, air registers, installation
-  domestic oil storage tanks, installation
-  drain, waste and vent systems, installation
-  drinking fountains, installation
-  dry heating equipment and controls, installation (except electric baseboard)
-  duct work (e.g., heating, cooling, exhaust, dust collection), installation
-  dust collecting equipment installation, contractors
-  exhaust systems contractor (e.g., kitchens, industrial work areas)
-  fire sprinkler systems, installation
-  fireplace installations (except masonry)
-  fireplace, natural gas, installation
-  forced air furnaces, installation
-  fuel oil burner, installation
-  furnace and oil burner controls, installation
-  furnace conversion from one fuel to another
-  furnace humidifiers, installation
-  furnace installation, maintenance and repair
-  gas fitting contractor
-  gas line hookup, contractors
-  heat pump installation
-  heating boiler (i.e., household), installation and repair
-  heating boiler installation and repair
-  heating equipment installation, contractors
-  heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC ) contractors
-  hot water heating systems, installation
-  hydronic heating systems, installation
-  industrial process piping installation
-  installation of cooling towers and other industrial or commercial cooling equipment
-  kitchen sinks and hardware, installation
-  lawn sprinkler system installation, contractors
-  mechanical contractors
-  metal chimney liner installation, for oil to gas conversions, wood burning fireplace inserts
-  natural gas piping, installation
-  pipe fitting contractors, plumbing and heating
-  plumbing and heating contractors
-  plumbing contractors (plumber)
-  plumbing fixtures, installation
-  plumbing, heating and air-conditioning contractors
-  potable water systems (except water well), installation
-  radiant floor heating equipment, installation
-  scrubbers (i.e., for air-purification) installation
-  sewer hook-ups and connections for buildings, contractors
-  snow melting systems (hot water or glycol), installation
-  solar heating plant installation
-  sprinkler systems, lawn and garden, installation
-  steam fitting contractors
-  sump pump installation and servicing, contractors
-  tinsmiths, duct work, construction
-  ventilating work, contractors
-  warehouse refrigeration, installation
-  warm air heating systems, installation
-  water heater installation
-  water meters, installation
-  water piping systems (except water well), installation
-  water pump installation and servicing, contractors
-  water softeners, installation
-  water system balancing and testing, contractors

Exclusions:
-  installing electrical controls for HVAC systems
-  duct cleaning

238291 Elevator and escalator installation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in installing or servicing elevators and escalators, moving sidewalks and similar conveying equipment in buildings. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  elevator and escalator installation contractors
-  elevator, escalator and moving sidewalk installation and repair, contractors

238299 All other building equipment contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in installing or servicing building equipment. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs. Some examples of work done by these establishments are boiler and pipe installation, dismantling large-scale machinery and equipment, and installation of built-in vacuum cleaning systems.

Examples:
-  agricultural machinery, installation
-  antennas, household type, installation
-  assembly and installation of machinery in production lines
-  automated teller machine (ATM) installation
-  automatic gate (e.g., garage, parking lot), installation
-  boiler, pipe, or duct insulation and installation
-  bowling alley equipment installation
-  commercial and industrial type door installation (e.g., overhead, industrial garage, rubber or steel, automated or revolving)
-  commercial restaurant equipment installation & repair (large scale)
-  dumbwaiter installation
-  equipment installation, millwright
-  gasoline pump installation, contractors
-  industrial communications equipment, installation
-  installation of engines and turbines in buildings, contractors
-  lightning protection equipment contractor
-  lightning rods and conductors, installation
-  machine rigging, contractors
-  machine tools, installation
-  materials handling equipment in buildings, installation
-  materials handling equipment, installation
-  mechanical equipment insulation (e.g., thermal pipe covering, heater boiler jackets)
-  metallurgy machinery, installation
-  motor vehicle garage and service station mechanical equipment (e.g., hoists, lifts), installation
-  office machinery, installation
-  petro-chemical piping, installation
-  pneumatic conveyance systems, installation
-  power boiler installation
-  power boilers, purchased, erection
-  power generating equipment installation, contractors
-  rigging large-scale equipment
-  satellite dish (household), installation and service
-  service station equipment installation contractors
-  service station equipment maintenance and repair
-  specialized medical machinery, installation
-  textile machinery installation
-  vacuum cleaning systems, built-in, contractors
-  vaults, safes and banking machine, installation contractor
-  vending machines installation
-  water pipes, insulating

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing of industrial equipment with incidental installation
-  repair and maintenance of commercial refrigeration equipment

238310 Drywall and insulation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drywall, plaster work, and building insulation work. Plaster work includes applying plain or ornamental plaster, and installation of lath to receive plaster. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  acoustical ceiling tiles and panels, installation
-  acoustical foam, sound barrier, installation
-  blown-in insulation (e.g., vermiculite, cellulose), installation
-  drywall and insulation contractors
-  drywall finishing (e.g., sanding, spackling, stippling, taping, texturing)
-  drywall installation, including the hanging of drywall, sheetrock, plasterboard, gypsum wallboard and ubsequent finishing
-  exterior insulation finish systems, installation
-  fabric wall systems, noise insulating, installation
-  fireproof flooring construction, contractors
-  fireproofing buildings
-  fireproofing buildings, contractor
-  firestop contractors
-  fresco work (i.e., decorative plaster finishing) contractors
-  installation of insulation (e.g., foam, glass fibre, cellulosic fibre, wool)
-  installation of insulation panel or rigid boards (i.e., polystyrene or other foamed material for insulation)
-  insulation installation (i.e., styrofoam, polystyrene, urethane)
-  insulation work (e.g., building, roof) contractors
-  plastering (e.g., ornamental, plain), contractors
-  solar reflecting insulation film, contractors
-  soundproofing contractors
-  suspended (drop) ceiling installation on metal structures, including the installation of ceiling tiles
-  wall cavities and attic space, insulating

Exclusions:
-  applying stucco
-  insulating pipes and boilers

238320 Painting and wall covering contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in painting, paperhanging and decorating in buildings and painting heavy (engineering) structures. Paint or paper stripping, including sandblasting when it is an incidental part of surface preparation by paint and wall covering contractors, is included in this industry. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  bridge painting
-  electrostatic painting on site (including of lockers and fixtures), contractors
-  heavy machinery painting
-  paint and wallpaper stripping (removal), contractors
-  painting and wall covering contractors
-  painting contractors
-  residential house painting, including interior or exterior
-  rustproofing contractor, buildings and structures (except automotive)
-  wall covering or removal contractors
-  whitewashing, contractors

Exclusions:
-  painting lines on highways, streets, and parking lots
-  sandblasting building exteriors
-  installing wood panelling
-  roof painting

238330 Flooring contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the installation of resilient floor tile, carpeting, linoleum, and hardwood flooring. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  access flooring, installation
-  asphalt tile, installation only
-  carpet installation only
-  computer flooring installation
-  floor laying, scraping, finishing and refinishing, including painting, contractors
-  floor tile and sheets, installation only
-  flooring contractors
-  hardwood flooring, installation
-  linoleum installation contractors
-  parquet or wood tile flooring, installation
-  resilient floor tiles or sheets (e.g., vinyl, rubber, linoleum), installation only
-  resurfacing hardwood floors
-  vinyl floor tile and sheet installation, contractors
-  wood floor finishing (e.g., coating, sanding)
-  wood flooring, finished, installation

Exclusions:
-  laying concrete flooring
-  fireproof flooring, construction contractors
-  installing stone or ceramic floor tile
-  retailing and installing carpet and other flooring products, except stone or ceramic tile

238340 Tile and terrazzo contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in setting and installing ceramic tile, stone (interior only), and mosaic and/or mixing marble particles and cement to make terrazzo at the job site. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  ceramic tile, installation
-  finishing (e.g., grinding, polishing, grouting) terrazzo or tile
-  granite installation (interior work)
-  mantel work (stone) installation
-  mantel, marble or stone, installation
-  marble, granite and slate work (interior), contractors
-  mosaic work, contractors
-  stone flooring, installation
-  terrazzo work, contractors
-  terrazzo, pouring, setting and finishing
-  tile and terrazzo contractors
-  tile laying, ceramic

Exclusions:
-  exterior marble, granite, and slate work
-  manufacturing precast terrazzo products

238350 Finish carpentry contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in finish carpentry work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  aluminum door and window installation
-  built-in wood cabinets constructed on site
-  cabinetry, installation and finishing
-  cabinets, built-in, construction
-  carpentry work (except framing)
-  construction carpenter, finishing
-  counter tops, residential type, installation
-  deck construction, wooden
-  finish carpentry contractors
-  finishing carpentry
-  garage door, wooden, installation
-  garage doors, residential type, installation
-  installation of windows, wooden
-  kitchen cabinets and counters, constructed on site
-  kitchen cabinets and counters, prefabricated wood, installation only
-  kitchen cabinets, installation
-  millwork installation
-  moulding or trim, wood or plastic, installation
-  overhead door installation, residential
-  panelling installation
-  prefabricated door and window installation
-  prefabricated kitchen and bath cabinet, residential-type, installation
-  shelving, wood, constructed on site
-  ship joinery, contractors
-  stairways, wood, installation
-  trim and finish, contractors

Exclusions:
-  framing
-  installing skylights
-  building custom kitchen and bath cabinets (except free standing) in a shop

238390 Other building finishing contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in building finishing trade work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs.

Examples:
-  bath tub refinishing, contractors
-  bath tub refinishing, on site
-  bleachers, installation
-  building fixtures and fittings (except mechanical equipment), installation
-  closet organizer system installation
-  coating of concrete structures with plastics, contractors
-  concrete (damp, moisture, water and weather proofing)
-  concrete coating, glazing or sealing
-  dampproofing contractors
-  drapery track hardware installation
-  foundation coating or sealing
-  foundation dampproofing (including installing rigid foam insulation)
-  kitchens, custom metal counters and cabinets, installation
-  laboratory furniture and equipment, installation
-  lead lining walls for X-ray room, contractor
-  metal partitions (e.g., office, washroom), installation
-  modular furniture attachment and installation, partition installation, laboratory equipment furniture installation
-  modular furniture system attachment and installation
-  office furniture, modular systems, installation
-  panels, metal, installation
-  partitions, moveable and/or demountable, installation
-  sheet metal countertops, fabricated at the site of construction
-  shelving, metal, constructed on site
-  spectator seating installation, contractors
-  trade show exhibit installation and dismantling
-  ventilated wire shelving (i.e., closet organizing-type) installation
-  vibration isolation contractor
-  waterproofing, contractors
-  weatherstripping installation
-  window shades and blinds installation, contractors

Exclusions:
-  applying or removing paint or wall coverings
-  finish carpentry
-  installing or repairing wood floors, resilient flooring, and carpet
-  installing drywall, plaster or insulation
-  setting tile or performing terrazzo work

238910 Site preparation contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in site preparation activities, such as excavating and grading, demolition of buildings and other structures, and septic system installation. Earth moving and land clearing for all types of sites, except mine site overburden removal, is included in this industry. Establishments primarily engaged in construction equipment rental with operator (except cranes) are also included.

Examples:
-  aerial lift trucks and bucket trucks rental with operator (used by electric utilities or tree trimming)
-  backfilling, construction
-  backhoes, rental with operator
-  blast hole drilling (except mining)
-  blasting and trenching, construction site
-  blasting, building demolition
-  boring for building construction
-  brush clearing or cutting
-  building demolition
-  bulldozing, unspecified, rental with operator
-  caisson (i.e., drilled building foundations), construction
-  concrete breaking and cutting for demolition
-  construction equipment (except cranes) rental with operator
-  core drilling and test boring for construction
-  crawler work, rental with operator
-  cutting of rights-of-way contractor
-  demolishing buildings and structures
-  demolition contractor
-  dewatering, contractors
-  diamond drilling for building construction, contractors
-  digging foundations
-  dirt moving, for construction
-  dismantling of engineering structures (e.g., oil storage tanks)
-  drainage system installation (e.g., cesspool, septic tank), contractors
-  drilled pier (i.e., for building foundations) contractors
-  drilled shaft (i.e., drilled building foundations), construction
-  driving piling, general contractors
-  dry well construction, contractors
-  earth moving, contractors
-  equipment rental with operator (except cranes)
-  equipment rental, cat work (excavating, renting out), with operator
-  excavating contractors
-  excavating, earthmoving or land clearing, agricultural
-  excavating, earthmoving or land clearing, mining (except mine site overburden removal)
-  excavating, earthmoving, or land clearing contractors
-  foundation digging (i.e., excavation)
-  foundation drilling contractors
-  grading, construction site
-  grave excavation, contractors
-  ground thawing for construction site digging, service of
-  heavy machinery operations (construction), rental with operator
-  house demolishing contractors
-  hydrodemolition (i.e., demolition with pressurized water), contractor
-  land clearing, contractors
-  land levelling, irrigation, contractors
-  line slashing or cutting (except maintenance)
-  pile driving, contractors
-  piling (i.e., bored, cast-in-place, drilled), building foundation, contractors
-  power, communication and pipe lines, rights of way clearance (except maintenance)
-  rights of way, cutting (except maintenance)
-  septic systems, replacement and repair
-  septic tanks and weeping tile, installation
-  shovel equipment work, construction, rental with operator
-  site preparation contractors
-  soil compacting service, contractors
-  soil test drilling (for building construction)
-  sound barriers (earth mounds), construction
-  underground tank (except hazardous material) removal
-  wrecking, buildings or other structures, contractors

Exclusions:
-  dismantling tanks in oil fields
-  drilling oil and gas field water intake wells
-  overburden removal
-  earth retention or underwater trenching
-  crane rental with operator
-  construction equipment rental without an operator
-  tree and brush trimming for overhead utility lines
-  nuclear power plant decommissioning and environmental remediation work, such as the removal of underground steel tanks for hazardous materials

238990 All other specialty trade contractors This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in specialized construction trades. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs.

Examples:
-  above-ground swimming pools, residential, installation
-  artificial turf installation
-  asphalt coating, sealing, paving and resurfacing, residential and commercial parking lots and driveways
-  billboard erection
-  blacktop and asphalt work, residential and commercial driveways and parking areas
-  boat lift installation
-  brick pavers (e.g., driveways, patios and sidewalks), installation
-  cable splicing service, non-electrical, contractors
-  cleaning building interiors during and immediately after construction
-  concrete patio, construction
-  construction elevator, erection and dismantling
-  crane rental with operator
-  fences and enclosures of any material, installation, erection or repair
-  fencing for highway, installation
-  flagpole, installation
-  green roof system installation
-  houses, moving (i.e., raising from one site, moving, and placing on a new foundation)
-  industrial and residential fencing, erecting
-  in-ground outdoor swimming pools, residential, construction
-  installation of interlocking brick (interlock) for streets or driveways
-  installation of interlocking stone, driveways
-  living wall system installation
-  mail boxes erection (residential - outdoor)
-  mobile home site set up and tie down, contractors
-  playground equipment, installation
-  posthole digging, contractors
-  radon mitigation contractors
-  safety net systems, erecting and dismantling
-  sand blasting building exteriors
-  scaffolds, erecting and dismantling
-  shoring, construction
-  sign erection and maintenance on building
-  sound barriers (fences), construction
-  statues, erection
-  steeplejack work
-  swimming pool screen enclosures, construction
-  swimming pools, outdoor nonresidential-type, construction
-  tank lining contractors
-  underpinning, construction

Exclusions:
-  installing, repairing, or maintaining building mechanical systems
-  environmental remediation work, such as asbestos abatement
-  power washing and other building exterior cleaning (except sandblasting)
-  radon testing
-  construction equipment rental without an operator
-  foundation, structure, and building exterior work
-  paving public highways, streets, and roads
-  construction equipment rental with an operator (except cranes) or preparing land for building construction
-  finishing buildings

Food manufacturing

311111 Dog and cat food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dog and cat food.

Examples:
-  dog and cat feed supplements, manufacturing
-  dog and cat food from purchased meat and poultry, manufacturing
-  dog and cat pet food, manufacturing
-  horse meat processing, cat and dog food
-  meat products, dog and cat, pet food, canning, made from purchased carcasses

Exclusions:
-  slaughtering animals for feed
-  slaughtering poultry for dog and cat food

311119 Other animal food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing animal food.

Examples:
-  alfalfa meal, dehydrated, cubes or prepared for animals, manufacturing
-  animal feed, prepared (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
-  animal feeds, supplements and concentrates, manufacturing
-  barley feed, chopped, crushed or ground, manufacturing
-  bird food, prepared, manufacturing
-  blending feed for animals (except dogs and cats)
-  bone meal, prepared as feed for animals and fowls, manufacturing
-  citrus pulp, cattle feed, manufacturing
-  complete livestock feed, manufacturing
-  feed, specialty (e.g., for mice, guinea pig, mink, earthworm, rabbit), manufacturing
-  fish food (for feeding fish), manufacturing
-  fur farm stock feed, manufacturing
-  kelp meal and pellets, for use as animal feed, manufacturing
-  laboratory animal feeds, manufacturing
-  micro and macro feed premixes for animals (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
-  milling grain to make livestock feed
-  pet food (except dogs and cats), manufacturing
-  prepared feeds for farm animal, including turkey and chicken (except pets), manufacturing
-  shell crushing and grinding for animal feed

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing hormones or other pharmaceutical products for use in animal feed

311211 Flour milling This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in grinding grains, fruits or vegetables, except rice. Integrated mills, which grind grain and further process the milling products into such products as prepared flour mixes or doughs, are included.

Examples:
-  batters, prepared, made in flour mills
-  blended flour, made in flour mills
-  bran, shorts and other products of milling grain (except rice)
-  brewers' and distillers' flakes and grits, corn, manufacturing
-  corn meal, for human consumption, made in flour mills
-  doughs, prepared, made in flour mills
-  farina (except breakfast food), made in flour mills
-  flour (e.g., vegetable, buckwheat, corn, durum, graham, barley), manufacturing
-  flour milling
-  flour mills, cereal grain, germ or flour (except rice, breakfast cereal and feed mills)
-  flour mixes (e.g., pancake, cake, biscuit, doughnut), made in flour mills
-  fruit flour, meal and powders, manufacturing
-  grain mills (except rice, breakfast cereal and animal feed)
-  grits and flakes, corn, for brewers' use, manufacturing
-  hominy grits (except breakfast food), manufacturing
-  potato flour, manufacturing
-  prepared flour mixes, made in flour mills
-  pulse flour milling
-  rye, semolina or sorghum flour, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  milling grain to make animal feed
-  wet-milling corn and other vegetables
-  crushing oilseeds
-  milling grain to make breakfast cereals
-  manufacturing prepared flour mixes or doughs from purchased flour

311214 Rice milling and malt manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milling rice; cleaning and polishing rice; manufacturing rice flour or meal; or manufacturing malt from barley, rye or other grains.

Examples:
-  flour, malt, manufacturing
-  grain mills, brown rice and head rice
-  malt (e.g., rice, brewers', distillers', barley), manufacturing
-  malting (germinating and drying grain)
-  rice bran, flour and meal, manufacturing
-  rice milling
-  rice milling and malt manufacturing
-  rice mixes, made in rice mills
-  rice, brewers', manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing malt extract
-  mixing rice with other dried ingredients
-  brewing malt beverages

311221 Wet corn milling This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in wet-milling corn and other vegetables. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing starch are included.

Examples:
-  cooking oil, made by wet-milling corn
-  corn gluten feed and meal, manufacturing
-  corn oil cake and meal, manufacturing
-  corn oil mills
-  corn oil, crude and refined, made by wet-milling corn
-  corn sweeteners (e.g., dextrose, fructose, glucose), made by wet-milling corn
-  corn syrup, made by wet-milling corn
-  crude and refined vegetable oils made by wet milling
-  crude corn oil, manufacturing
-  dextrin, made by wet-milling corn
-  gluten feed, flour and meal, made by wet-milling corn
-  high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), manufacturing
-  maltodextrins and gluten, manufacturing
-  margarine and other corn oils, made by wet-milling corn
-  starches (i.e., root, rice, potato, grain, corn or vegetable) (except laundry), manufacturing
-  steepwater concentrate, manufacturing
-  sugar, made by wet-milling corn
-  tapioca, manufacturing
-  wet corn milling

Exclusions:
-  reducing maple sap to maple syrup
-  grinding (dry-milling) corn
-  manufacturing table syrups from corn syrup; and starch-based dessert powders
-  manufacturing ethyl alcohol by the wet-mill process

311224 Oilseed processing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in crushing oilseeds and tree nuts and extracting oils. Both edible and inedible products may be produced.

Examples:
-  cake, meal and oil (e.g., canola, palm-kernel, peanut, cottonseed oil, sunflower seed, linseed), made in crushing mills
-  fats and oils, made in oilseed crushing mills
-  margarine, cooking oil and similar oil and fat products, made in oilseed crushing mills
-  oil (e.g., rapeseed, safflower, flaxseed, coconut, castor, olive, cottonseed, lecithin, soybean), made in crushing mills
-  oilseed crushing mills
-  oilseed processing
-  shortening, cooking and vegetable oils, made in oilseed crushing mills
-  soybean crushing mills
-  soybean oil mills
-  soybean oil, cake and meal, made in crushing mills
-  soybean oil, crude, manufacturing
-  soybean oil, deodorized, made in crushing mills
-  soybean oil, refined, made in crushing mills
-  soybean protein concentrates, manufacturing
-  soybean protein isolates, made in crushing mills
-  tree nut oils (e.g., tung, walnut), made in crushing mills

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling
-  processing purchased vegetable oils

311225 Fat and oil refining and blending This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fats and oils by processing crude or partially refined oils, for example deodorizing them; or blending purchased fats and oils. Both edible and inedible products may be produced. Both animal and vegetable fats and oils may be used.

Examples:
-  animal fats and oils refining from purchased fats and oils
-  blending purchased fats and oils
-  cooking oil, made from purchased fats and oils
-  corn oil, made from purchased oils
-  edible animal fats and oils, refining and blending
-  fat and oil refining and blending
-  fats and oils, made from purchased fats and oils
-  hydrogenating purchased oils
-  lecithin, made from purchased oils
-  margarine (including imitation), made from purchased fats and oils
-  margarine-butter blend, made from purchased fats and oils
-  oil (e.g., rapeseed (canola), cottonseed, soybean, olive, peanut, linseed, palm-kernel, sunflower), made from purchased oils
-  oil, vegetable stearin, made from purchased oils
-  re-refining purchased fats and oils
-  shortening, made from purchased fats and oils
-  tree nut oils (e.g., tung, walnut), made from purchased oils
-  vegetable cooking and table oils, made from purchased oils

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing vegetable fats and oils by crushing oilseeds
-  processing marine fats and oils
-  manufacturing lard made from purchased fat
-  manufacturing butter
-  manufacturing corn oil by wet corn milling
-  lard and tallow produced in slaughtering plants

311230 Breakfast cereal manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing breakfast cereal foods.

Examples:
-  breakfast cereal (e.g., oats, corn, hominy grits, wheat, rice), manufacturing
-  breakfast cereal manufacturing
-  breakfast foods or cereals (e.g., corn, grain, rice, wheat, farina, dry infant' cereals), manufacturing
-  granola breakfast cereal (except bars and clusters), manufacturing
-  instant cereal beverage, manufacturing
-  ready-to-serve breakfast and instant hot cereal foods, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing granola and breakfast bars, except chocolate-coated
-  manufacturing chocolate-coated granola and breakfast bars

311310 Sugar manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing raw sugar, sugar syrup and refined sugar from sugar cane, raw cane sugar or sugar beets.

Examples:
-  beet pulp, dried, manufacturing
-  brown sugar, manufacturing
-  cane or beet sugar refining
-  cane sugar, made from purchased raw cane sugar
-  confectioners' sugar, manufacturing
-  invert sugar, manufacturing
-  molasses, blackstrap, manufacturing
-  molasses, manufacturing
-  sugar (e.g., granulated, liquid, powdered), manufacturing
-  sugar manufacturing
-  sugar, clarified, granulated and raw, made in sugarcane mills
-  sugar, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame and saccharine

311340 Non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-chocolate confectionery.

Examples:
-  breakfast bars (except chocolate-covered), manufacturing
-  cake ornaments, confectionery, manufacturing
-  candied fruit and fruit peel products (e.g., candied, glazed, crystallized), manufacturing
-  candy (except chocolate), manufacturing
-  candy stores (except chocolate), candy made on the premises (except for immediate consumption)
-  chewing gum, manufacturing
-  confectionery, non-chocolate, manufacturing
-  corn confections (e.g., popcorn balls, candy-coated popcorn products), manufacturing
-  cough drops or lozenges (except medicated), manufacturing
-  dates, sugared and stuffed, manufacturing
-  energy food bar, manufacturing
-  fudge (except chocolate), manufacturing
-  granola bars and clusters (except chocolate-coated), manufacturing
-  halvah, manufacturing
-  hard candies, manufacturing
-  jelly candies, manufacturing
-  liquorice candy, manufacturing
-  marshmallows, manufacturing
-  non-chocolate confectionery manufacturing
-  nuts, covered (except chocolate covered), manufacturing
-  synthetic chocolate, marzipan or toffee, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  roasting, salting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds

311351 Chocolate and chocolate confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shelling, roasting and grinding cacao beans into chocolate cacao products and chocolate confectionery.

Examples:
-  candy bars, chocolate (including chocolate-covered), made from cacao beans
-  chocolate (e.g., coatings, instant, liquor, syrup, cooking), made from cacao beans
-  chocolate and confectionery manufacturing from cacao beans
-  chocolate bars, made from cacao beans
-  chocolate candy (including chocolate-covered), made from cacao beans
-  chocolate confectionery (e.g., bars, fudge, syrup), made from cacao beans
-  chocolate covered nuts, made from cacao beans
-  cocoa (e.g., instant, mix, powdered), made from cacao beans
-  cocoa butter, made from cacao beans
-  cocoa powder drink, made from cacao beans

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing chocolate and chocolate confectionery from purchased chocolate

311352 Confectionery manufacturing from purchased chocolate This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing chocolate confectionery from purchased chocolate.

Examples:
-  candy stores, chocolate candy made on the premises (except for immediate consumption)
-  candy, chocolate, made from purchased chocolate
-  chocolate (e.g., coatings, liquor, syrup, baking), made from purchased chocolate
-  chocolate bars, made from purchased chocolate
-  chocolate confectionery, made from purchased chocolate
-  chocolate-covered granola bars, made from purchased chocolate
-  cocoa, powdered, mixed with other ingredients, made from purchased chocolate
-  drinks, cocoa powder or chocolate instant, made from purchased chocolate
-  fudge, chocolate, made from purchased chocolate
-  measurement of trees
-  nuts, chocolate-covered, made from purchased chocolate

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing chocolate confectionery from cacao beans

311410 Frozen food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen fruits and vegetables; and frozen dinners and side dishes of several ingredients, except seafood.

Examples:
-  blast freezing, on a contract basis
-  concentrates, frozen fruit and vegetable juice, manufacturing
-  dietetic and low sodium frozen specialty foods
-  dietetic and low sodium frozen specialty foods, manufacturing
-  dietetic homogenized frozen fruits, juices or vegetables, manufacturing
-  French fries, frozen, pre-cooked, manufacturing
-  French toast, waffles and pancakes, frozen, manufacturing
-  frozen ades, drinks and cocktail mixes, manufacturing
-  frozen dinners and side dishes (except seafood-based), manufacturing
-  frozen food entrées (except seafood-based), manufacturing
-  frozen food manufacturing
-  frozen fruit and vegetable, manufacturing
-  frozen fruits, fruit juices and vegetables, manufacturing
-  frozen meat entrées, prepared, manufacturing
-  frozen pasta combined with other ingredients to make a dish, manufacturing
-  frozen pasta dishes (plain), manufacturing
-  frozen pot pies and pizza manufacturing
-  frozen specialties based on fruits or vegetables
-  nationality specialty foods, frozen, manufacturing
-  soups, frozen (except seafood), manufacturing
-  whipped topping, frozen, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing frozen seafood products
-  manufacturing frozen doughs, made from purchased flour
-  freezing eggs
-  manufacturing frozen bakery products
-  manufacturing frozen dairy products
-  freeze-drying fruits and vegetables
-  manufacturing frozen meat products

311420 Fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preserving fruits and vegetables by canning, pickling, brining and dehydrating (including freeze-drying). Canning uses heat sterilization; pickling uses vinegar solutions and brining uses salt solutions. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mixtures of dried ingredients, such as soup mixes and salad dressing mixes, are included provided they dehydrate at least one of the ingredients.

Examples:
-  baby foods (including meats), canning
-  bouillon, canning
-  bouillon, made in dehydration plants
-  brining and pickling of fruits and vegetables
-  broth (except seafood), canning
-  canned fruit and vegetable juices (dietetic or homogenized), manufacturing
-  canned fruit and vegetable juices (fresh or concentrates), manufacturing
-  canned pasta (plain), manufacturing
-  canned specialties based on fruits or vegetables, including baked beans, bean sprouts, Chinese food and mincemeat, manufacturing
-  canning soups (except seafood)
-  canning vegetables (e.g., corn, beets, asparagus, artichokes, carrots, peas, tomatoes, mushrooms, potatoes)
-  catsup and similar tomato sauces, manufacturing
-  chili con carne, canning
-  Chinese foods, canning
-  dehydrating (except sun drying) fruits and vegetables (e.g., dates, olives, prunes, raisins)
-  dietetic foods, canned, manufacturing
-  fruit and vegetable canning, pickling and drying
-  fruit butters, manufacturing
-  fruit cocktail, canned, manufacturing
-  fruit pie fillings, canning
-  fruit pie fillings, made in dehydration plants
-  fruit, sulphured, manufacturing
-  gravy, canning
-  hominy, canned, manufacturing
-  horseradish (except sauce), canning
-  infant and junior food, canning
-  juice, fruit or vegetable, fresh, manufacturing
-  ketchup, manufacturing
-  marmalade, manufacturing
-  nationality specialty foods, canning
-  noodle mixes, made in dehydration plants
-  olives, brined, manufacturing
-  onions, pickled, manufacturing
-  pastes, fruit and vegetable, canning
-  pickles, manufacturing
-  pork and beans, canning
-  potato products (e.g., flakes, granules), dehydrating
-  prepared canned pasta products, such as canned spaghetti, including other ingredients to make a dish
-  preserves (e.g., imitation), canning
-  preserves, jams and jellies (jelly), manufacturing
-  relishes, canning
-  salad dressing mixes, dry, made in dehydration plants
-  sauce mixes, dry, made in dehydration plants
-  sauces (e.g., chili, salsa, barbecue, tomato-base), canning
-  sauerkraut, manufacturing
-  soup mixes, made in dehydration plants
-  sulphured fruit and vegetables, manufacturing
-  tomato paste, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  mixing purchased dehydrated potatoes, rice, pasta and other ingredients; canning or dehydrating eggs; or canning puddings
-  manufacturing fruit-flavoured drinks

311511 Fluid milk manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing milk and processed milk products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.

Examples:
-  cottage cheese, manufacturing
-  cream, manufacturing
-  dairy, fluid milk
-  dips, sour-cream based, manufacturing
-  eggnog, fresh, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
-  fluid milk manufacturing
-  fluid milk substitutes, manufacturing
-  fluid milk, processing
-  milk processing (e.g., bottling, homogenizing, pasteurizing, vitaminizing)
-  milk substitutes, manufacturing
-  milk, fluid (except canned), manufacturing
-  milk-based drinks (e.g., chocolate, acidophilus, buttermilk) (except dietary), manufacturing
-  non-dairy creamers, liquid, manufacturing
-  sour cream substitutes, manufacturing
-  sour cream, manufacturing
-  whipped toppings (except frozen or dry mix), manufacturing
-  whipping cream, manufacturing
-  yogurt (except frozen), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing dry mix whipped toppings and canned milk
-  manufacturing ice cream, frozen yogurt and other frozen dairy desserts

311515 Butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing substitute products are included.

Examples:
-  animal feed, dry milk products for, manufacturing
-  baby formula, fresh, processed and bottled, manufacturing
-  butter, cheese, and dry and condensed dairy product manufacturing
-  butter, creamery and whey, manufacturing
-  butter, manufacturing
-  casein, dry and wet, manufacturing
-  cheese (except cottage cheese), manufacturing
-  cheese spreads, manufacturing
-  cheese, imitation, substitute or analog, manufacturing
-  cheese, natural (except cottage cheese), manufacturing
-  condensed, evaporated or powdered whey, manufacturing
-  cream, dried and powdered, manufacturing
-  curds, cheese, manufacturing
-  dehydrated milk, manufacturing
-  dietary drinks, dairy and non-dairy base, manufacturing
-  dips, cheese-based, manufacturing
-  dry milk products for animal feed, manufacturing
-  eggnog, canned, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
-  feed grade dry milk products, manufacturing
-  ice milk mix, manufacturing
-  infants' formulas, manufacturing
-  lactose, manufacturing
-  malted milk, manufacturing
-  milk, concentrated, condensed, dried, evaporated or powdered, manufacturing
-  milk, UHT (ultra-high temperature), manufacturing
-  milk-based drinks, dietary, manufacturing
-  milkshake mixes, manufacturing
-  non-dairy creamers, dry, manufacturing
-  non-dairy drinks (i.e., soy and almond), manufacturing
-  nonfat dry milk, manufacturing
-  processed cheese, manufacturing
-  whey, condensed, dried, evaporated and powdered, manufacturing
-  whey, raw, liquid, manufacturing
-  whipped topping, dry mix, manufacturing
-  yogurt mix, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing margarine or margarine-butter blends
-  manufacturing cottage cheese
-  manufacturing cheese-based salad dressings

311520 Ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ice cream and other frozen desserts.

Examples:
-  frozen custard, manufacturing
-  frozen desserts (except bakery), manufacturing
-  ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturing
-  ice cream and milk specialties, manufacturing
-  ice cream, manufacturing
-  juice pops, frozen, manufacturing
-  pops, dessert, frozen (i.e., flavoured ice, fruit, pudding and gelatin), manufacturing
-  sorbets or sherbets, manufacturing
-  tofu frozen desserts, manufacturing
-  yogurt, frozen, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing frozen bakery products

311611 Animal (except poultry) slaughtering This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering animals, except poultry and small game. Establishments that slaughter animals and then prepare meat products are included.

Examples:
-  abattoirs
-  animal (except poultry) slaughtering
-  animal fats (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  animal feed, slaughtering animals for (except poultry and small game)
-  bacon, slab and sliced, produced in slaughtering plants
-  beef, pork, lamb or veal carcasses, half-carcasses, primal and sub-primal cuts, produced in slaughtering plants
-  boxed and canned meat (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  custom slaughtering (except poultry and small game)
-  frozen meat and meat products (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  inedible products (e.g., hides, skins, pulled wool, wool grease), produced in slaughtering plants
-  lard and tallow produced in slaughtering plants
-  meat extracts (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  meat, cured or smoked (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  meat, fresh, chilled or frozen (except poultry and small game), produced in slaughtering plants
-  sausage casings, natural, produced in slaughtering plants
-  sausages and similar products, produced in slaughtering plants
-  variety meats (i.e., edible organs), produced in slaughtering plants
-  wieners, sausages, luncheon meats and other prepared meat products (except poultry), produced in slaughtering plants

Exclusions:
-  rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps, or processing purchased meat carcasses

311614 Rendering and meat processing from carcasses This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rendering animal fat, bones and meat scraps; or preparing meat and meat by-products from carcasses. Establishments known as boxed meat plants, primarily engaged in assembly-line cutting and packing of purchased carcasses, are included.

Examples:
-  animal fats and oil, rendering
-  bacon, slab and sliced, made from purchased meat
-  beef stew, made from purchased meat
-  beef, lamb, pork and veal, primal and sub-primal cuts, made from purchased meat
-  bologna, made from purchased meat (except poultry and small game)
-  bones, fat, rendering
-  boxed meat (except poultry), made by assembly-line cutting of purchased meat
-  canning meat (except poultry, small game, pet food, baby food), from purchased meat
-  cooked meats (except poultry, small game, pet food, baby food), made from purchased meat
-  corned meats, made from purchased meat
-  cured meats (e.g., brined, dried, salted), made from purchased meat
-  dried meats (except poultry, small game, pet food, baby food), made from purchased meat
-  feather meal, manufacturing
-  frozen meat pies (i.e., tourtières), made from purchased meat
-  frozen meats (except poultry, small game, pet food and baby food), made from purchased meat
-  grease rendering
-  ham, canned or preserved, made from purchased meat
-  lard, made from purchased fat
-  luncheon meat (except poultry), made from purchased meat (i.e., pastrami, salami, smoked meat, bologna)
-  meat and bone meal, and tankage, processed in rendering plants
-  meat curing, drying, salting, smoking or pickling, made from purchased meat
-  meat extracts (except poultry and small game), made from purchased meat
-  meat pastes (except poultry, small game and baby food), made from purchased meat
-  meat products canning (except poultry, small game, pet food and baby food), made from purchased meat
-  meats, fresh, chilled or frozen (except poultry, small game, pet food, baby food), made from purchased meat
-  pigs' feet, cooked and pickled, made from purchased meat
-  poultry fat, rendering
-  processed meats (except poultry, small game, pet food and baby food), made from purchased meat
-  processing dead stock or carrion for animal feed
-  rendering and meat processing from carcasses
-  rendering plants (except poultry)
-  sandwich spreads, meat, made from purchased meat
-  sausage casings, collagen, made from purchased hides
-  sausages and similar cased products, made from purchased meat
-  stearin, animal, rendering
-  tallow, produced in rendering plants
-  wieners, sausages, luncheon meats and other processed meat products (except poultry and small game), made from purchased meat

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing frozen preparations of meat and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners
-  cutting and packing of purchased meat, except boxed meat cut on an assembly-line basis
-  manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of meat and other ingredients, such as baby food and pork and beans
-  processing or blending purchased animal fats and oils
-  producing animal feed, except dog and cat food, from purchased meat
-  producing dog and cat food from purchased meat
-  manufacturing fresh preparations of meat, poultry and other ingredients, such as pizza and egg rolls

311615 Poultry processing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in slaughtering poultry and small game or preparing processed poultry and small game meat and meat by-products.

Examples:
-  poultry (e.g., canned, cooked, fresh, frozen) processing (except baby or pet food)
-  poultry (e.g., chickens, ducks, geese, turkey) slaughtering and dressing
-  poultry meat products (e.g., hot dogs, luncheon meats, sausages)
-  poultry processing
-  rabbits slaughtering, processing and dressing (i.e., fresh, frozen, canned or cooked)

Exclusions:
-  producing dog and cat food from poultry products
-  manufacturing frozen preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as frozen dinners
-  manufacturing preparations, except frozen or fresh, of poultry and other ingredients, such as baby food
-  manufacturing fresh preparations of poultry and other ingredients, such as fresh pot pies

311710 Seafood product preparation and packaging This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in canning seafood, including soup; smoking, salting and drying seafood; preparing fresh fish by removing heads, fins, scales, bones and entrails; shucking and packing fresh shellfish; processing marine fats and oils; and freezing seafood. Establishments known as floating factory ships, that are engaged in shipboard processing of seafood, are included.

Examples:
-  canned seafood stew making
-  canning fish, crustaceans and molluscs (e.g., shellfish, lobster, salmon)
-  caviar, canned, manufacturing
-  fish and seafood chowder and soup, canning
-  fish and seafood, curing, drying, pickling, salting, smoking and canning
-  fish egg bait, canning
-  fish meal, manufacturing
-  fish, fresh or frozen, manufacturing
-  fresh and frozen seafood soups, chowders and broth, manufacturing
-  frozen fish oils, manufacturing
-  frozen fish or seafood products (e.g., blocks, fillets, ready-to-serve), manufacturing
-  gathering & processing of seafood into canned seafood in factory ships (i.e. factory ships that also fish)
-  gathering and processing seafood into fresh or frozen seafood in factory ships (i.e., factory fish that also fish)
-  lobster, shellfish, salmon or fish cannery
-  mollusc cleaning and preparation for market, contract services
-  oil, fish and marine animal, manufacturing
-  picking crab meat
-  seafood and seafood products, canning or curing
-  seafood and seafood products, fresh prepared or frozen, manufacturing
-  seafood dinners (e.g., fish and chips), frozen, manufacturing
-  seafood product preparation and packaging
-  seafood, fresh, chilled or frozen, manufacturing
-  seaweed processing (e.g., dulse)
-  shellfish, fresh prepared or frozen, manufacturing
-  shucking and packing fresh shellfish
-  stew, fish and seafood, manufacturing
-  whale meat production (factory ship)
-  whale slaughtering

311811 Retail bakeries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, but not for immediate consumption. Establishments in this industry make bakery products from flour, not from prepared doughs.

Examples:
-  bakeries, baking from flour on the premises, for retail sale (except for immediate consumption)
-  retail bakeries

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing bakery products, other than for retail sale
-  selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from prepared doughs, for retail sale
-  selling bakery products, for immediate consumption (e.g., food court outlets, fast food outlets)

311814 Commercial bakeries and frozen bakery product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing bakery products, other than for retail sale. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing frozen baked products are included.

Examples:
-  bagels, bread, cakes, croissant, doughnuts, pastries, made in commercial bakeries
-  bakery products, fresh, made in commercial bakeries
-  bakery products, frozen, made in commercial bakeries
-  bread, bread-type rolls or buns and biscuits (including frozen), made in commercial bakeries
-  buns, bread-type (e.g., hamburger, hot dog), made in commercial bakeries
-  commercial bakeries
-  commercial bakeries and frozen bakery product manufacturing
-  communion wafers, manufacturing
-  croutons and bread crumbs, made in commercial bakeries
-  desserts, frozen bakery, manufacturing
-  pastries (e.g., danish, French), frozen, manufacturing
-  pastries (e.g., danish, French), made in commercial bakeries
-  pies, dessert type (except ice cream), manufacturing
-  pretzels, soft, made in commercial bakeries
-  unleavened bread, made in commercial bakeries
-  yeast raised goods, made in commercial bakeries

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing bakery products, for retail sale, not for immediate consumption
-  selling bakery products, not manufactured on the premises, not for immediate consumption; or made from prepared doughs, for retail sale
-  selling bakery products for immediate consumption (e.g., food court outlets, fast food outlets)

311821 Cookie and cracker manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cookies, crackers, biscuits and similar products.

Examples:
-  biscuits, dry, manufacturing
-  cookie and cracker manufacturing
-  cracker meal and crumbs, manufacturing
-  crackers, cookies and biscuits (e.g., graham, saltine, soda), manufacturing
-  ice cream cones and wafers, manufacturing
-  zwieback and rusk, manufacturing

311824 Flour mixes, dough, and pasta manufacturing from purchased flour This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing either dry pasta, prepared flour mixes or dough from purchased flour. The establishments in this industry may package the dry pasta they manufacture with other ingredients.

Examples:
-  batters, prepared, made from purchased flour
-  dough (e.g., cookie, pizza), made from purchased flour
-  dough, refrigerated or frozen, made from purchased flour
-  dry pasta (e.g., noodles, spaghetti, macaroni), dry, manufacturing
-  dry pasta, manufacturing
-  flour mixes and dough manufacturing from purchased flour
-  flour mixes, prepared (e.g., biscuit, cake, doughnut, pancake), made from purchased flour
-  flour, blended or self-rising, made from purchased flour
-  mixes (e.g., pancake, cake, cookie, dough, bread, roll), made from purchased flour
-  pasta and noodle mixes, made in dry pasta plants
-  pastry mixes, prepared, made from purchased flour
-  pie crust shells and pastries, uncooked, made from purchased flour
-  refrigerated doughs, made from purchased flour

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing frozen pasta dinners
-  manufacturing canned pasta products
-  grinding flour and preparing flour mixes or dough
-  manufacturing fresh pasta, or mixing of purchased dry and/or dehydrated ingredients with purchased dry pasta

311830 Tortilla manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tortillas.

Examples:
-  nixtamal milling
-  tortilla, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing frozen tortillas
-  manufacturing canned tortillas
-  manufacturing tortilla chips

311911 Roasted nut and peanut butter manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts; processing grains or seeds into snacks; or manufacturing peanut butter.

Examples:
-  nuts, kernels and seeds, roasting and processing
-  peanut butter, manufacturing
-  roasted nut and peanut butter manufacturing
-  seeds and nuts, snack (e.g., canned, cooked, roasted, salted), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing candy-coated nuts
-  manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from cacao beans
-  manufacturing chocolate-coated nuts from purchased chocolate
311919 Other snack food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing snack foods.

Examples:
-  baked snack foods (e.g., corn chips, tortillas, pretzels), manufacturing
-  cracker sandwiches made from purchased crackers
-  non-baked snack foods (e.g., corn chips, tortilla chips, pretzels), manufacturing
-  popcorn, popped (except candy-covered), manufacturing
-  potato chips and sticks, manufacturing
-  snack food (e.g., cheese curls or puffs, pork rinds), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  salting, roasting, drying, cooking or canning nuts and seeds
-  manufacturing corn for popping
-  manufacturing candy-covered popcorn
-  manufacturing cookies and crackers

311920 Coffee and tea manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in roasting coffee; manufacturing coffee and tea extracts and concentrates, including instant and freeze dried; blending tea; or manufacturing herbal tea. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coffee and tea substitutes are included.

Examples:
-  coffee and tea manufacturing
-  coffee concentrates (i.e., instant coffee), manufacturing
-  coffee extracts, manufacturing
-  coffee flavourings and syrups (i.e., made from coffee), manufacturing
-  coffee or tea, blended, manufacturing
-  coffee roasting and decaffeinating (decaffeination)
-  coffee substitutes, manufacturing
-  coffee, instant and freeze-dried, manufacturing
-  extracts, essences and preparations, coffee or tea, manufacturing
-  instant and herbal tea, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  bottling and canning iced tea or coffee

311930 Flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drink concentrates and syrup, and related products for soda fountain use or for making soft drinks.

Examples:
-  beverage bases, manufacturing
-  beverage flavourings and syrups (except coffee-based), manufacturing
-  concentrates, drink (except frozen fruit juice), manufacturing
-  flavouring and syrup concentrates (except coffee-based), manufacturing
-  flavouring pastes, powders and syrups, for soft drinks, manufacturing
-  flavouring syrup and concentrate manufacturing
-  fruit syrups, flavouring, manufacturing
-  soft drink concentrates (i.e., soda fountain syrup), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  reducing maple sap to maple syrup
-  manufacturing chocolate syrup from cacao beans
-  manufacturing chocolate syrup from purchased chocolate
-  manufacturing flavouring extracts
-  manufacturing powdered drink mixes (except coffee, tea and chocolate); and table syrup from corn syrup
-  manufacturing soft drinks

311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing dressings and seasonings.

Examples:
-  cheese-based salad dressings, manufacturing
-  chili pepper or powder, manufacturing
-  cider, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
-  dips (except cheese and sour cream-based), manufacturing
-  dry mixes (e.g., gravy, salad dressing, sauce), manufacturing
-  food colourings, natural, manufacturing
-  fruit flavouring extracts (except coffee and meat), manufacturing
-  hop extract, manufacturing
-  horseradish, prepared sauce, manufacturing
-  malt extract, manufacturing
-  mayonnaise and prepared mustard, manufacturing
-  mining and processing of table salt
-  pectin, manufacturing
-  prepared sauces (except tomato-based, gravy), manufacturing
-  processing purchased salt into table salt, manufacturing
-  salad dressings, manufacturing
-  salt with seasoning additives, manufacturing
-  salt, substitute, manufacturing
-  sandwich spreads, manufacturing
-  sauce (e.g., horseradish, soy and tartar), manufacturing
-  sauces for meat, seafood and vegetables (except tomato-based, gravy), manufacturing
-  seasoning and dressing manufacturing
-  spice grinding and blending
-  spices and spice mixtures, manufacturing
-  vinegar and cider vinegar, manufacturing
-  Worcestershire sauce, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing ketchup and other tomato-based sauces; canning gravy; manufacturing bouillon and dry salad dressing mixes by dehydrating ingredients
-  manufacturing flavouring syrups
-  manufacturing industrial salts

311990 All other food manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing food. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing and packaging for individual resale, perishable prepared foods such as salads, fresh pizza, fresh pasta, and peeled or cut vegetables, are included.

Examples:
-  almond pastes, manufacturing
-  baking powder and yeast, manufacturing
-  box lunches, for sale off premises, manufacturing
-  cake frosting and icing, manufacturing
-  cocktail mixes, dry, manufacturing
-  coconut, desiccated and shredded, manufacturing
-  corn for popping, manufacturing
-  corn syrups, made from purchased sweeteners
-  croutons and bread crumbs (except made in bakeries), manufacturing
-  dehydrated potatoes, packaged with other ingredients, manufacturing
-  desserts, ready-to-mix, manufacturing
-  drink powder mixes (except chocolate, coffee, milk-based, tea), manufacturing
-  egg substitutes, manufacturing
-  eggs, processed, manufacturing
-  fillings, cake or pie (except fruit, meat, vegetable), manufacturing
-  fresh cut or peeled fruits and vegetables, manufacturing
-  fresh pasta, manufacturing
-  fried noodles, packaged with other purchased dried ingredients (e.g., Chinese noodle soup), manufacturing
-  gelatin dessert preparations, manufacturing
-  gelatin, for cooking, manufacturing
-  gravy (except dry mix), manufacturing
-  honey processing
-  jelly powders, manufacturing
-  leavening compounds, manufacturing
-  noodle mixes, made from purchased dried ingredients (e.g., pad thai noodle mix)
-  pancake syrup (except pure maple), manufacturing
-  pasta mixes, made from purchased dried ingredients (e.g., linguine with dried broccoli mix)
-  pizza, fresh, manufacturing
-  popcorn (except popped), manufacturing
-  potato or rice mixes, made from purchased dried ingredients
-  prepared meals, perishable, packaged for individual resale
-  puddings, dessert, manufacturing
-  salad and coleslaw, fresh or refrigerated, manufacturing
-  sandwiches, fresh (i.e., assembled and packaged for the wholesale market), manufacturing
-  soup mixes, dry, made from purchased dry ingredients
-  sweetening syrups (except pure maple), made from purchased sweeteners
-  syrups, corn (except wet milled), manufacturing
-  table syrups, artificially flavoured, manufacturing
-  tofu (except frozen desserts), manufacturing
-  vegetables, fresh (i.e., cut, peeled, polished or sliced), manufacturing

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312110 Soft drink and ice manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soft drinks, ice or bottled water, including that which is naturally carbonated. Water-bottling establishments in this industry purify the water before bottling it.

Examples:
-  artificially carbonated waters, manufacturing
-  beer, not brewed (e.g., birch, ginger or root), manufacturing
-  bottling flavoured water
-  carbonated beverages, non-alcoholic, manufacturing
-  carbonated mineral waters, manufacturing
-  carbonated soft drinks or soda, manufacturing
-  fruit drinks (except juice), manufacturing
-  ice manufacturing for food purposes
-  ice manufacturing for nonfood purposes
-  iced tea or coffee, manufacturing
-  mineral waters, purifying and bottling
-  naturally carbonated water, purifying and bottling
-  soft drink and ice manufacturing
-  soft drinks or soda pop, manufacturing
-  spring waters, purifying and bottling
-  water, purifying and bottling

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing non-alcoholic beer
-  bottling water without purification
-  manufacturing frozen fruit and vegetable juice
-  manufacturing non-alcoholic wine
-  manufacturing non-alcoholic cider
-  manufacturing soft drink bases or fruit syrups for flavouring
-  manufacturing milk-based drinks
-  canning fruit and vegetable juices
-  manufacturing dry ice

312120 Breweries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in brewing beer, ale, malt liquors and non-alcoholic beer.

Examples:
-  beer breweries
-  brewed beer, manufacturing
-  breweries
-  grain, brewers', spent, manufacturing
-  lager, porter, stout, ale, brewing
-  malt liquor, brewing
-  non-alcoholic beer (e.g., near beer), brewing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing malt
-  bottling purchased malt beverages

312130 Wineries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wine or brandy, from grapes or other fruit. Establishments primarily engaged in growing grapes and manufacturing wine; manufacturing wine from purchased grapes and other fruit; blending wines; or distilling brandy are included.

Examples:
-  alcoholic cider, manufacturing
-  applejack, distilling
-  blending brandy
-  blending wines
-  champagne-method sparkling wines, manufacturing
-  distilling brandy
-  fruit brandy, distilling
-  grape growing and making wine
-  neutral spirits, beverage, fruit, manufacturing
-  wine (grape, berry or other fruit), manufacturing
-  wine concentrate, made in a winery
-  wineries
-  wines (e.g., ice, vermouth, fortified, non-alcoholic, sparkling, cooler), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  bottling purchased wine

312140 Distilleries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in distilling liquor, except brandy; blending liquor; or blending and mixing liquor and other ingredients.

Examples:
-  alcoholic beverages (except brandy), distilling
-  alcoholic liquor (e.g., rum, vodka, whisky), manufacturing
-  blending distilled beverages (except brandy)
-  cordials, alcoholic, manufacturing
-  distilleries
-  distilling potable liquor (except brandy)
-  eggnog, alcoholic, manufacturing
-  ethyl alcohol, potable, manufacturing
-  grain alcohol, beverage purposes, manufacturing
-  liqueurs, manufacturing
-  liquor-based coolers, manufacturing
-  liquors, distilling and blending (except brandy)
-  mixed drinks, alcoholic, manufacturing
-  neutral spirits, beverage (except fruit), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  bottling purchased liquor
-  manufacturing brandy
-  manufacturing non-potable ethanol (ethyl alcohol)

312210 Tobacco stemming and redrying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in stemming or redrying tobacco. These establishments perform the final sorting, grading, redrying, treating and packing of tobacco leaves, and they typically age the tobacco.

Examples:
-  tobacco leaf processing and aging
-  tobacco stemming and redrying

312220 Tobacco product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing cigarettes and other tobacco products.

Examples:
-  cigarette and pipe tobacco, prepared, manufacturing
-  cigarettes, manufacturing
-  cigars, manufacturing
-  imitation tobacco cigarettes, manufacturing
-  reconstituting tobacco
-  tobacco product manufacturing
-  tobacco products (e.g., chewing, smoking, snuff), manufacturing
-  tobacco sheeting services

Exclusions:
-  stemming and redrying tobacco

Textile mills

313110 Fibre, yarn and thread mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in spinning yarn from fibres; texturing, throwing or twisting man-made fibre filaments or purchased yarns; or manufacturing thread for sewing, crocheting, embroidery, tatting and similar uses.

Examples:
-  animal fibre yarn, spooling, twisting or winding purchased yarn
-  artificial or synthetic filament yarn, throwing, twisting, texturizing or winding purchased yarn
-  cotton-type fibre spun yarns made from purchased fibre
-  cotton-type fibre yarns made from purchased yarn
-  darning or embroidery thread (e.g., cotton, man-made fibres, silk, wool), manufacturing
-  fibre, yarn and thread mills
-  flax-type fibre yarns made from purchased fibre
-  flax-type yarns made from purchased yarns, manufacturing
-  hard fibre yarns made from purchased yarns (e.g., ramie, jute, paper, etc.)
-  hemp bags and ropes, made in spinning mills
-  knitting and crochet thread, manufacturing
-  man-made fibre thread, manufacturing
-  mohair and wool yarn, twisting or winding purchased yarn
-  natural fibre (e.g., hemp, linen, ramie) thread, manufacturing
-  natural hard fibre yarns (e.g., flax, hemp, jute, ramie, paper), made from purchased fibre
-  rug yarn, wool, mohair or similar animal fibre, spinning
-  sewing thread of any textile material (e.g., cotton, nylon, polyester, rayon, silk), manufacturing
-  silk yarn, spooling, throwing, twisting or winding purchased yarn
-  silk yarns made from purchased yarn, manufacture of synthetic or artificial filament yarns
-  silk-type filament yarns (e.g., polyester, polypropylene, nylon, rayon, acrylic, modacrylic, etc.), throwing, twisting, texturizing or winding purchased yarn
-  silk-type spun yarns, made from purchased fibre (e.g., acetate, acrylic, modacrylic, nylon, polyester, polypropylene, rayon)
-  silk-type yarns made from purchased artificial or synthetic fibres
-  texturizing purchased monofilament yarn
-  thread mills
-  woolen-type yarns made from purchased fibre
-  woolen-type yarns made from purchased yarn, manufacturing
-  worsted-type (combed) fibres yarns made from purchased yarns
-  worsted-type yarns (combed), either with wool or artificial or synthetic fibres, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  finishing yarn or thread
-  manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments
-  manufacturing glass fibres

313210 Broad-woven fabric mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving broad fabrics. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they weave. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products from broad-woven fabrics made in the same establishment are included.

Examples:
-  artificial fibre (e.g., acetate, rayon) fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  artificial fur on woven base
-  blankets, bedspreads, sheets and pillow cases, made in weaving mills
-  broad-woven (more than 30 cm/12 in. wide) fabrics (except rugs, tire fabrics), cotton, weaving
-  broad-woven (more than 30 cm/12 in. wide) fabrics (except rugs, tire fabrics), linen, jute, hemp and ramie, weaving
-  broad-woven (more than 30 cm/12 in. wide) fabrics (except rugs, tire fabrics), man-made fibre, weaving
-  broad-woven fabric mills
-  brocade, weaving
-  burlap, broad-woven, weaving
-  canvas fabrics (more than 30 cm/12 in. wide), weaving
-  cellulosic fibre (e.g., acetate, rayon) fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  cheesecloth, weaving
-  chenille or chintz fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  comforters, made in broad fabric weaving mills
-  corduroy fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  cotton fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  crêpe fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  damask fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  denim fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  drill fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  duck fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  elastic fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  fabrics (e.g., flannel, ratine, terry), broad-woven, cotton, weaving
-  fabrics, broad-woven, man-made fibre, weaving
-  fabrics, broad-woven, wool, mohair and similar animal fibres, weaving
-  faille fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  felts, broad-woven (except wool and similar animal fibres), weaving
-  fibreglass fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  flannel fabrics, broad-woven, wool, weaving
-  gabardine fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  gauze fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  glass fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  hand weaving fabrics (more than 30 cm/12 in.) in width
-  hemp fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  interlining fabrics, broad-woven (except wool, hair or similar animal fibre), weaving
-  interlining fabrics, broad-woven, wool or hair, weaving
-  jacquard fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  jute fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  leno fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  linen fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  lining fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre), broad-woven, weaving
-  lining fabrics, wool and similar animal fibre, broad-woven, weaving
-  linings (except wool and similar animal fibre), made in broad fabric weaving mills
-  linings, wool, made in broad fabric weaving mills
-  man-made fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  mohair fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  muslin fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  natural hard fibre fabrics (e.g., linen, jute, hemp, ramie), broad-woven, weaving
-  nets and nettings, broad-woven, weaving
-  nylon fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  paper fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  papermakers' felts, broad-woven, wool and similar animal fibres, weaving
-  parachute fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  percale fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  pile fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  polyester fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  polyethylene fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  polypropylene fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  poplin fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  rayon fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  shantung fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  silk fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  spandex fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  synthetic fibre (e.g., nylon, polyester) fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  taffeta fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  textile articles made in broadwoven fabric mills, weaving as primary activity
-  tubing, seamless, cotton, broad-woven, weaving
-  twill fabrics, cotton or man-made fibre, broad-woven, weaving
-  velvet fabrics, cotton, man-made fibre or silk, broad-woven, weaving
-  voiles fabrics, cotton, man-made fibre or silk, broad-woven, weaving
-  weaving broad-woven felts
-  weaving fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre), more than 30 cm (12 inches) in width
-  wool fabrics, broad-woven, weaving
-  wool felts, broad-woven, weaving
-  worsted fabrics, broad-woven, weaving

Exclusions:
-  knitting fabrics
-  manufacturing tire cord fabric

313220 Narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in weaving or braiding narrow fabrics; or manufacturing embroideries with Schiffli machines. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fabric-covered elastic thread, yarn and cord are included.

Examples:
-  apparel webbings, manufacturing
-  belting fabrics, narrow woven, weaving
-  bias bindings, woven, manufacturing
-  bindings, narrow woven, manufacturing
-  braiding narrow fabrics
-  cords and braids, narrow woven, manufacturing
-  elastic cord, fabric-covered, manufacturing
-  elastic fabrics, narrow woven, weaving
-  elastic thread, yarn and cord, fabric-covered, manufacturing
-  fabrics (e.g., paper, glass, wool, cotton,), narrow woven (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width), weaving
-  fringes, weaving
-  hand weaving narrow fabrics (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width)
-  hook and loop fastener fabric, manufacturing
-  hose fabrics, tubular, weaving
-  labels, weaving
-  laces (e.g., shoe), textile, manufacturing
-  narrow fabric mills and Schiffli machine embroidery
-  natural hard fibre fabrics (e.g., flax, jute, hemp, ramie), narrow woven, weaving
-  ribbons, made in narrow woven fabric mills
-  rubber thread and yarns, fabric-covered, manufacturing
-  Schiffli machine embroideries, manufacturing
-  slide fastener tapes, weaving
-  slit fabrics (i.e., edged with selvedges), weaving
-  tapes, weaving
-  textile mills, narrow woven fabric
-  textile products (except clothing), made in narrow woven fabric mills
-  thread and yarn, elastic, fabric-covered, manufacturing
-  trimmings, made in narrow fabric weaving mills
-  weaving and finishing narrow fabrics
-  weaving fabrics (e.g., fibreglass, silk, man-made fibre), narrow woven (i.e., 30 cm/12 in. or less in width)
-  weaving narrow fabrics
-  webbing, narrow woven, weaving
-  wicks, manufacturing
-  zipper tape, weaving

Exclusions:
-  embroidering textile products

313230 Nonwoven fabric mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nonwoven fabrics, by bonding and/or interlocking fibres. Mechanical, chemical, thermal and solvent methods, and combinations thereof, are used. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they manufacture.

Examples:
-  air laid nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  blankets, nonwoven fabric, manufacturing
-  bonded-fibre fabrics, manufacturing
-  carded nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  carpet paddings, nonwoven, manufacturing
-  melt-blown nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  needle loomed felts, manufacturing
-  nonwoven fabric mills
-  nonwoven fabric tapes, manufacturing
-  nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  nonwoven felts (e.g., hair, jute, pressed, punched, wool), manufacturing
-  padding and wadding, nonwoven fabric, manufacturing
-  ribbons, made in nonwoven fabric mills
-  spun laid nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  spunbonded fabrics, manufacturing
-  wet laid nonwoven fabrics, manufacturing
-  wipes, nonwoven fabric, manufacturing

313240 Knit fabric mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting fabrics, on both circular (weft fabric) and flat-bed (warp fabric) machines. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing double and single knits, warp knits and interlock knits; manufacturing special construction fabrics by the Malimo, Arachne and similar processes; manufacturing knit lace; and making textile products in knitting mills are included. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the fabrics that they knit.

Examples:
-  artificial fur on knit base
-  bags and bagging fabrics, made in warp knitting mills
-  bedspreads and bed sets, made in lace mills
-  circular (i.e., weft) fabrics, knitting
-  curtains, made in lace mills
-  fabrics, knit, made in warp knit fabrics mills
-  fabrics, lace, made in lace mills
-  hand knitting lace or flat (warp) fabric products
-  knit fabric mills
-  knitting and finishing flat (warp) fabric
-  knitting flat (warp) fabric
-  knitting textile products (e.g., bedspreads, curtains, linens), made elsewhere
-  knitting textile products (except apparel), made elsewhere
-  lace products (except clothing), made in lace mills
-  lace, manufacturing
-  netting made on a lace or net machine
-  netting, made in warp knitting mills
-  pile fabrics, weft knit, made in knitting mills
-  tablecloths, made in lace mills
-  textile products (except apparel) made in lace or warp knitting mills

313310 Textile and fabric finishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing and finishing yarn and thread, textile fabrics, textile products (except carpets and rugs), and clothing, not made in the same establishment. Finishing operations include bleaching; dyeing; printing fabrics (roller, screen, flock, plisse); chemical finishing for water repellency, fire resistance and mildew proofing; and mechanical finishing, such as preshrinking, calendering, napping and stone-washing. Establishments, known as converters, primarily engaged in buying fabric in the grey and having it finished by contractors, are included.

Examples:
-  batik work (hand painting on textile fabrics)
-  bleaching purchased fibres, thread, yarn or fabrics (except of wool or similar animal fibres)
-  bleaching textile fibres, thread, yarn or fabrics, for the trade
-  burling and mending fabrics, for the trade
-  calendering textile fabrics or textile products (including clothing), for the trade
-  carbonizing textile fibres
-  carding textile fibres
-  chemical finishing (e.g., for fire, mildew, water resistance) of textile fabrics, for the trade
-  chemical finishing of textile fabrics and products for mildew resistance, for the trade
-  chemical finishing of textile fabrics and products for water repellency, for the trade
-  chemical finishing of textile fabrics and products with flame retardants, for the trade
-  combing and converting top
-  combing textile fibres
-  converting broad woven textile fabrics (i.e., buying fabric in the grey and having it finished by contractors)
-  converting narrow woven textile fabrics (i.e., buying fabric in the grey and having it finished by contractors)
-  crease-resistant finishing of fabrics, for the trade
-  degreasing wool
-  dyeing and finishing hosiery, for the trade
-  dyeing gloves, woven or knit, for the trade
-  dyeing knit fabrics, for the trade
-  dyeing purchased knit fabrics
-  dyeing purchased yarn or woven fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre)
-  dyeing purchased yarn or woven fabrics, of wool and similar animal fibres
-  dyeing textile products, for the trade
-  dyeing textile raw stock, yarn and narrow fabrics (except knit and wool), for the trade
-  dyeing weft knit fabrics, for the trade
-  embossing broad-woven fabrics, for the trade
-  embossing fabrics, for the trade
-  embossing purchased fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre)
-  embossing purchased fabrics, of wool or similar animal fibre
-  felt fabric finishing
-  finishing fabrics, for the trade
-  finishing knit fabrics, for the trade
-  finishing purchased broad-woven fabrics, cotton
-  finishing purchased broad-woven fabrics, man-made fibre and silk
-  finishing purchased broad-woven fabrics, wool and similar animal fibre
-  finishing purchased narrow woven fabrics
-  finishing purchased warp knit fabrics
-  finishing purchased weft knit fabrics
-  finishing purchased yarn or thread (except wool or similar animal fibre)
-  finishing purchased yarn or thread, wool
-  finishing textile raw stock, thread and yarn, for the trade
-  fire resistance finishing of textile fabrics and products, for the trade
-  flame retardant finishing of textile fabrics and products, for the trade
-  flock printing (flocking) of textile fabrics, for the trade
-  gassing yarn (i.e., singeing)
-  hair, horse, preparation (e.g., dressing, heckling, teasing, willowing)
-  hemp scutching
-  kier bleaching, continuous machine, for the trade
-  labels, cotton, printing, for the trade
-  linen fabrics, dyeing and finishing, for the trade
-  mechanical finishing men's and boys' clothing, for the trade
-  mechanical finishing women's and girls' clothing, for the trade
-  mending fabrics, for the trade
-  mending purchased wool fabrics
-  mercerizing textile fibres and fabrics, for the trade
-  mildew proofing textile fabrics and products, for the trade
-  napping textile fabrics, for the trade
-  narrow fabrics, dyeing and finishing of purchased
-  narrow fabrics, dyeing and finishing, for the trade
-  noils, wool and similar animal fibre, manufacturing
-  preparing textile fibres for spinning
-  preshrinking broad-woven fabrics and clothing, for the trade
-  preshrinking purchased fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre)
-  preshrinking purchased fabrics, wool and similar animal fibre
-  printed fabrics, made from purchased fabric
-  printing on narrow fabrics, for the trade
-  printing on purchased broad-woven fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibre)
-  printing on purchased broad-woven fabrics, wool and similar animal fibre
-  printing on purchased narrow fabrics
-  printing on textile fabrics, for the trade
-  raw stock dyeing and other finishing, for the trade
-  rayon tops, combing and converting
-  sanforizing fabrics, for the trade
-  scouring and combing textile fibres
-  shrinking broad-woven fabrics, for the trade
-  shrinking purchased broad-woven fabrics (except wool and similar animal fibres)
-  shrinking purchased broad-woven wool fabrics
-  shrinking purchased narrow woven fabrics
-  shrinking textile fabrics and products (including clothing), for the trade
-  silk carding
-  sizing of fabric, for the trade
-  sponging or shrinking textiles for tailors and dressmakers
-  sponging textile fabrics, for the trade
-  stone washing purchased mens' and boys' pants and jeans
-  stone washing purchased womens' and girls' pants and jeans
-  sueding textile fabrics, for the trade
-  teaselling textile fabrics, for the trade
-  textile and fabric finishing
-  thread bleaching, dyeing and finishing
-  water repellency finishing of textile fabrics and products, for the trade
-  wool tops and noils, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  coating, rubberizing, varnishing or waxing fabrics
-  embroidering textile products and clothing
-  knitting and finishing hosiery and socks, in the same establishment
-  knitting and finishing clothing, except hosiery and socks, in the same establishment
-  manufacturing and finishing men's and boys' cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment
-  manufacturing and finishing women's and girls' cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment
-  manufacturing and finishing other cut-and-sew clothing, in the same establishment
-  fur dressing and dyeing
-  printing on clothing

313320 Fabric coating This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing coated or laminated fabrics; and in finishing textile fabrics or clothing by coating, laminating, rubberizing, varnishing, waxing or similar processes.

Examples:
-  buckram, manufacturing
-  coating, impregnating or rubberizing purchased garment
-  fabric coating
-  garments, oiling (i.e., waterproofing)
-  impregnating and coating of fabrics
-  laminating purchased textile fabrics
-  laminating textile fabrics, for the trade
-  leather, artificial, made from purchased fabric
-  metallizing textile fabrics
-  oilcloth, manufacturing
-  oiling (i.e., waterproofing) purchased clothing
-  oiling (i.e., waterproofing) purchased textile fabrics
-  plastics coating of textiles and clothing, own account
-  raincoats, oiling (i.e., waterproofing)
-  rubberizing fabrics and clothing
-  tapes, varnished and coated (except magnetic), made from purchased fabric
-  textile waterproofing, for the trade
-  vinyl coated fabrics, manufacturing
-  waterproofing clothing
-  waterproofing fabrics, for the trade
-  waterproofing, coating, impregnating, etc. of apparel products for others

Textile product mills

314110 Carpet and rug mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs, including tufted, woven and needle-punched; or in finishing carpets and rugs.

Examples:
-  bath mats and bath sets, made in carpet mills
-  carpet and rug mills
-  door mats, all materials (except entirely of rubber or plastic), manufacturing
-  finishing (e.g., dyeing) purchased rugs and carpets
-  finishing (e.g., dyeing) rugs and carpets
-  floor coverings (e.g., carpets, rugs, mats, matting), made of textile materials, weaving or knitting

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing rugs from purchased carpet material; binding rugs
-  manufacturing rubber mats and matting, such as bath and door

314120 Curtain and linen mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing curtains, draperies, linens and other home furnishings, from purchased materials.

Examples:
-  bedspreads and bed sets, made from purchased fabric
-  blankets (except electric), made from purchased fabrics or felts
-  blankets, wool, made from purchased fabrics
-  comforters, made from purchased fabric
-  curtain and linen mills
-  curtains and draperies, window, made from purchased fabrics
-  cushions (except spring), made from purchased fabrics
-  dishcloths, made from purchased fabrics
-  draperies, made from purchased fabrics or sheet goods
-  furniture covers, textile, manufacturing
-  horse blankets, made from purchased fabrics
-  horse blankets, made from purchased fabrics (except wool)
-  horse blankets, made from purchased wool fabric
-  ironing board pads, made from purchased fabrics or felts
-  linens, made from purchased materials
-  pads, protectors and covers (e.g., ironing board, mattress, table), made from purchased fabrics or felts
-  pillows, bed, made from purchased materials
-  placemats, all materials, made from purchased materials
-  plastic shower curtains and table cloths made from purchased materials
-  quilts, made from purchased materials
-  sheets and pillow cases, made from purchased fabrics
-  shower curtains, napkins, linens made from purchased materials (except plastic)
-  slipcovers, all materials, made from purchased materials
-  tablecloths (except paper), made from purchased materials
-  towels and washcloths, made from purchased fabrics
-  washcloths, made from purchased fabrics

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing canvas exterior shades and awnings
-  manufacturing electric blankets
-  manufacturing blinds and shades

314910 Textile bag and canvas mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing textile bags, such as shipping and other industrial bags; or products from canvas or canvas substitutes, such as tarpaulins and tents.

Examples:
-  awnings and canopies, outdoor, made from purchased fabrics
-  bags (e.g., seed, flour), made from purchased woven or knitted materials
-  bags, fabric, manufacturing
-  bags, hemp, made from purchased fibre
-  bags, plastic, made from purchased woven plastics (e.g., plastic mesh shopping bags)
-  bags, rubberized fabric, manufacturing
-  bags, textile, made from purchased woven or knitted materials
-  blanket bags (cut and sewn plastic material), manufacturing
-  burlap bags, made from purchased materials
-  canvas bags, manufacturing
-  canvas products, made from purchased canvas or canvas substitutes
-  covers (e.g., boat, car, swimming pool, truck), made from purchased fabrics
-  drop cloths, canvas, made from purchased fabric
-  duffel bags, canvas, manufacturing
-  garment storage bags, manufacturing
-  knapsacks (e.g., backpacks, book bags), manufacturing
-  laundry bags, made from purchased woven or knitted materials
-  plastics blanket bags - heat seamed, manufacturing
-  sails, made from purchased fabrics
-  shades, outdoor, made from purchased fabrics
-  shipping bags, made from purchased woven or knitted materials
-  swimming pool covers, made from purchased canvas
-  tarpaulins, made from purchased fabrics
-  temporary shelters (e.g., garages), woven fabrics, manufacturing
-  tents, made from purchased fabrics
-  textile bag and canvas mills

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing hemp bags in integrated hemp mills

314990 All other textile product mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing textile products. Establishments primarily engaged in garneting textile waste or other textile recycling; or embroidering textile products, including clothing, whether or not on a contract basis, are included.

Examples:
-  aircraft tie down strap assemblies (except leather), manufacturing
-  apparel fillings (e.g., cotton mill waste, kapok), manufacturing
-  apparel findings and trimmings, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  appliqueing on textile products (except clothing)
-  appliqueing, on clothing owned by others
-  art needlework, on clothing, for the trade
-  badges, fabric, manufacturing
-  banners, made from purchased fabric
-  bath mats and bath sets, made from purchased carpet
-  batts and batting (except nonwoven fabrics), manufacturing
-  beading on textile products (except clothing), for the trade
-  belting, made from purchased fabric
-  bias bindings, made from purchased fabric
-  binder and baler twine, manufacturing
-  binding carpets and rugs for the trade
-  bindings, bias, made from purchased fabric
-  blasting mats, rope, manufacturing
-  bows, made from purchased fabrics
-  cargo safety straps, manufacturing
-  carpet cutting and binding
-  cord for reinforcing rubber tires, industrial belting and fuel cells, manufacturing
-  cord, cordage, rope and string (except wire), manufacturing
-  cordage (except wire), manufacturing
-  cotton batting (except nonwoven batting), manufacturing
-  crests, textile (including badges), manufacturing
-  crochet ware, made from purchased materials
-  decorative stitching on clothing owned by others
-  decorative stitching on textile articles (except clothing), for the trade
-  diapers (except disposable), made from purchased fabrics
-  dust cloths, made from purchased fabrics
-  emblems, textile, manufacturing
-  embroidering of advertising on clothing owned by others
-  embroidering on clothing owned by others, on a contract basis
-  embroidering on textile products for the trade
-  fabricated rope products (e.g., nets, slings), made in cordage or twine mills
-  fabrics for reinforcing rubber tires, industrial belting and fuel cells, manufacturing
-  fire hose, textile, made from purchased materials
-  fishing line, natural or man-made fibres, manufacturing
-  fishing nets (except sport), made from purchased materials
-  fishing nets and seines, made in cordage or twine mills
-  flags, textile (e.g., banners, bunting, emblems, pennants), made from purchased fabrics
-  flock (recovered textile fibres), processing
-  fuel cell reinforcement, cord and fabric, manufacturing
-  furniture trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  garnetting of textile waste and rags
-  glass tire cord and tire cord fabrics, manufacturing
-  hammocks, fabric, manufacturing
-  industrial belting reinforcement, cord and fabric, manufacturing
-  lace, burnt-out, manufacturing
-  laundry nets, made from purchased materials
-  linings for handbag, pocketbook, luggage, shoe and casket, textile fabric, manufacturing
-  military insignia, textile, manufacturing
-  mill menders, contract, woven fabrics
-  mouse pads (textile material laminated to a foam backing), manufacturing
-  needlework art, done on clothing owned by others
-  padding and wadding (except nonwoven fabric), manufacturing
-  parachutes, manufacturing
-  pet supplies (i.e. leashes, blankets, booties), textile fabric, manufacturing
-  pleating and hemstitching of made-up textile articles (except clothing)
-  polishing cloths, plain, manufacturing
-  powder puffs and mitts, manufacturing
-  processing of textile mill waste and recovering fibres
-  quilting of textiles
-  reclaimed wool, processing
-  recovered fibre, processing
-  ribbons, made from purchased fabrics
-  rope (except wire rope), manufacturing
-  saddle cloths, manufacturing
-  sleeping bags, manufacturing
-  slubs and nubs (cutting up fibres for use in tweeds), manufacturing
-  stitching, decorative and novelty, on clothing owned by others
-  string, manufacturing
-  tassels, textile, manufacturing
-  textile and wool waste, processing
-  tire cord and fabric, of all materials, manufacturing
-  twine (except paper), manufacturing
-  twine, paper, manufacturing
-  upholstery filling, textile (except nonwoven fabric), manufacturing
-  weatherstripping made from purchased textiles
-  windsocks (except wind direction indicators), manufacturing
-  wiping rags, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing embroideries using Schiffli machines
-  manufacturing wire cable and rope

Clothing manufacturing

315110 Hosiery and sock mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting hosiery for men, women and children. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.

Examples:
-  anklets, hosiery or socks, knitting
-  athletic socks, knitting
-  hosiery and sock mills
-  hosiery mill
-  hosiery, manufacturing
-  knitting hosiery, on a contract basis
-  leg warmers, manufacturing
-  leggings, knitting
-  men's and boys' socks, knitting
-  nylons, sheer, women's, misses' and girls' full-length and knee-length, knitting
-  panty hose, manufacturing
-  slipper socks, made in knitting mills
-  stockings, manufacturing
-  tights, knitting

315190 Other clothing knitting mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry, primarily engaged in knitting clothing, other than hosiery. Establishments classified in this industry may finish the clothing that they knit.

Examples:
-  athletic clothing, made in knitting mills
-  athletic clothing, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  bathing suits, made in knitting mills
-  beachwear, made in knitting mills
-  blouses, made in knitting mills
-  body stockings, made in knitting mills
-  briefs, drawers and underwear, made in knitting mills
-  caps, made in knitting mills
-  cardigans, made in knitting mills
-  chemises, made in knitting mills
-  children's outerwear, made in knitting mills
-  children's underwear, made in knitting mills
-  clerical vestments, made in knitting mills
-  coats, children's, made in knitting mills
-  coats, women's and misses', made in knitting mills
-  collar and cuff sets, made in knitting mills
-  dress and semidress gloves, made in knitting mills
-  dresses, hand-knit, manufacturing
-  dresses, skirts and pants made in knitting mills
-  girdles or corsets and other foundation garments, made in knitting mills
-  gloves, knit, made in knitting mills
-  hats, made in knitting mills
-  housecoats, made in knitting mills
-  infants' clothing, made in knitting mills
-  jackets, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  jackets, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  jerseys, made in knitting mills
-  knitting men's and boys' clothing (except hosiery), on a contract basis
-  knitting women's and girls' clothing (except hosiery), on a contract basis
-  leotards (one-piece, tight-fitting garment that covers the torso like those worn by dancers), made in knitting mills
-  lounging robes, dressing gowns and bathrobes, made in knitting mills
-  men's and boys' coats, made in knitting mills
-  men's and boys' suits and jackets, made in knitting mills
-  mittens, knit, made in knitting mills
-  mufflers, made in knitting mills
-  neckties, made in knitting mills
-  neckwear, made in knitting mills
-  negligees or slips, made in knitting mills
-  nightwear, made in knitting mills
-  occupational clothing, made in knitting mills
-  outerwear, made in knitting mills
-  polo shirts, made in knitting mills
-  prayer shawls, made in knitting mills
-  pullovers, made in knitting mills
-  scarves, made in knitting mills
-  shawls, made in knitting mills
-  shirts and shorts, underwear, made in knitting mills
-  shirts, outerwear, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  shorts, outerwear, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  shorts, outerwear, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  ski pants and suits, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  ski pants and suits, women's and misses, made in knitting mills
-  skirts, made in knitting mills
-  slacks or pants, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  slacks or pants, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  sports clothing, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  sports clothing, women's and misses', made in knitting mills
-  suits and jackets, made in knitting mills
-  suits, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  sweater jackets, made in knitting mills
-  sweater vests, made in knitting mills
-  sweaters, knitting on a contract basis
-  sweaters, made in knitting mills
-  tank tops, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  tank tops, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  tennis shirts, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  tennis skirts, made in knitting mills
-  trousers, made in knitting mills
-  t-shirts, made in knitting mills
-  t-shirts, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  tuques, made in knitting mills
-  underwear, made in knitting mills
-  uniforms, non-tailored, men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  uniforms, non-tailored, women's and girls', made in knitting mills
-  union suit or long underwear (longjohn's), men's and boys', made in knitting mills
-  work gloves and mittens, made in knitting mills
-  wristlets, made in knitting mills

Exclusions:
-  knitting hosiery and socks

315210 Cut and sew clothing contracting This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from materials owned by others. These establishments are commonly referred to as contractors. This industry is limited to contract establishments that perform cutting and sewing operations, such as sewing arms to shirt bodies.

Examples:
-  apparel, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  apparel, women's and misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  aprons and bibs, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  athletic team uniforms, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  athletic team uniforms, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  bathing suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  bathing suits, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  belts, apparel (e.g., fabric, leather, vinyl), cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  blouses, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  brassieres, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  children's clothing contractors
-  clothing contractors, cut and sew operations
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' clothing
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' shirts
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' suits, coats and overcoats
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' trousers, slacks and jeans
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' underwear and nightwear
-  clothing contractors, men's and boys' work clothing
-  clothing contractors, women's, girls' and infants' blouses and shirts
-  clothing contractors, women's, girls' and infants' clothing
-  clothing contractors, women's, girls' and infants' dresses
-  clothing contractors, women's, girls' and infants' suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts
-  clothing contractors, women's, girls' and infants' underwear and nightwear
-  clothing, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  clothing, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  coats, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  coats, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  custom tailors (e.g., pleating, buttonhole making, hemming, scalloping, interlining), men's and boys'
-  cut and sew contractors, artificial fur coats
-  cutting fabric owned by others for women's, misses and girls' clothing
-  dresses, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  foundation garments, women's and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  fur accessories and trimmings, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  fur and artificial fur apparel (e.g., coats, hats), men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by thers
-  fur apparel (e.g., capes, coats, hats, jackets, neckpieces), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  fur clothing, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  fur finishers, liners and buttonhole makers, on apparel owned by others
-  fur plates and trimmings, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  gloves and mittens (except athletic), cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  gowns (e.g., academic, choir, clerical), men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  gowns (e.g., academic, choir, clerical), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  hats and caps (except fur), cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  hats and caps, fur, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  industrial garments, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  industrial garments, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  infants' clothing, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  jackets, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  jackets, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  jeans, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  jeans, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  leather clothing, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  leather clothing, women's and misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  lounging robes and dressing gowns, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  lounging robes and dressing gowns, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  men's and boys' clothing contractors
-  neckwear, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  pants, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  pants, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from material owned by others
-  shirts, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  skirts, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  slacks, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  slacks, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  suit and coat parts (e.g., coat fronts, pockets), men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  suit and coat parts (e.g., coat fronts, pockets), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  suits, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  sweaters, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  sweaters, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  t-shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  t-shirts, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  underwear and nightwear, men's and boys, cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  underwear and nightwear, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  washable service apparel, men's and boys', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  washable service apparel, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from materials owned by others
-  women's, misses' and girls' clothing contractors

Exclusions:
-  finishing clothing, on a contract basis
-  embroidering clothing, on a contract basis
-  knitting hosiery and socks, on a contract basis
-  knitting clothing, except hosiery and socks, on a contract basis
-  printing on articles of clothing, on a contract basis

315220 Men's and boys' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing men's and boys' clothing from purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture, such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.

Examples:
-  athletic clothing (except team athletic uniforms and shirts), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  athletic clothing (except team athletic uniforms and shirts), unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bakers' service apparel, washable, men' s and boys', cutting and sewing purchased fabric
-  barbers' service apparel, washable, men' s and boys', cutting and sewing purchased fabric
-  bathing suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bathrobes, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  beachwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blazers, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blouses, boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  caftans, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, non-tailored service apparel (e.g., laboratory, mechanics', medical), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, tailored (except fur, leather), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coveralls, work, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  down-filled clothing, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  drawers, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dungarees, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  feather-filled clothing, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  field jackets, military, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  fire-fighters' dress uniforms, men's, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  flannel shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  formal jackets, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  gym clothing, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  hospital service apparel, washable, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  hunting coats and vests, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  industrial work clothing, washable, men' s and boys', cutting and sewing purchased fabric
-  jackets, jeans, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, lumber, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, non-tailored work, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, service apparel (e.g., laboratory, medical), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, ski, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, tailored (except fur, leather, sheepskin-lined), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jean-cut casual slacks, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jeans, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jerseys, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jogging or sweat suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  knickers, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  laboratory coats, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  lounging robes and dressing gowns, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  mackinaws, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  medical service apparel, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  melton jackets, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  men's and boys' custom made shirts
-  men's and boys' cut and sew shirt manufacturing
-  men's and boys' cut and sew suit, coat and overcoat manufacturing
-  men's and boys' cut and sew trouser, slack and jean manufacturing
-  men's and boys' cut and sew underwear and nightwear manufacturing
-  men's and boys' sweaters, cardigans, pullovers and similar garments, made from purchased knitted fabrics
-  military dress uniforms, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  nightshirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  non-tailored coats and jackets, men's and boys' (e.g., ski suits, windbreakers), manufacturing
-  overalls, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  overcoats, tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants (except washable service type), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, athletic (e.g., gymnasium, ski), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, dress, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, sweat, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, sweat, unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, washable service type, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  parkas, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  police dress uniforms, men's, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  polo shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  professional service apparel, washable, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pyjamas, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-repellent, non-tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-repellent, tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-resistant, non-tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-resistant, tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  riding clothes, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  service apparel, washable, men's, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shirts and t-shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shirts, outerwear (except washable service type), unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shirts, underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shorts (briefs), underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shorts (e.g., bermuda, jamaica, gym), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shorts, outerwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski pants, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  slacks, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sleepwear or nightwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snow suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snowmobile suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sport and short coats, tailored (except fur, leather), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sport shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sports clothing (except team uniforms), non-tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, non-tailored (e.g., jogging, snow, ski, warm-up), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat pants, men's, boys' and unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat shirts, unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweater jackets, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweater vests, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweaters, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  swimsuits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tailored dress and sport coats, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tank tops, outerwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tank tops, underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  team and club jackets, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tennis shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  topcoats, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  trousers, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, outerwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, outerwear, unisex (i.e., sized without regard to gender), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tuxedos, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  underwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniform shirts (except team athletic, washable service), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniform shirts, washable service type, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniforms (e.g., fire fighter, military, police), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniforms, non-tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniforms, non-tailored, washable service type, men's, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  union suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  vests, non-tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  vests, tailored, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  warm-up suits, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  washable service apparel (e.g., barbers', hospital, professional), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  windbreakers (except leather), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  work pants (except dungarees, jeans), men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  work shirts, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing men's and boys' fur and leather clothing

315241 Infants' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing infants' clothing from purchased fabric. For the purposes of classification, the term “infants” clothing refers to articles for young children of a body height not exceeding 86 centimetres, or Canadian sizes less than 2X. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture, such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.

Examples:
-  bathrobes, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  beachwear and bathing suits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blouses, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  buntings, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  camisoles, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  chemises, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  diaper covers, waterproof, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dresses, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  headwear, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  infants' clothing, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  infants' ct and sew clothing manufacturing
-  jeans, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  leggings, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  middies, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  nightgowns, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  overalls, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, waterproof, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  playsuits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pyjamas, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats (i.e., waterproof, non-tailored), infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-repellent, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-resistant, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  robes, lounging, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  rompers, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shirts, outerwear, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  skirts, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sleepwear or nightwear, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snowsuits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sunsuits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat suits, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweaters, waterproof, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  teddies, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  training pants (i.e., underwear), infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, outerwear, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, underwear, infants', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  underwear, infants' (e.g., slips, panties), cut and sewn from purchased fabric

315249 Women's and girls' cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing women's and girls' clothing from purchased fabric. Clothing jobbers, who perform entrepreneurial functions involved in clothing manufacture, such as buying raw materials, designing and preparing samples, arranging for clothing to be made from their materials, and marketing the finished apparel, are included.

Examples:
-  athletic clothing (except team athletic uniforms and shirts), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bakers' service apparel, washable, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bandeaux (i.e., brassiere), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bathing suits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bathing suits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bathrobes, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bathrobes, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  beachwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  beachwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bedjackets, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blazers, tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blouses, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  blouses, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  body stockings, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bra-slips, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  brassieres, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  bridal dresses or gowns, custom made
-  bridal dresses or gowns, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  briefs, underwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  caftans, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  camisoles, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  capes (except fur, leather, waterproof), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  capes (except fur, leather, waterproof), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  chemises, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  chemises, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, non-tailored service apparel (e.g., laboratory, mechanics', medical), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, tailored (except fur, leather), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, tailored (except fur, leather), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coats, tailored, artificial fur, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  corselettes, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  corsets and allied garments (except surgical), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  coveralls, work, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  culottes, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  culottes, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dickeys, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  down-filled coats, jackets and vests, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dresses, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dresses, paper, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dresses, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dressing gowns, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dressmakers' shops, custom
-  dungarees, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  dusters (i.e., apparel), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ensemble dresses, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  feather-filled coats, jackets and vests, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  flannel shirts, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  foundation garments, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  garter belts, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  garters, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  girdles, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  gowns, formal, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  hospital service apparel, washable, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  housecoats, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  housecoats, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  housedresses, women's and misses'', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  industrial work clothing, washable, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabrics
-  jackets, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, non-tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, service apparel (e.g., laboratory, medical), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, ski, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, tailored (except fur, leather, sheepskin-lined), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jackets, tailored (except fur, leather, sheepskin-lined), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jean-cut casual slacks, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jeans, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jeans, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jerseys, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jogging suits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jogging suits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jumpsuits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  jumpsuits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  knickers, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  laboratory coats, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  leggings, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  leotards, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  lingerie, loungewear and nightwear, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  lounging robes, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  lounging robes, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  mackinaws, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  maids' uniforms, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  maternity bras and corsets, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  medical service apparel, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  melton jackets, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  middies, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  middies, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  military dress uniforms, tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  negligees, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  negligees, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  nightgowns, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  nightgowns, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  nurses' uniforms, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  occupational clothing, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  overalls, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  overcoats (except fur, leather), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  overcoats (except fur, leather), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pantie girdles, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  panties, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  panties, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants outfits (except pantsuit), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, athletic, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, ski, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, sweat, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pantsuits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pantsuits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  playsuits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  playsuits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  police dress uniforms, tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  polo shirts, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  professional service apparel, washable, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pyjamas, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pyjamas, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-repellent, non-tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-resistant, non-tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, water-resistant, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  riding clothes, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  robes, lounging, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  service apparel, washable (e.g., maids', nurses', waitresses'), women's, misses' and girls', made from purchased fabric
-  shirts, outerwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shirts, outerwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shorts, outerwear (e.g., Bermuda, gym), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  shorts, outerwear (e.g., bermuda, gym), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski jackets and pants, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski jackets and pants, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski suits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  ski suits, women's and misses, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  skirts (except leather, tennis), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  skirts (except leather, tennis), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  skirts, tennis, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  slacks, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  slacks, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sleepwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  slips, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  slips, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  smocks, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snowmobile suits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snowsuits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  snowsuits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sports clothing (except team uniforms), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, coats, tailored jackets and skirts, women's and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, custom tailoring, women
-  suits, non-tailored (e.g., jogging, snow, warm-up), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, tailored, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  suits, tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat shirts, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat shirts, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat suits and pants, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweat suits and pants, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweater jackets, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sweaters, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  swimsuits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  swimsuits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tank tops, outerwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tank tops, outerwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  tank tops, underwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  team and club jackets, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  teddies, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  teddies, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  trousers, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, outerwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, outerwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, underwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  t-shirts, underwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  underwear, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  underwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniform shirts (except team athletic), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniforms (e.g., maids', military, nurses', police, waitresses'), women's, misses' and girls', made from purchased fabric
-  uniforms, dress, tailored (e.g., firefighter, military, police), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniforms, non-tailored, women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  vests, non-tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  vests, tailored, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  warm-up suits, girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  warm-up suits, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  washable service apparel (e.g., maids', nurses', waitresses'), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  water-resistant or water-repellent overcoats (except fur, leather), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  wedding dresses, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  windbreakers (except leather), girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  windbreakers (except leather), women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  women's and girls' cut and sew blouse and shirt manufacturing
-  women's and girls' cut and sew dress manufacturing
-  women's and girls' cut and sew lingerie, loungewear and nightwear manufacturing
-  women's and girls' cut and sew suit, coat, tailored jacket and skirt manufacturing
-  women's and girls' sweaters, cardigans, pullovers and similar garments, made from purchased knitted fabrics

Exclusions:
-  knitting women's and girls' hosiery and socks from yarn
-  Knitting women's and girls' clothing, except hosiery and socks, from yarn
-  manufacturing women's and girls' clothing from materials owned by others
-  manufacturing women's and girls' fur and leather clothing

315281 Fur and leather clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing fur and leather clothing.

Examples:
-  caps and hats, leather, manufacturing
-  dresses, leather, women's and misses', manufacturing
-  fur and artificial fur apparel or clothing (e.g., capes, coats, hats, jackets, pants, neckpieces, boleros, stoles), manufacturing
-  fur and artificial fur trimmings (i.e., collars, cuffs, coat or glove linings), manufacturing
-  fur and leather clothing manufacturing
-  hats, fur, men's, manufacturing
-  hats, fur, women's, manufacturing
-  jackets, leather (except welders') or sheepskin-lined, men's and boys', manufacturing
-  jackets, leather or sheepskin-lined, women's and misses, manufacturing
-  leather clothing (e.g., capes, coats, hats, jackets), children's, manufacturing
-  leather coats (jackets) for men's and boys', manufacturing
-  leather coats (jackets) for women's and misses', manufacturing
-  pants, leather, men's and boys', manufacturing
-  pants, leather, women's and misses', manufacturing
-  sheepskin linings, manufacturing
-  skirts, leather, women's and misses', manufacturing
-  windbreakers, leather, women's and girls', manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing leather gloves
-  manufacturing leather safety and protective clothing

315289 All other cut and sew clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from purchased fabric.

Examples:
-  academic or graduation caps and gowns, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  athletic uniforms (e.g., baseball, basketball), women's, misses' and girls', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  band uniforms, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  burial garments or shrouds, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  capes, waterproof (e.g., plastics, rubber, similar materials), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  caps and gowns, cut and sewn from purchased fabric or paper
-  children's costumes (e.g., Halloween), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  costumes (e.g., masquerade, theatrical, Halloween), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  gowns (e.g., academic, choir, clerical), cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, rubber or rubberized fabric, manufacturing
-  pants, waterproof, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  pants, waterproof, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  plastic rainwear, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  plastic rainwear, men's and boys', heat-sealed, manufacturing
-  plastic rainwear, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  plastic rainwear, women's and misses', heat-sealed, manufacturing
-  ponchos and similar waterproof raincoats, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  prayer shawls, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  protective wear for fishermen, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, rubber or rubberized fabric, manufacturing
-  raincoats, waterproof, children's, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, waterproof, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  raincoats, waterproof, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  sports uniforms, cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniform shirts, team athletic, men's and boys', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  uniform shirts, team athletic, women's and misses', cut and sewn from purchased fabric
-  vestments (e.g., academic, clerical or church), cut and sewn from purchased fabric

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing infants' clothing from material owned by others
-  manufacturing infants' clothing, cut and sewn from purchased fabric

315990 Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing or clothing accessories.

Examples:
-  apparel findings and trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  aprons (except rubberized and plastic), women's, misses' and girls, made from purchased fabric
-  aprons (except rubberized and plastics), made from purchased fabric
-  aprons, household, made from purchased fabric
-  aprons, vulcanized rubber and rubberized fabric, manufacturing
-  aprons, waterproof (e.g., plastic, rubberized fabric), made from purchased fabric
-  arm bands, elastic, made from purchased fabric
-  ascots, men's and boys', made from purchased fabric
-  baseball caps, manufacturing
-  bathing caps, rubber, manufacturing
-  belts, apparel (e.g., fabric, leather, vinyl), made from purchased material
-  bibs and aprons, waterproof (e.g., plastic, rubberized fabric), made from purchased fabric
-  bindings, cap and hat, made from purchased fabric
-  bow ties, men's and boys', made from purchased fabric
-  braces and suspenders, made from purchased fabric
-  caps and hats (except fur, leather), made from purchased fabric
-  caps, textiles, straw, fur-felt and wool-felt, made from purchased fabric
-  chauffeurs' hats and caps, made from purchased fabric
-  cloth caps or hats, manufacturing
-  clothing, electrically heated, manufacturing
-  coat linings, fronts and pads, made from purchased fabric
-  coat trimmings, fabric, made from purchased fabric
-  collar and cuff sets, made from purchased fabric
-  collars and collar linings, made from purchased fabric
-  cummerbunds, made from purchased fabric
-  dress and semidress gloves, made from purchased fabric or leather
-  dress shields, made from purchased fabric
-  dress trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  driving gloves, made from purchased fabric
-  fur mittens, manufacturing
-  glove linings (except fur), manufacturing
-  gloves and mittens (except athletic, metal, rubber), made from purchased fabric
-  handkerchiefs (except paper), made from purchased fabric
-  harvest hats, straw, manufacturing
-  hat bodies (e.g., fur-felt, straw, wool-felt), made from purchased fabric
-  hat findings, made from purchased fabric
-  hat linings and trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  hats, cloth, made from purchased fabric
-  hats, fur-felt, straw and wool-felt, made from purchased fabric
-  hats, trimmed, made from purchased fabric
-  headbands, made from purchased fabric
-  interlinings, made from purchased fabric
-  knit gloves, made from purchased fabric
-  leather gloves and mittens (except athletic), manufacturing
-  leather gloves, manufacturing
-  linings (e.g., coat, dress, millinery, necktie, suit), made from purchased fabric
-  millinery trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  millinery, made from purchased fabric
-  mufflers, men's and boys', made from purchased fabric
-  mufflers, women's and girls', made from purchased fabric
-  neckties, men's and boys', made from purchased fabric
-  neckties, women's, misses' and juniors', made from purchased fabric
-  neckwear, made from purchased fabric
-  neckwear, women's, misses' and juniors', made from purchased fabric
-  opera hats, made from purchased fabric
-  panama hats, made from purchased fabric
-  pockets (e.g., coats, suits), made from purchased fabric
-  police caps and hats (except protective head gear), made from purchased fabric
-  scarves, made from purchased fabric
-  scarves, men's and boys', made from purchased fabric
-  scarves, women's, misses' and girls', made from purchased fabric
-  shawls, made from purchased fabric
-  shoulder pads (e.g., coats, suits), made from purchased fabric
-  straw hats, manufacturing
-  suit and coat parts (e.g., coat fronts, pockets), made from purchased fabric
-  suit trimmings, made from purchased fabric
-  suspenders, made from purchased fabric
-  sweat bands, hat and cap, made from purchased fabric
-  ties, men's and boys', hand sewn
-  trimmings for clothing, made from purchased fabric
-  tuques, made from purchased fabric
-  uniform hats and caps (except protective head gear), made from purchased fabric
-  waistbands, trouser, made from purchased fabric
-  work gloves, leather, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing gloves knitted in knitting mill
-  manufacturing fur and leather hats and caps
-  manufacturing safety gloves
-  manufacturing sports gloves

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316110 Leather and hide tanning and finishing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in tanning, currying, colouring and finishing hides and skins into leather. Leather converters, who buy hides and skins and have them processed into leather by others, on a contract basis, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in dressing and dyeing fur are also included.

Examples:
-  fur dressing and dyeing
-  furs, hides and skins processing (i.e., bleaching, colouring, currying, cutting, embossing, japanning)
-  hides, tanning, currying, dressing and finishing
-  leather and hide tanning and finishing
-  leather tanning, currying and finishing
-  tanneries, leather, manufacturing

316210 Footwear manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing footwear, of any material.

Examples:
-  anti-skid, detachable, rubber-soled, footwear, manufacturing
-  athletic shoes, manufacturing
-  ballet slippers, manufacturing
-  beach sandals, rubber or plastics, manufacturing
-  boots for men's, including hicking boots and climbing shoes, manufacturing
-  burial slippers, manufacturing
-  canvas shoes, rubber or plastic sole with fabric upper, manufacturing
-  dress shoes, children's and infant's, manufacturing
-  dress shoes, women's, manufacturing
-  footholds, rubber or plastic sole with fabric upper, manufacturing
-  footwear manufacturing
-  galoshes and overshoes, rubber or plastic sole with fabric upper, manufacturing
-  golf shoes, men's, manufacturing
-  golf shoes, women's, manufacturing
-  infant's or children's footwear (except orthopedic extension shoes), manufacturing
-  leather footwear, manufacturing
-  leather shoes, women's, manufacturing
-  men's footwear (except orthopedic extension shoes), manufacturing
-  moccasins, manufacturing
-  orthopedic shoes (except extension shoes), manufacturing
-  pumps (i.e., dress shoes), manufacturing
-  rubber boots, manufacturing
-  running shoes, manufacturing
-  shoes (except extension shoes), men's, manufacturing
-  shoes, cleated or spiked, all materials, manufacturing
-  shoes, theatrical, manufacturing
-  shoes, wooden, manufacturing
-  shower sandals or slippers, rubber and plastic, manufacturing
-  skate boots, without blades or wheels, manufacturing
-  slipper socks, made from purchased socks
-  slippers, manufacturing
-  tennis shoes, rubber or plastic sole with fabric upper, manufacturing
-  unisex sabot, manufacturing
-  winter boots, rubber and plastic protective footwear, manufacturing
-  women's footwear (except orthopedic extension shoes), manufacturing
-  work boots and shoes, manufacturing
-  work boots and shoes, women's, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing skates, ice or roller, boots assembled with blades or rollers
-  manufacturing orthopedic extension shoes

316990 Other leather and allied product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing leather and allied products. Some important products of this industry are luggage, handbags, purses, and small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin purses of leather or other materials, except precious metal.

Examples:
-  aprons for textile machinery, leather, manufacturing
-  attaché cases, all materials, manufacturing
-  bags (i.e., luggage), all materials, manufacturing
-  belt laces, leather, manufacturing
-  belting for machinery, leather, manufacturing
-  billfolds, all materials, manufacturing
-  binocular cases, manufacturing
-  blacksmiths' aprons, leather, manufacturing
-  boot and shoe findings, all materials, manufacturing
-  box toes (i.e., shoe cut stock), leather, manufacturing
-  boxes, leather, manufacturing
-  briefcases, all materials, manufacturing
-  burnt leather goods, manufacturing
-  camera carrying bags, all materials, manufacturing
-  caps, heel and toe, leather, manufacturing
-  card cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  cases, luggage, manufacturing
-  cheque book covers (except metal), manufacturing
-  cigar cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  cigarette cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  coin purses (except metal), manufacturing
-  compacts (except leather and precious metal), manufacturing
-  compacts, solid leather, manufacturing
-  corners, luggage, leather, manufacturing
-  cosmetic bags (except metal), manufacturing
-  counters and uppers (i.e., shoe cut stock), leather, manufacturing
-  crops, riding, manufacturing
-  desk sets, leather, manufacturing
-  embossing leather goods, for the trade
-  eyeglass cases, all materials, manufacturing
-  handbags and purses (except precious metal), manufacturing
-  handles (e.g., luggage, whip), leather, manufacturing
-  harnesses and harness parts, leather, manufacturing
-  hat boxes (except paper or paperboard), manufacturing
-  holsters, leather, manufacturing
-  horse boots and muzzles, manufacturing
-  inner soles, leather, manufacturing
-  instrument cases, all materials, manufacturing
-  jackets, welders', leather, manufacturing
-  key cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  laces (e.g., shoe), leather, manufacturing
-  lashes (i.e., whips), manufacturing
-  leashes or collars for dog, manufacturing
-  leather cut stock, boot and shoe, manufacturing
-  leather goods, small personal (e.g., coin purses, eyeglass cases, key cases), manufacturing
-  leather handbags and purses, manufacturing
-  leather handicrafts, manufacturing
-  leather luggage, manufacturing
-  leather welting, manufacturing
-  linings and soles, boot and shoe, leather, manufacturing
-  luggage, all materials, manufacturing
-  mill strapping for textile mills, leather, manufacturing
-  money belts, any material, made from purchased fabric
-  money pouches, personal (except metal), manufacturing
-  musical instrument cases, all materials, manufacturing
-  novelties (e.g., cigarette lighter covers, key fobs), leather, manufacturing
-  ornaments, shoe, manufacturing
-  pegs, leather shoe, manufacturing
-  pocketbooks, all materials (except precious metal), manufacturing
-  pocketbooks, men's, all materials, manufacturing
-  portfolios, manufacturing
-  rands and quarters (i.e., shoe cut stock), leather, manufacturing
-  razor strops, manufacturing
-  saddles and parts, leather, manufacturing
-  safety belts, leather, manufacturing
-  sample cases, all materials, manufacturing
-  satchels, all materials, manufacturing
-  school bags, all materials, manufacturing
-  seat belts, leather, manufacturing
-  sewing cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  shoe heels, bows, stays and trimming leather, manufacturing
-  shoe kits (i.e., cases), all materials, manufacturing
-  sleeves and leggings, welders', leather, manufacturing
-  spats, leather, manufacturing
-  sports bags, manufacturing
-  strap work, harness, manufacturing
-  straps, leather, manufacturing
-  suitcases, all materials, manufacturing
-  textile leathers (e.g., apron picker leather, mill strapping), manufacturing
-  tobacco pouches (except metal), manufacturing
-  toilet kits and cases (except metal), manufacturing
-  tongues, boot and shoe, leather, manufacturing
-  top and heel lifts, boot and shoe, leather, manufacturing
-  tote bags, manufacturing
-  transmission belting, leather, manufacturing
-  travelling bags, all materials, manufacturing
-  trimmings, shoe, leather, manufacturing
-  trunks (i.e., luggage), all materials, manufacturing
-  vamps, leather, manufacturing
-  vanity cases (except leather and precious metal), manufacturing
-  vanity cases, leather, manufacturing
-  wallets (except metal), manufacturing
-  wardrobe bags (i.e., luggage), manufacturing
-  watch bands or straps (except metal), manufacturing
-  welders' aprons, leather, manufacturing
-  welting, leather (i.e., shoe cut stock), manufacturing
-  whips, horse, manufacturing
-  whipstocks, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing small articles normally carried on the person or in a handbag, such as billfolds, key cases and coin purses, of precious metal
-  manufacturing leather clothing
-  manufacturing leather gloves and belts

Wood product manufacturing

321111 Sawmills (except shingle and shake mills) This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing boards, dimension lumber, timber, poles and ties, and siding, from logs and bolts. These establishments produce lumber that may be rough, or dressed by a planing machine to achieve smoothness and uniformity of size, but (except in the case of siding) is generally not further worked or shaped.

Examples:
-  beams and poles, wood, made from logs or bolts
-  ceiling lumber, made from logs or bolts
-  chipper mills (except portable)
-  chipping logs (except in the forest)
-  custom sawmills
-  dimension lumber (e.g., 2x4), made from logs or bolts
-  flitches (i.e., veneer stock), made from logs or bolts
-  fuelwood, made from logs or bolts
-  lath, made from logs or bolts
-  lumber (i.e., rough, dressed), made from logs or bolts
-  lumber, hardwood dimension (e.g., 2x4), made from logs or bolts
-  lumber, softwood dimension (e.g., 2x4), made from logs or bolts
-  pressure treated lumber, made from logs or bolts
-  sawdust and shavings, made from logs or bolts
-  sawmills
-  sawmills (except shingle and shake mills)
-  siding mills, wood
-  siding, dressed lumber, manufacturing
-  snow fence lath, made from logs or bolts
-  stud mills
-  ties, railroad, made from logs or bolts
-  timber, made from logs or bolts
-  wood chips, made in sawmill

321112 Shingle and shake mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in sawing blocks of wood to produce shingles or splitting blocks of wood to produce shakes.

Examples:
-  shakes (i.e., hand split shingles), manufacturing
-  shingle and shake mills
-  shingle mills, wood

321114 Wood preservation This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in treating lumber, plywood, poles and similar wood products, produced in other establishments, with preservatives to prevent decay and to protect against fire and insects. Establishments primarily engaged in cutting to size and treating poles, pilings, posts and similar roundwood products are included. Pressure treating is the most common method used. Some common preservatives used in the treatment process include organic compounds such as creosote, and water-borne inorganic compounds, such as chromated copper arsenate.

Examples:
-  bridge and trestle parts, wood, treating
-  creosoting of wood
-  lumber and plywood, treating with creosote or other preservatives
-  millwork, treating
-  mine props and ties, wood, treating
-  piles and pilings, foundation and marine construction, treating
-  poles, round wood, cutting and treating
-  preserving purchased wood and wood products
-  pressure treated lumber, made from purchased lumber
-  railroad ties (i.e., bridge, cross, switch), wood, treating
-  structural lumber and timber, treating
-  treating wood products with creosote or other preservatives
-  wood fence parts (i.e., pickets, poling, posts, rails), treating
-  wood preservation

321211 Hardwood veneer and plywood mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hardwood veneer and plywood.

Examples:
-  dimension veneer, hardwood, manufacturing
-  hardwood plywood composites, manufacturing
-  hardwood veneer and plywood mills
-  panels, hardwood plywood, manufacturing
-  plywood mills, hardwood
-  plywood, hardwood, faced with non-wood materials, manufacturing
-  prefinished hardwood plywood, manufacturing
-  veneer mills, hardwood
-  veneer, hardwood, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  preserving purchased plywood

321212 Softwood veneer and plywood mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing softwood veneer and plywood.

Examples:
-  dimension veneer, softwood, manufacturing
-  panels, softwood plywood, manufacturing
-  plywood mills, softwood
-  plywood, overlaid, softwood, manufacturing
-  plywood, softwood, faced with non-wood materials, manufacturing
-  prefinished softwood plywood, manufacturing
-  softwood plywood composites, manufacturing
-  softwood veneer and plywood mills
-  softwood veneer or plywood, manufacturing
-  veneer mills, softwood
-  veneer, softwood, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  preserving purchased plywood

321215 Structural wood product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing structural wood members, other than solid dimension lumber and timber.

Examples:
-  arches and beams, glued-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
-  beams, glued-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
-  finger jointed lumber, manufacturing
-  glued-laminated timber (glulam), manufacturing
-  I-joists, wood, manufacturing
-  laminated veneer lumber (LVL), manufacturing
-  nailed-laminated lumber beams, manufacturing
-  parallel strand lumber (PSL), manufacturing
-  prefabricated wood trusses, manufacturing
-  roof trusses, wood, manufacturing
-  structural members, glued-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
-  structural wood members, prefabricated (e.g., arches, trusses, I-joists and parallel chord ceilings), manufacturing
-  structural wood product, manufacturing
-  timber, structural, glued-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
-  trusses, glue-laminated or pre-engineered wood, manufacturing
-  trusses, wood, metal-plate-connected, manufacturing
-  trusses, wood, roof or floor, manufacturing
-  wood I-joists, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  fabricating structural wood members at construction sites
-  manufacturing solid wood structural members, such as dimension lumber and timber

321216 Particle board and fibreboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing particle board and fibreboard. Particle board is made from wood particles, which are often the residue from other wood processing operations, combined under heat and pressure with a water resistant binder. Fibreboard is made from wood fibres, bonded together completely or partially by the lignin in the wood.

Examples:
-  beaver board, manufacturing
-  board, bagasse, manufacturing
-  chipboard, wood fibre, manufacturing
-  compression modified wood, manufacturing
-  densified wood, manufacturing
-  fibreboard, manufacturing
-  hardboard, manufacturing
-  insulation board, cellular fibre or hard pressed wood, manufacturing
-  laminated particle board (except plywood), manufacturing
-  Masonite ™ (hardboard), manufacturing
-  medium density fibreboard (MDF) baseboards, manufacturing
-  medium density fibreboard (MDF), manufacturing
-  particle board and fibreboard mills
-  particle board, manufacturing
-  reconstituted wood boards, panels and sheets (except waferboard), manufacturing
-  softboard, cellular fibre or hard pressed wood, manufacturing
-  wallboard, cellular fibre or hard pressed wood, manufacturing

321217 Waferboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing waferboard and oriented strandboard (OSB). These products are made from wafers or strands of wood such as aspen, poplar or southern yellow pine, combined with a waterproof binder, and bonded together by heat and pressure.

Examples:
-  Aspenite ™ (waferboard), manufacturing
-  oriented strandboard (OSB), manufacturing
-  waferboard mills

321911 Wood window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood doors and frames, and wood window units and frames, including those covered with metal or plastic.

Examples:
-  bifolding doors, wooden, manufacturing
-  door units, prehung, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  doors and windows, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  doors, combination screen-storm, wood, manufacturing
-  frames, door and window, wood, manufacturing
-  garage doors, wood, manufacturing
-  jalousies, wood frame, manufacturing
-  louvre windows and doors, wood frame, made from purchased glass
-  sash, door and window, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  shutters, door and window, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  storm doors and windows, wood framed, manufacturing
-  window and door frames and sash, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  window screens, wood framed, manufacturing
-  window units, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  windows, louvre, wood, manufacturing
-  wood window and door frames and sash, manufacturing
-  wood window and door manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  installing prefabricated windows and doors in buildings

321919 Other millwork This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in millwork. These establishments generally use woodworking machinery, such as jointers, planers, lathes and routers, to shape wood. Establishments primarily engaged in seasoning and planing purchased lumber are included. Wood millwork products may be covered with another material, such as plastic.

Examples:
-  baseboards, wood, manufacturing
-  blanks, wood (e.g., bowling pins, handles, textile machinery accessories), manufacturing
-  blocks for the manufacture of smoking pipes
-  boards, wood, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  bobbin blocks and blanks, wood, manufacturing
-  brackets, wood, manufacturing
-  brush blocks, wood, turned and shaped
-  cants, resawed (lumber), manufacturing
-  ceiling lumber, dressed, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  clear and finger joint wood mouldings, manufacturing
-  cut stock, manufacturing
-  dimension lumber (i.e. building lumber, solid wood structural members), made by cutting, resawing or planing purchased rough lumber
-  door trim, wood moulding, manufacturing
-  floor baseboards, wood, manufacturing
-  furniture dimension stock, unfinished wood, manufacturing
-  furniture squares, unfinished hardwood, manufacturing
-  gun stock blanks, manufacturing
-  handle stock, sawed or planed, manufacturing
-  hardwood flooring, manufacturing
-  ladder rounds or rungs, hardwood, manufacturing
-  lath, wood, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  lumber, dimension, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  mouldings, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  panel work, wood millwork, manufacturing
-  parquet flooring, hardwood (assembled), manufacturing
-  parquetry, hardwood, manufacturing
-  planing purchased lumber, planing mills
-  porch work (e.g., columns, newels, rails, trellises), wood, manufacturing
-  resawing purchased lumber
-  rounds or rungs, furniture, hardwood, manufacturing
-  silo staves, wood, manufacturing
-  snow fence lath, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  softwood flooring, manufacturing
-  stairs, prefabricated wood, manufacturing
-  stairwork (e.g., newel posts, railings, staircases, stairs), wood, manufacturing
-  stock, chair, unfinished hardwood, manufacturing
-  strips, hardwood, flooring, manufacturing
-  studs, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  tiles, hardwood, flooring, manufacturing
-  tongue and groove lumber, made by resawing purchased lumber
-  trellises, wood, manufacturing
-  trim, wood and covered wood, manufacturing
-  turnings, furniture, unfinished wood, manufacturing
-  vehicle stock, hardwood, manufacturing
-  venetian blind slats, wood, manufacturing
-  wainscoting, wood, manufacturing
-  window trim, wood and covered wood mouldings, manufacturing
-  wood shutters (except door and window) , manufacturing
-  woodwork, interior and ornamental (e.g., windows, doors, sash, cornices, mantels), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing wood kitchen cabinets and counters, and bathroom vanities
-  Manufacturing wood signs and coffins
-  carpentry, including installing prefabricated stairs in buildings
-  manufacturing dressed lumber from logs

321920 Wood container and pallet manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wood containers, container parts (shook) ready for assembly, cooper's products and parts, and pallets.

Examples:
-  baskets, wood (e.g., round stave, veneer), manufacturing
-  box cleats, wood, manufacturing
-  box shook, manufacturing
-  boxes, jewellery, wood or part wood, manufacturing
-  buckets or pails, wood, manufacturing
-  buckets, wood, coopered, manufacturing
-  casks, wood, coopered, manufacturing
-  chests for tools, wood, manufacturing
-  chicken coops (i.e., crates), wood, wirebound, for shipping poultry, manufacturing
-  container parts (shook) ready for assembly, manufacturing
-  containers (e.g., fruit baskets, boxes), made from veneer
-  cooperage products, wood, manufacturing
-  cooperage stock (e.g., heading, hoops, staves), manufacturing
-  cooperage stock mills
-  cooperage, manufacturing
-  coopered tubs, manufacturing
-  drums, plywood, manufacturing
-  firkins and kits, wood, coopered, manufacturing
-  flats, wood, greenhouse, manufacturing
-  fruit and vegetable containers (e.g., baskets, boxes, crates, hampers, bushel baskets), wood, manufacturing
-  fruit and vegetable crates, wood, wirebound, manufacturing
-  heading, barrel (i.e., cooperage stock), wood, manufacturing
-  hogsheads, coopered wood, manufacturing
-  hoops, sawed or split wood, for tight or slack cooperage, manufacturing
-  hot tubs, coopered, manufacturing
-  kegs, wood, coopered, manufacturing
-  packing or shipping crates, wood, manufacturing
-  pails, coopered wood, manufacturing
-  pallet parts, wooden, manufacturing
-  pallets and skids of wood, manufacturer repaired and recycled
-  round stave baskets (e.g., fruit, vegetable), manufacturing
-  shipping cases and drums, wood, wirebound, manufacturing
-  skids, pallets and pallet containers, wood or wood and metal combination, manufacturing
-  staves, barrel, sawed or split, manufacturing
-  tanks, wood, coopered, manufacturing
-  tobacco hogsheads, manufacturing
-  trays, carrier, wood, manufacturing
-  veneer, manufacturing and converting into containers (e.g., fruit or vegetable baskets, boxes, hampers, bushel baskets)
-  wood container and pallet manufacturing
-  wooden boxes for ammunition or shell, manufacturing
-  wooden shipping and packing cases, manufacturing

321991 Manufactured (mobile) home manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mobile homes and non-residential mobile buildings. These units are portable structures built on a chassis equipped with wheels, but not designed for multiple or continuous movement, and are designed to be connected to sewage and water utilities.

Examples:
-  bunk houses, mobile, manufacturing
-  houses, manufactured or prefabricated mobile homes, manufacturing
-  mobile homes manufacturing
-  non-residential building, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing motor homes or recreational travel trailers

321992 Prefabricated wood building manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated or pre-cut wood buildings, sections and panels. All buildings that are made away from the construction site, either in sections, complete units, or in components for on-site erection, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing log cabins and log houses are included.

Examples:
-  buildings, prefabricated or pre-cut, wood frame, manufacturing
-  chicken coops, prefabricated, wood, manufacturing
-  corn cribs, prefabricated, wood, manufacturing
-  cottages, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
-  farm buildings, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
-  garages, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
-  garden sheds, prefabricated, wood, manufacturing
-  geodesic domes, prefabricated, wood, manufacturing
-  houses, prefabricated (except mobile homes), wood frame, manufacturing
-  log cabins, prefabricated wood, manufacturing
-  modular buildings, prefabricated, wood frame, manufacturing
-  panels for prefabricated wood buildings, manufacturing
-  prefabricated wood building manufacturing
-  prefabricated wood buildings, manufacturing
-  sauna rooms, prefabricated, wood, manufacturing
-  sections, prefabricated wood buildings, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  constructing wood frame buildings on site

321999 All other miscellaneous wood product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing wood products.

Examples:
-  applicators, wood, manufacturing
-  axe handles, manufacturing
-  battery separators, wood, manufacturing
-  bearings, wood, manufacturing
-  bentwood (steam bent) products (except furniture), manufacturing
-  blocks, tailors' pressing, wood, manufacturing
-  boards, wood (e.g., clip, ironing, meat, pastry), manufacturing
-  bobbins (except textile machinery), wood, manufacturing
-  boot and shoe lasts, all materials, manufacturing
-  bottle covers, willow, rattan and reed, manufacturing
-  bowls, wood, turned and shaped, manufacturing
-  broom handles, manufacturing
-  bulletin boards, wood and cork, manufacturing
-  bungs, wood, manufacturing
-  buoys, cork, manufacturing
-  burnt wood articles, manufacturing
-  bushings, wood, manufacturing
-  cabinets, wood household (e.g., radio, television, stereo, sewing machine), manufacturing
-  carpets, cork, manufacturing
-  clipboards, wood, manufacturing
-  cloth winding reels, wood, manufacturing
-  clothes dryers (clothes horses), wood, manufacturing
-  clothes or garments hangers, wood, manufacturing
-  clothes-drying frames, wood, manufacturing
-  clothespins, wood, manufacturing
-  clubs, police, wood, manufacturing
-  cork products (except gaskets), manufacturing
-  corks, bottle, manufacturing
-  curtain stretchers, wood, manufacturing
-  dishes, wood, manufacturing
-  dowels, wood, manufacturing
-  excelsior (e.g., pads, wrappers), wood, manufacturing
-  extension ladders, wood, manufacturing
-  extension planks, wood, manufacturing
-  faucets, wood, manufacturing
-  fencing, prefabricated sections, wood, manufacturing
-  fencing, wood (except rough pickets, poles and rails), manufacturing
-  firewood and fuel wood containing fuel binder, manufacturing
-  flagpoles, wood, manufacturing
-  fuelwood, made from purchased sawmill waste
-  furniture inlays, manufacturing
-  gavels, wood, manufacturing
-  grain measures, wood, turned and shaped, manufacturing
-  grinding bark for mulch
-  hammers, meat, wood, manufacturing
-  handicrafts, wood (e.g., carvings), manufacturing
-  handles (e.g., broom, brush, mop, hand tool), wood, manufacturing
-  hat racks, wood, manufacturing
-  heels, boot and shoe, finished wood, manufacturing
-  household-type woodenware, manufacturing
-  hubs, wood, manufacturing
-  insulating materials, cork, manufacturing
-  ironing boards, wood, manufacturing
-  kiln drying of lumber
-  kitchenware (e.g., utensils, rolling pins), wood, manufacturing
-  knobs, wood, manufacturing
-  ladder jacks, wood, manufacturing
-  ladders, wood, manufacturing
-  lobster traps, wood, manufacturing
-  mallets and mauls of wood, used for hunting or fishing, manufacturing
-  marquetry, wood, manufacturing
-  masts, wood, manufacturing
-  microwave cabinets, free standing, wood, manufacturing
-  novelties, wood fibre, manufacturing
-  oars, wood, manufacturing
-  paddles, wood, manufacturing
-  paint sticks, wood, manufacturing
-  pastry boards, wood, manufacturing
-  pegs, shoe, wood, manufacturing
-  pencil slats, wood, manufacturing
-  plastic shoe lasts, manufacturing
-  plugs, wood, manufacturing
-  poles (e.g., clothesline, flag, tent), wood, manufacturing
-  potato mashers, wood, manufacturing
-  pressed logs of sawdust and other wood particles, non-petroleum binder, manufacturing
-  pulleys, wood, manufacturing
-  racks for drying meat, wood, manufacturing
-  radio cabinets and cases, wood, manufacturing
-  rails (except rough), wood fence, manufacturing
-  rattan ware (except furniture), manufacturing
-  reed ware (except furniture), manufacturing
-  reels, wood, manufacturing
-  rollers, wood, manufacturing
-  rolling pins, wood, manufacturing
-  rulers and rules (except slide), wood, manufacturing
-  saddle trees, wood, manufacturing
-  sawdust, regrinding
-  scoops or spoons, wood, manufacturing
-  scratching posts, for cats, manufacturing
-  seat covers, rattan, manufacturing
-  seats, toilet, wood, manufacturing
-  sewing machine cabinets and cases, wood, manufacturing
-  shims, railway, wood, manufacturing
-  shoe display forms, all materials, manufacturing
-  shoe stretchers, manufacturing
-  shoe trees, manufacturing
-  skewers, wood, manufacturing
-  snowfence, in sections or rolls, wire and wood lath, manufacturing
-  spars, wood, manufacturing
-  spigots, wood, manufacturing
-  spokes, wood, manufacturing
-  spools (except for textile machinery), wood, manufacturing
-  stakes, surveyors', wood, manufacturing
-  stepladders, wood, manufacturing
-  stereo cabinets, wood, manufacturing
-  stoppers, cork, manufacturing
-  straw baskets, manufacturing
-  surveyors' stakes, wood, manufacturing
-  tableware, wood, manufacturing
-  tackle blocks, wood, manufacturing
-  television cabinets, wood, manufacturing
-  tent poles, wood, manufacturing
-  tile, cork, manufacturing
-  tool handles, turned and shaped wood, manufacturing
-  toothpicks, wood, manufacturing
-  trays, wood, wicker and bagasse, manufacturing
-  trophy bases, wood, manufacturing
-  utensils, wood, manufacturing
-  valve discs, cork, manufacturing
-  veneer work, inlaid, manufacturing
-  wall-mounted hat and coat racks, wood, manufacturing
-  washboards, wood and part wood, manufacturing
-  webbing, cane, reed and rattan, manufacturing
-  willow ware (except furniture), manufacturing
-  wood flour, manufacturing
-  wood heel blocks, manufacturing
-  wood heels, finished, manufacturing
-  wood novelty items, manufacturing
-  wood pellets, briquettes and firelogs made from compressed sawdust or shavings
-  woodenware, kitchen and household, manufacturing
-  yardsticks, wood, manufacturing

Paper manufacturing

322111 Mechanical pulp mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using mechanical or semi-chemical methods. Some important products of this Canadian industry are mechanical pulp (sometimes called groundwood pulp), thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) and semi-chemical pulp.

Examples:
-  mechanical pulp mills
-  pulp mills, mechanical or semi-chemical (except those making paper or paperboard)
-  semi-chemical wood pulp, manufacturing
-  wood pulp (e.g., mechanical, thermo-mechanical (TMP), semi-chemical), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint
-  manufacturing pulp and making newsprint
-  manufacturing pulp and making paperboard

322112 Chemical pulp mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pulp from any material, using chemical methods. Kraft pulp is chemical pulp obtained from the sulphate or soda processes. Establishments that process waste paper into pulp are included.

Examples:
-  chemical pulp mills
-  chemical wood pulp, manufacturing
-  de-inking plants
-  de-inking recovered paper
-  pulp mills, chemical (except those making paper or paperboard)
-  pulp, chemical, manufacturing
-  pulp, kraft, manufacturing
-  pulp, made from rags or cotton linters
-  recycling paper (i.e., making pulp from waste and scrap paper)
-  wood pulp, sulphate and soda, manufacturing
-  wood pulp, sulphite, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing pulp and making paper, except newsprint
-  manufacturing pulp and making newsprint
-  manufacturing pulp and making paperboard

322121 Paper (except newsprint) mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper, other than newsprint and paperboard. Establishments that manufacture paper (except newsprint) in combination with pulp manufacture or paper converting, are included.

Examples:
-  absorbent paper stock, manufacturing
-  asphalt paper, made in paper mills
-  bond paper, made in paper mills
-  book paper, coated, made in paper mills
-  bristol paper stock, manufacturing
-  building paper stock, manufacturing
-  cigarette paper, made in paper mills
-  coated and treated paper, made in a paper mill
-  coated paper, made in paper mills
-  combined pulp and paper mills
-  construction paper, school and art, made in paper mills
-  corrugated paper or paperboard or containers made in paper mills
-  cotton fibre paper stock, manufacturing
-  diapers, disposable, made in paper mills
-  facial tissues, made in paper mills
-  felts, asphalt, made in paper mills
-  fine paper stock, manufacturing
-  glassine wrapping paper, made in paper mills
-  groundwood paper, coated, made in paper mills
-  kraft paper stock, manufacturing
-  looseleaf fillers and paper, made in paper mills
-  notebooks, made in paper mills
-  office paper (e.g., computer printer, photocopy, plain paper), made in paper mills
-  paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood) mills
-  paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood) products, made in paper mills
-  paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood) stock for conversion into paper products, manufacturing
-  paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood), coated, laminated or treated, made in paper mills
-  paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood), manufacturing
-  paper (except newsprint) mills
-  paper stationery made in paper mills
-  pulp and paper (except newsprint and uncoated groundwood) combined, manufacturing
-  sanitary napkins and tampons, made in paper mills
-  sanitary paper products, made in paper mills
-  sanitary paper stock (e.g., for making towels, serviettes, tampons), manufacturing
-  saturated felts, made in paper mills
-  sheathing paper, made in paper mills
-  tablets (e.g., memo, note, writing), made in paper mills
-  tar paper made in paper mills
-  tar paper, building and roofing, made in paper mills
-  tissue paper stock, manufacturing
-  toilet paper, made in paper mills
-  towels, paper, made in paper mills

322122 Newsprint mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing newsprint, including groundwood printing paper. Establishments that manufacture newsprint in combination with pulp manufacture, are included.

Examples:
-  groundwood paper, uncoated, made in paper mills
-  newsprint mills
-  newsprint stock, manufacturing
-  pulp and newsprint (including uncoated groundwood) combined, manufacturing

322130 Paperboard mills This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard. Establishments that manufacture paperboard in combination with pulp manufacture or paperboard converting, are included.

Examples:
-  binders' board, manufacturing
-  boxboard paperboard stock, manufacturing
-  bristol board stock, manufacturing
-  cardboard stock, manufacturing
-  chipboard (i.e., paperboard) stock, manufacturing
-  coated, laminated or treated paperboard, made in paperboard mills
-  container board stock, manufacturing
-  containers (e.g., boxes), made in paperboard mills
-  corrugated boxes, made in paperboard mills
-  corrugated paperboard or containers made in paperboard mills
-  corrugating medium, manufacturing
-  folding boxboard stock, manufacturing
-  folding boxes, made in paperboard mills
-  leatherboard (i.e., paperboard-based), manufacturing
-  liner board, manufacturing
-  milk carton board, made in paperboard mills
-  paperboard mills
-  paperboard mills (except building board mills), manufacturing
-  paperboard products (e.g., containers), made in paperboard mills
-  pulp and paperboard combined, manufacturing
-  sanitary paper goods made in paperboard mills
-  set-up boxboard stock, manufacturing
-  shoe board, manufacturing
-  stationery products, made in paperboard mills
-  wet machine board mills

322211 Corrugated and solid fibre box manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing corrugated and solid
fibre boxes and related products, such as corrugated sheets, from purchased paperboard.

Examples:
-  boxes, shipping, laminated, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  cardboard boxes, corrugated, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  containers, corrugated and solid fibreboard, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  corrugated and solid fibre box manufacturing
-  corrugated boxes, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  corrugated paper, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  folding boxes, corrugated, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  pads, corrugated and solid fibreboard, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  pallets, corrugated and solid fibre, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  partitions, corrugated and solid fibre, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  shipping containers, made from purchased paperboard
-  solid fibre boxes, made from purchased paper or paperboard

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paperboard and converting it into corrugated and fibre boxes

322212 Folding paperboard box manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing folding paperboard boxes, from purchased paperboard.

Examples:
-  cartons, folding (except milk), made from purchased paperboard
-  folding boxes (except corrugated), made from purchased paperboard
-  folding containers (except corrugated), made from purchased paperboard

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paperboard and converting it into folding boxes
-  manufacturing milk cartons

322219 Other paperboard container manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing paperboard containers, such as setup paperboard boxes, fibre cans and drums, and sanitary food containers, from purchased paperboard.

Examples:
-  bobbins, fibre, made from purchased paperboard
-  boxes, sanitary food (except folding), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  candelabra tubes, made from purchased paperboard
-  cans, fibre (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
-  composite cans (i.e., foil-fibre and other combinations), made from purchased paperboard
-  cones (e.g., winding yarn, string, ribbons, cloth), fibre, made from purchased paperboard
-  containers, laminated phenolic and vulcanized fibre, made from purchased paperboard
-  cores, fibre (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
-  cores, for electrical coils and transformers, made from purchased paperboard
-  dishes, paper, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  drums, fibre (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
-  fibre cans and drums (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
-  fibre spools, reels and blocks, made from purchased paperboard
-  fibre tubes, made from purchased paperboard
-  food containers, sanitary (except folding), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  mailing cases and tubes, paper fibre (i.e., fibre body, ends of any material), made from purchased paperboard
-  milk cartons, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  paper dishes (e.g., cups, plates), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  paper plates, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  reels, fibre, made from purchased paperboard
-  shoe boxes, set-up, made from purchased paperboard
-  straws, drinking, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  textile reels and bobbins, fibre, made from purchased paperboard
-  vulcanized fibre products, made from purchased paperboard
-  wastebaskets, fibre, made from purchased paperboard

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paperboard and converting it into containers other than corrugated, solid fibre and folding boxes

322220 Paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper bags, and coated and treated paper and paperboard products, from purchased paper and other flexible film materials. The products produced in this industry may be made from a single layer; or from several layers laminated together. The laminated products may consist entirely of materials other than paper, such as plastic film and aluminum foil.

Examples:
-  adhesive tape (except medical), made from purchased materials
-  aluminum foil laminates, made from purchased foil
-  bags, made by laminating or coating combinations of purchased foil, paper and plastics
-  bags, multiwall, made from purchased uncoated paper
-  bags, uncoated paper, made from purchased paper
-  book paper, coated, made from purchased paper
-  bread wrappers, waxed or laminated, made from purchased paper
-  cardboard, laminated or surface coated, made from purchased paperboard
-  cellophane adhesive tape, made from purchased materials
-  cement bags, made from purchased paper
-  chipboard, laminated or surface-coated, made from purchased paperboard
-  coated and treated paper products, made from purchased paper
-  coated board, made from purchased paperboard
-  coating purchased paper for non-packaging applications (except photosensitive paper)
-  coating purchased paper for packaging applications
-  copper foil laminates, made from purchased foil
-  duct tape, made from purchased materials
-  flexible packaging sheet materials (except foil-paper laminates), made by coating or laminating purchased paper
-  flexible packaging sheet materials, made by laminating purchased aluminum foil
-  foil bags, made from purchased foil
-  gold and silver foil laminates, made from purchased foil
-  grocers' bags and sacks, made from purchased uncoated paper
-  groundwood paper, coated, made from purchased paper
-  gummed paper products (e.g., labels, sheets, tapes), made from purchased paper
-  labels, gummed, made from purchased paper
-  laminated gift wrap, made from purchased paper
-  laminating purchased foil and paper for packaging uses, foil as primary component
-  laminating purchased paper for non-packaging applications
-  laminating purchased paper for packaging applications
-  laminating purchased paperboard
-  leatherboard (i.e., paperboard-based), made from purchased paperboard
-  litmus paper, made from purchased paper
-  manufacture of precious metal foil laminates from purchased foil, for non-packaging applications
-  masking tape, made from purchased paper
-  milk carton board stock, made from purchased paperboard
-  multiwall shipping sacks, made from purchased uncoated paper
-  paper and cardboard, coating with varnish
-  paper bag and coated and treated paper manufacturing
-  paper bags, coated, made from purchased paper
-  paper, coated (except photographic and carbon), made from purchased paper
-  paper, laminated, made from purchased paper
-  paper, sensitized (except photographic), made from purchased paper
-  paperboard, pasted, lined, laminated or surface coated, made from purchased paperboard
-  pressure sensitive paper and tape (except medical), made from purchased materials
-  reinforced paper, made from purchased paper
-  sacks, multiwall, made from purchased uncoated paper
-  tapes (e.g., cellophane, masking, pressure sensitive), gummed, made from purchased paper or other materials
-  wallpaper, made from purchased paper or other materials
-  waxed paper for non-packaging applications, made from purchased paper
-  waxed paper for packaging applications, made from purchased paper

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing aluminum foil
-  manufacturing textile bags
-  manufacturing carbon paper
-  manufacturing medical adhesive tape and plasters
-  manufacturing metal foil containers, such as aluminum pie plates
-  manufacturing sensitized photographic and blueprint paper
-  manufacturing paper and converting it into paper bags and coated and treated paper products
-  manufacturing plastic bags, entirely of plastic

322230 Stationery product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper stationery products, used for writing, filing and similar applications.

Examples:
-  bond paper, made from purchased paper
-  business machine paper, cut sheet, made from purchased paper
-  cards, die-cut office supply (e.g., index, library, time recording), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  cash register tapes, made from purchased paper
-  construction paper, school and art, made from purchased paper
-  envelopes (e.g., mailing, stationery), made from any material
-  exercise books and pads, made from purchased paper
-  file folders (e.g., accordion, expanding, hanging, manila), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  file separators and dividers, die-cut, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  index and other die-cut cards, made from purchased cardboard
-  letters, die-cut, made from purchased cardboard
-  looseleaf fillers and paper, made from purchased paper
-  manila folders, die-cut, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  notebooks (including mechanically bound by wire or plastic), made from purchased paper
-  office paper (e.g., computer printer, photocopy, plain paper), cut sheet, made from purchased paper
-  office supplies, die-cut, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  padded envelopes, manufacturing
-  pads, desk, made from purchased paper
-  paper office supplies, made from purchased paper
-  paper products, die-cut office supplies, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  paper rolls or tapes (e.g., adding machine, cash register), made from purchased paper
-  pocket folders, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  report covers, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  seed packets, made from purchased paper
-  stationery product manufacturing
-  stationery, made from purchased paper
-  tablets (e.g., memo, note, writing), made from purchased paper
-  tablets and pads, made from purchased newsprint
-  writing paper and envelopes, boxed sets, made from purchased paper
-  writing paper, cut sheet, made from purchased paper

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paper and converting it into stationery products
-  manufacturing paperboard and converting it into stationery products
-  manufacturing carbon paper and non-paper office supplies

322291 Sanitary paper product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing converted paper sanitary products from purchased paper. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing disposable sanitary products, such as tampons, from textile materials are included.

Examples:
-  facial tissues, made from purchased paper
-  place mats, paper, made from purchased paper
-  sanitary napkins and tampons, made from purchased paper
-  sanitary paper product manufacturing
-  sanitary paper products (e.g., diapers, tampons, napkins), made from purchased textile fibres
-  sanitary products, made from purchased sanitary paper stock
-  serviettes or napkins, paper, made from purchased paper
-  tablecloths, paper, made from purchased paper
-  tissues, cleansing, made from purchased paper
-  toilet paper, made from purchased paper
-  towels, paper, made from purchased paper

322299 All other converted paper product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing converted paper products, from purchased paper. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing moulded pulp products, such as egg cartons, are included.

Examples:
-  bottle caps and tops, die-cut from purchased paper or paperboard
-  cards, die-cut (except office supplies), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  cigarette paper, made from purchased paper
-  cigarette papers, book, made from purchased paper
-  coffee filters, made from purchased paper
-  confetti, made from purchased paper
-  crepe paper, made from purchased paper
-  die-cut paper products (except office supplies), made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  dishes, made from moulded pulp
-  doilies, paper, made from purchased paper
-  egg case fillers and flats, die-cut from purchased paper or paperboard
-  filters, paper, made from purchased paper
-  florists' pots, moulded pulp, manufacturing
-  glassine wrapping paper, made from purchased paper
-  insulating batts, fills or blankets, made from purchased paper
-  moulded pulp products (e.g., egg cartons, food containers, food trays), manufacturing
-  moulded sanitary pulp products (e.g., cups, dishes, trays), manufacturing
-  novelties, paper, manufacturing
-  paperboard backs for blister or skin packages, made from purchased paper or paperboard
-  paper-maché products, manufacturing
-  pet litter (paper based), manufacturing
-  photograph folders, mats and mounts, manufacturing
-  pinata, manufacturing
-  pulp products, moulded, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paper, except newsprint, and converting it into paper products
-  manufacturing paperboard and converting it into paper products

Printing and related support activities

323113 Commercial screen printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using silk-screen printing equipment. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability, for example, to cut stencils. Typically, these establishments print on clothing; or produce paper documents of a graphical nature, such as pictures and large-format sign-type lettering.

Examples:
-  art works, screen printing without publishing
-  cards (e.g., business, greeting, playing, postcards, trading), screen printing without publishing
-  commercial screen printing
-  eye glass frames, screen printing, for the trade
-  glass, screen printing, for the trade
-  posters, screen printing without publishing
-  print shops, screen (except on textile fabrics), while you wait service
-  printing on textile products (e.g., napkins, placemats, towels)
-  screen printing labels and tags
-  screen printing newspapers
-  screen printing on clothing (e.g., caps, T-shirts)
-  screen printing on made up textile products, including apparel findings
-  screen printing on metal
-  screen printing paper documents (e.g., pictures, large-format banners), without publishing
-  screen printing without publishing (except textile products, labels or newspaper)

Exclusions:
-  silk-screen printing on textile fabrics

323114 Quick printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in commercial printing using small offset printers and/or non-impact printers. Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have a pre-press capability.

Examples:
-  instant printing (i.e., quick printing)
-  print shops, quick
-  quick printing
-  quick printing (except photocopy service)
-  quick printing combined with photocopy services

Exclusions:
-  printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers

323115 Digital printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in digital printing. These establishments use computer-controlled non-impact (electrostatic, ink jet, spray jet) printing equipment. The image to be printed is input to the printer as a computer file (not simply scanned in and digitized by the printer itself). Establishments in this Canadian industry typically have extensive pre-press operations, including specialized scanners and colour-separation equipment. Typically, these establishments print documents of a high-resolution, graphical nature.

Examples:
-  digital printing
-  digital printing shops (e.g., billboards, large format graphical materials and high resolution)

Exclusions:
-  printing using simple electrostatic printers, such as office-type photocopiers

323116 Manifold business forms printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in printing manifold business forms.

Examples:
-  books (e.g., sales, cheque) and refills, manifold printing
-  computer forms, manifold or continuous (except paper simply lined), printing
-  manifold business forms printing
-  plants, potted, greenhouse grown
-  printing manifold business or unit set forms (e.g., credit card slips)

323119 Other printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in printing.

Examples:
-  address lists, printing without publishing
-  advertising material (e.g., coupons, flyers), printing without publishing
-  almanacs, dictionaries and encyclopedias, printing without publishing
-  art works, printing (except screen) without publishing
-  atlases, printing without publishing
-  bank notes, printing
-  bingo cards, printing
-  board games, printing without publishing
-  books and pamphlets, printing and binding without publishing
-  books, printing without publishing
-  business forms (except manifold), printing without publishing
-  calendars, printing without publishing
-  cards (e.g., business, greeting, playing, postcards, trading), printing without publishing
-  catalogues of collections (e.g., museum), printing without publishing
-  catalogues, printing without publishing
-  certificates (e.g., bond, stock), printing
-  comic books, printing without publishing
-  commercial print shop (using multiple processes)
-  credit and identification card imprinting, embossing and encoding
-  directories, printing without publishing
-  discount coupon books, printing without publishing
-  flexographic printing (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics), without publishing
-  flexographic printing on purchased labels or tags
-  gravure printing (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics), without publishing
-  gravure printing on metal
-  gravure printing on purchased labels or tags
-  greeting cards (e.g., birthday, holiday, sympathy), printing without publishing
-  guides or travel books, printing without publishing
-  intaglio printing
-  job printing, lithographic and offset (except quick)
-  journals and magazines, trade, printing without publishing
-  journals, scholarly, printing without publishing
-  labels, printing on a job-order basis
-  letterpress printing
-  letterpress printing (except manifold business forms, textile fabrics)
-  lithographic printing (except manifold business forms, quick printing, textile fabrics), without publishing
-  lithographic printing on metal
-  lithographic printing on purchased labels or tags
-  lithographic, flexographic or gravure newspapers printing
-  looseleaf binders and devices, manufacturing
-  looseleaf binding fittings, manufacturing
-  magazines and periodicals, printing without publishing
-  maps, printing without publishing
-  music books, printing and binding without publishing
-  music books, printing without publishing
-  music, sheet, printing without publishing
-  newsletters, printing without publishing
-  offset printing (except manifold business forms, quick printing, textile fabrics), without publishing
-  offset printing flexographic (except books, manifold business forms, printing grey goods, quick printing)
-  other printing on purchased labels and tags
-  pamphlets and textbooks, printing without publishing
-  paper engraving (e.g., invitation, greeting, business)
-  patterns and plans, printing without publishing
-  playing cards, printing without publishing
-  postage stamps, printing without publishing
-  postcards, printing without publishing
-  posters, printing (except quick, digital) without publishing
-  print shops, letterpress
-  printing blank books, notebooks, diaries and albums
-  printing looseleaf fillers (e.g., refills for blankbooks, photo albums, scrapbooks, time planners/organizers, etc.)
-  programs, for sporting events, printing without publishing
-  racing forms, printing without publishing
-  ring binders, looseleaf binders and related device, manufacturing
-  rotogravure printing
-  schedules (e.g., radio, television, transportation), printing without publishing
-  shipping registers, printing without publishing
-  signs and notices, paper, printing (except quick, digital) without publishing
-  stationery, printing (except quick) on a job-order basis
-  street map guides, printing without publishing
-  technical manuals and papers (books), printing without publishing
-  telephone directories, printing without publishing
-  yearbooks, printing without publishing

323120 Support activities for printing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services to commercial printers, such as pre-press and bindery work.

Examples:
-  binderies (i.e., bookbinding shops)
-  book gilding, bronzing, edging, deckling, embossing and gold stamping, for the trade
-  bookbinding including book repairing (except by libraries)
-  bookbinding, without printing
-  colour separation services, for the printing trade
-  deckling printed products (e.g., books, playing cards), for the trade
-  electronic prepress services for the printing trade
-  electrotype plate preparation services
-  embossing plate preparation services
-  engraving printing plates, for the printing trades
-  flexographic plate preparation services
-  gold stamping books, for the trade
-  gravure plates and cylinders preparation services
-  imagesetting services, pre-press
-  letterpress plate preparation services
-  lithographic plate preparation services
-  miscellaneous activities related to printing, such as punching and drilling, folding, embossing
-  offset plate preparation services
-  pamphlets and magazines, binding without printing
-  photocomposition services, for the printing trades
-  photoengraving plate preparation services
-  phototypesetting services
-  platemaking, for the printing trades
-  postpress services (e.g., bevelling, binding, bronzing, edging, foil stamping), on printed products
-  prepress printing services (e.g., colour separation, imagesetting, photocomposition, typesetting)
-  pre-press services to printers
-  printing plate preparation services
-  printing postpress services (e.g., bevelling, binding, bronzing, edging, foil stamping)
-  rebinding books, magazines, or pamphlets
-  rotogravure printing plates and cylinders preparation services
-  screens for printing, preparation services
-  support activities for printing
-  swatches and samples, mounting for the trade
-  trade binding services
-  typesetting (i.e., computer-controlled, hand, machine), for the printing trade

Petroleum and coal product manufacturing

324110 Petroleum refineries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in refining crude petroleum. Petroleum refining involves the transformation of crude oil by such processes as cracking and distillation.

Examples:
-  acid oils, made in petroleum refineries
-  aliphatic (i.e., acyclic) chemicals, made in petroleum refineries
-  alkylates, made in petroleum refineries
-  asphalt and asphaltic materials, made in petroleum refineries
-  asphalt paving mixtures, made in petroleum refineries
-  aviation fuels, made in petroleum refineries
-  benzene, made in petroleum refineries
-  butadiene, made in petroleum refineries
-  butylene (i.e., butene), made in petroleum refineries
-  crude oil, refining
-  cumene, made in petroleum refineries
-  cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, made in petroleum refineries
-  diesel fuels, made in petroleum refineries
-  ethylene, made in petroleum refineries
-  fuel oils, made in petroleum refineries
-  gasoline, made in petroleum refineries
-  heating oils, made in petroleum refineries
-  hydraulic fluids, made in petroleum refineries
-  jet fuels, made in petroleum refineries
-  kerosene, made in petroleum refineries
-  liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), made in petroleum refineries
-  lubricating oils and greases, made in petroleum refineries
-  naphtha, made in petroleum refineries
-  naphthalene, made in petroleum refineries
-  naphthenic acids, made in petroleum refineries
-  oil additives, made in petroleum refineries
-  oils (e.g., fuel, lubricating and illuminating), made in petroleum refineries
-  petrochemical feedstocks, made in petroleum refineries
-  petrochemicals, made in petroleum refineries
-  petroleum coke, made in petroleum refineries
-  petroleum cracking and reforming
-  petroleum distillation
-  petroleum jelly, made in petroleum refineries
-  petroleum refineries
-  propane gases, made in petroleum refineries
-  propylene (i.e., propene), made in petroleum refineries
-  road oils, made in petroleum refineries
-  solvents, made in petroleum refineries
-  still gases, made in petroleum refineries
-  styrene, made in petroleum refineries
-  tar, made in petroleum refineries
-  toluene, made in petroleum refineries
-  waxes, petroleum, made in petroleum refineries
-  xylene, made in petroleum refineries

Exclusions:
-  blending and compounding lubricating oils and greases from refined petroleum products
-  manufacturing petrochemicals from petroleum feedstocks
-  producing natural gasoline from natural gas
-  manufacturing asphalt paving and roofing materials from refined petroleum products

324121 Asphalt paving mixture and block manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing asphalt paving mixtures and blocks, from purchased asphalt, bituminous materials or coal tar.

Examples:
-  asphalt and tar paving mixtures, blocks and road compounds made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  asphalt paving mixture and block manufacturing
-  coal tar paving materials, made from purchased coal tar

324122 Asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing roofing rolls, sheets and shingles, by saturating mats and felts with purchased asphalt or bituminous materials; and manufacturing roofing cements and coatings.

Examples:
-  asphalt roofing coatings, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  asphalt saturated mats and felts, made from purchased asphaltic materials and paper
-  asphalt shingle and coating material manufacturing
-  asphalt shingles, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  asphalt siding, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  boards, asphalt saturated, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  cements, asphalt roofing, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  pitch, roofing, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  sheathing, asphalt saturated, made from refined petroleum
-  tar paper, building and roofing, made from purchased asphaltic materials and paper
-  tar roofing cements and coating compounds, made from purchased asphaltic materials
-  undercoating for motor vehicles, made from purchased asphaltic materials

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing asphalt shingles and tar paper, from paper made in the same establishment

324190 Other petroleum and coal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing petroleum and coal products. Establishments primarily engaged in re-refining used products are included.

Examples:
-  briquettes, petroleum, made from refined petroleum
-  calcining petroleum coke from refined petroleum
-  coal tar crudes, produced in coke ovens
-  coke and tar, made in coke ovens
-  coke oven products (e.g., coke, gases, tars), made in coke oven establishments
-  coke ovens
-  fireplace logs, made from refined petroleum or coal
-  fuel briquettes or boulets, made from refined petroleum
-  hard coal fuel briquettes, manufacturing
-  illuminating oils, petroleum, made from refined petroleum
-  lignite coal fuel briquettes, manufacturing
-  lubricating, cutting, grinding or penetrating oils and greases, made from refined petroleum
-  motor oil, hydraulic brake fluids and transmission fluids made from refined petroleum
-  oil-based additives, made from refined petroleum
-  petroleum jelly, made from refined petroleum
-  recycling (i.e., re-refining) used motor and lubricating oils
-  road oils, made from refined petroleum
-  rust-arresting petroleum compounds, made from refined petroleum
-  waxes, petroleum, made from refined petroleum

Chemical manufacturing

325110 Petrochemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting feedstocks derived from petroleum, or from petroleum and natural gas liquids, into petrochemicals. Some important processes used in petrochemical manufacturing include steam cracking and steam reforming. For the purpose of defining this industry, petrochemicals consist of acyclic (aliphatic) hydrocarbons and cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Examples:
-  acyclic hydrocarbons (except acetylene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  aliphatic hydrocarbons (except acetylene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  aromatic cyclic hydrocarbons, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  benzene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  butadiene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  butane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  butylene (butene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  cumene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  ethane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  ethylbenzene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  ethylene (ethene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  heptane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  heptene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  hexane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  isobutene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  isoprene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  naphthalene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  nonene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  olefins (alkenes), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  paraffins (alkanes), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  pentane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  pentene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  petrochemical manufacturing
-  petrochemicals, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  propylene (propene), made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  styrene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  toluene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids
-  xylene, made from refined petroleum or natural gas liquids

Exclusions:
-  refining crude petroleum into petrochemicals
-  manufacturing acetylene
-  converting petrochemicals into other basic chemicals
-  manufacturing plastics resins and synthetic rubber

325120 Industrial gas manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial organic and inorganic gases in compressed, liquid and solid forms.

Examples:
-  acetylene, manufacturing
-  air, liquid, manufacturing
-  argon, manufacturing
-  carbon dioxide, manufacturing
-  chlorofluorocarbon gases, manufacturing
-  dry ice (i.e., solid carbon dioxide), manufacturing
-  fluorinated hydrocarbon gases, manufacturing
-  fluorocarbon gases, manufacturing
-  Freon ™ gas, manufacturing
-  gases, industrial (i.e., compressed, liquefied, solid), manufacturing
-  helium, manufacturing
-  hydrogen, manufacturing
-  industrial gas manufacturing
-  neon, manufacturing
-  nitrogen, manufacturing
-  nitrous oxide, manufacturing
-  oxygen, manufacturing

325130 Synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic organic and inorganic dyes, pigments, lakes and toners.

Examples:
-  acid dyes, synthetic organic, manufacturing
-  anthraquinone dyes, manufacturing
-  antimony based pigments, manufacturing
-  arsenic-based pigments, manufacturing
-  azine dyes, manufacturing
-  azo dyes, manufacturing
-  barytes based pigments, manufacturing
-  blanc fixe (i.e., barium sulfate, precipitated), manufacturing
-  ceramic colours, manufacturing
-  chrome pigments (i.e., chrome green, chrome orange, chrome yellow), manufacturing
-  colour lakes and toners (i.e., organic pigments), manufacturing
-  colour pigments, inorganic (except bone, carbon and lamp black), manufacturing
-  copper based pigments, manufacturing
-  direct dyes, manufacturing
-  disperse dyes, manufacturing
-  dyes, inorganic and synthetic organic, manufacturing
-  dyes, inorganic, manufacturing
-  dyes, synthetic organic, manufacturing
-  eosine dyes, manufacturing
-  ferric oxide pigments, manufacturing
-  fluorescent dyes, manufacturing
-  food colouring, synthetic, manufacturing
-  inorganic pigments (except carbon, bone and lamp black), manufacturing
-  iron based pigments, manufacturing
-  lakes (i.e., organic pigments), manufacturing
-  lead based pigments, manufacturing
-  lead pigments, manufacturing
-  litharge, manufacturing
-  lithopone, manufacturing
-  metallic pigments, inorganic, manufacturing
-  methyl violet toners, manufacturing
-  mineral colours and pigments, manufacturing
-  mordant dyes, manufacturing
-  nitroso dyes, manufacturing
-  ochre pigments, manufacturing
-  organic pigments, dyes, lakes and toners, manufacturing
-  pararosaniline dyes, manufacturing
-  peacock blue lake, manufacturing
-  pearl essence pigment, synthetic, manufacturing
-  persian orange lake, manufacturing
-  phosphomolybdic acid lakes and toners, manufacturing
-  phosphotungstic acid lakes and toners, manufacturing
-  phthalocyanine pigments, manufacturing
-  pigment, scarlet lake, manufacturing
-  pigments (except animal black, bone black), organic, manufacturing
-  pigments (except bone, carbon and lamp black), inorganic, manufacturing
-  prussian blue pigments, manufacturing
-  satin white pigments, manufacturing
-  scarlet 2 r lake, manufacturing
-  sienna pigments, manufacturing
-  solvent dyes, manufacturing
-  stains, biological, manufacturing
-  stilbene dyes, manufacturing
-  synthetic dye and pigment manufacturing
-  titanium based pigments, manufacturing
-  toners (except electrostatic, photographic), manufacturing
-  ultramarine pigments, manufacturing
-  umber, manufacturing
-  vat dyes, synthetic, manufacturing
-  vermilion pigments, manufacturing
-  white extender pigments (e.g., barytes, blanc fixe, whiting), manufacturing
-  whiting, manufacturing
-  zinc based pigments, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing paint
-  manufacturing printing ink
-  manufacturing carbon, bone and lamp black pigments
-  manufacturing wood or coal tar distillation products used as dyeing materials
-  manufacturing toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices

325181 Alkali and chlorine manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing alkalies and chlorine, often using an electrolysis process.

Examples:
-  alkali and chlorine manufacturing
-  alkalis, manufacturing
-  caustic potash (i.e., potassium hydroxide), manufacturing
-  caustic soda (i.e., sodium hydroxide), manufacturing
-  chlorine, manufacturing
-  potassium carbonate, manufacturing
-  potassium hydroxide (i.e., caustic potash), manufacturing
-  sal soda (i.e., washing soda), manufacturing
-  soda ash (i.e., disodium carbonate), manufacturing
-  sodium bicarbonate (i.e., baking soda), manufacturing
-  sodium carbonate (i.e., soda ash), manufacturing
-  sodium hydroxide (i.e., caustic soda), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing chlorine preparations for swimming pools
-  manufacturing household bleaches
-  mining and preparing alkalies
-  manufacturing industrial bleaches

325189 All other basic inorganic chemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing inorganic chemicals.

Examples:
-  aluminum chloride, manufacturing
-  aluminum hydroxide (i.e., alumina trihydrate), manufacturing
-  aluminum sulphate, manufacturing
-  alums (e.g., aluminum ammonium sulphate, aluminum potassium sulphate), manufacturing
-  ammonium chloride, manufacturing
-  ammonium hydroxide, manufacturing
-  ammonium molybdate, manufacturing
-  ammonium perchlorate, manufacturing
-  ammonium thiosulfate, manufacturing
-  animal black, manufacturing
-  antimony oxides (except pigments), manufacturing
-  arsenates, manufacturing
-  arsenites, manufacturing
-  barium hydroxide, manufacturing
-  beryllium oxide, manufacturing
-  bichromates and chromates, manufacturing
-  bleaching agents, inorganic, manufacturing
-  bone black, manufacturing
-  borax (i.e., sodium borate), manufacturing
-  boric acid, manufacturing
-  borosilicate, manufacturing
-  bromine, manufacturing
-  calcium carbide, chloride and hypochlorite, manufacturing
-  calcium hypochlorite, manufacturing
-  carbides (e.g., boron, calcium, silicon, tungsten), manufacturing
-  carbon disulphide, manufacturing
-  carbon, bone and lamp black pigments, manufacturing
-  carbonic acid, manufacturing
-  cerium salts, manufacturing
-  channel black, manufacturing
-  chloride of lime, manufacturing
-  chlorine dioxide, manufacturing
-  chlorosulphonic acid, manufacturing
-  chromic acid, manufacturing
-  chromium oxide, manufacturing
-  chromium salts, manufacturing
-  cobalt 60 (i.e., radioactive cobalt), manufacturing
-  cobalt chloride, manufacturing
-  cobalt sulphate, manufacturing
-  copper chloride, manufacturing
-  copper iodide, manufacturing
-  copper sulphate, manufacturing
-  cyanides, manufacturing
-  dichromates, manufacturing
-  ferric chloride, manufacturing
-  ferric oxides (except pigment), manufacturing
-  ferrocyanides, manufacturing
-  fluoboric acid, manufacturing
-  fluorine, manufacturing
-  furnace black, manufacturing
-  Glauber's salt, manufacturing
-  heavy water (i.e., deuterium oxide), manufacturing
-  hydrazine, manufacturing
-  hydrochloric acid, manufacturing
-  hydrocyanic acid, manufacturing
-  hydrofluoric acid, manufacturing
-  hydrofluosilicic acid, manufacturing
-  hydrogen peroxide, manufacturing
-  hydrogen sulphide, manufacturing
-  hydrosulphites, manufacturing
-  hypochlorites, manufacturing
-  hypophosphites, manufacturing
-  indium chloride, manufacturing
-  iodides, manufacturing
-  iodine, crude or resublimed, manufacturing
-  iron sulphate, manufacturing
-  lamp black, manufacturing
-  lead oxides (except pigments), manufacturing
-  lead silicate, manufacturing
-  magnesium carbonate, manufacturing
-  magnesium chloride, manufacturing
-  manganese dioxide, manufacturing
-  mercury chloride, manufacturing
-  mercury oxide, manufacturing
-  nickel ammonium sulphate, manufacturing
-  nickel carbonate, manufacturing
-  nickel sulphate, manufacturing
-  nuclear fuel scrap reprocessing
-  nuclear fuels, inorganic, manufacturing
-  oleum (i.e., fuming sulphuric acid), manufacturing
-  perchloric acid, manufacturing
-  peroxides, inorganic, manufacturing
-  phosphorus oxychloride, manufacturing
-  potassium aluminum sulphate, manufacturing
-  potassium bichromate and chromate, manufacturing
-  potassium bromide, manufacturing
-  potassium chlorate, manufacturing
-  potassium chloride, manufacturing
-  potassium hypochlorate, manufacturing
-  potassium iodide, manufacturing
-  potassium nitrate, manufacturing
-  potassium permanganate, manufacturing
-  potassium salts, manufacturing
-  potassium sulphate, manufacturing
-  radioactive elements, manufacturing
-  radioactive isotopes, manufacturing
-  radium chloride, manufacturing
-  radium luminous compounds, manufacturing
-  rare earth salts, manufacturing
-  selenium dioxide, manufacturing
-  silica gel, manufacturing
-  silica, amorphous, manufacturing
-  silicofluorides, manufacturing
-  silver bromide, manufacturing
-  silver chloride, manufacturing
-  silver nitrate, manufacturing
-  sodium aluminate, manufacturing
-  sodium aluminum sulphate, manufacturing
-  sodium antimoniate, manufacturing
-  sodium arsenite, manufacturing
-  sodium bichromate and chromate, manufacturing
-  sodium borate, manufacturing
-  sodium borohydride, manufacturing
-  sodium bromide, manufacturing
-  sodium chlorate, manufacturing
-  sodium hydrosulphite, manufacturing
-  sodium hypochlorite, manufacturing
-  sodium molybdate, manufacturing
-  sodium perborate, manufacturing
-  sodium peroxide, manufacturing
-  sodium phosphate, manufacturing
-  sodium polyphosphate, manufacturing
-  sodium silicate, manufacturing
-  sodium silicofluoride, manufacturing
-  sodium stannate, manufacturing
-  sodium sulphate, manufacturing
-  sodium tetraborate, manufacturing
-  sodium thiosulfate, manufacturing
-  sodium tungstate, manufacturing
-  sodium uranate, manufacturing
-  stannic and stannous chloride, manufacturing
-  strontium carbonate, manufacturing
-  strontium nitrate, manufacturing
-  sulphides and sulphites, manufacturing
-  sulphocyanides, manufacturing
-  sulphur chloride, manufacturing
-  sulphur dioxide, manufacturing
-  sulphur hexafluoride gas, manufacturing
-  sulphur, recovering or refining (except from sour natural gas)
-  sulphuric acid, manufacturing
-  tanning agents, inorganic, manufacturing
-  thiocyanate, manufacturing
-  tin chloride, manufacturing
-  tin oxide, manufacturing
-  tin salts, manufacturing
-  titanium dioxide, manufacturing
-  tungstates (e.g., ammonium tungstate, sodium tungstate), manufacturing
-  uranium oxide, manufacturing
-  uranium, enriched, manufacturing
-  zinc ammonium chloride, manufacturing
-  zinc chloride, manufacturing
-  zinc hydrosulphite (i.e., zinc dithionite), manufacturing
-  zinc oxide, manufacturing
-  zinc sulphide, manufacturing

325190 Other basic organic chemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing basic organic chemicals. Establishments primarily engaged in coal tar distillation, the distillation of wood products or the manufacture of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) for non-beverage use are included. The main products of this class are vinyl chloride, methanol, alicyclic hydrocarbon, ethylene glycol, fatty acids and esters.

Examples:
-  accelerators (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals), manufacturing
-  acetaldehyde, manufacturing
-  acetate of lime, natural, made by distillation of wood
-  acetic acid, manufacturing
-  acetic anhydride, manufacturing
-  acetin, manufacturing
-  acetone, natural, manufacturing
-  acetone, synthetic, manufacturing
-  acrolein, manufacturing
-  acrylonitrile, manufacturing
-  acyclic hydrocarbon, manufacturing
-  adipic acid esters or amines, manufacturing
-  adipic acid, manufacturing
-  adiponitrile, manufacturing
-  alcohol, methyl (methanol), manufacturing
-  aldehydes, manufacturing
-  alginates (e.g., calcium, potassium, sodium), manufacturing
-  alginic acid, manufacturing
-  allyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  aminoanthraquinone, manufacturing
-  aminoazobenzene, manufacturing
-  aminoazotoluene, manufacturing
-  aminophenol, manufacturing
-  amyl acetate, manufacturing
-  aniline, manufacturing
-  annato extract, manufacturing
-  anthracene, manufacturing
-  azobenzene, manufacturing
-  benzaldehyde, manufacturing
-  benzoic acid, manufacturing
-  bio-oil or bio-diesel, manufacture
-  bleaching agents, organic, manufacturing
-  brazilwood extract, manufacturing
-  brewers' pitch, made by distillation of wood
-  briquettes, charcoal, manufacturing
-  bromochloromethane, manufacturing
-  butadiene, made from alcohol
-  butyl acetate, manufacturing
-  butyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  calcium citrate, manufacturing
-  alcium oxalate, manufacturing
-  camphor, natural, manufacturing
-  camphor, synthetic, manufacturing
-  caprolactam, manufacturing
-  carbinol (methanol and derivatives), manufacturing
-  carbolic acid (phenol), manufacturing
-  carbon tetrachloride, manufacturing
-  cellulose acetate, non-plasticized, manufacturing
-  cetyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  charcoal (except activated), manufacturing
-  charcoal briquettes, wood, manufacturing
-  chestnut extract, manufacturing
-  chloral, manufacturing
-  chloroacetic acid, manufacturing
-  chlorobenzene, manufacturing
-  chloroform, manufacturing
-  chloronaphthalene, manufacturing
-  chlorophenol, manufacturing
-  chloropicrin, manufacturing
-  chlorotoluene, manufacturing
-  citral, manufacturing
-  citric acid, manufacturing
-  citronellal, manufacturing
-  coal tar distillates, manufacturing
-  coumarin, manufacturing
-  cream of tartar, manufacturing
-  creosote, made by distillation of coal tar
-  creosote, made by distillation of wood tar
-  cresols, made by distillation of coal tar
-  cresylic acids, made from refined petroleum or natural gas
-  cyclic crudes, made by distillation of coal tar
-  cyclohexane, manufacturing
-  cyclopentane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas
-  cyclopropane, made from refined petroleum or natural gas
-  cycloterpenes, manufacturing
-  cymene, manufacturing
-  decahydronaphthalene, manufacturing
-  denatured alcohol, manufacturing
-  dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), manufacturing
-  diethylcyclohexane, manufacturing
-  diethylene glycol, manufacturing
-  dimethyl divinyl acetylene (di-isopropenyl acetylene), manufacturing
-  dimethylhydrazine, manufacturing
-  diphenylamine, manufacturing
-  distilling wood or gum into products such as tall oil and wood distillates
-  dragon's blood, manufacturing
-  dyes, natural, manufacturing
-  enzyme proteins (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals) (except pharmaceutical use), manufacturing
-  essential oils, synthetic, manufacturing
-  ethanol (ethyl alcohol), non-potable, made by the wet-mill process
-  ethanol (ethyl alcohol), non-potable, manufacturing
-  ethyl acetate, natural, manufacturing
-  ethyl acetate, synthetic, manufacturing
-  ethyl alcohol (ethanol), non-potable, manufacturing
-  ethyl butyrate, manufacturing
-  ethyl cellulose, non-plasticized, manufacturing
-  ethyl chloride, manufacturing
-  ethyl ether, manufacturing
-  ethyl formate, manufacturing
-  ethyl nitrite, manufacturing
-  ethyl perhydrophenanthrene, manufacturing
-  ethylene dichloride (dichloroethane), manufacturing
-  ethylene glycol ether, manufacturing
-  ethylene glycol, manufacturing
-  ethylene oxide, manufacturing
-  extracts, natural dyeing and tanning, manufacturing
-  fatty acid esters and amines, manufacturing
-  fatty acids (e.g., margaric, oleic (red oil), stearic), manufacturing
-  fatty alcohols, manufacturing
-  flavouring materials (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals such as coumarin), manufacturing
-  formaldehyde, manufacturing
-  formalin, manufacturing
-  formic acid, manufacturing
-  fustic wood extract, manufacturing
-  gambier extract, manufacturing
-  geraniol, manufacturing
-  glycerin (i.e., glycerol), synthetic, manufacturing
-  grain alcohol, non-potable, manufacturing
-  gum or wood chemicals, manufacturing
-  halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon derivatives, manufacturing
-  halogenated hydrocarbon (except aromatics) derivatives, manufacturing
-  hardwood distillates, manufacturing
-  hemlock extract, manufacturing
-  hexadecanol, manufacturing
-  hexamethylenediamine, manufacturing
-  hexamethylenetetramine, manufacturing
-  hexanol, manufacturing
-  hexylene glycol, manufacturing
-  hydroquinone, manufacturing
-  ionone, manufacturing
-  isocyanates, manufacturing
-  isopropyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  lactic acid, manufacturing
-  lauric acid esters and amines, manufacturing
-  linoleic acid esters and amines, manufacturing
-  logwood extract, manufacturing
-  maleic anhydride, manufacturing
-  malonic dinitrile (malononitrile), manufacturing
-  mangrove extract, manufacturing
-  metallic soap, manufacturing
-  methanol (methyl alcohol), natural, manufacturing
-  methyl acetone, manufacturing
-  methyl alcohol (methanol), synthetic, manufacturing
-  methyl chloride, manufacturing
-  methyl perhydrofluorine, manufacturing
-  methyl salicylate, manufacturing
-  methylamine, manufacturing
-  methylene chloride, manufacturing
-  monohydric alcohol, manufacturing
-  monomethylparaminophenol sulfate, manufacturing
-  monosodium glutamate, manufacturing
-  myrobalans extract, manufacturing
-  naphtha, made by distillation of coal tar
-  naphthalene sulfonic acid, manufacturing
-  naphthalene, made by distillation of coal tar
-  naphthenic acid soaps, manufacturing
-  naphthenic acids, made from refined petroleum or natural gas
-  naphthol, alpha and beta, manufacturing
-  naphtholsulfonic acids, manufacturing
-  nitrated hydrocarbon derivatives, manufacturing
-  nitroaniline, manufacturing
-  nitrobenzene, manufacturing
-  nitrophenol, manufacturing
-  nitrosated hydrocarbon derivatives, manufacturing
-  nitrous ether, manufacturing
-  oak extract, manufacturing
-  oils, made by distillation of coal tar
-  oils, wood, made by distillation of wood
-  oleic acid esters, manufacturing
-  organo-inorganic compounds, manufacturing
-  orthodichlorobenzene, manufacturing
-  oxalates (e.g., ammonium oxalate, ethyl oxalate, sodium oxalate), manufacturing
-  oxalic acid, manufacturing
-  palmitic acid esters and amines, manufacturing
-  pentachlorophenol, manufacturing
-  pentaerythritol, manufacturing
-  perchloroethylene, manufacturing
-  perfume materials (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals such as terpineol), manufacturing
-  peroxides, organic, manufacturing
-  phenol, manufacturing
-  phosgene, manufacturing
-  phosphoric acid esters, manufacturing
-  phthalic acid, manufacturing
-  phthalic anhydride, manufacturing
-  pine oil, manufacturing
-  pinene, manufacturing
-  pitch, made by distillation of coal tar
-  pitch, wood, manufacturing
-  plasticizers (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals), manufacturing
-  polyhydric alcohol esters and amines, manufacturing
-  polyhydric alcohols, manufacturing
-  potassium bitartrate, manufacturing
-  propyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  propylcarbinol, manufacturing
-  propylene glycol, manufacturing
-  pyroligneous acids, manufacturing
-  quebracho extract, manufacturing
-  quercitron extract, manufacturing
-  rennet, manufacturing
-  resorcinol, manufacturing
-  rosin, made by distillation of pine gum or pine wood
-  saccharin, manufacturing
-  salicylic acid (except medicinal), manufacturing
-  sebacic acid esters, manufacturing
-  sebacic acid, manufacturing
-  silicone (except resins), manufacturing
-  sodium acetate, manufacturing
-  sodium alginate, manufacturing
-  sodium benzoate, manufacturing
-  sodium glutamate, manufacturing
-  sodium pentachlorophenate, manufacturing
-  sodium sulphoxalate formaldehyde, manufacturing
-  softwood distillates, manufacturing
-  sorbitol, manufacturing
-  stearic acid esters, manufacturing
-  stearic acid salts, manufacturing
-  sulphonated derivatives, manufacturing
-  sumac extract, manufacturing
-  synthetic sweeteners (i.e., sweetening agents), manufacturing
-  tall oil (except skimmings), manufacturing
-  tannic acid (i.e., tannins), manufacturing
-  tanning agents, synthetic organic, manufacturing
-  tanning extracts and materials, natural, manufacturing
-  tar and tar oils, made by distillation of wood
-  tar, made by distillation of coal tar
-  tartaric acid, manufacturing
-  tear gas, manufacturing
-  terpineol, manufacturing
-  tert-butylated bis (p-phenoxyphenyl) ether fluid, manufacturing
-  tetrachloroethylene, manufacturing
-  tetraethyl lead, manufacturing
-  thioglycolic acid, manufacturing
-  toluidines, manufacturing
-  trichloroethylene, manufacturing
-  trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, manufacturing
-  tridecyl alcohol, manufacturing
-  triphenyl and tricresyl phosphate, manufacturing
-  turpentine, made by distillation of pine gum or pine wood
-  valonia extract, manufacturing
-  vanillin, synthetic, manufacturing
-  vinyl acetate (except resins), manufacturing
-  vinyl chloride (chloroethylene), manufacturing
-  water pigments for finishing leather, manufacturing
-  wattle extract, manufacturing
-  witch hazel extract, manufacturing
-  wood alcohol, natural, manufacturing
-  wood alcohol, synthetic, manufacturing
-  wood distillates, manufacturing
-  wood oils, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing natural food colourings
-  manufacturing synthetic rubber
-  manufacturing activated charcoal
-  manufacturing natural glycerine
-  manufacturing organic insecticidal, herbicidal, fungicidal, and pesticidal preparations
-  manufacturing urea
-  converting petroleum or natural gas liquid feedstocks into petrochemicals
-  manufacturing organic industrial gases
-  refining crude petroleum
-  manufacturing coal tar crudes in coke ovens

325210 Resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing synthetic resins, plastics materials and synthetic rubber from basic organic chemicals.

Examples:
-  acetal resins, manufacturing
-  acrylate rubber, manufacturing
-  acrylate-butadiene rubber, manufacturing
-  acrylic resins, manufacturing
-  acrylic rubber, manufacturing
-  acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resins, manufacturing
-  alkyd resins, manufacturing
-  allyl resins, manufacturing
-  amino resins, manufacturing
-  amino-aldehyde resins, manufacturing
-  butadiene rubber (i.e., polybutadiene), manufacturing
-  butadiene styrene copolymers, containing less than 50% butadiene, manufacturing
-  butadiene styrene copolymers, containing more than 50% butadiene, manufacturing
-  butadiene styrene copolymers, manufacturing
-  butyl rubber, manufacturing
-  carbohydrate plastics, manufacturing
-  casein plastics, manufacturing
-  cellulose acetate resins, manufacturing
-  cellulose nitrate resins, manufacturing
-  cellulose propionate resins, manufacturing
-  cellulose resins, manufacturing
-  cellulose xanthate (viscose), manufacturing
-  chlorinated rubbers, synthetic, manufacturing
-  chloroprene rubber, manufacturing
-  chlorosulphonated polyethylenes, manufacturing
-  coal tar resins, manufacturing
-  coumarone-indene resins, manufacturing
-  cresol resins, manufacturing
-  cresol-furfural resins, manufacturing
-  cyclo rubber, synthetic, manufacturing
-  dicyandiamine resins, manufacturing
-  diisocyanate resins, manufacturing
-  elastomers, manufacturing
-  epichlorohydrin bisphenol and diphenol, manufacturing
-  epichlorohydrin elastomers, manufacturing
-  epoxy resins, manufacturing
-  ester gum, manufacturing
-  ethylcellulose plastics, manufacturing
-  ethylene-propylene rubber, manufacturing
-  ethylene-propylene-nonconjugated diene (EPDM) rubber, manufacturing
-  ethylene-vinyl acetate resins, manufacturing
-  fluoro rubbers, manufacturing
-  fluorocarbon derivative rubbers, manufacturing
-  fluorohydrocarbon resins, manufacturing
-  fluoro-polymer resins, manufacturing
-  hardened protein resins, manufacturing
-  hydroxyethylcellulose, manufacturing
-  ion exchange resins, manufacturing
-  ionomer resins, manufacturing
-  isobutylene resins, manufacturing
-  isocyanate rubber, manufacturing
-  isoprene rubber, manufacturing
-  latex rubber, synthetic, manufacturing
-  lignin plastics, manufacturing
-  melamine resins, manufacturing
-  methyl acrylate resins, manufacturing
-  methyl cellulose resins, manufacturing
-  methyl methacrylate resins, manufacturing
-  neoprene, manufacturing
-  nitrile rubber, manufacturing
-  nitrile-butadiene rubber, manufacturing
-  nitrile-chloroprene rubber, manufacturing
-  nitrocellulose (i.e., pyroxylin) resins, manufacturing
-  n-type rubber, manufacturing
-  nylon resins, manufacturing
-  petroleum polymer resins, manufacturing
-  phenol-formaldehyde resins, manufacturing
-  phenol-furfural resins, manufacturing
-  phenolic resins, manufacturing
-  phenoxy resins, manufacturing
-  phthalic alkyd resins, manufacturing
-  phthalic anhydride resins, manufacturing
-  plastics and synthetic resins, regenerating, precipitating and coagulating
-  polyacrylonitrile resins, manufacturing
-  polyamide resins, manufacturing
-  polycarbonate resins, manufacturing
-  polyester resins, manufacturing
-  polyethylene resins, manufacturing
-  polyethylene rubber, manufacturing
-  polyethylene terephathalate (PET) resins, manufacturing
-  polyhexamethylenediamine adipamide resins, manufacturing
-  polyisobutylene resins, manufacturing
-  polyisobutylene rubber, manufacturing
-  polyisobutylene-isoprene rubber, manufacturing
-  polymethacrylate resins, manufacturing
-  polymethylene rubber, manufacturing
-  polypropylene resins, manufacturing
-  polystyrene resins, manufacturing
-  polysulfide rubber, manufacturing
-  polytetrafluoroethylene resins, manufacturing
-  polyurethane resins, manufacturing
-  polyvinyl alcohol resins, manufacturing
-  polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins, manufacturing
-  polyvinyl resins, manufacturing
-  propylene resins, manufacturing
-  protein plastics, manufacturing
-  pyroxylin (i.e., nitrocellulose) resins, manufacturing
-  resin and synthetic rubber manufacturing
-  resins, plastics (except custom compounding purchased resins), manufacturing
-  rosin (i.e., modified resins), manufacturing
-  rubber, synthetic, manufacturing
-  silicone resins, manufacturing
-  silicone rubber, manufacturing
-  soybean plastics, manufacturing
-  stereorubber, manufacturing
-  s-type rubber, manufacturing
-  styrene resins, manufacturing
-  styrene-acrylonitrile resins, manufacturing
-  styrene-butadiene rubber, containing less than 50% styrene, manufacturing
-  styrene-chloroprene rubber, manufacturing
-  styrene-isoprene rubber, manufacturing
-  synthetic rubber (i.e., vulcanizable elastomers), manufacturing
-  tar acid resins, manufacturing
-  thermoplastic resins and plastics materials, manufacturing
-  thermosetting plastics resins, manufacturing
-  thermosetting vulcanizable elastomers, manufacturing
-  thiol rubber, manufacturing
-  urea resins, manufacturing
-  urethane rubber, manufacturing
-  vinyl resins, manufacturing
-  vinylidene resins, manufacturing
-  vulcanized oils, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing rubber processing chemicals and plasticizers, from separate chemical elements or compounds
-  manufacturing plastics adhesives
-  manufacturing rubber processing chemicals and plasticizers except from separate chemical elements or compounds; custom compounding of resins produced elsewhere
-  processing rubber into intermediate or final products

325220 Artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments in the form of monofilament, filament yarn, staple or tow. Artificial fibres are made from organic polymers derived from natural raw materials, mainly cellulose. Synthetic fibres are generally derived from petrochemicals. Establishments that both manufacture and texture fibres are included.

Examples:
-  acrylic fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  acrylonitrile fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  alginate fibres, manufacturing
-  anidex fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments manufacturing
-  casein fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  cellophane film or sheet, manufacturing
-  cellulose acetate fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  cellulosic fibres and fibre mixtures, made from waste
-  cellulosic filament yarn, manufacturing
-  cellulosic staple fibres, manufacturing
-  cigarette tow, cellulosic fibre, manufacturing
-  cuprammonium rayon (cupro) filaments, manufacturing
-  elastic yarn (including rubber, spandex and other synthetic elastomers), manufacturing
-  elastomeric fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  fibres and filaments, artificial, manufacturing
-  fibres and filaments, cellulosic, manufacturing and texturizing
-  fibres and filaments, non-cellulosic, manufacturing and texturizing
-  fibres and filaments, synthetic, manufacturing
-  filament yarn, man-made, manufacturing
-  fluorocarbon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  linear esters fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  man-made fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  nitrocellulose fibres, manufacturing
-  non-cellulosic fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  non-cellulosic filament yarn, manufacturing
-  non-cellulosic staple fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  nylon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  olefin fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyamide (e.g., nylon) fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyester fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyethylene terephathalate (PET) fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyolefin fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polypropylene fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyurethane fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyvinyl ester fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  polyvinylidene chloride (i.e., saran) fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  protein fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  rayon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  regenerated cellulosic fibres, manufacturing
-  soybean fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  spandex fibre, filaments and yarn, manufacturing
-  texturizing cellulosic yarn, made in the same establishment
-  texturizing non-cellulosic yarn, made in the same establishment
-  throwing cellulosic yarn, made in the same establishment
-  throwing non-cellulosic yarn, made in the same establishment
-  tri-acetate fibres and yarns, manufacturing
-  vinyl fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  vinylidene chloride fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  viscose fibres, bands, strips and yarn, manufacturing
-  viscose rayon fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  yarn, cellulosic filament, manufacturing
-  yarn, monofilament, man-made, manufacturing
-  yarn, monofilament, man-made, manufacturing and texturizing
-  yarn, non-cellulosic fibres and filaments, manufacturing
-  yarn, non-cellulosic fibres and filaments, manufacturing and texturizing
-  zein fibres and filaments, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  texturizing artificial and synthetic fibres and filaments produced elsewhere
-  manufacturing glass fibres

325313 Chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing nitrogenous and phosphoric fertilizer materials and mixing these ingredients with other ingredients into fertilizers. Establishments producing natural organic fertilizers and mixtures (except compost) are included. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of phosphoric acid, urea, ammonia and nitric acid, whether or not for use as a fertilizer material, are also included.

Examples:
-  ammonia (i.e., anhydrous or ammonium hydroxyde), manufacturing
-  ammonium and diammonium phosphates, manufacturing
-  ammonium nitrate, manufacturing
-  ammonium sulphate, manufacturing
-  anhydrous ammonia, manufacturing
-  chemical fertilizer (except potash) manufacturing
-  defluorinated phosphates, manufacturing
-  fertilizer materials, nitrogenous and phosphatic, manufacturing
-  fertilizers, mixed, made in plants producing nitrogenous fertilizer materials
-  fertilizers, mixed, made in plants producing nitrogenous or phosphatic fertilizer materials
-  fertilizers, mixed, made in plants producing phosphatic fertilizer materials
-  fertilizers, natural organic (except compost), manufacturing
-  fertilizers, of animal waste origin, manufacturing
-  fertilizers, of sewage origin, manufacturing
-  nitric acid, manufacturing
-  nitrogenous fertilizer materials, manufacturing
-  phosphatic fertilizer materials, manufacturing
-  phosphoric acid, manufacturing
-  plant foods, mixed, made in plants producing nitrogenous fertilizer materials
-  plant foods, mixed, made in plants producing phosphatic fertilizer materials
-  superphosphates, manufacturing
-  urea (except fertilizer), manufacturing
-  urea, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  mining potash
-  compost manufacturing

325314 Mixed fertilizer manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing ingredients produced elsewhere into fertilizers.

Examples:
-  mixed fertilizer manufacturing
-  mixing purchased fertilizer materials
-  nitrogenous, phosphatic or potassic fertilizers, made by mixing purchased materials
-  potting soil, manufacturing
-  production of compost from organic waste

325320 Pesticide and other agricultural chemical manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing agricultural chemicals, except fertilizers. Establishments engaged in manufacturing household pest control products are included.

Examples:
-  arsenate insecticides, manufacturing
-  arsenite insecticides, manufacturing
-  benzene hexachloride (BHC) insecticides, manufacturing
-  bordeaux mixture insecticides, manufacturing
-  botanical insecticides, manufacturing
-  calcium arsenate insecticides, manufacturing
-  chlordane insecticides, manufacturing
-  copper arsenate insecticides, manufacturing
-  DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) insecticides, manufacturing
-  defoliants, manufacturing
-  dips (i.e., pesticides), cattle and sheep, manufacturing
-  endrin insecticides, manufacturing
-  exterminating chemical products (e.g., fungicides, insecticides, pesticides), manufacturing
-  fly sprays, manufacturing
-  fungicides, manufacturing
-  herbicides, manufacturing
-  household type insecticides, manufacturing
-  insecticides, manufacturing
-  lead arsenate insecticides, manufacturing
-  lime sulphur fungicides, manufacturing
-  lindane pesticides, manufacturing
-  malathion insecticides, manufacturing
-  methoxychlor insecticides, manufacturing
-  moth repellents, manufacturing
-  nicotine insecticides, manufacturing
-  organo-phosphate base insecticides, manufacturing
-  parathion insecticides, manufacturing
-  Paris green insecticides, manufacturing
-  pest (e.g., ant, rat, roach, rodent, termite) control poisons, manufacturing
-  pesticides, manufacturing
-  plant growth regulators, manufacturing
-  pyrethrin insecticides, manufacturing
-  rodenticides, manufacturing
-  root removing chemicals, manufacturing
-  rotenone insecticides, manufacturing
-  seed treatment preparations, manufacturing
-  sodium arsenite insecticides, manufacturing
-  soil conditioning preparations, manufacturing
-  sulphur insecticides, manufacturing
-  tick and flea powder or spray, manufacturing
-  xanthone insecticides, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing basic chemicals requiring further processing or formulation before use as agriculture chemicals
-  manufacturing agricultural lime products

325410 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines and related products for human or animal use. Establishments in this industry may undertake one or more of several processes, including basic processes, such as chemical synthesis, fermentation, distillation and solvent extraction; grading, grinding and milling; and packaging in forms suitable for internal and external use, such as tablets, vials, ampoules and ointments.

Examples:
-  acetylsalicylic acid, manufacturing
-  adrenal derivatives, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  adrenal medicinal preparations, manufacturing
-  agar agar for medical and biological science, manufacturing
-  agar culture media, manufacturing
-  agar-agar grinding, manufacturing
-  aggressins (except in vitro), manufacturing
-  allergens and allergenic extracts (except diagnostic substances), manufacturing
-  amphetamines, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  anesthetic preparations (general and local), manufacturing
-  anesthetics, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  angiourographic diagnostic preparations, manufacturing
-  antibacterial preparations, manufacturing
-  antibiotics (e.g., tetracycline, sulpha drugs, penicillin), manufacturing
-  anticholinergics, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  anticonvulsants, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  antidepressants, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  antigens, manufacturing
-  antihistamine preparations, manufacturing
-  antipyretic preparations, manufacturing
-  antiserums, manufacturing
-  antitoxins, manufacturing
-  antivenoms, manufacturing
-  ascorbic acid (i.e., vitamin c), uncompounded, manufacturing
-  atropine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  bacterins (i.e., bacterial vaccines), manufacturing
-  barbiturates, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  belladonna preparations, manufacturing
-  birth control pills and contraceptive preparations, manufacturing
-  blood derivative in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  blood derivatives, manufacturing
-  blood fractions, manufacturing
-  blood glucose test kits, manufacturing
-  botanical and herb grinding and milling (i.e., for medicinal use)
-  botanical extract preparations (except in vitro diagnostics), manufacturing
-  brucine, manufacturing
-  cardiac preparations, manufacturing
-  cathartic preparations, manufacturing
-  central nervous system stimulant preparations, manufacturing
-  cephalosporin, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  cholera serums, manufacturing
-  cholesterol reducing pills (e.g., anti-hyperlipidemics), manufacturing
-  cinchona (e.g., quinoline alkaloids quinine, quinidine, cinchonine, cinchonidine) and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  coagulation in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  coagulation in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  cocaine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  concentrated medicinal chemicals, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  contact lens solutions, manufacturing
-  contrast media in vivo diagnostic substances (e.g., iodine, barium), manufacturing
-  cortisone, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  cyclopropane medicinal preparations, manufacturing
-  cytology and histology in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  dermatological preparations, manufacturing
-  diagnostic reagents, manufacturing
-  digestive system preparations, manufacturing
-  digitalis medicinal preparations, manufacturing
-  digitoxin, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  effervescent salts, manufacturing
-  electrolyte in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  endocrine products, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  endocrine system medical preparations (i.e., thyroid hormones, hypothalamic-pituitary hormones, orticosteroids), manufacturing
-  enzyme and isoenzyme in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  enzyme proteins (i.e., basic synthetic chemicals), pharmaceutical use, manufacturing
-  ephedrine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  ergot alkaloids (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  eye and ear preparations, manufacturing
-  fever remedy preparations, manufacturing
-  fish and cod liver oils, medicinal and uncompounded, manufacturing
-  glandular derivatives, including pituitary gland, manufacturing
-  glycosides, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  hematology in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  hematology in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  hematology products (except diagnostic substances), manufacturing
-  HIV test kits, manufacturing
-  hormone in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  hormone preparations (except in vitro diagnostics), manufacturing
-  hormones and derivatives, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  hypnotic drugs, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  in vivo radioactive reagents, manufacturing
-  insulin, manufacturing
-  intravenous (iv) solution preparations, manufacturing
-  kelp processing (i.e., for medicinal use)
-  laxative preparations, manufacturing
-  liquid pharmaceutical preparations (e.g., decoctions, ointments, solutions, syrups, infusions), anufacturing
-  liquid pharmaceutical preparations (e.g., honeys, tinctures, elixirs, fluid extracts), manufacturing
-  magnesia, medicinal, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  medical agents (i.e., analgesics, anti-migraines, anti-convulsives, mood stabilizers), manufacturing
-  medical agents such as psychoanoleptics (e.g., antidepressants, psychostimulants), manufacturing
-  medical agents such as psycholeptics (e.g., anxiolytics, antipsychotics, hypnotics, sedatives), manufacturing
-  medical anticancer agents (i.e., antimetabolites, alkylating, spindle poisons, antineioplastic, topoisomerase inhibitors), manufacturing
-  medical cardiac preparations (e.g., antianginals, antihypertensives, vasodilators, beta blockers), manufacturing
-  medical cardiac preparations (e.g., calcium channel blockers, renin-angiotensin like ace inhibitors and antihyperlipidemics), manufacturing
-  medical preparations (e.g., anabolic steroids, anti-inflammatories (NSAIDS)), manufacturing
-  medical preparations (e.g., antirrheumatics, muscle relaxants and bisphodphonates), manufacturing
-  medical preparations for infections or infestations (i.e., antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, vaccines), manufacturing
-  medical preparations for infections or infestations (i.e., antiparasitics, antiprotozoals and anthelmintics), manufacturing
-  medical respiratory preparations (i.e., decongestants, bronchodilators, cough medicines and h1 antagonist), manufacturing
-  medicinal chemicals, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  metabolite in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  microbiology, virology and serology in vitro diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  morphine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  mouthwashes, medicated, manufacturing
-  n-methylpiperazine, manufacturing
-  non-prescription drug preparations, manufacturing
-  nuclear medicine radioactive isotopes, manufacturing
-  nutraceuticals, botanical based, manufacturing
-  oils, vegetable and animal, medicinal, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  ophthalmic agents, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  opium and opium derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  patent medicine preparations, manufacturing
-  pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
-  pharmaceutical preparations (i.e., antispasmodics, barbiturates, sedatives), manufacturing
-  pharmaceutical preparations (i.e., emetics, cathartics, diaphoretics, diuretic, emmenagogues), manufacturing
-  pharmaceutical preparations (i.e., haematinics, haematological agents, antacid, alteratives), manufacturing
-  pharmaceutical preparations (i.e., narcotics, analgesics, astringents, anaesthetics), manufacturing
-  physostigmine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  plasmas, manufacturing
-  pregnancy test kits, manufacturing
-  procaine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  radioactive in vivo diagnostic substances, manufacturing
-  reserpines (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  salicylic acid, medicinal, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  serums (except diagnostic substances), manufacturing
-  sodium chloride pharmaceutical preparations, manufacturing
-  sodium salicylate preparations, manufacturing
-  solid pharmaceutical preparations (e.g., pills, capsules, tablets, suppositories, extracts, powders), manufacturing
-  steroids, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  strychnine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  sulphonamides, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  technetium medicinal preparations, manufacturing
-  theobromine and derivatives (i.e., basic chemicals), manufacturing
-  tincture of iodine preparations, manufacturing
-  topical pharmaceutical agents (e.g., antiseptics, antipruritics like corticosteroids and demulcents), manufacturing
-  topical pharmaceutical agents (i.e., ointments, lip balms and zinc oxide creams), manufacturing
-  toxoids (e.g., diphtheria, tetanus), manufacturing
-  tranquilizers preparations, manufacturing
-  tuberculin (i.e., tuberculo-protein derived), manufacturing
-  vaccines (i.e., bacterial, viral), manufacturing
-  vegetable alkaloids (i.e., caffeine, codeine, morphine, nicotine and derivatives), basic chemicals, manufacturing
-  vermifuge preparations, manufacturing
-  veterinary medicinal preparations, manufacturing
-  veterinary medicine uncompounded, manufacturing
-  viral in vitro diagnostic test substances, manufacturing
-  virus vaccines, manufacturing
-  vitamin preparations, manufacturing
-  vitamins, uncompounded, manufacturing
-  water decontamination or purification tablets, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing food and beverage supplements and substitutes (classified in the industry of the specified product)

325510 Paint and coating manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing pigments, solvents and binders into paints, stains and other coatings; and manufacturing related products.

Examples:
-  architectural coatings (i.e., paint), manufacturing
-  calcimines, manufacturing
-  dispersions, pigment, manufacturing
-  dopes, paint and lacquer, manufacturing
-  driers, paint and varnish, manufacturing
-  enamel paints, manufacturing
-  epoxy coatings, manufacturing
-  fillers, wood (e.g., dry, liquid, paste), manufacturing
-  frit, manufacturing
-  glass frit, manufacturing
-  glaziers' putty, manufacturing
-  industrial product finishes and coatings (i.e., paint), manufacturing
-  japans, manufacturing
-  latex paints (i.e., water-based), manufacturing
-  marine paints, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle paints, manufacturing
-  oil-based paints or stains, manufacturing
-  paint and coating manufacturing
-  paint and varnish removers, manufacturing
-  paint thinner and reducer preparations, manufacturing
-  paintbrush cleaners, manufacturing
-  paints (except artists), manufacturing
-  paints, emulsion (i.e., latex paint), manufacturing
-  paints, oil and alkyd vehicle, manufacturing
-  plastic wood fillers, manufacturing
-  plastisol coating compounds, manufacturing
-  polyurethane coatings, manufacturing
-  powder coatings, manufacturing
-  primers, paint, manufacturing
-  shellac, manufacturing
-  stains (except biological), manufacturing
-  varnishes, manufacturing
-  water repellent coatings for wood, concrete and masonry, manufacturing
-  wood fillers, manufacturing
-  wood stains, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing synthetic organic and inorganic dyes, pigments, lakes and toners
-  manufacturing turpentine
-  manufacturing caulking compounds
-  manufacturing artists' paints

325520 Adhesive manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing glue, adhesives and related products.

Examples:
-  adhesive manufacturing
-  adhesives (except asphalt, dental, gypsum-based), manufacturing
-  caulking compounds (except gypsum-based), manufacturing
-  construction adhesives (except asphalt, gypsum-based), manufacturing
-  dextrin glues, manufacturing
-  epoxy adhesives, manufacturing
-  glue (except dental), manufacturing
-  joint compounds (except gypsum-based), manufacturing
-  mucilage adhesives, manufacturing
-  pastes, adhesive, manufacturing
-  pipe sealing compounds, manufacturing
-  plastics-based adhesives, manufacturing
-  plumbers' putty, manufacturing
-  rubber cement, manufacturing
-  sealing compounds for pipe threads and joints, manufacturing
-  starch glues, manufacturing
-  tile adhesives, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing roofing cement
-  manufacturing gypsum-based caulking compounds, joint compounds and patching plaster

325610 Soap and cleaning compound manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing soap and other cleaning compounds.

Examples:
-  air fresheners, manufacturing
-  ammonia, household type, manufacturing
-  assistants, textile and leather finishing, manufacturing
-  bar soaps, manufacturing
-  beeswax polishes and waxes, manufacturing
-  bleaches, formulated for household use, manufacturing
-  bluing, manufacturing
-  brass or silver polishes, manufacturing
-  buffing compounds, manufacturing
-  cleaners, household type (e.g., oven, toilet bowl, window), manufacturing
-  cleaning and polishing preparations, manufacturing
-  cloths, dusting and polishing, chemically treated, manufacturing
-  compounds, sweeping, manufacturing
-  copper cleaners, manufacturing
-  degreasing preparations, household type, manufacturing
-  dentifrices, manufacturing
-  deodorants (except personal), manufacturing
-  detergents (e.g., dishwashing, industrial, laundry), manufacturing
-  disinfectants, household type and industrial, manufacturing
-  drain pipe cleaners, manufacturing
-  drycleaning preparations, manufacturing
-  dusting cloths, chemically treated, manufacturing
-  emulsifiers (i.e., surface active agents), manufacturing
-  emulsifiers and penetrants, manufacturing
-  fabric softeners, manufacturing
-  finishing agents, textile and leather, manufacturing
-  glass and tile cleaning preparations, manufacturing
-  glycerin (i.e., glycerol), natural, manufacturing
-  hand cleansers, manufacturing
-  hand soaps (e.g., hard, liquid, soft), manufacturing
-  ink eradicators, manufacturing
-  kitchen degreasing and cleaning preparations, manufacturing
-  laundry bleaches, formulated for household use, manufacturing
-  laundry soap, chips and powder, manufacturing
-  laundry starches, manufacturing
-  leather finishing assistants, manufacturing
-  lye, household type, manufacturing
-  mechanics' hand soaps and pastes, manufacturing
-  metal polishes (i.e., tarnish removers), manufacturing
-  mordants, manufacturing
-  oils, soluble (i.e., textile finishing assistants), manufacturing
-  oven cleaners, manufacturing
-  penetrants, manufacturing
-  polishes, cleaners and waxes (e.g., automobile, furniture, metal, shoe, floor), manufacturing
-  polishing preparations, manufacturing
-  presoaks, manufacturing
-  recycling drycleaning fluids
-  rug cleaning preparations, manufacturing
-  rust removers, manufacturing
-  saddle soaps, manufacturing
-  scouring cleansers (e.g., pastes, powders), manufacturing
-  soap and cleaning compound manufacturing
-  soaps (e.g., bar, chip, powder), manufacturing
-  softeners, leather or textile, manufacturing
-  soot removing chemicals, manufacturing
-  spot removers (except laundry presoaks), manufacturing
-  surface active agents, manufacturing
-  sweeping compounds, absorbent, manufacturing
-  teeth whiteners (e.g., pastes, gels), manufacturing
-  textile finishing assistants, manufacturing
-  textile scouring agents, manufacturing
-  toilet bowl cleaners, manufacturing
-  toothpastes, gels and tooth powders, manufacturing
-  tub and tile cleaning preparations, manufacturing
-  turkey red oil, manufacturing
-  wallpaper cleaners, manufacturing
-  waterless hand soaps, manufacturing
-  wax removers, manufacturing
-  waxes, polishing (e.g., floor, furniture), manufacturing
-  wetting agents, manufacturing
-  window cleaning preparations, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing industrial bleaches
-  manufacturing shampoos and shaving preparations

325620 Toilet preparation manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing, blending and compounding toilet preparations.

Examples:
-  after-shave preparations, manufacturing
-  anti-perspirants, personal, manufacturing
-  baby powder and baby oil, manufacturing
-  bath salts, manufacturing
-  blending and compounding perfume bases
-  blush or cosmetic rouge, manufacturing
-  bubble bath preparations, manufacturing
-  colognes, manufacturing
-  cosmetic creams, lotions and oils, manufacturing
-  dental floss, manufacturing
-  denture adhesives, manufacturing
-  denture cleaners, effervescent, manufacturing
-  deodorants, personal, manufacturing
-  depilatory preparations, manufacturing
-  dyes, hair, manufacturing
-  eye make-up (e.g., eye shadow, eyebrow pencils, mascara), manufacturing
-  face creams (e.g., cleansing, moisturizing), manufacturing
-  foundations (i.e., make-up), manufacturing
-  hair colouring preparations, manufacturing
-  hair preparations (e.g., conditioners, dyes, rinses, shampoos), manufacturing
-  hair sprays, manufacturing
-  lipsticks, manufacturing
-  lotions (e.g., body, face, hand), manufacturing
-  make-up (i.e., cosmetics), manufacturing
-  manicure preparations, manufacturing
-  mouthwashes (except medicinal), manufacturing
-  nail polish removers, manufacturing
-  nail polishes, manufacturing
-  perfumes, manufacturing
-  permanent wave preparations, manufacturing
-  powder (e.g., baby, body, face, talcum, toilet), manufacturing
-  sachet, scented, manufacturing
-  shaving preparations (e.g., creams, gels, lotions, powders), manufacturing
-  sunscreen and suntan lotions and oils, manufacturing
-  tints, dyes and rinses, hair, manufacturing
-  toilet preparation manufacturing
-  toilet water (toiletries), manufacturing
-  toiletry preparations (e.g., cosmetics, deodorants, perfumes), manufacturing
-  towelettes, premoistened, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing toothpaste

325910 Printing ink manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing printing inks and ink jet inks, whether black or coloured. Establishments engaged in the manufacture of ink jet cartridges are included.

Examples:
-  gold and bronze printing inks, manufacturing
-  inkjet cartridges, manufacturing
-  printing ink manufacturing
-  printing inks (e.g., duplicating, lithographic, flexographic, letterpress), manufacturing
-  printing inks (e.g., offset, gravure, inkjet), manufacturing
-  screen process inks, manufacturing
-  stencil inks, manufacturing
-  textile printing inks, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  recycling ink jet cartridges
-  manufacturing writing, drawing and stamping ink
-  manufacturing toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices

325920 Explosives manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing explosive preparations, detonators for explosives, and explosive devices, except ammunition.

Examples:
-  amatols, manufacturing
-  azides explosive materials, manufacturing
-  blasting accessories (e.g., blasting caps, fuses, ignitors, squibbs), manufacturing
-  blasting powders, manufacturing
-  caps, blasting and detonating, manufacturing
-  detonating caps, cords, fuses and primers, manufacturing
-  detonators (except ammunition), manufacturing
-  dynamite, manufacturing
-  explosives manufacturing
-  explosives, manufacturing
-  fuses, detonating and safety, manufacturing
-  gunpowder, manufacturing
-  nitroglycerin explosive materials, manufacturing
-  safety fuses, blasting, manufacturing
-  trinitrotoluene (TNT), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing pyrotechnics
-  manufacturing ammunition and detonators for ammunition

325991 Custom compounding of purchased resins This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the custom mixing and blending of purchased plastics resins; and compounding plastics resins from recycled plastics products.

Examples:
-  compounding plastics resins from recycled materials
-  custom compounding (i.e., blending and mixing) of purchased plastics resins
-  custom compounding of purchased resins
-  reformulating plastics resins from recycled plastics products

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing synthetic resins from basic organic chemicals

325999 All other miscellaneous chemical product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing chemical products.

Examples:
-  activated carbon and charcoal, manufacturing
-  activated clays, earths and other mineral products, manufacturing
-  additive preparations for gasoline (e.g., anti-knock preparations, detergents, gum inhibitors), manufacturing
-  aerosol can filling, on a job order or contract basis
-  aerosol tire inflators, manufacturing
-  anise oil, manufacturing
-  antifreeze preparations, manufacturing
-  anti-freeze recycling
-  anti-scaling compounds, manufacturing
-  barbecue starter fluids, manufacturing
-  bay oil, manufacturing
-  blueprint and whiteprint sensitized paper, manufacturing
-  brake fluid, synthetic, manufacturing
-  caps for toy pistols, manufacturing
-  carburetor cleaners, manufacturing
-  cat litter (clay based), manufacturing
-  cedar oil, manufacturing
-  chemical preparation for treating animal waste
-  citronella oil, manufacturing
-  clove oil, manufacturing
-  computer printer toner cartridges, manufacturing
-  concrete additive preparations (e.g., curing, hardening), manufacturing
-  correction fluids (i.e., typewriter), manufacturing
-  crankcase additive preparations, manufacturing
-  cutting oils, synthetic, manufacturing
-  defoamers and anti-foaming agents, manufacturing
-  degreasing preparations for machinery parts, manufacturing
-  deicing preparations, manufacturing
-  desalination kits, manufacturing
-  developers, prepared photographic, manufacturing
-  diazo (i.e., whiteprint) paper and cloth, sensitized, manufacturing
-  distilled water, manufacturing
-  driers, photographic chemical, manufacturing
-  drilling mud compounds, conditioners and additives (except bentonites), manufacturing
-  dye preparations, clothing, household type, manufacturing
-  embalming fluids, manufacturing
-  engine degreasers, manufacturing
-  engine starting fluids, manufacturing
-  essential oils, natural, manufacturing
-  eucalyptus oil, manufacturing
-  film, sensitized (e.g., camera, motion picture, X-ray), manufacturing
-  fire extinguisher chemical preparations, manufacturing
-  fire retardant chemical preparations, manufacturing
-  fireworks, manufacturing
-  fixers, prepared photograph, manufacturing
-  flares, manufacturing
-  fluxes (e.g., brazing, galvanizing, soldering, welding), manufacturing
-  foundry core oil, wash and wax, manufacturing
-  gelatin capsules, empty, manufacturing
-  grapefruit oil, manufacturing
-  graphic arts plates, sensitized, manufacturing
-  heat sensitized (i.e., thermal) paper, made from purchased paper
-  hydraulic fluids, synthetic, manufacturing
-  ice packs, manufacturing
-  incense, manufacturing
-  indelible inks, manufacturing
-  India inks manufacturing
-  industrial salt, manufacturing
-  inhibitors (e.g., corrosion, oxidation, polymerization), manufacturing
-  inks (e.g., drawing, stamping, writing), manufacturing
-  insulating oils, manufacturing
-  lemon oil, manufacturing
-  lighter fluids (e.g., charcoal, cigarette), manufacturing
-  lime oil, manufacturing
-  lubricating oils and greases, synthetic, manufacturing
-  matches and match books, manufacturing
-  motion picture film, manufacturing
-  motor oils, synthetic, manufacturing
-  napalm, manufacturing
-  oil additive preparations, manufacturing
-  oil spill sorbents, manufacturing
-  oils (e.g., cutting, lubricating), synthetic, manufacturing
-  orange oil, manufacturing
-  orris oil, manufacturing
-  ossein, manufacturing
-  packers' fluids, manufacturing
-  paper, photographic sensitized, manufacturing
-  penetrating fluids, synthetic, manufacturing
-  peppermint oil, manufacturing
-  photocopying toner cartridges, manufacturing
-  photographic chemicals, manufacturing
-  photographic film, cloth, paper and plate, sensitized, manufacturing
-  photomasks, manufacturing
-  photosensitized paper, manufacturing
-  plasticizers, preparations, manufacturing
-  pyrotechnics (e.g., flares, flashlight bombs, signals), manufacturing
-  radiator additive preparations, manufacturing
-  recycling services for degreasing solvents (e.g., engine, machine part)
-  remanufactured toner cartridges for computer printers
-  retarders (e.g., flameproofing agents, mildewing agents), manufacturing
-  rubber processing preparations (e.g., accelerators, stabilizers), manufacturing
-  rust preventative preparations, manufacturing
-  salt (except table), manufacturing
-  soil testing kits, manufacturing
-  solvents recovery service, on a contract or fee basis
-  spearmint oil, manufacturing
-  stabilizers, chemical preparations, manufacturing
-  sugar substitutes (i.e., synthetic sweeteners blended with other ingredients), made from purchased synthetic sweeteners
-  swimming pool chemical preparations, manufacturing
-  tint and dye preparations, household type (except hair), manufacturing
-  toner cartridges, manufacturing
-  toner cartridges, manufacturing or rebuilding
-  toners (i.e., photographic), manufacturing
-  toners for photocopiers, laser printers and similar electrostatic printing devices, manufacturing
-  transmission fluids, synthetic, manufacturing
-  water softeners, manufacturing
-  wintergreen oil, manufacturing
-  X-ray films and plates, sensitized, manufacturing

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326111 Plastic bag and pouch manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic bags and those that only form, coat or laminate plastic or cellulose films and sheets into unsupported plastic bags. Establishments that manufacture bags and print on them are included.

Examples:
-  bags (e.g., food storage, frozen food, garbage or trash), plastics film, single or multi-wall, manufacturing
-  merchandise or grocery bags, plastics film, single or multi-wall, manufacturing
-  plastic bag and pouch manufacturing
-  plastics film bags, single or multi-wall, manufactured and printed in the same establishment

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing bags of plastic coated or laminated with other materials

326114 Plastic film and sheet manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic film and sheet.

Examples:
-  acrylic film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  cellulosic plastics film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  film, plastics (except packaging), manufacturing
-  film, plastics, manufacturing
-  film, plastics, packaging, manufacturing
-  packaging film, plastics, single or multi-web, manufacturing
-  photographic film base (except sensitized), manufacturing
-  photographic, micrographic and X-ray plastics sheet and film (except sensitized), manufacturing
-  plastic film and sheet manufacturing
-  plastics film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  plexiglass (TM) (i.e., acrylic sheet), manufacturing
-  polyester film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  polyethylene film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  polypropylene film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  polyvinyl film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  sheet, plastics, unlaminated, manufacturing
-  vinyl and vinyl copolymer film and unlaminated sheet, manufacturing
-  window sheeting, unlaminated plastics, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing laminated plastic sheets
-  manufacturing film or sheet of plastic coated or laminated with other materials

326121 Unlaminated plastic profile shape manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into unsupported plastic profile shapes, except films, sheets and bags.

Examples:
-  lay flat tubing, plastics, manufacturing
-  profile shapes (e.g., rod, tube), non-rigid plastics, manufacturing
-  rod, non-rigid plastics, manufacturing
-  sausage casings, plastics, manufacturing
-  tube, non-rigid plastics, manufacturing
-  unlaminated plastic profile shape manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing unsupported plastic bags
-  manufacturing unsupported plastic films and sheets
-  manufacturing rigid plastic pipe and tubing

326122 Plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins into plastic pipes and pipe fittings.

Examples:
-  acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, manufacturing
-  fittings and unions, rigid plastics pipe, manufacturing
-  pipe, rigid plastics, manufacturing
-  plastic pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing
-  plumbing fixture fittings and trim, plastic, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing unsupported plastic tubing
-  manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures
-  manufacturing plastic hose
-  manufacturing non-current-carrying plastic conduit

326130 Laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in laminating plastic profile shapes, such as plates, sheets and rods. The lamination process generally involves bonding or impregnating profiles with plastics resins and compressing them under heat.

Examples:
-  laminated plastic plate, sheet (except packaging), and shape manufacturing
-  profile shapes (e.g., plate, rod, sheet), laminated plastics, manufacturing
-  window sheeting, laminated plastics, manufacturing

326140 Polystyrene foam product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting polystyrene resins into foam products.

Examples:
-  coolers or ice chests, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
-  dinnerware, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
-  expanded polystyrene products, manufacturing
-  food containers, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
-  polystyrene foam packaging, manufacturing
-  polystyrene foam product manufacturing
-  profile shapes, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
-  sheet (i.e., board), polystyrene foam insulation, manufacturing
-  shipping pads and shaped cushioning, polystyrene foam, manufacturing
-  thermal insulation, polystyrene foam, manufacturing

326150 Urethane and other foam product (except polystyrene) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in converting plastics resins, other than polystyrene, into foam products.

Examples:
-  expanded plastics (except polystyrene) products, manufacturing
-  foam covers for garment hangers, manufacturing
-  foam plastic products (except polystyrene) (e.g., cushion blocks, vacuum jugs, seat cushions), manufacturing
-  foam plastics products (except polystyrene) (e.g., packaging, food containers, ice buckets), manufacturing
-  ice chests or coolers, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
-  insulation and cushioning, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
-  polyurethane foam products, manufacturing
-  shipping pads and shaped cushioning, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
-  underlay, carpet and rug, foam plastics (except polystyrene), manufacturing
-  urethane foam products, manufacturing

326160 Plastic bottle manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in blow moulding or casting plastic bottles.

Examples:
-  bottles, plastics, manufacturing
-  plastic bottle manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing plastic containers, other than bottles

326191 Plastic plumbing fixture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic plumbing fixtures.

Examples:
-  bathroom fixtures, plastics, manufacturing
-  bathtubs, plastics, manufacturing
-  chemical toilets, plastics, manufacturing
-  cultured marble plumbing fixtures, manufacturing
-  drinking fountains (except mechanically refrigerated), plastics, manufacturing
-  flush tanks, plastics, manufacturing
-  hot tubs, plastics or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  laundry tubs, plastics, manufacturing
-  plastic plumbing fixture manufacturing
-  plumbing fixtures (e.g., shower stalls, toilets, urinals), plastics or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  portable toilets, plastics, manufacturing
-  shower stalls, plastics or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  sinks, plastics, manufacturing
-  toilet fixtures, plastics, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing plastic pipes and pipe fittings

326193 Motor vehicle plastic parts manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic parts for motor vehicles. These parts are produced by basic plastics processes, such as moulding and extrusion, without further fabrication or assembly.

Examples:
-  fibreglass automobile body skins, manufacturing
-  hardware, plastics, motor vehicle, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle plastic parts (e.g., bumper components, lenses, mudguards), manufacturing
-  motor vehicle plastic parts manufacturing
-  plastics extrusions and mouldings, for making automobile parts, manufacturing
-  trim, motor vehicle, plastic mouldings and extrusions, manufacturing

326196 Plastic window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic doors and windows.

Examples:
-  doors and door frames, plastics, manufacturing
-  fibreglass window and door manufacturing
-  plastic window and door manufacturing
-  vinyl window and door manufacturing
-  windows and window frames, plastics, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing plastic covered wood windows and doors

326198 All other plastic product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing plastic products.

Examples:
-  awnings, rigid plastic or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  badges, plastics, manufacturing
-  balloons, plastics, manufacturing
-  bathroom and toilet accessories, plastics, manufacturing
-  battery cases and separators, plastics, manufacturing
-  bolts, nuts and rivets, plastics, manufacturing
-  bottle caps and lids, plastics, manufacturing
-  bowls and bowl covers, plastics, manufacturing
-  boxes and cases, plastic, manufacturing
-  bubble packaging materials, plastics, manufacturing
-  building materials (e.g., fascia, panels, siding, soffits), plastics, manufacturing
-  building panels, corrugated and flat, plastics, manufacturing
-  bushings, plastics, manufacturing
-  cigar and cigarette holders, plastics, manufacturing
-  closures, plastics, manufacturing
-  clothes hangers, plastics, manufacturing
-  clothes pins, plastics, manufacturing
-  combs, plastics, manufacturing
-  containers, plastics (except foam; bottles and bags), manufacturing
-  counter tops, plastics (at construction site), manufacturing
-  credit and identification card stock, plastics, manufacturing
-  cultured marble products (except plumbing fixtures), manufacturing
-  cultured stone products (except plumbing fixtures), manufacturing
-  cups, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  dinnerware, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  door mats, plastics, manufacturing
-  drums, plastics (i.e., containers), manufacturing
-  floor tiles (i.e., linoleum, rubber, vinyl), manufacturing
-  flower pots, plastics, manufacturing
-  footwear or shoe parts (e.g., heels, soles), plastics, manufacturing
-  fourdrinier wires, plastics, manufacturing
-  fruit and vegetables, plastics, manufacturing
-  garbage containers (except bags), plastics, manufacturing
-  gutters and down spouts, plastics, manufacturing
-  hampers, laundry, plastics, manufacturing
-  handles (e.g., brush, tool, umbrella), plastics, manufacturing
-  hardware (except motor vehicle), plastics, manufacturing
-  ice buckets, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  ice chests or coolers, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  jars, plastics, manufacturing
-  kitchen utensils, plastic, manufacturing
-  ladders, fibreglass, manufacturing
-  lamp shades, plastics, manufacturing
-  lens blanks, optical and ophthalmic, plastics, manufacturing
-  linoleum floor coverings, manufacturing
-  mattresses, air, plastics, manufacturing
-  microwaveware, plastics, manufacturing
-  netting, plastics, manufacturing
-  non-rigid hull inflatable plastic boats, manufacturing
-  non-rigid hull inflatable plastic dinghies, manufacturing
-  nozzles, aerosol spray, plastics, manufacturing
-  organizers for closets, drawers and shelves, plastics, manufacturing
-  packaging, plastics (e.g., blister, bubble), manufacturing
-  pails, plastics, manufacturing
-  paint sticks, plastics, manufacturing
-  paper machine forming fabric, plastic, manufacturing
-  picnic jugs, plastics, manufacturing
-  plastic air cargo transportation containers, manufacturing
-  plastic pallets, manufacturing
-  plastic strips, door hanging, manufacturing
-  plastics counter tops, not fabricated at the construction site, manufacturing
-  plates, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  radio and television cabinets, plastic, manufacturing
-  radio housings, plastic, manufacturing
-  reels, plastics, manufacturing
-  resilient floor coverings (e.g., sheet, tile), manufacturing
-  rubber floor coverings, manufacturing
-  rulers, plastics, manufacturing
-  screening, window, plastics, manufacturing
-  septic tanks, plastics or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  shoe cut stock, plastic, manufacturing
-  shutters, plastics, manufacturing
-  siding, plastics, manufacturing
-  sponges, plastics, manufacturing
-  swimming pool covers and liners, plastic, manufacturing
-  tableware, plastics (except foam), manufacturing
-  tanks, storage, plastic or fibreglass, manufacturing
-  television housings, plastic, manufacturing
-  thermos bottles, plastic, manufacturing
-  tires, plastics, manufacturing
-  trash containers, plastics, manufacturing
-  trims for appliances, plastic, manufacturing
-  tumblers, plastics, manufacturing
-  utility containers (e.g., baskets, bins, boxes, buckets, dishpans, pails), plastics, manufacturing
-  vinyl floor coverings, manufacturing
-  watch crystals, plastics, manufacturing
-  watering cans, plastics, manufacturing
-  windshields, plastics, manufacturing

326210 Tire manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tires and inner tubes from natural and synthetic rubber; and retreading or rebuilding tires.

Examples:
-  aircraft tires, manufacturing
-  camelback (i.e., retreading materials), manufacturing
-  inner tubes, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle tires, manufacturing
-  recapping tires
-  retreading materials, tire, manufacturing
-  tire manufacturing
-  tire repair materials, manufacturing
-  tire retreading, recapping or rebuilding
-  tires, solid rubber, manufacturing
-  tread rubber (e.g., camelback), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  repairing tires
-  retailing and repairing tires
-  manufacturing synthetic rubber

326220 Rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber and plastic hose (reinforced) and belting from natural and synthetic rubber and/or plastics resins.

Examples:
-  belting, rubber (e.g., conveyor, elevator, transmission), manufacturing
-  conveyor belts, plastics, manufacturing
-  conveyor belts, rubber, manufacturing
-  fan belts, plastics, manufacturing
-  fan belts, rubber or plastic, manufacturing
-  garden hose, plastics, manufacturing
-  hose, reinforced, made from purchased plastics
-  hose, reinforced, made from purchased rubber
-  hose, rubberized fabric, manufacturing
-  hydraulic hose (without fittings), plastics, manufacturing
-  hydraulic hose (without fittings), rubber, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle hoses and belts rubber, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle hoses, plastics, manufacturing
-  plastics belts and hoses (without fittings), manufacturing
-  pneumatic hose, without fittings, rubber or plastic, manufacturing
-  radiator and heater hoses, plastics, manufacturing
-  radiator and heater hoses, rubber, manufacturing
-  rubber and plastic hose and belting manufacturing
-  rubber belts and hoses (without fittings), manufacturing
-  timing belts, plastics, manufacturing
-  timing belts, rubber, manufacturing
-  transmission belts, rubber, manufacturing
-  vacuum cleaner belts and hoses, plastics, manufacturing
-  vacuum cleaner belts and hoses, rubber, manufacturing
-  V-belts, plastics, manufacturing
-  V-belts, rubber, manufacturing
-  water hoses, plastic, manufacturing
-  water hoses, rubber, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing plastic tubing and pipe
-  manufacturing rubber tubing

326290 Other rubber product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing rubber products.

Examples:
-  balloons, rubber, manufacturing
-  bath mats, rubber, manufacturing
-  battery containers, separators and parts, rubber, manufacturing
-  birth control devices (e.g., diaphragms), rubber, manufacturing
-  bottles, rubber, manufacturing
-  brushes, rubber, manufacturing
-  bushings, rubber, manufacturing
-  door mats, rubber, manufacturing
-  erasers, rubber, or rubber and abrasive combined, manufacturing
-  extruded, moulded or lathe-cut rubber goods, manufacturing
-  floor mats (e.g., bath, door), rubber, manufacturing
-  footwear parts (e.g., heels, soles, soling strips), rubber, manufacturing
-  fuel bladders, rubber, manufacturing
-  grips and handles, rubber, manufacturing
-  grommets, rubber, manufacturing
-  hair care products (e.g., combs, curlers), rubber, manufacturing
-  hairpins, rubber, manufacturing
-  handles, rubber, manufacturing
-  hard rubber, manufacturing
-  heels, shoe, rubber, manufacturing
-  hot water bottles, rubber, manufacturing
-  jar rings, rubber, manufacturing
-  latex foam rubber, manufacturing
-  mats and matting, rubber, manufacturing
-  mattress protectors, rubber, manufacturing
-  mattresses, air, rubber, manufacturing
-  mechanical rubber goods (i.e., extruded, lathe-cut, moulded), manufacturing
-  motor mounting rings, rubber, manufacturing
-  nipples and teething rings, rubber, manufacturing
-  non-rigid hull inflatable rubber boats, manufacturing
-  non-rigid hull inflatable rubber dinghies, manufacturing
-  pacifiers, rubber, manufacturing
-  pipe bits and stems, tobacco, hard rubber, manufacturing
-  pipe, hard rubber, manufacturing
-  printers' blankets, rubber, manufacturing
-  printers' rolls, rubber, manufacturing
-  prophylactics (i.e., condoms), rubber, manufacturing
-  reclaiming rubber from waste or scrap
-  rods, hard rubber, manufacturing
-  rolls and roll coverings (e.g., industrial, papermill, painters', steelmill), rubber, manufacturing
-  roofing (e.g., single-ply rubber membrane), manufacturing
-  rubber bands, manufacturing
-  sheeting, rubber, manufacturing
-  shoe and boot parts (e.g., heels, soles, soling strips), rubber, manufacturing
-  shoe soling strips, rubber, manufacturing
-  spatulas, rubber, manufacturing
-  sponges, rubber, manufacturing
-  stair treads, rubber, manufacturing
-  stoppers, rubber, manufacturing
-  thread, rubber (except fabric covered), manufacturing
-  toy inflatable rubber swimming pool rafts, manufacturing
-  tubing, rubber (except extruded, lathe-cut, moulded), manufacturing
-  tubing, rubber, manufacturing
-  underlay, carpet and rug, foam rubber, manufacturing
-  weatherstripping, rubber, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  rubberizing fabric

Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing

327110 Pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, glazing and firing pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixtures. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties. Establishments that fire and decorate white china (whiteware) for the trade are included.

Examples:
-  advanced/technical ceramic product, manufacturing
-  alumina porcelain insulators, manufacturing
-  architectural sculptures, clay, manufacturing
-  art and ornamental ware, pottery, manufacturing
-  ashtrays, pottery, manufacturing
-  bathroom accessories, vitreous china and earthenware, manufacturing
-  beryllia porcelain insulators, manufacturing
-  bone china, manufacturing
-  ceramic insulators, manufacturing
-  chemical stoneware (i.e., pottery products), manufacturing
-  china cooking ware, manufacturing
-  china tableware, vitreous, manufacturing
-  cooking ware (e.g., china, stoneware, coarse and fine earthenware, pottery), manufacturing
-  crockery, manufacturing
-  decalcomania on china and glass, for the trade
-  decorating china (e.g., encrusting gold, silver, or other metal on china), for the trade
-  dishes, pottery, manufacturing
-  drinking fountains, vitreous china, non-refrigerated, manufacturing
-  earthenware table and kitchen articles, coarse, manufacturing
-  earthenware, commercial and household, semivitreous, manufacturing
-  ecclesiastical statuary, clay, manufacturing
-  electrical insulators, porcelain, manufacturing
-  faucet handles, vitreous china and earthenware, manufacturing
-  filtering media, pottery, manufacturing
-  firing china, for the trade
-  florists' articles (i.e., flowers pots), red earthenware, manufacturing
-  forms for dipped rubber products, pottery, manufacturing
-  garden pottery, manufacturing
-  hotel tableware and kitchen articles, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  household-type earthenware, semivitreous, manufacturing
-  household-type tableware and kitchen articles, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  kitchen articles, coarse earthenware, manufacturing
-  kitchenware, china, earthenware, pottery or stoneware, manufacturing
-  kitchenware, commercial and household type, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  kitchenware, semivitreous earthenware, manufacturing
-  lamp bases, pottery, manufacturing
-  lavatories, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  magnets, permanent, ceramic or ferrite, manufacturing
-  plumbing fixtures, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  porcelain parts, electrical and electronic devices, moulded, manufacturing
-  porcelain, chemical, manufacturing
-  pottery products, manufacturing
-  pottery, ceramics and plumbing fixture manufacturing
-  pyrometer tubes, manufacturing
-  pyrometric cones, earthenware, manufacturing
-  sanitary ware, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  sinks, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  soap dishes, vitreous china and earthenware, manufacturing
-  spark plug insulators, porcelain, manufacturing
-  stationery articles, pottery, manufacturing
-  statuary, clay and ceramic, manufacturing
-  steatite porcelain insulators, manufacturing
-  table articles, coarse earthenware, manufacturing
-  table articles, earthenware, manufacturing
-  table articles, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  tanks, flush, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  textile guides, porcelain, manufacturing
-  titania porcelain insulators, manufacturing
-  toilet fixtures, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  towel bar holders, vitreous china and earthenware, manufacturing
-  urinals, vitreous china, manufacturing
-  vases, pottery (e.g., china, earthenware and stoneware), manufacturing
-  water closet bowls, vitreous china, manufacturing

327120 Clay building material and refractory manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in shaping, moulding, baking, burning and hardening building materials and refractories. These products may be made of clay or other materials with similar properties.

Examples:
-  adobe brick, manufacturing
-  alumina fused refractories, manufacturing
-  aluminous refractory cement, manufacturing
-  architectural terra cotta, manufacturing
-  bauxite brick, manufacturing
-  blocks, fire clay, manufacturing
-  brick (i.e., common face, glazed, vitrified, hollow), clay, manufacturing
-  brick, clay refractory, manufacturing
-  brick, nonclay (e.g., chrome, magnesite, silica) refractory, manufacturing
-  building tile, clay, manufacturing
-  carbon brick, manufacturing
-  castable refractories, clay, manufacturing
-  castable refractories, nonclay, manufacturing
-  ceramic tile, floor and wall, manufacturing
-  chrome brick, manufacturing
-  clay brick, manufacturing
-  clay building material and refractory manufacturing
-  clay refractories (e.g., block, brick, mortar, tile), manufacturing
-  conduit, vitrified clay, manufacturing
-  coping, wall, clay, manufacturing
-  crucibles, fire clay, manufacturing
-  crucibles, graphite, magnesite, chrome, silica or other nonclay materials, manufacturing
-  fire brick, clay refractories, manufacturing
-  floaters, glasshouse, clay, manufacturing
-  flue lining, clay, manufacturing
-  glasshouse refractories, manufacturing
-  graphite refractories, manufacturing
-  insulating firebrick and shapes, clay, manufacturing
-  kiln furniture, clay, manufacturing
-  liner brick and plates, vitrified clay, manufacturing
-  magnesia refractory cement, manufacturing
-  magnesite refractories, manufacturing
-  mortars, clay refractory, manufacturing
-  mortars, nonclay refractory, manufacturing
-  mosaic tile, ceramic, manufacturing
-  nonclay refractories (e.g., block, brick, mortar, tile), manufacturing
-  paving brick, clay, manufacturing
-  pipe, chimney, clay, manufacturing
-  pots, glasshouse, clay refractory, manufacturing
-  quarry tile, clay, manufacturing
-  refractories (e.g., block, brick, mortar, tile), manufacturing
-  refractory cement and mortar, manufacturing
-  refractory cement and mortar, nonclay, manufacturing
-  sewer pipe and fittings, clay, manufacturing
-  silica refractories, manufacturing
-  stove lining, clay, manufacturing
-  structural clay tile, manufacturing
-  tile and pipe, sewer, clay, manufacturing
-  tile, roofing and drain, clay, manufacturing

327214 Glass manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in making glass from sand and cullet. These establishments may also make glass products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing unsheathed optical fibres, and bundles and cables made of unsheathed fibres, are included.

Examples:
-  beverage containers, made in glass-making plants
-  blanks for electric light bulbs, glass, made in glass-making plants
-  Christmas tree ornaments, glass, made in glass-making plants
-  containers packaging, bottling and canning, made in glass-making plants
-  cooking utensils, glass and glass ceramic, made in glass-making plants
-  cooking ware (e.g., pots, baking pans), made in glass-making plants
-  decorative glassware, made in glass-making plants
-  electron tube parts, glass blanks, made in glass-making plants
-  flat glass (e.g., float, plate), made in glass-making plants
-  food packaging containers, made in glass-making plants
-  glass blanks for electric light bulbs, made in glass-making plants
-  glass blocks and bricks, made in glass-making plants
-  glass cord for reinforcing rubber tires, made in glass-making plants
-  glass fibre, unsheathed, made in glass-making plants
-  glass lamp covers or shades, made in glass-making plants
-  glass manufacturing
-  glass packaging containers, made in glass-making plants
-  glass products (e.g., ashtray, ovenware, stemware, vase), made in glass-making plants
-  glass products (except packaging containers), made in glass-making plants
-  glass yarn, made in glass-making plants
-  glass, automotive, made in glass-making plants
-  glassware for industrial, scientific and technical use, made in glass-making plants
-  glassware for lighting fixtures, made in glass-making plants
-  glassware, art, decorative and novelty, made in glass- making plants
-  industrial, technical and scientific glassware and glass products, pressed or blown, made in glass-making lants
-  insulating glass, sealed units, made in glass-making plants
-  insulators, electrical, glass, made in glass-making plants
-  laboratory glassware (e.g., beakers, test tubes, vials), made in glass-making plants
-  laminated glass, made in glass-making plants
-  lens blanks, optical and ophthalmic, made in glass-making plants
-  medical glassware, made in glass-making plants
-  optical fibres, strands, bundles and cables, unsheathed, made in glass-making plants
-  photomask blanks, glass, made in glass-making plants
-  pop or beer bottles, made in glass-making plants
-  safety glass (including motor vehicle), made in glass-making plants
-  stained glass and stained glass products, made in glass-making plants
-  tableware (e.g., tumblers, plates), made in glass-making plants
-  tea kettles, glass and glass ceramic, made in glass-making plants
-  tempered glass, made in glass-making plants
-  textile glass fibres, made in glass-making plants
-  vacuum tube blanks, glass, made in glass-making plants
-  yarn, fibreglass, made in glass-making plants

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing optical fibre cable, made of individually sheathed glass strands

327215 Glass product manufacturing from purchased glass This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in remelting, pressing, blowing or otherwise shaping purchased glass.

Examples:
-  aquariums, made from purchased glass
-  ashtrays, made from purchased glass
-  bevelling and polishing purchased plate glass
-  bottles (i.e., bottling, canning, packaging), made from purchased glass
-  Christmas tree ornaments, made from purchased glass
-  containers for packaging, bottling and canning, made from purchased glass
-  cookingware (e.g., pots, baking pans), made from purchased glass
-  cutting, etching, painting or polishing purchased glass
-  decorated glassware, made from purchased glass
-  doors, unframed glass, made from purchased glass
-  electron tube parts, glass blanks, made from purchased glass
-  fruit, artificial, made from purchased glass
-  furniture tops, glass (e.g., bevelled, cut, polished), made from purchased glass
-  glass blanks for electric light bulbs, made from purchased glass
-  glass packaging containers, made from purchased glass
-  glass product manufacturing, made from purchased glass
-  glass products (except containers), made from purchased glass
-  glass, automotive, made from purchased glass
-  glassware for industrial, scientific and technical use, made from purchased glass
-  glassware for lighting fixtures, made from purchased glass
-  glassware, art, decorative and novelty, made from purchased glass
-  glassware, cut and engraved, made from purchased glass
-  hand blowing purchased glass
-  insulating glass, sealed units, made from purchased glass
-  insulators, electrical, made from purchased glass
-  laboratory glassware (e.g., test tubes, vials, beakers), made from purchased glass
-  laminated glass, made from purchased glass
-  lamp shades, made from purchased glass
-  lens blanks, optical and ophthalmic, made from purchased glass
-  medical glassware, made from purchased glass
-  mirrors, framed or unframed, made from purchased glass
-  optical fibres, strands, bundles and cables, unsheathed, made from purchased glass
-  ovenware, made from purchased glass
-  safety glass (including motor vehicle), made from purchased glass
-  scientific apparatus glassware, made from purchased glass
-  stained glass and stained glass products, made from purchased glass
-  temware, made from purchased glass
-  tableware (e.g., tumblers, plates), made from purchased glass
-  tempered glass, made from purchased glass
-  vacuum tube blanks, glass, made from purchased glass
-  vases, made from purchased glass
-  watch crystals, made from purchased glass

327310 Cement manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of clinker and subsequent grinding of clinker using either dry or wet production processes.

Examples:
-  cement (e.g., hydraulic, masonry, portland, pozzolana), manufacturing
-  cement manufacturing
-  manufacturing dry-batched ready-mix concrete
-  natural (i.e., calcined earth) cement, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing refractory cements

327320 Ready-mix concrete manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mixing together water, cement, sand, gravel or crushed stone to make concrete, and delivering it to a purchaser in a plastic or unhardened state.

Examples:
-  concrete batch plants (including temporary)
-  mixed concrete (i.e., central, ready, transit, truck), manufacturing
-  ready-mix concrete manufacturing and distribution

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing dry-batched ready-mix concrete
-  mixing concrete, or pouring ready-mix concrete, at a construction site

327330 Concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete pipes, bricks and blocks from a mixture of cement, water and aggregate.

Examples:
-  architectural block, concrete (e.g., fluted, screen, split, slump, ground face), manufacturing
-  blocks, concrete and cinder (i.e., clinker), manufacturing
-  bricks, concrete, manufacturing
-  concrete pipe, brick and block manufacturing
-  conduits, concrete, manufacturing
-  culvert pipe, concrete, manufacturing
-  cylinder pipe, prestressed concrete, manufacturing
-  irrigation pipe, concrete, manufacturing
-  patio blocks, concrete, manufacturing
-  paving blocks, concrete, manufacturing
-  pipe, concrete, manufacturing
-  plinth blocks, precast terrazzo, manufacturing
-  precast concrete blocks, pipes and bricks, manufacturing
-  precast concrete pipe, manufacturing
-  pressure pipe, reinforced concrete, manufacturing
-  prestressed concrete blocks, bricks and pipes, manufacturing
-  sewer pipe, concrete, manufacturing
-  slumped brick, manufacturing

327390 Other concrete product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing concrete products.

Examples:
-  architectural wall panels, precast concrete, manufacturing
-  burial vaults, concrete and precast terrazzo, manufacturing
-  catch basin covers, concrete, manufacturing
-  chimney caps, concrete, manufacturing
-  concrete barriers, portable, manufacturing
-  concrete tanks, manufacturing
-  copings, concrete, manufacturing
-  floor slabs, precast concrete, manufacturing
-  furniture, concrete (e.g., benches, tables), manufacturing
-  garbage incinerators, precast concrete, manufacturing
-  garden furniture, precast concrete, manufacturing
-  incinerators, precast concrete, manufacturing
-  joists, girders and beams, prestressed concrete, manufacturing
-  lintels, concrete, manufacturing
-  manhole covers and frames, concrete, manufacturing
-  ornaments, concrete lawn and garden, manufacturing
-  pier footings and piling, prefabricated concrete, manufacturing
-  poles, concrete, manufacturing
-  posts, concrete, manufacturing
-  precast concrete products (except block, brick, pipe), manufacturing
-  prefabricated modular panels composed of concrete, steel and expanded polyester
-  prestressed concrete products (except block, brick, pipe), manufacturing
-  roofing tile, concrete, manufacturing
-  septic tanks, prefabricated concrete, manufacturing
-  sills, concrete, manufacturing
-  silos, prefabricated concrete, manufacturing
-  stairs, steps and landings, prefabricated concrete, manufacturing
-  storage tanks, concrete, manufacturing
-  terrazzo products, precast (except block, brick and pipe), manufacturing
-  ties, concrete railroad, manufacturing
-  tubs, laundry, concrete, manufacturing

327410 Lime manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing quicklime, hydrated lime and dead-burned dolomite by crushing, screening and roasting limestone, dolomite shells or other sources of calcium carbonate.

Examples:
-  dolomite, dead-burned, manufacturing
-  lime (e.g., agricultural, calcium hydroxide, calcium oxide, dolomitic), manufacturing
-  lime manufacturing

327420 Gypsum product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing products composed wholly or chiefly of gypsum.

Examples:
-  art goods (e.g., gypsum, plaster of Paris), manufacturing
-  calcined gypsum plaster, manufacturing
-  cement, keene's (i.e., tiling plaster), manufacturing
-  columns, architectural or ornamental plaster work, manufacturing
-  drywall cement and panels, gypsum-based, manufacturing
-  ecclesiastical statuary, gypsum, manufacturing
-  flower boxes, plaster of Paris, manufacturing
-  fountains, plaster of Paris, manufacturing
-  gypsum board, manufacturing
-  gypsum building products, manufacturing
-  gypsum product manufacturing
-  gypsum products (e.g., block, board, plaster, lath, rock, tile), manufacturing
-  images, small gypsum, manufacturing
-  joint compounds, gypsum-based, manufacturing
-  keene's cement, manufacturing
-  lath, gypsum, manufacturing
-  ornamental and architectural plaster work (e.g., columns, mantels, mouldings), manufacturing
-  orthopedic plaster, gypsum, manufacturing
-  plaster of Paris products (e.g., columns, statuary, urns), manufacturing
-  plaster of Paris, manufacturing
-  plaster, gypsum, manufacturing
-  plasterboard, manufacturing
-  sculptures (e.g., gypsum, plaster of Paris), manufacturing
-  sheet rock, manufacturing
-  statuary (e.g., gypsum, plaster of Paris), manufacturing
-  vases or urns (e.g., gypsum, plaster of Paris), manufacturing
-  wallboard, gypsum, manufacturing

327910 Abrasive product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing abrasive grinding wheels, abrasive-coated materials and other abrasive products.

Examples:
-  abrasive product manufacturing
-  abrasive-coated products, manufacturing
-  aluminum oxide (fused) abrasives, manufacturing
-  artificial corundum, manufacturing
-  buffing and polishing wheels, abrasive and nonabrasive, manufacturing
-  cloth or paper (e.g., aluminum oxide, emery, garnet, silicon carbide), abrasive-coated, manufacturing
-  diamond dressing wheels, manufacturing
-  emery cloth or paper, manufacturing
-  grains, abrasive, natural and artificial, manufacturing
-  grinding balls, ceramic, manufacturing
-  grindstones, manufacturing
-  polishing and grinding wheels, manufacturing
-  pumice and pumicite abrasives, manufacturing
-  sandpaper, manufacturing
-  silicon carbide abrasives, manufacturing
-  steel shot abrasives, manufacturing
-  wheels, abrasive, manufacturing
-  whetstones, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing metallic scouring sponges and soap-impregnated scouring pads

327990 All other non-metallic mineral product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing non-metallic mineral products.

Examples:
-  altars (stone), manufacturing
-  architectural sculptures, stone, manufacturing
-  art goods and novelties (stone), manufacturing
-  asbestos products (except brake shoes and clutches), manufacturing
-  baptismal fonts, cut stone, manufacturing
-  blackboards, unframed, slate, manufacturing
-  blast furnace slag, processing
-  bricks and blocks, sand-lime, manufacturing
-  built-up mica, manufacturing
-  burial vaults, stone, manufacturing
-  ceramic fibre, manufacturing
-  counter tops, stone, manufacturing
-  curbing, granite and stone, manufacturing
-  cut stone bases (e.g., desk sets, pedestals, lamps, plaques, similar small articles), manufacturing
-  desiccants, activated clay, manufacturing
-  diatomaceous and fuller's earth, processing beyond beneficiating
-  dimension stone dressing and manufacturing
-  dimension stone for buildings, manufacturing
-  dry mix concrete, manufacturing
-  ecclesiastical statuary, stone, manufacturing
-  fibreglass insulation products, manufacturing
-  flagstones cutting
-  furniture, cut stone (i.e., benches, tables, church), manufacturing
-  garden furniture, stone, manufacturing
-  graphite, natural (e.g., ground, pulverized, refined, blended), manufacturing
-  insulating batts, fills or blankets, fibreglass, manufacturing
-  lead, black (i.e., natural graphite), ground, refined or blended, manufacturing
-  magnesite, crude (e.g., calcined, dead-burned, ground), manufacturing
-  mica products, manufacturing
-  mineral wool products (e.g., board, insulation, tile), manufacturing
-  monuments and tombstones, cut stone (except finishing or lettering to order only), manufacturing
-  non-metallic mineral products (e.g., barite, flint, pyrophyllite, talc), processing beyond beneficiating
-  non-metallic mineral products (e.g., kaolin, baryum, mica, feldspar), processing beyond beneficiating
-  paving blocks, cut stone, manufacturing
-  peat pots, manufacturing
-  perlite aggregates, manufacturing
-  perlite, expanded, manufacturing
-  pulpits, stone, manufacturing
-  pumice (except abrasives), processing beyond beneficiating
-  roofing, slate, manufacturing
-  sand-lime products (e.g., brick, blocks), manufacturing
-  shale, expanded, manufacturing
-  slate products, manufacturing
-  statuary, marble, manufacturing
-  stone, cut products (e.g., blocks, statuary), manufacturing
-  stucco and stucco products, manufacturing
-  synthetic precious or semiprecious stones for jewellery uses, manufacturing and working (except setting)
-  synthetic stones, for gem stones and industrial use, manufacturing
-  table tops, marble, manufacturing
-  tile, acoustical, mineral wool, manufacturing
-  vermiculite, exfoliated, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing asbestos brake and clutch linings
-  manufacturing asbestos gaskets and gasket materials

Primary metal manufacturing

331110 Iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting iron ore and steel scrap to produce pig iron in molten or solid form; converting pig iron into steel by the removal, through combustion in furnaces, of the carbon in the iron. These establishments may cast ingots only, or also produce iron and steel basic shapes, such as plates, sheets, strips, rods and bars, and other fabricated products. Electric arc furnace mini-mills are included. Establishments primarily engaged in producing ferro-alloys are also included.

Examples:
-  armour plate, made in steel mills
-  axles, rolled or forged, made in steel mills
-  bars, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  billets, steel, made in steel mills
-  blackplate, made in steel mills
-  blast furnaces
-  blooms, steel, made in steel mills
-  coke oven products, made in steel mills
-  cold rolled steel shapes (e.g., bar, plate, rod, sheet, strip), made in steel mills
-  concrete reinforcing bars, made in steel mills
-  direct reduction of iron ore
-  drawing iron or steel wire in steel mills
-  electric arc furnace steel mills
-  electrometallurgical ferro-alloys, manufacturing
-  fence posts, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  ferro-chromium, manufacturing
-  ferro-manganese, manufacturing
-  ferro-molybdenum, manufacturing
-  ferro-nickel, manufacturing
-  ferroniobium, manufacturing
-  ferro-phosphorus, manufacturing
-  ferro-silicon, manufacturing
-  ferro-titanium, manufacturing
-  ferro-tungsten, manufacturing
-  ferro-vanadium, manufacturing
-  flakes, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  flats, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  forgings, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  frogs, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  galvanized metals and metal formed products, made in steel mills
-  gun forgings, made in steel mills
-  high percentage non-ferrous alloying elements (i.e., ferro-alloys), manufacturing
-  high purity ferro-alloy additive elements, manufacturing
-  hoops, made in steel mills
-  hot-rolled iron and steel products, made in steel mills
-  ingot, made in steel mills
-  iron and steel mills and ferro-alloy manufacturing
-  iron ore recovery from open hearth slag
-  iron sinter, made in steel mills
-  manganese metal ferro-alloys, manufacturing
-  mesh, wire, made in steel mills
-  mini-mills, steel
-  molybdenum silicon ferro-alloys, manufacturing
-  nut rods, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  paste, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  pig iron, manufacturing
-  pilings, iron or steel plain sheet, made in steel mills
-  pipe, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  plate mill
-  plates, steel, manufacturing
-  powder, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  rail joints and fastenings, made in steel mills
-  railroad crossings, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  rails, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  rails, rerolled or renewed in steel mills
-  reclaiming iron and steel scrap from slag
-  rods, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  sheet pilings, plain, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  sheet, steel, made in steel mills
-  shell slugs, steel, made in steel mills
-  silico-manganese ferro-alloys, manufacturing
-  skelp, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  slab, steel, made in steel mills
-  spiegeleisen ferro-alloys, manufacturing
-  spike rods, made in steel mills
-  sponge iron, manufacturing
-  stainless steel, made in steel mills
-  steel balls, made in steel mills
-  steel mills
-  steel products (e.g., bar, plate, rod, sheet, structural shapes), made in steel mills
-  steel, manufacturing
-  strip, galvanized iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  strip, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  structural shapes, iron and steel, made in steel mills
-  superalloys, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  terneplate, made in steel mills
-  ternes, iron and steel, long or short, made in steel mills
-  tie plates, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  tin free steel, made in steel mills
-  tinplate, made in steel mills
-  tool steel, made in steel mills
-  tube rounds, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  tube, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  tubing, seamless steel, made in steel mills
-  tubing, wrought iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  well casings, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  wheels, car and locomotive, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  wire products, iron or steel, made in steel mills
-  wrought iron or steel pipe and tubing, made in steel mills

Exclusions:
-  operating coke ovens
-  manufacturing iron and steel pipe and tube, from purchased metal
-  manufacturing iron and steel basic shapes by cold-rolling purchased metal, or drawing wire from purchased bars, rod or wire

331210 Iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the production of welded or seamless iron and steel pipes and tubes, and heavy, rivetted steel pipes, from purchased steel.

Examples:
-  boiler tubes, made from purchased steel
-  iron and steel pipes and tubes manufacturing from purchased steel
-  line pipe for oil or gas, made from purchased steel
-  oil pipe and tube (e.g., casing, tubing, drill pipe), made from purchased iron or steel
-  steel pipe and tubing, made from purchased steel
-  tubes, pipes or conduits (e.g., heavy riveted, lock joint, seamless, welded), made from purchased iron or steel
-  well casing (e.g., heavy riveted, lock joint, welded, wrought), made from purchased iron or steel

331221 Cold-rolled steel shape manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cold-rolling steel bars, sheets, strips and other steel shapes, from purchased steel. Establishments primarily engaged in re-heating purchased steel, and hot-rolling steel shapes, are also included.

Examples:
-  bars, steel, made from purchased steel
-  cold formed angles (H, I, T, U, etc.) (except structural steel members)
-  cold-rolled steel shape manufacturing
-  cold-rolled steel shapes (e.g., bar, plate, rod, sheet, strip), made from purchased steel
-  corrugating purchased iron or steel
-  flakes, made from purchased iron or steel
-  flat bright steel strip, made from purchased steel
-  hot-rolling purchased steel
-  iron basic shapes (except pipe, tube or wire), made from purchased iron
-  nut rods, made from purchased iron or steel
-  paste, made from purchased iron or steel
-  powder, made from purchased iron or steel
-  razor blade strip steel, made from purchased steel
-  rolled steel products, made from purchased steel
-  sheet steel, made from purchased steel
-  steel basic shapes (except pipe, tube or wire), made from purchased steel
-  strip steel, made from purchased steel
-  wire, flat, rolled strip, made from purchased iron or steel

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing steel shapes from steel made in the same establishment

331222 Steel wire drawing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in drawing purchased iron or steel rods, bars or wire through a die, to produce wire. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing steel wire and manufacturing wire products are included.

Examples:
-  barbed and twisted wire, made in wire drawing plants
-  baskets, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  brads, iron or steel, wire or cut, made in wire drawing plants
-  cable, iron or steel, electric, made in wire drawing plants
-  cable, iron or steel, insulated or armoured, made in wire drawing plants
-  chain link fencing, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  drawing wire from purchased iron or steel
-  drawing wire from purchased iron or steel and fabricating wire products
-  fence gates, posts and fittings, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  form ties, made in wire drawing plants
-  horseshoe nails, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  insulated steel cable capable of being used as a conductor, made in steel wire-drawing plants
-  nails and mesh, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  paper clips, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  staples, spikes and tacks, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  steel chain, made in wire drawing plants
-  steel wire drawing
-  tie wires, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  welded wire fabric, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire cages, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire carts (e.g., household, grocery, industrial), iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire cloth, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire garment hangers, iron or steel, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire, iron or steel (e.g., armoured, bare or insulated), made in wire drawing plants
-  wire, iron or steel, electric, made in wire drawing plants

Exclusions:
-  drawing copper wire
-  drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum
-  manufacturing ferrous wire from iron or steel produced in the same establishment
-  manufacturing non-insulated wire products from wire drawn in other establishments
-  drawing aluminum wire

331313 Primary production of alumina and aluminum This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in extracting alumina generally from bauxite or producing aluminum from alumina. Establishments engaged in secondary activities, such as rolling, drawing , casting or extruding basic shapes, from aluminum produced in the same establishment, are included.

Examples:
-  alumina (aluminum oxide), refining from bauxite
-  alumina, refining into aluminum
-  aluminum alloys, made in primary aluminum plants
-  aluminum basic shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made in primary aluminum plants
-  aluminum ingot and other primary production shapes, made in primary aluminum plants
-  aluminum oxide refining
-  aluminum, producing from bauxite or alumina
-  bauxite smelting
-  extrusion ingot, made in primary aluminum plants
-  ingot, primary aluminum, manufacturing
-  primary aluminum production and manufacturing aluminum alloys
-  primary aluminum production and manufacturing aluminum shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet)
-  primary production of alumina and aluminum
-  primary refining of aluminum
-  primary smelting of aluminum
-  slab, primary aluminum, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased aluminum

331317 Aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling purchased aluminum ingots; further hot or cold-rolling to produce sheet, plate or foil; drawing aluminum alloys into products such as wire; extruding basic shapes; and alloying or re-alloying aluminum or aluminum alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing aluminum wire, whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it, are included. Establishments primarily engaged in recovering aluminum from scrap are also included.

Examples:
-  aluminum alloys, billets and ingots made from purchased metals
-  aluminum bar, rod and tube blooms, made by extruding purchased aluminum
-  aluminum basic shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made from purchased aluminum
-  aluminum flakes pastes and powder, made from purchased aluminum
-  aluminum foil and sheet, made by flat rolling purchased aluminum
-  aluminum plate, made from purchased aluminum
-  aluminum rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
-  aluminum wire and cable, bare and uninsulated, made in wire drawing plants
-  aluminum wire and cable, made from purchased aluminum
-  aluminum wire products (e.g., mesh, nails, wire cloth or screening), made in drawing plants
-  aluminum, recovering from scrap or dross
-  automotive and aircraft wire and cable, insulated, made in aluminum wire drawing plants
-  bar, made from purchased aluminum
-  bars, ingots or rods made by rolling purchased aluminum
-  cord sets, insulated and flexible, made in aluminum wire drawing plants
-  insulated aluminum wire (e.g., apparatus, energy, coaxial, communication) made in aluminum wire drawing plants
-  insulated wire, cable and magnet wire, made in aluminum wire drawing plants
-  molten aluminum, made from purchased aluminum
-  other rolling or drawing of purchased aluminum
-  pipe, aluminum, made from purchased aluminum
-  rails, made from purchased aluminum
-  rod, made from purchased aluminum
-  scrap and dross aluminum, refining into ingot
-  strip, aluminum, made from purchased aluminum
-  structural shapes, made from purchased aluminum
-  tube, aluminum, made from purchased aluminum
-  wire, aluminum, made in wire drawing plants

Exclusions:
-  rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying aluminum produced in the same establishment

331410 Non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in smelting non-ferrous metals, except aluminum, from ores; and refining these metals by electrolytic or other processes. Establishments engaged in secondary activities, such as rolling or extruding basic shapes, from metal produced in the same establishment, are included.

Examples:
-  anodes, for electrolytic refining, copper, manufacturing
-  antimony smelting and primary refining
-  bars, made in primary copper smelting and refining mills
-  beryllium smelting and primary refining
-  bismuth smelting and primary refining
-  blister copper, manufacturing
-  cadmium smelting and primary refining
-  chromium smelting and primary refining
-  cobalt smelting and primary refining
-  copper alloys, made in primary copper smelting and refining mills
-  copper concentrates refining
-  copper shapes (e.g., bar, billet, ingot, plate, sheet), made in primary copper smelting and refining mills
-  copper smelting and primary refining
-  germanium smelting and primary refining
-  gold bullion or dore bar, produced in primary smelting and refining mills
-  gold smelting and primary refining
-  iridium smelting and primary refining
-  lead smelting and primary refining
-  magnesium smelting and primary refining
-  nickel smelting and primary refining
-  niobium smelting and primary refining
-  non-ferrous alloys, made in primary smelting and refining mills (except aluminum)
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) smelting and refining
-  non-ferrous metals (except aluminum), smelting and primary refining
-  platinum smelting and primary refining
-  precious metals smelting and primary refining
-  primary refining of non-ferrous metals (except aluminum)
-  primary smelting of non-ferrous metals (except aluminum)
-  refining non-ferrous metals (except aluminum), primary
-  rhenium smelting and primary refining
-  selenium smelting and primary refining
-  silver smelting and primary refining
-  smelters, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum)
-  smelting of non-ferrous metals (except aluminum), primary
-  tantalum smelting and primary refining
-  tellurium smelting and primary refining
-  tin smelting and primary refining
-  tin-based alloys, made in primary smelting and refining mills (except aluminum)
-  titanium smelting and primary refining
-  tungsten smelting and primary refining
-  uranium smelting and primary refining
-  zinc smelting and primary refining
-  zirconium smelting and primary refining

Exclusions:
-  producing bullion at a mine site
-  aluminum smelting and refining
-  rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying purchased copper
-  rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying purchased non-ferrous metals, except aluminum and copper

331420 Copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying copper, brass, bronze and other copper-based alloys, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing copper wire (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering copper from scrap, are included.

Examples:
-  alloying purchased copper
-  anodes, for electroplating, copper, made from purchased metals
-  apparatus wire and cord, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  armoured cable, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  automotive and aircraft wire and cable, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  bar, copper or copper alloy, made from purchased metal
-  brass and bronze, made by refining scrap
-  brass products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
-  bronze products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
-  cartridge cups, discs and sheets, copper and copper alloy, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
-  coaxial cable, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  copper alloys (e.g., brass, bronze), made from purchased metals and copper-based alloys
-  copper and copper alloy shapes (e.g., bar, ingot, rod, sheet), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  copper foil, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  copper mechanical wire products, made in drawing mills
-  copper powder, paste and flakes, made from purchased copper
-  copper products, made by rolling, drawing, extruding or alloying purchased metal
-  copper refining, secondary (i.e., from purchased metal or scrap)
-  copper rolling, drawing and extruding
-  copper rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
-  copper wire products (e.g., mesh, wire cloth), made in copper wire drawing plants
-  cord sets, flexible, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  drawing copper wire from purchased wire
-  electric cable and wire, insulated, copper, made in wire drawing plants
-  energy wire or cable, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  foil, copper and copper alloy, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  magnet wire, insulated, made in copper wire drawing plants
-  paste, made from purchased copper
-  pipe, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  plate, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  powder, made from purchased copper
-  rod, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  sheet, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  strip, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  tubing, copper and copper alloy, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  wire, copper and copper alloy, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire, mechanical, copper and copper alloy, made in wire drawing plants
-  wire, uninsulated, copper and copper alloy, made in wire drawing plants

Exclusions:
-  insulating purchased copper wire and cable
-  manufacturing copper and copper alloy products in a smelter or refinery
-  casting copper

331490 Non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in rolling, drawing, extruding and re-alloying non-ferrous metals, to produce products such as plates, sheets, strips, bars, wire and tubing, and specialty alloys. Establishments primarily engaged in drawing wire of these metals (whether or not the establishment further works the wire by such operations as insulating it), and in recovering these metals from scrap, are included.

Examples:
-  alloying purchased non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper)
-  alloying purchased precious metals
-  anodes, for electroplating, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metals
-  anodes, for electroplating, precious metals, made from purchased metals
-  apparatus wire and cord, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  automotive and aircraft wire and cable, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  bar, made from purchased non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper)
-  coaxial cable, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  communications wire and cable, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  cord sets, flexible, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  detinning scrap (e.g., cans)
-  energy wire and cable, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  foil, nickel, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  germanium, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  gold and gold alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  gold and silver, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  gold foil and leaf, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  gold rolling and drawing, purchased metal or scrap
-  iridium bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  iridium, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  lead and lead alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  lead rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  lead, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  magnesium and magnesium alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  magnesium foil, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  magnesium rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  magnesium, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  magnet wire, insulated, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  mesh, wire, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  molybdenum and molybdenum alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  molybdenum rolling, drawing or extruding, from purchased metal or scrap
-  nails, made in non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) wire drawing plants
-  nickel and nickel alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  nickel rolling, drawing and extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  nickel, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  non-ferrous alloys (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metals
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper) powder, paste and flakes, made from purchased metals
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper) shapes, made by rolling, drawing and extruding purchased metal
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), recovering from scrap
-  non-ferrous metal (except copper and aluminum) rolling, drawing, extruding and alloying
-  paste, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metals
-  pipe, made from purchased non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) metal or scrap
-  plate, made from purchased non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) metal or scrap
-  platinum and platinum alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  platinum and platinum alloy rolling, drawing or extruding, from purchased metal or scrap
-  platinum, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  powder, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metals
-  precious metal bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  precious metal rolling, drawing or extruding, from purchased metal or scrap
-  precious metals, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  recovering and refining non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper) from scrap
-  recovering silver from used photographic film or X-ray plates
-  rod, made from purchased non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) metal or scrap
-  rolling, drawing and extruding purchased non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper)
-  secondary refining (i.e., of purchased metal and scrap), non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper)
-  secondary refining (i.e., of purchased metal and scrap), precious metals
-  selenium bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  selenium, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  silver and silver alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  silver foil, made by rolling purchased metal or scrap
-  silver rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  solder wire, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  strip, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  superalloys, non-ferrous based, made from purchased metals or scrap
-  tin and tin alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  tin rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  tin, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  titanium and titanium alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  titanium rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  tubing, made from purchased non-ferrous (except aluminum, copper) metal or scrap
-  tungsten bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  tungsten carbide powder, made by metallurgical process
-  welding rod, uncoated, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  wire cloth, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  wire screening, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made from purchased metal or scrap
-  wire, non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper), made in wire drawing plants
-  zinc and zinc alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  zinc dust, reclaiming
-  zinc rolling, drawing and extruding, purchased metal or scrap
-  zinc, recovering from scrap and/or alloying purchased metals
-  zirconium and zirconium alloy bar, sheet, strip and tubing, made from purchased metal or scrap
-  zirconium rolling, drawing or extruding, purchased metal or scrap

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing non-ferrous metal (except aluminum) products in a smelter or refinery
-  insulating purchased wire and cable

331511 Iron foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten pig iron or alloy irons, into moulds to manufacture castings.

Examples:
-  cast iron brake shoes, railroad, manufacturing
-  cast iron pipe and pipe fittings, manufacturing
-  cast iron railroad car wheels, manufacturing
-  castings, unfinished, compacted graphite iron, manufacturing
-  castings, unfinished, iron (e.g., ductile, grey, malleable, semisteel), manufacturing
-  engine block castings, iron, unfinished, manufacturing
-  fittings, soil and pressure pipe, cast iron, manufacturing
-  foundries, iron (i.e., ductile, grey, malleable, semisteel)
-  grinding balls, cast iron, manufacturing
-  hydrants, unfinished iron castings, manufacturing
-  industrial moulds for casting steel ingots, manufacturing
-  iron castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  iron foundries
-  manhole covers, cast iron, manufacturing
-  municipal castings (manhole covers, sewer gratings), iron, manufacturing
-  pearlitic castings, malleable iron, unfinished, manufacturing
-  pipe and fittings, cast iron (e.g., soil, pressure), manufacturing
-  pipe couplings, cast iron, manufacturing
-  rolling mill rolls, iron, manufacturing
-  sewer pipe, cast iron, manufacturing
-  soil pipe, cast iron, manufacturing
-  water pipe, cast iron, manufacturing

331514 Steel foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in pouring molten steel into investment moulds or full moulds to manufacture steel castings.

Examples:
-  investment castings, steel, unfinished, manufacturing
-  rolling mill rolls, steel, manufacturing
-  steel foundries
-  steel investment foundries
-  steel tube fittings, made from purchased steel

331523 Non-ferrous die-casting foundries This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in introducing molten, non-ferrous metal, such as aluminum, copper or zinc, under high pressure, into a metal mould or die to manufacture castings.

Examples:
-  aluminum die-casting foundries
-  aluminum die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  beryllium die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  brass die castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  bronze die castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  copper die-casting foundries
-  copper die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  die-castings, aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
-  die-castings, non-ferrous metals, unfinished, manufacturing
-  lead die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  magnesium die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  nickel alloy die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  nickel die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  non-ferrous die-casting foundries
-  non-ferrous metal die-casting foundries
-  titanium die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing
-  zinc die-castings, unfinished, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing non-ferrous castings without using high pressure

331529 Non-ferrous foundries (except die-casting) This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in pouring non-ferrous molten metal, such as aluminum, copper or zinc, into moulds, without using high pressure, to manufacture castings.

Examples:
-  aluminum castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  aluminum foundries (except die-castings)
-  beryllium castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  bronze or brass foundries (except die-castings)
-  castings (except die-castings), aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
-  castings (except die-castings), copper, unfinished, manufacturing
-  castings (except die-castings), non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
-  copper alloy castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  foundries, copper and copper alloy (except die-castings)
-  investment castings, aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
-  investment castings, copper, unfinished, manufacturing
-  investment castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
-  lead castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  magnesium castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  nickel castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  non-ferrous foundries (except die-casting)
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper) castings (except die-castings), manufacturing
-  non-ferrous metal (except aluminum, copper) foundries (except die-castings)
-  permanent mould castings, aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
-  permanent mould castings, copper, unfinished, manufacturing
-  permanent mould castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
-  sand castings, aluminum, unfinished, manufacturing
-  sand castings, copper, unfinished, manufacturing
-  sand castings, non-ferrous metals (except aluminum, copper), unfinished, manufacturing
-  titanium castings (except die-castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  white metal castings (except die castings), unfinished, manufacturing
-  zinc castings (except die castings), unfinished, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing non-ferrous castings using high pressure

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332113 Forging This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hot forming metal using hammers or presses to forge parts. The forging process involves the use of dies to draw out or increase the length of a part, squeezing the part to reduce its length and increase its cross section, or piercing the part to create a cavity. Forging techniques include hammer, drop, press, upset, roll and hydraulic forging. These establishments may surface-finish the forgings produced, by such activities as deburring and grinding, but they do not further process them.

Examples:
-  aircraft forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  aluminum forgings, unfinished, made from purchased aluminum
-  anvils, forged, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  automotive forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  brass forgings, unfinished, made from purchased non-ferrous metal
-  cold forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  copper forgings, unfinished, made from purchased copper
-  crankshafts, forged, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  drop forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  engine and turbine forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
-  ferrous forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  flange, valve and pipe fitting forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  forgings, ferrous, unfinished, made from purchased non-ferrous metal
-  gun forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  hammer forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
-  hot forgings, unfinished, made from purchased metal
-  iron forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron
-  iron or steel semifinished shapes, manufacturing
-  machinery forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  non-ferrous (except copper and aluminum) forgings, unfinished, made from purchased non-ferrous metal
-  plumbing fixture forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  plumbing fixture forgings, unfinished, made from purchased non-ferrous metal
-  press forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  railroad bumping posts, forged, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel
-  steel forgings, unfinished, made from purchased steel
-  titanium forgings, unfinished, made from purchased titanium
-  upset forgings, unfinished, made from purchased iron or steel

332118 Stamping This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in using a press to form and cut sheet-metal stock in one or a series of operations. The operations can be done in a single press closing with a mated die, or with several press closings and multiple dies. The part involved may have holes, slots, notches or features formed in it and be cut to size and deburred, but is otherwise essentially completed by the stamping operation. Establishments primarily engaged in custom roll-forming, using the rotary motion of rolls with various profiles to bend metal, are included.

Examples:
-  bottle caps and tops, metal, stamping
-  chassis, radio and television, unfinished metal, stamping
-  closures, metal, stamping
-  crowns (e.g., bottle, can), metal, stamping
-  custom roll forming of metal products
-  electronic enclosures, unfinished metal, stamping
-  fuel tank ends, unfinished metal, stamping
-  gutters and down spouts, sheet metal, roll formed, manufacturing
-  housings for business machines, unfinished metal, stamping
-  lids, jar, metal, stamping
-  metal pressings (i.e., stampings) (except automotive, cans, coins), manufacturing
-  metal stampings (except automotive, cans, coins), unfinished, manufacturing
-  powder metallurgy products, manufactured on a job or order basis
-  roll forming of metal products
-  spinning unfinished metal products
-  stamping
-  stampings (except automotive, cans, coins), metal, unfinished, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing motor vehicle stampings

332210 Cutlery and hand tool manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing non-precious and precious plated cutlery and flatware. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing files and other hand and edge tools for metalworking, woodworking and general maintenance are included.

Examples:
-  agricultural hand tools (e.g., hay forks, hoes, rakes, spades), non-powered, manufacturing
-  augers, non-powered, manufacturing
-  awls, manufacturing
-  axes, manufacturing
-  band saw blades, all types, manufacturing
-  barbers' scissors, manufacturing
-  bearing pullers, hand tools, manufacturing
-  blades, knife and razor, manufacturing
-  blow torches, manufacturing
-  bottle openers, metal, manufacturing
-  butchers' knives, manufacturing
-  cable splicers, hand tool, manufacturing
-  calipers and dividers, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  can openers (except powered), manufacturing
-  carpenters' hand tools (except saws), non-powered, manufacturing
-  carving sets, manufacturing
-  caulking guns, non-powered, manufacturing
-  c-clamps, manufacturing
-  chainsaw blades, manufacturing
-  chisels, manufacturing
-  circular saw blades, all types, manufacturing
-  cleavers, manufacturing
-  clippers for animal use, non-powered, manufacturing
-  clippers, fingernail and toenail, manufacturing
-  clippers, hair, for human use, non-powered, manufacturing
-  cooking utensils, fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  coordinate and contour measuring machines, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  counterbores and countersinking bits, woodworking, manufacturing
-  cutlery and hand tool manufacturing
-  cutters, glass, manufacturing
-  cutting dies (e.g., leather, paper, textile), manufacturing
-  cutting dies (except metal cutting), manufacturing
-  dial indicators, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  dividers, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  drawknives, manufacturing
-  drill bits, woodworking, manufacturing
-  drills, hand-held, non-power, manufacturing
-  edge tools for woodworking (e.g., augers, bits, gimlets, countersinks), non-powered manufacturing
-  enamelled metal cooking utensils, manufacturing
-  engravers' hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  files and rasps, hand-held, manufacturing
-  fish wire (i.e., electrical wiring tool), manufacturing
-  flatware or cutlery (e.g., forks, spoons, knives), base metal plated with precious metal, manufacturing
-  flatware or cutlery (e.g., forks, spoons, knives), non-precious metal, manufacturing
-  forks, hand tools (e.g., garden, hay, manure, stone), manufacturing
-  garden hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  gauge blocks, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  gauges (except optical), machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  gear pullers, hand tools, manufacturing
-  gimlets (i.e., edge tools), manufacturing
-  gouges, woodworking, manufacturing
-  hack saw blades, manufacturing
-  hammers, hand tools, manufacturing
-  hand operated spreaders (e.g., seed, fertilizer, lime), manufacturing
-  hand saws, all non-powered types, manufacturing
-  hand tools, metal blade (e.g., putty knives, scrapers, screwdrivers), non-powered, manufacturing
-  hand-held edge tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  hatchets, manufacturing
-  hay forks, manufacturing
-  hedge shears and trimmers, non-electric, manufacturing
-  hoes, garden and masons' hand tools, manufacturing
-  hooks, hand tools (e.g., baling, bush, grass, husking), manufacturing
-  hunting or fishing knives, manufacturing
-  ice cream dippers, manufacturing
-  jacks (except hydraulic and pneumatic), manufacturing
-  jacks (screw and ratchet), motor vehicle, manufacturing
-  jewellers' hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  kitchen equipment for cafeterias, restaurants, manufacturing
-  kitchen utensils (e.g., colanders, garlic presses, ice cream scoops, spatulas), fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  kitchen utensils (except cutting type), fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  knife blanks, manufacturing
-  knives, machine (except metal cutting), manufacturing
-  knives, shear (metalworking), manufacturing
-  lawn and garden hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  lawn mowers, non-powered, manufacturing
-  leaf skimmers and rakes, swimming pool, non-powered, manufacturing
-  levels, carpenters', manufacturing
-  machetes, manufacturing
-  mallets (e.g., rubber, wood), household, manufacturing
-  masons' hand tools, manufacturing
-  mauls, metal, manufacturing
-  measuring tools, machinists' (except optical), manufacturing
-  mechanics' hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  metal cutting saw blades, manufacturing
-  micrometers, machinists' precision tools, manufacturing
-  mitre boxes, manufacturing
-  pantryware (e.g., bread boxes, canisters, cake carriers), fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  picks or mattocks (i.e., hand tools), manufacturing
-  planes, hand-held, non-powered, manufacturing
-  pliers, hand tool, manufacturing
-  plumbers' hand tools, manufacturing
-  pocket knives, manufacturing
-  post hole diggers, non-powered, manufacturing
-  potato mashers manufacturing
-  potato peelers, non-electric, manufacturing
-  pots and pans, fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  pressure cookers, household type, manufacturing
-  pry bars, manufacturing
-  punches (except paper), manufacturing
-  putty knives, manufacturing
-  rakes, non-powered hand tool, manufacturing
-  rasps, hand-held, manufacturing
-  ratchets, non-powered, manufacturing
-  razors (except electric), manufacturing
-  rulers, metal, manufacturing
-  saw blades, all types, manufacturing
-  saws, hand, non-powered, manufacturing
-  scissors, non-powered, manufacturing
-  scoops, metal, hand (except kitchen), manufacturing
-  screw jacks, manufacturing
-  screwdrivers, non-powered, manufacturing
-  scythes, manufacturing
-  shears, non-powered, manufacturing
-  sickles, manufacturing
-  sieves, hand, manufacturing
-  sledgehammers, manufacturing
-  sockets and socket sets, manufacturing
-  soldering guns and irons, hand-held (including electric), manufacturing
-  soldering iron tips and tiplets, manufacturing
-  spades and shovels, hand-held, manufacturing
-  squares, carpenter, metal, manufacturing
-  stone cutting saw blades, manufacturing
-  stonecutters' hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  swords, non-precious and precious plated metal, manufacturing
-  tailors' scissors, manufacturing
-  tailors' shears, non-powered, manufacturing
-  tape measures, metal, manufacturing
-  tea kettles and coffee pots, fabricated metal (except electric, glass), manufacturing
-  tinners' snips, manufacturing
-  tongs, oyster, manufacturing
-  tools, hand-held, non-powered (except kitchen type), manufacturing
-  trowels, manufacturing
-  vises (except machine attachments), manufacturing
-  wheel pullers, hand tools, manufacturing
-  whisks (i.e., kitchen utensils), fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  wood cutting saw blades, manufacturing
-  wrenches, hand tools, non-powered, manufacturing
-  yardsticks, metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing precious metal cutlery

332311 Prefabricated metal building and component manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing prefabricated and pre-engineered metal buildings.

Examples:
-  aircraft hangars, pre-engineered, metal, manufacturing
-  buildings, prefabricated, metal (except portable), manufacturing
-  bus shelters, metal frame, manufacturing
-  carports, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  dwellings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  farm buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  garages, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  garden sheds, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  gazebos, metal frame, manufacturing
-  grain storage buildings, metal, manufacturing
-  greenhouses, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  houses, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  office and factory buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  panels for prefabricated portable metal buildings, manufacturing
-  portable buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  pre-engineered metal buildings, manufacturing
-  prefabricated metal building and component manufacturing
-  sections for prefabricated buildings, portable, metal, manufacturing
-  sections for prefabricated metal buildings (except portable), manufacturing
-  silos, prefabricated metal, manufacturing
-  silos, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing and installation
-  solariums, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  utility buildings, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  warehouses, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing prefabricated wood frame buildings

332314 Concrete reinforcing bar manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing assemblies and other fabrications of concrete reinforcing bars by cutting, bending, shaping purchased deformed reinforcing bar.

Examples:
-  concrete reinforcing bar manufacturing
-  rebar (deformed steel bars for concrete reinforcement), manufacturing
-  rebar (i.e., concrete reinforcing bar), manufacturing

332319 Other plate work and fabricated structural product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in fabricating plate work and structural products by cutting, punching, bending, shaping and welding purchased steel plate. This work may be done according to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly. These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.

Examples:
-  airlocks, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  baffles, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  barge sections, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  bins, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  boat sections, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  bridge sections, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  bridges, prefabricated, manufacturing
-  buoys, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  casings, scroll, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  chutes, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  covers, annealing, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  culverts, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  cupolas, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  cyclones, industrial, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  dam gates, metal plate, manufacturing
-  ducting, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  expansion joints, metal, manufacturing
-  fabricated bar joists, manufacturing
-  fabricated metal plate work, manufacturing
-  fabricated structural shapes (e.g., for bridges, buildings), manufacturing
-  floating covers, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  flood gates, metal plate, manufacturing
-  floor jacks, metal, manufacturing
-  floor posts, adjustable, metal, manufacturing
-  flumes, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  fumigating or sterilizing chambers, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  girders for bridges and buildings, fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  hoods, industrial, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  hooks, crane, laminated metal plate, manufacturing
-  hoppers, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  jackets, industrial, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  joists, open web steel, long-span series, manufacturing
-  ladle bails, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  ladles, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  landing mats, aircraft, metal, manufacturing
-  liners, industrial, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  melting pots, for metal, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  nuclear shielding, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  penstocks, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  pile shells, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  pipe, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  plate work (e.g., bending, cutting, punching, shaping, welding), fabricated metal, manufacturing
-  racks (e.g., trash), fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  radio and television tower sections, fabricated structural metal, manufacturing
-  railway or highway bridge sections, prefabricated metal, manufacturing
-  reactor containment vessels, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  rigmats, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  rocket casings, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  sheet piling, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  ship sections, prefabricated metal, manufacturing
-  smokestacks, fabricated metal boiler plate, manufacturing
-  space simulation chambers, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  steel joists, manufacturing
-  steel railroad car racks (i.e., for transporting motor vehicles), manufacturing
-  structural metal work, manufacturing
-  structural steel, fabricated, manufacturing
-  television tower sections, prefabricated structural metal, manufacturing
-  transmission tower sections, prefabricated structural metal, manufacturing
-  transmission towers and masts, prefabricated, manufacturing
-  trash racks, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  trestles, steel, manufacturing
-  troughs, industrial, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  truss plates, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  tunnel lining, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  tunnels, wind, fabricated metal plate, manufacturing
-  weldments, manufacturing

332321 Metal window and door manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (typically steel or aluminum) doors and windows, sash, door and window frames, and screens, moulding and trim.

Examples:
-  baseboards, metal, manufacturing
-  bathtub enclosures, metal frame, manufacturing
-  casements, metal, manufacturing
-  door and jamb assemblies, metal, manufacturing
-  door frames and sash, metal, manufacturing
-  fire doors, metal, manufacturing
-  frames, door and window, metal, manufacturing
-  garage doors, metal, manufacturing
-  hangar doors, metal, manufacturing
-  hermetically sealed window units, metal frame, manufacturing
-  insulated windows, hermetically sealed, metal frame, manufacturing
-  jalousies, metal, manufacturing
-  louvres, window, metal, manufacturing
-  metal window and door manufacturing
-  rolling doors for industrial buildings and warehouses, metal, manufacturing
-  sash, door and window, metal, manufacturing
-  screen doors, metal frame, manufacturing
-  shutters, door and window, metal, manufacturing
-  skylights, metal frame, manufacturing
-  store fronts, prefabricated, metal, manufacturing
-  storm doors and windows, metal, manufacturing
-  trim, metal, manufacturing
-  weather strip, metal, manufacturing
-  window moulding and trim (except motor vehicle), metal, manufacturing
-  window screens, metal frame, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing wood windows and doors, metal-covered

332329 Other ornamental and architectural metal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing ornamental and architectural metal products.

Examples:
-  acoustical suspension systems, metal, manufacturing
-  air cowls, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  architectural metal work, manufacturing
-  awnings, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  balcony railings, metal, manufacturing
-  bank fixtures, ornamental metal, manufacturing
-  bannisters, metal, manufacturing
-  barn stanchions and standards, metal, manufacturing
-  brasswork, ornamental, manufacturing
-  canopies, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  casings, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  chain ladders, metal, manufacturing
-  chimneys, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  coal chutes, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  concrete forms, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  cornices, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  cowls, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  culverts, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  curtain wall, manufacturing
-  dampers, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  door hoods, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  downspouts, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  ducts, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  eaves, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  eavestroughs, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  elbows (for conductor pipe, hot air ducts, stovepipe), sheet metal, manufacturing
-  elevator guide rails, metal, manufacturing
-  fences and gates (except wire), metal, manufacturing
-  fire escapes, metal, manufacturing
-  flagpoles, metal, manufacturing
-  flooring, open steel (i.e., grating), manufacturing
-  flooring, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  flues, stove and furnace, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  flumes, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  forms, concrete, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  furnace casings, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  furnace flues, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  furring channels, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  garbage chutes, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  gates, holding, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  gates, metal (except wire), manufacturing
-  grills and grillwork, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  grillwork, ornamental metal, manufacturing
-  guards, bannisters and railings, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  gutters, sheet metal (except custom roll formed), manufacturing
-  highway guardrails, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  hoods, range (except household type), sheet metal, manufacturing
-  irrigation pipe, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  joists, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  ladders, for permanent installation, metal, manufacturing
-  lamp posts, metal, manufacturing
-  lath, expanded metal, manufacturing
-  light standards, metal, manufacturing
-  livestock corrals, cattle holders and stalls, metal, manufacturing
-  louvres, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  machine guards, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  mail chutes, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  ornamental metal work, manufacturing
-  partitions, ornamental metal, manufacturing
-  pile shells, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  pipe bannisters, metal, manufacturing
-  pipe guards, metal, manufacturing
-  pipe railings, metal, manufacturing
-  pipe, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  purlins, metal, manufacturing
-  radiator shields and enclosures, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  railings, metal, manufacturing
-  registers, air, metal, manufacturing
-  roof deck, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  roofing, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  scaffolds, metal, manufacturing
-  sheet metal countertops, not fabricated at the site of construction
-  sheet metal work (except stamped), manufacturing
-  siding, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  sign posts, metal, manufacturing
-  ski racks, outdoor, metal, manufacturing
-  spouts, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  stair railings, metal, manufacturing
-  stair treads, metal, manufacturing
-  staircases, metal, manufacturing
-  stairs, metal, manufacturing
-  stalls, metal, manufacturing
-  stove boards, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  stove pipe and flues, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  studs, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  suspended ceilings, metal, manufacturing
-  troughs, elevator, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  ventilators, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  wells, light, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  window wells, sheet metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing prefabricated metal buildings
-  manufacturing fences and gates from purchased wire

332410 Power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing power boilers and parts (including nuclear generated steam), and industrial heat exchangers, by the process of cutting, forming and joining metal plates, bars, sheets, pipe mill products and tubing, to custom or standard design, for factory or field assembly. These establishments may engage in both fabrication and installation.

Examples:
-  aftercoolers (i.e., heat exchangers), manufacturing
-  air preheaters for boilers, manufacturing
-  barometric condensers, manufacturing
-  boiler casings, manufacturing
-  condenser boxes, metal, manufacturing
-  economizers (i.e., power boiler apparatus), manufacturing
-  heat exchangers, manufacturing
-  intercooler shells, manufacturing
-  marine power boilers, manufacturing
-  nuclear bundles and control rods, made from purchased fuel
-  nuclear reactor control rod drive mechanisms, manufacturing
-  nuclear reactor steam supply systems, manufacturing
-  nuclear reactors, manufacturing
-  power boiler and heat exchanger manufacturing
-  power boilers, manufacturing
-  steam condensers, manufacturing
-  superheaters for boilers, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  erecting purchased boilers
-  manufacturing cast iron sectional heating boilers

332420 Metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cutting, forming and joining heavy gauge steel to manufacture tanks. Establishments primarily engaged in fabricating and erecting large storage tanks, which must be assembled at the site, are included.

Examples:
-  absorbers, gas, manufacturing
-  accumulators (i.e., industrial pressure vessels), manufacturing
-  acetylene cylinders, manufacturing
-  air receiver tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  annealing vats, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  autoclaves, industrial type, manufacturing
-  bulk storage tanks, heavy gauge steel, manufacturing
-  caissons, for underwater work, metal, manufacturing
-  columns, fractionating, manufacturing
-  cryogenic tanks, manufacturing
-  cylinders, pressure, manufacturing
-  digesters, industrial type, manufacturing
-  farm storage tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  fermentation tanks (e.g., anaerobic digester), heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  heavy gauge containers specially designed for use by one or more modes of transportation, including tanks for tanker trailers, manufacturing
-  kettles, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders, manufacturing
-  liquid oxygen tanks, manufacturing
-  metal tank (heavy gauge) manufacturing
-  nuclear waste casks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  oil and gas storage tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  petroleum storage tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  pots (e.g., annealing, melting, smelting), heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  propane gas cylinders, manufacturing
-  retorts, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  septic tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  smelting pots and retorts, manufacturing
-  stainless steel tanks for food manufacturing
-  storage tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  vacuum tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  vats, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  vessels, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing
-  water tanks, heavy gauge metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing tanks for tank trucks

332431 Metal can manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cans, lids, and ends.

Examples:
-  aerosol cans, manufacturing
-  aluminum cans, manufacturing
-  beer cans, manufacturing
-  can lids and ends, metal, manufacturing
-  cans, metal (e.g., food, beverage), manufacturing
-  metal can manufacturing
-  paint cans, metal, manufacturing
-  soft drink cans, metal, manufacturing
-  soup cans, manufacturing
-  steel cans, manufacturing
-  tin plate cans, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing metal shipping containers

332439 Other metal container manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal (light gauge) containers (except cans).

Examples:
-  air cargo containers, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  ammunition boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  barrels, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  beer kegs, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  bins (e.g., grain and feed storage), light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  cash and stamp boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  collapsible tubes (e.g., toothpaste, glue), light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  containers (except cans), light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  coolers and ice chests (except foam plastics), manufacturing
-  drums, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  fluid milk shipping containers, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  garbage or trash cans, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  hampers, laundry, sheet metal, manufacturing
-  hoppers, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  kegs, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  laundry hampers, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  lunch boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  mail boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  shipping barrels, drums, kegs and pails, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  tool boxes, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  vacuum bottles, light gauge metal, manufacturing
-  vats, light gauge metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing metal cans
-  reconditioning drums and shipping containers

332510 Hardware manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal hardware.

Examples:
-  aircraft hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  appliance hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  brackets, builders' hardware type, metal, manufacturing
-  builders' hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  cabinet hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  casket hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  casters, furniture, manufacturing
-  casters, industrial, manufacturing
-  dead bolts, manufacturing
-  door locks, manufacturing
-  door opening and closing devices (except electrical), manufacturing
-  furniture hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  gun trigger locks, manufacturing
-  hardware manufacturing
-  hinges, metal, manufacturing
-  key blanks, manufacturing
-  locks (except coin-operated and time), manufacturing
-  luggage hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  marine hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  mounting hardware for TV's, security cameras and monitors, manufacturing
-  padlocks, manufacturing
-  piano hardware, metal, manufacturing
-  railway rolling stock hardware, manufacturing
-  safe and vault locks (except time), manufacturing
-  suitcase hardware, metal, manufacturing

332611 Spring (heavy gauge) manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy gauge springs. These springs are typically used in machinery, motor vehicles and other transportation equipment.

Examples:
-  automobile springs (e.g., suspension, leaf), or torsion bars, manufacturing
-  coil springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
-  flat springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
-  helical springs, heavy gauge, manufacturing
-  spring (heavy gauge) manufacturing
-  springs (except motor vehicle and railroad), heavy-gauge, manufacturing
-  springs, motor vehicle and railroad, heavy-gauge, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing valve springs for internal combustion engines
-  manufacturing light gauge springs, such as upholstery springs
-  manufacturing precision springs, such as hairsprings, instrument springs and clock springs

332619 Other fabricated wire product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing wire products from purchased wire.

Examples:
-  automobile skid chains, made from purchased wire
-  bale ties, made from purchased wire
-  barbed wire, made from purchased wire
-  baskets, metal, made from purchased wire
-  belts, conveyor, made from purchased wire
-  brackets, made from purchased wire
-  brads, metal, made from purchased wire
-  cable, non-insulated wire, made from purchased wire
-  cages, made from purchased wire
-  can keys, made from purchased wire
-  chain link fencing and fence gates, made from purchased wire
-  chain, made from purchased wire
-  chain, welded, made from purchased wire
-  cloth or fabrics, woven wire, made from purchased wire
-  coat hangers, made from purchased wire
-  concrete reinforcing mesh, made from purchased wire
-  cord, wire, made from purchased wire
-  cylinder wire cloth, made from purchased wire
-  delivery cases, made from purchased wire
-  diamond cloth, made from purchased wire
-  drying belts, made from purchased wire
-  fencing and fence gates, made from purchased wire
-  flat or coil springs, light gauge (except clock and watch), made from purchased wire
-  form ties, made from purchased wire
-  fourdrinier wire cloth, made from purchased wire
-  furniture springs, unassembled, made from purchased wire
-  garment hangers, made from purchased wire
-  grilles and grillwork, made from purchased wire
-  guards, wire, made from purchased wire
-  gun springs, manufacturing
-  hairsprings (except clock and watch), manufacturing
-  hardware cloth, woven wire, made from purchased wire
-  helical springs, light gauge, made from purchased wire
-  insect screening, made from purchased wire
-  instrument springs, precision (except clock and watch), manufacturing
-  key rings, made from purchased wire
-  lamp frames, wire, made from purchased wire
-  mats and matting, made from purchased wire
-  mattress springs and spring units, made from purchased wire
-  mesh, made from purchased wire
-  nails, brads and staples, made from purchased wire
-  netting, woven wire, made from purchased wire
-  other hand sieves, manufacturing
-  paper clips, made from purchased wire
-  paper machine cloth, made from purchased wire
-  partitions, made from purchased wire
-  poultry netting, made from purchased wire
-  racks, household type, made from purchased wire
-  reinforcing mesh, concrete, made from purchased wire
-  rope, wire, made from purchased wire
-  screening, woven, made from purchased wire
-  shelving, wire, made from purchased wire
-  slings, lifting, made from purchased wire
-  spikes, made from purchased wire
-  spiral cloth, made from purchased wire
-  springs and spring units (except clock and watch), light gauge, made from purchased wire
-  springs, precision (except clock and watch), manufacturing
-  staples, wire, made from purchased wire
-  stranded wire, uninsulated, made from purchased wire
-  tacks, metal, made from purchased wire
-  tire chains, made from purchased wire
-  traps, animal and fish, made from purchased wire
-  trays, wire, made from purchased wire
-  upholstery springs and spring units, made from purchased wire
-  window screening, made from purchased wire
-  wire mesh, concrete reinforcing, made from purchased wire
-  wire ties (for vegetable bags), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing electrical wire by insulating purchased wire
-  drawing non-ferrous wire, except copper and aluminum
-  drawing copper wire
-  drawing iron or steel wire
-  drawing aluminum wire

332710 Machine shops This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating machine tools, such as lathes (including computer numerically controlled), automatic screw machines, and machines for boring, grinding, milling and otherwise working metal, to produce machine parts and equipment, other than complete machines, for the trade. Machine shops providing custom and repair services are included.

Examples:
-  custom chemical milling in machine shops
-  machine shops
-  machining metal parts on a job order basis
-  machining plastic and composite materials parts
-  precision turned product, manufacturing (using automatic screw machines, rotary transfer, turning centres, computer numerically controlled (CNC) lathes)

332720 Turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in turning, facing, forming, parting, boring, threading and knurling metal on machine tools or lathes with machine-held cutting tools, to manufacture precision turned products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing metal fasteners, such as nuts, bolts, rivets and washers, are included.

Examples:
-  bolts, metal, manufacturing
-  cotter pins, metal, manufacturing
-  dowel pins, metal, manufacturing
-  hook and eye latches, manufacturing
-  hooks (i.e., general purpose fasteners), metal, manufacturing
-  hooks, metal gate, manufacturing
-  hose clamps, metal, manufacturing
-  lock washers, metal, manufacturing
-  machine keys, manufacturing
-  nuts, metal, manufacturing
-  rivets, metal, manufacturing
-  screw eyes, metal, manufacturing
-  screws, metal, manufacturing
-  spring pins, metal, manufacturing
-  spring washers, metal, manufacturing
-  toggle bolts, metal, manufacturing
-  turnbuckles, manufacturing
-  turned product and screw, nut and bolt manufacturing
-  washers, metal, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing flat washers

332810 Coating, engraving, cold and heat treating and allied activities This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in coating, engraving, heat treating and similarly processing metal. These activities often involve heating the metal, and the purpose is often to harden it. In general, the hardening of metal is included. Other activities of this industry include tempering, brazing, plating (including electroplating and re-chroming), polishing, sand-blasting and colouring metal and metal products. Establishments that perform these processes on other materials, such as plastics, in addition to metals, as well as establishments primarily engaged in plating with precious metal for the trade are included.

Examples:
-  aluminum coating of metal products, for the trade
-  annealing metals, for the trade
-  anodizing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  bonderizing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  brazing (i.e., hardening) metals and metal products
-  buffing metals and metal products
-  burning metals and metal products, for the trade
-  chasing metals and metal products (except printing plates), for the trade
-  chrome plating of metals and metal products, for the trade
-  cleaning and descaling metals and metal products, for the trade
-  coating metals and metal products with plastics, for the trade
-  coating metals and metal products, for the trade
-  coating products of metal combined with other materials
-  coating, engraving, heat treating and allied activities
-  cold treating metals for the trade
-  colouring metals and metal products
-  cryogenic treating metals for the trade
-  depolishing metals and metal products
-  electroplating metals and metal products, for the trade
-  electroplating, for the trade
-  enamelling metals and metal products
-  engraving metals and metal products (except printing plates, precious metal jewellery and flatware), for the trade
-  etching metals and metal products (except printing plates, precious metal jewellery and flatware), for the trade
-  flocking metals and metal products, for the trade
-  galvanizing metals and metal products
-  glazing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  gold and silver plating metals and metal products, for the trade
-  grinding aluminum castings for the trade
-  grinding copper and copper alloy castings for the trade
-  grinding iron castings, for the trade
-  grinding non-ferrous castings (except aluminum and copper) for the trade
-  hardening (i.e., heat treating) metals and metal products, for the trade
-  heat treating metals and metal products
-  hot dip galvanizing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  japanning metals and metal products, for the trade
-  lacquering metals and metal products
-  painting metals and metal products, for the trade
-  parkerizing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  pickling metals and metal products, for the trade
-  plastic, glass, or other media blasting services
-  plating metals and metal products, for the trade
-  polishing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  powder coating metals and metal products
-  precious metal plating of metals and metal products, for the trade
-  rust proofing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  sandblasting metals and metal products, for the trade
-  sherardizing metals and metal products, for the trade
-  shot peening metals and metal products, for the trade
-  teflon coating metals and metal products
-  tempering metals and metal products, for the trade
-  tumbling (i.e., cleaning and polishing) metals and metal products, for the trade
-  vacuum plating metals and metal products, for the trade
-  varnishing metals and metal products

Exclusions:
-  fabricating, coating and engraving products (classified in the manufacturing sector according to the product made)
-  turning metal
-  etching and engraving jewellery and articles of precious metals

332910 Metal valve manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining metal valves used to regulate the flow of fluids, liquids and gases, and related fixtures and fittings. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing hydraulic and pneumatic pipe and tube assemblies are included.

Examples:
-  aerosol valves, metal, manufacturing
-  anti-scald bath and shower valves, manufacturing
-  automatic (i.e., regulating, controlling) valves, industrial type, manufacturing
-  backflow preventers, plumbing, manufacturing
-  boiler couplings and drains, plumbing and heating type, manufacturing
-  boiler gauge cocks, industrial type, manufacturing
-  breakers, vacuum, plumbing, manufacturing
-  cocks, drain, plumbing, manufacturing
-  compressed gas cylinder valves, industrial type, manufacturing
-  control valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  copper pipe fittings (such as copper elbows, unions, and compression fittings), manufacturing
-  elbows, pipe, metal, manufacturing
-  electrohydraulic servo valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  faucets, plumbing, manufacturing
-  ferrous fluid power hose fittings, made from purchased ferrous materials
-  fire hydrant valves, manufacturing
-  fire hydrants, complete, manufacturing
-  flanges and flange unions, pipe, metal, manufacturing
-  fluid power (hydraulic or pneumatic) subassemblies, aircraft, manufacturing
-  fluid power hose assemblies, manufacturing
-  fluid power valves and hose fittings, manufacturing
-  flush valves, plumbing, manufacturing
-  flushing hydrant, manufacturing
-  gas valves, industrial type, manufacturing
-  hose and tube assemblies, fluid power (i.e., hydraulic and pneumatic), manufacturing
-  hose couplings and fittings (except fluid power), metal, manufacturing
-  hose fittings, fluid power, manufacturing
-  hose nozzles and couplings, manufacturing
-  hydraulic aircraft sub-assemblies, manufacturing
-  hydraulic hose fittings, fluid power, manufacturing
-  hydraulic valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  industrial type valves (e.g., angle, control, ball, butterfly, cross, plug, stop), manufacturing
-  metal valve manufacturing
-  nozzles, fire fighting, manufacturing
-  nozzles, lawn hose, manufacturing
-  nuclear application valves, manufacturing
-  pipe fittings, fluid power, manufacturing
-  plumbers' brass goods, manufacturing
-  plumbing and heating inline valves (e.g., check, cut-off, stop), manufacturing
-  plumbing fittings and couplings (e.g., compression fittings, metal unions, metal elbows), manufacturing
-  plumbing fixture fittings and trim, all materials, manufacturing
-  pneumatic hose fittings, fluid power, manufacturing
-  pneumatic valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  pressure control valves (except fluid power), industrial type, manufacturing
-  pressure control valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  reducer returns, pipe, manufacturing
-  shower heads, plumbing, manufacturing
-  solenoid valves (except fluid power), industrial type, manufacturing
-  solenoid valves, fluid power, manufacturing
-  sprinklers, lawn, manufacturing
-  steam fittings and specialties, metal, manufacturing
-  steam traps, industrial type, manufacturing
-  stopcocks, drain, plumbing, manufacturing
-  straightway (i.e., y-type) valves, industrial type, manufacturing
-  supply line assemblies, plumbing (i.e., flexible hose with fittings), manufacturing
-  thermostatic traps, industrial type, manufacturing
-  tire valves and parts (e.g., tire valve cores), manufacturing
-  toilet tank fittings, manufacturing
-  tube and hose fittings, non-ferrous, fluid power, manufacturing
-  unions, pipe, metal (except made from purchased pipe), manufacturing
-  valves, for nuclear applications, manufacturing
-  valves, for water works and municipal water systems, manufacturing
-  valves, hydraulic and pneumatic, fluid power, manufacturing
-  valves, industrial type (e.g., gate, globe, check, pop safety, relief), manufacturing
-  water traps, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing internal combustion valves for diesel engines
-  manufacturing internal combustion valves for gasoline engines

332991 Ball and roller bearing manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing ball and roller bearings, and parts, such as bearing races.

Examples:
-  annular or linear ball bearings, manufacturing
-  ball and roller bearing manufacturing
-  ball bearings and parts (including mounted), manufacturing
-  flange units for ball or roller bearings, manufacturing
-  pillow blocks, with ball or roller bearings, manufacturing
-  races, ball or roller bearing, manufacturing
-  roller bearings (e.g., needle, linear, cylindrical, thrust, tapered), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing plain bearings

332999 All other miscellaneous fabricated metal product manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in fabricating metal products.

Examples:
-  adapters, bombcluster, manufacturing
-  aluminum freezer foil, made from purchased foil
-  aluminum ladders, manufacturing
-  ammunition fuses, detonators and primers (i.e., more than 30 mm; more than 1.18 inch), ammunition, manufacturing
-  ammunition, bomb and shell loading and assembling plants
-  ammunition, large (i.e., more than 30 mm; more than 1.18 inch) (e.g., artillery shells, tracers, grenades, mines, rockets, missile warheads, bombs), manufacturing
-  ammunition, small (i.e., 30 mm or less; 1.18 inch or less), (e.g., bullet jackets and cores, blank and rifle cartridges, shotgun shells), manufacturing
-  andirons, manufacturing
-  angle irons, metal, manufacturing
-  animal traps, metal (except wire), manufacturing
-  antisubmarine projectors, manufacturing
-  antitank rocket launchers, manufacturing
-  aquarium accessories, metal, manufacturing
-  arming and fusing devices, missile, manufacturing
-  artillery, manufacturing
-  badges, metal, manufacturing
-  bag loading plants, ammunition, manufacturing
-  barrels, gun, manufacturing
-  barricades, metal, manufacturing
-  bathroom fixtures, metal, manufacturing
-  bellows, hand, manufacturing
-  belts, machine gun, manufacturing
-  bends, pipe, made from purchased metal pipe
-  bofors guns, manufacturing
-  bombcluster adapters, manufacturing
-  bombs, manufacturing
-  book ends, metal, manufacturing
-  boosters and bursters, artillery, manufacturing
-  buckles, shoe, metal, manufacturing
-  candelabra and candlesticks, metal (except precious metal), manufacturing
-  canisters, ammunition, manufacturing
-  caps, bomb, manufacturing
-  caps, heel and toe, metal, manufacturing
-  car seals, metal, manufacturing
-  carbines, manufacturing
-  cartridge cases for ammunition (i.e., 30 mm or less; 1.18 inch or less), manufacturing
-  cartridges, ammunition, manufacturing
-  catapult guns, manufacturing
-  chain fittings, metal, manufacturing
-  chests, fire or burglary resistive, metal, manufacturing
-  clips, gun, manufacturing
-  coils, pipe, made from purchased metal pipe
-  combs, metal, manufacturing
-  copper foil, made from purchased foil
-  cuffs, leg, iron, manufacturing
-  cylinders and clips, gun (i.e., 30 mm or less; 1.18 inch or less), manufacturing
-  dart guns (except toy), manufacturing
-  depth charge projectors, manufacturing
-  depth charges, manufacturing
-  doors, safe and vault, metal, manufacturing
-  drain plugs, magnetic, metal, manufacturing
-  drill stands, metal, manufacturing
-  drinking fountains (except mechanically refrigerated), metal, manufacturing
-  ecclesiastical ware, precious plated metal, manufacturing
-  enamelled bathroom fixtures, manufacturing
-  fabricated metal pipe fittings made from purchased lead, zinc, or tin pipe
-  fabricated metal pipe fittings made from purchased pipe, aluminum
-  fabricated metal pipe fittings made from purchased pipe, steel
-  fabricated pipe and pipe fittings, made from purchased metal pipe
-  fin assemblies, mortar, manufacturing
-  fin assemblies, torpedo and bomb, manufacturing
-  fireplace fixtures and equipment, manufacturing
-  flame throwers, manufacturing
-  flexible metal hose and tubing, manufacturing
-  flush tanks, metal, manufacturing
-  foil containers (except bags), made from purchased metal foil
-  foundry pattern making
-  fountains (except drinking), metal, manufacturing
-  frames and handles, handbag and luggage, metal, manufacturing
-  frames, lamp shade, metal (except wire), manufacturing
-  generators, smoke, manufacturing
-  gold beating (i.e., to manufacture leaf and foil)
-  gold foil and leaf, made from purchased foil
-  grenade launchers, manufacturing
-  gun sights (except optical), manufacturing
-  hair curlers, metal, manufacturing
-  handcuffs, manufacturing
-  handles (e.g., parasol, umbrella), metal, manufacturing
-  harness parts, metal, manufacturing
-  hoops, metal (except wire), made from purchased metal
-  horse bits, manufacturing
-  howitzers, manufacturing
-  identification plates, metal, manufacturing
-  ironing boards, metal, manufacturing
-  jet propulsion projectiles (except guided missiles), manufacturing
-  ladder jacks, metal, manufacturing
-  ladders, portable, metal, manufacturing
-  lavatories, metal, manufacturing
-  lead foil, made from purchased foil
-  linings, safe and vault, metal, manufacturing
-  loading and assembling bombs
-  machine bases, metal, manufacturing
-  magnesium foil, made from purchased foil
-  magnets, permanent, metallic, manufacturing
-  manifolds, pipe, made from purchased metal pipe
-  marine horns, compressed air or steam, metal, manufacturing
-  military insignia, metal, manufacturing
-  money or bank chests, metal, manufacturing
-  mortars, manufacturing
-  name plate blanks, metal, manufacturing
-  nickel foil, made from purchased foil
-  nipples, metal, made from purchased pipe
-  novelties and specialties, non-precious metal, manufacturing
-  novelties and specialties, precious plated metal, manufacturing
-  nut crackers and pickers, metal, manufacturing
-  other weaponry and ordnances (e.g., aircraft artillery, cannons, rocket and grenade launchers, tank artillery, torpedoes, flame throwers), manufacturing
-  paint sticks, metal, manufacturing
-  pallets and pallets parts, metal, manufacturing
-  patterns (except shoe), industrial, manufacturing
-  pipe and pipe fittings made from purchased other nonferrous metal pipe
-  pipe and pipe fittings, made from purchased metal pipe
-  pipe couplings, made from purchased metal pipe
-  pipe fabricating (e.g., bending, cutting, threading), of purchased metal pipe
-  pipe hangers and supports, metal, manufacturing
-  plated ware (e.g., ecclesiastical ware, holloware, toilet ware), manufacturing
-  platinum foil and leaf, made from purchased foil
-  plumbing fixtures, metal, manufacturing
-  portable chemical toilets, metal, manufacturing
-  projectors (e.g., antisub, depth charge release, grenade, Livens, rocket), manufacturing
-  propellers, ship and boat, machined, manufacturing
-  pyrotechnic pistols and projectors, manufacturing
-  recoil mechanisms, gun (i.e., 30 mm or less; 1.18 inch or less), manufacturing
-  recoil mechanisms, gun (i.e., more than 30 mm; more than 1.18 inch), manufacturing
-  recoilless rifles, manufacturing
-  reels, metal, manufacturing
-  rocket launchers, manufacturing
-  rope fittings, manufacturing
-  saddlery parts, metal, manufacturing
-  safe deposit boxes and chests, metal, manufacturing
-  safe doors and linings, metal, manufacturing
-  safes, metal, manufacturing
-  sand cores, foundry, manufacturing
-  sanitary ware (e.g., bathtubs, lavatories, sinks), metal, manufacturing
-  scouring pads, soap impregnated, manufacturing
-  seals, metal (except gaskets), manufacturing
-  shims, metal, manufacturing
-  shot, lead, manufacturing
-  shot, pellet, manufacturing
-  shower receptors, metal, manufacturing
-  shower rods, metal, manufacturing
-  shower stalls, metal, manufacturing
-  silver beating (i.e., to manufacture leaf and foil)
-  silver foil and leaf, made from purchased foil
-  skids, metal, manufacturing
-  small arms (e.g., revolvers), manufacturing
-  small arms percussion caps and primers, ammunition (i.e., 30 mm. or less; 1.18 inch or less), manufacturing
-  small arms, hand-held (e.g., pistols (except toy), rifles, machines guns, tranquilizer guns, shotguns, revolvers), manufacturing
-  smoke generators (i.e., ordnance), manufacturing
-  soap dispensers, metal, manufacturing
-  soap-impregnated steel wool pads, manufacturing
-  sponges, scouring, metal, manufacturing
-  stabilizing bars, cargo, metal, manufacturing
-  steel wool, manufacturing
-  stepladders, metal, manufacturing
-  strapping, metal, manufacturing
-  submachine guns, manufacturing
-  tablets, metal, manufacturing
-  tear gas devices and equipment, manufacturing
-  thimbles, wire rope, manufacturing
-  tin foil, made from purchased foil
-  tinsmiths (i.e., artisans)
-  toilet fixtures, metal, manufacturing
-  toilet ware, precious plated metal, manufacturing
-  torpedo tubes, manufacturing
-  trophies and holloware, precious plated metal, manufacturing
-  trophies, non-precious metal, manufacturing
-  tubes, made from purchased metal pipe
-  tubs, laundry and bath, metal, manufacturing
-  urinals, metal, manufacturing
-  vault doors and linings, metal, manufacturing
-  vaults (except burial), metal, manufacturing
-  wads, ammunition, manufacturing
-  water closets, metal, manufacturing
-  wrought iron or steel pipe and tubing, made from purchased metal pipe
-  zinc foil and leaf, made from purchased foil

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing explosives, and detonators for explosives

Machinery manufacturing

333110 Agricultural implement manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in performing farm operations, such as the preparation and maintenance of soil; planting, harvesting or threshing; field spraying; and preparing crops for market; or for use in horticultural and residential lawn care. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing snowblowers are included.

Examples:
-  agricultural implement manufacturing
-  attachments for powered lawn and garden equipment, manufacturing
-  bale throwers, manufacturing
-  balers, farm (e.g., hay, straw, cotton), manufacturing
-  blowers, forage, manufacturing
-  blowers, leaf, manufacturing
-  cabs for agricultural machinery, manufacturing
-  carts and wagons, lawn and garden type, manufacturing
-  cattle feeding and watering equipment, manufacturing
-  chicken brooders, manufacturing
-  chippers (i.e., shredders), lawn and garden type, manufacturing
-  combines, harvester-threshers, manufacturing
-  corn heads for combines, manufacturing
-  corn pickers and shellers, manufacturing
-  cotton balers and presses, manufacturing
-  cotton ginning machinery, manufacturing
-  cotton picker and stripper harvesting machinery, manufacturing
-  cream separators, farm type, manufacturing
-  crop driers, farm type, manufacturing
-  cultivators, farm type, manufacturing
-  cultivators, powered, lawn and garden type, manufacturing
-  curers, tobacco, manufacturing
-  drags, farm type, manufacturing
-  driers, farm (e.g., grain, hay and seed), manufacturing
-  ensilage blowers and cutters, manufacturing
-  farm machinery, assembling
-  farm tractors and attachments, manufacturing
-  farm wagons (such as hay wagons), manufacturing
-  feed grinders (i.e., crushers and mixers), farm type, manufacturing
-  feed processing equipment, farm type, manufacturing
-  fertilizing machinery, farm type, manufacturing
-  fruit harvesting machines, manufacturing
-  grading, cleaning and sorting machinery, farm type, manufacturing
-  grain drills, manufacturing
-  grain stackers, manufacturing
-  grass mowing equipment (except lawn and garden), manufacturing
-  harrows (e.g., disc, spring, tine), manufacturing
-  harvesting machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  hay balers and presses, farm type, manufacturing
-  haying machines, manufacturing
-  hog feeding and watering equipment, manufacturing
-  hulling machinery, farm type, manufacturing
-  incubators, poultry, manufacturing
-  irrigation equipment, agricultural, manufacturing
-  land preparation machinery, agricultural, manufacturing
-  lawn and garden powered hand tools ( i.e., hedge and edge trimmers), manufacturing
-  lawn and garden powered tractors and lawn mowers, manufacturing
-  lawn and garden type machinery (e.g., seeders, spreaders, tillers), manufacturing
-  milking machines, manufacturing
-  mulchers, lawn and garden type, manufacturing
-  nut shellers, farm type, manufacturing
-  peanut combines (i.e., diggers, packers, threshers), manufacturing
-  planting machines, farm type, manufacturing
-  ploughs, farm type, manufacturing
-  potato diggers, harvesters and planters, manufacturing
-  poultry or chicken brooders, feeders and waterers, manufacturing
-  rakes, hay, manufacturing
-  rotary hoes, manufacturing
-  rotary tillers, farm type, manufacturing
-  seeders, farm type, manufacturing
-  separators, grain and berry, farm type, manufacturing
-  sheep shears, powered, manufacturing
-  shredders, farm type, manufacturing
-  snowblowers and throwers, residential type, manufacturing
-  sprayers and dusters, farm type, manufacturing
-  spreaders, farm type, manufacturing
-  stalk choppers (i.e., shredders), manufacturing
-  threshing machinery, farm type, manufacturing
-  tobacco harvesters, manufacturing
-  tomato harvesters, manufacturing
-  tractors and attachments, lawn and garden type, manufacturing
-  transplanters, farm type, manufacturing
-  tree shakers (e.g., nuts, soft fruits, citrus), manufacturing
-  vacuums, yard, manufacturing
-  weeding machines, farm type, manufacturing
-  windmills, farm type, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing farm conveyors and farm elevators
-  manufacturing food manufacturing machinery, such as milk processing equipment
-  manufacturing agricultural hand tools, such as manual shears and non-powered lawn mowers
-  manufacturing metal corrals, stalls and cattle holders

333120 Construction machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing heavy machinery and equipment of a type used primarily in the construction industry, such as crawler or rubber-tired tractors with bulldozer blade or ripper tooth attachments, front-end loaders, cranes, concrete mixers, power shovels and pavers. Machinery that can be used in both the construction and mining industries is treated as construction machinery. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing forestry machinery, such as tree harvesting and handling equipment, are also included.

Examples:
-  aggregate spreaders, manufacturing
-  asphalt roofing construction machinery, manufacturing
-  augers (except mining), manufacturing
-  backhoes, manufacturing
-  bits, rock drill, construction and surface mining type, manufacturing
-  blades for graders, scrapers, bulldozers and snowploughs, manufacturing
-  broadcast devices for sand and salt trucks, manufacturing
-  buckets, excavating (e.g., clamshell, concrete, dragline, drag scraper, shovel), manufacturing
-  bulldozers, manufacturing
-  cabs for construction machinery, manufacturing
-  chippers, portable commercial (e.g., brush, limb and log), manufacturing
-  concrete finishing machinery, manufacturing
-  concrete gunning equipment, manufacturing
-  concrete mixing machinery, portable, manufacturing
-  construction machinery manufacturing
-  construction machinery, including trailer mounted concrete pumps, manufacturing
-  construction machinery, manufacturing
-  cranes, construction type, manufacturing
-  crushing machinery, portable, manufacturing
-  ditchers and trenchers, self-propelled, manufacturing
-  draglines, crawlers, manufacturing
-  drags, road construction and maintenance equipment, manufacturing
-  dredging machinery, manufacturing
-  excavators (e.g., power shovels), manufacturing
-  extractors, piling, manufacturing
-  grader attachments, elevating, manufacturing
-  graders, road, manufacturing
-  hammer mills (i.e., rock and ore crushing machines), portable, manufacturing
-  hammers, pneumatic, hand-operated, manufacturing
-  hand-held construction drilling equipment, manufacturing
-  highway line marking machinery, manufacturing
-  jackhammers, manufacturing
-  jacks, mud, manufacturing
-  loaders, shovel, manufacturing
-  log splitters, portable, manufacturing
-  mixers for concrete, mortar or slag, portable, manufacturing
-  off-road trucks, manufacturing
-  pile-driving equipment, manufacturing
-  piling extractors, manufacturing
-  planers, bituminous, manufacturing
-  plaster or sand mixers, manufacturing
-  ploughs, construction (e.g., excavating and grading), manufacturing
-  portable crushing, pulverizing and screening machinery, manufacturing
-  post hole diggers, powered, manufacturing
-  rakes, mechanical, land clearing, manufacturing
-  rock crushing machinery, portable, manufacturing
-  rollers, road construction and maintenance machinery, manufacturing
-  scarifiers, road, manufacturing
-  scrapers, construction type, manufacturing
-  screeds and screeding machines, manufacturing
-  screening machinery, portable, manufacturing
-  shovels, power, manufacturing
-  snowplough attachments (except lawn and garden type), manufacturing
-  surface mining machinery (except drilling), manufacturing
-  tampers, powered, manufacturing
-  tooth, bucket and scarifier, manufacturing
-  tractors and attachments, construction type, manufacturing
-  tractors, crawler, manufacturing
-  tractors, tracklaying, manufacturing
-  tree harvesting equipment, manufacturing
-  trenching machines, manufacturing
-  vibrators, concrete, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing farm tractors
-  manufacturing mining and oil and gas field drilling equipment
-  manufacturing industrial plant overhead travelling cranes, hoists, truck-type cranes and hoists, winches, aerial work platforms, and automotive wrecker hoists
-  manufacturing rail layers, ballast distributors and other railroad track-laying equipment

333130 Mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing mining and oil and gas field industry equipment.

Examples:
-  amalgamators (i.e., metallurgical and mining machinery), manufacturing
-  augers, mining type, manufacturing
-  bits, rock drill, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  breakers, coal, manufacturing
-  cages, mine shaft, manufacturing
-  Christmas tree assemblies, oil and gas field type, manufacturing
-  coal breakers, cutters and pulverizers, manufacturing
-  concentration machinery, mining type, manufacturing
-  core drills, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  crushing machinery, stationary, manufacturing
-  cutters, coal, manufacturing
-  derricks, oil and gas field type, manufacturing
-  drilling equipment, oil and gas field type, manufacturing
-  drilling equipment, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  drilling rigs, manufacturing
-  drills, core, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  drills, rock, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  feeders, sieves and screening equipment, mineral beneficiating type, manufacturing
-  flotation machinery, mining type, manufacturing
-  gas well machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  hammer mill machinery (i.e., rock and ore crushing machines), stationary, manufacturing
-  hand-held mine drilling equipment, manufacturing
-  loading machines, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  mineral and stone beneficiating machinery, manufacturing
-  mining and oil and gas field machinery manufacturing
-  mining cars, manufacturing
-  mining equipment rebuilding
-  oil and gas field drilling machinery and equipment (except offshore floating platforms), manufacturing
-  oil and gas well perforating guns, manufacturing
-  ore crushing, washing, screening and loading machinery, manufacturing
-  pellet making machinery, mining type, manufacturing
-  quarrying machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  rock crushing machinery, stationary, manufacturing
-  rock drill bits, oil and gas field type, manufacturing
-  rotary mining rail car dumper, manufacturing
-  scraper loaders, underground mining type, manufacturing
-  screening machinery, stationary, manufacturing
-  sedimentation machinery, mineral, manufacturing
-  surface mining machinery, mineral beneficiation type, manufacturing
-  underground mining machinery, manufacturing
-  washers, aggregate and sand, stationary, manufacturing
-  water well drilling machinery, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing machinery with both construction and mining uses, including portable rock crushing machinery
-  manufacturing offshore oil and gas well drilling and production platforms
-  manufacturing coal and ore conveyors
-  manufacturing underground mining locomotives

333245 Sawmill and woodworking machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery of a type used in processing logs or lumber.

Examples:
-  bandsaws, woodworking type, manufacturing
-  circular saws, woodworking, stationary, manufacturing
-  dovetailing machines, woodworking, manufacturing
-  drill presses, woodworking, manufacturing
-  jig saws, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
-  jointers, woodworking, manufacturing
-  laminating and gluing machines, woodworking, manufacturing
-  lathes, woodworking type, manufacturing
-  mortisers, woodworking, manufacturing
-  particle board forming machinery, manufacturing
-  pattern makers' machinery, woodworking, manufacturing
-  planers, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
-  presses for making composite wood (e.g., hardboard, fibreboard, plywood, particleboard), manufacturing
-  sanding machines, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
-  sawmill and woodworking machinery manufacturing
-  sawmill equipment, manufacturing
-  saws, bench and table, power, woodworking type, manufacturing
-  saws, woodworking type, stationary, manufacturing
-  scarfing machines, woodworking type, manufacturing
-  shapers, woodworking type, manufacturing
-  veneer and plywood forming machinery, manufacturing
-  woodworking machines (except hand-held), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing non-powered hand tools, such as planes and handsaws
-  manufacturing lumber and veneer drying machines
-  manufacturing power-driven hand tools

333246 Rubber and plastics industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery used in processing rubber or plastics materials.

Examples:
-  blow moulding machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  calendering machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  camelback (i.e., retreading material) machinery, manufacturing
-  compression moulding machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  extruding machinery for plastics and rubber, manufacturing
-  granulating and pelletizing machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  hard plastics and rubber working machinery, manufacturing
-  injection moulding machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  plastics and rubber working machinery, manufacturing
-  rubber and plastics industry machinery manufacturing
-  soft plastics and rubber working machinery, manufacturing
-  thermoforming machinery for plastics, manufacturing
-  tire making machinery, manufacturing
-  tire recapping machinery, manufacturing
-  tire shredding machinery, manufacturing
-  vulcanizing machinery, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing industrial moulds for plastics and rubber working machinery

333247 Paper industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing paper-making machinery.

Examples:
-  chippers (e.g., logs), stationary, manufacturing
-  envelope making machinery, manufacturing
-  fourdrinier machinery, manufacturing
-  log debarking machinery, stationary, manufacturing
-  paper and paperboard coating and finishing machinery, manufacturing
-  paper and paperboard converting machinery, manufacturing
-  paper and paperboard corrugating machinery, manufacturing
-  paper and paperboard cutting and folding machinery, manufacturing
-  paper and paperboard die-cutting and stamping machinery, manufacturing
-  paper bag making machinery, manufacturing
-  paper industry machinery manufacturing
-  paper making machinery, manufacturing
-  paper stock preparation machinery, manufacturing
-  paperboard box making machinery, manufacturing
-  paperboard making machinery, manufacturing
-  pulp and paper dryers, manufacturing
-  pulp making machinery, manufacturing
-  pulp washers and thickeners, manufacturing
-  pulp, paper and paperboard moulding machinery, manufacturing
-  sandpaper making machinery, manufacturing
-  stationary log debarking machinery, log splitters, and similar machinery manufacturing

333248 All other industrial machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial machinery.

Examples:
-  anodizing equipment, manufacturing
-  bakery machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  beaming machines, yarn, manufacturing
-  beverage distilling machinery, manufacturing
-  bleaching machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  bobbins for textile machinery, manufacturing
-  bookbinding machinery, manufacturing
-  boot making and repairing machinery, manufacturing
-  braiding machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  bread slicing machinery, manufacturing
-  brewery machinery, manufacturing
-  buttonhole and eyelet machinery, industrial, manufacturing
-  buttonhole and eyelet machines, household, manufacturing
-  calendering machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  carbonizing equipment for processing wool, manufacturing
-  carding machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  chemical processing machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  chewing gum machinery, manufacturing
-  chip placement machinery, manufacturing
-  cider presses, manufacturing
-  cigarette making machinery, manufacturing
-  circuit board making machinery, manufacturing
-  clayworking and tempering machinery, manufacturing
-  cloth spreading machinery, manufacturing
-  coffee roasting and grinding machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  collating machinery for printing and bookbinding, manufacturing
-  combing machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  concrete products forming machinery, manufacturing
-  condensed and evaporated milk machinery, manufacturing
-  confectionery machinery, manufacturing
-  cordage and rope (except wire) machinery, manufacturing
-  corn popping machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  cracker making machinery, manufacturing
-  cream separators (except farm type), manufacturing
-  degreasing equipment, manufacturing
-  desalination equipment, manufacturing
-  digital printing presses, manufacturing
-  distilling apparatus, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  distilling equipment (except beverage), manufacturing
-  dough mixing machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  drawing machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  dry milk processing machinery, manufacturing
-  drying kilns, lumber or wood, manufacturing
-  drying machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  dyeing machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  electron tube making machinery, manufacturing
-  electroplating machinery and equipment, manufacturing
-  electrotyping machines, manufacturing
-  embroidery machinery, manufacturing
-  etching equipment, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  etching machines (printing trades machinery), manufacturing
-  extruding machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  fermentation equipment, chemical, manufacturing
-  fish and shellfish processing machinery, manufacturing
-  flexographic printing presses, manufacturing
-  flour mill machinery, manufacturing
-  food choppers, grinders, mixers and slicers (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  food dehydration equipment (except household type), manufacturing
-  fractionating equipment, manufacturing
-  frames, doubling and twisting for textiles, manufacturing
-  garnetting machines, textile, manufacturing
-  gas liquefying machinery, manufacturing
-  gemstone processing machinery, manufacturing
-  glass-making machinery (e.g., blowing, moulding, forming), manufacturing
-  grading, cleaning and sorting machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  grain mill machinery, manufacturing
-  gravure printing presses, manufacturing
-  hat making machinery, manufacturing
-  homogenizing machinery, food, manufacturing
-  hosiery machinery, manufacturing
-  ice cream making machinery, manufacturing
-  inking rollers, manufacturing
-  jacquard card cutting machinery, manufacturing
-  juice extractors, fruit and vegetable (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  kilns (i.e., cement, wood, chemical), manufacturing
-  knitting machinery, manufacturing
-  knot tying machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  lace and net machinery, manufacturing
-  leather working machinery, manufacturing
-  letterpress printing presses, manufacturing
-  light bulb and tube (i.e., electric lamp) making machinery, manufacturing
-  linotype machinery, manufacturing
-  lithographic printing presses, manufacturing
-  loom bobbins, manufacturing
-  looms, textile, manufacturing
-  loopers, textile, manufacturing
-  malt mill machinery, manufacturing
-  meat grinders (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  mercerizing machinery, manufacturing
-  metal casting machinery, manufacturing
-  metal pickling equipment, manufacturing
-  micro-lithography equipment, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  milk processing machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  napping machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  needles for knitting machinery, manufacturing
-  net and lace making machinery, manufacturing
-  newspaper inserting equipment, manufacturing
-  offset printing presses, manufacturing
-  oilseed crushing and extracting machinery, manufacturing
-  optical lens making and grinding machinery, manufacturing
-  ovens, bakery, manufacturing
-  pasta making machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  pasteurizing equipment (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  peanut roasting machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  petroleum refining machinery, manufacturing
-  photoengraving machinery, manufacturing
-  picker machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  picker sticks for looms, manufacturing
-  presses (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  printing machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  printing plate engraving machinery, manufacturing
-  printing plates, blank (except photosensitized), manufacturing
-  printing press rollers, manufacturing
-  printing presses (except textile printing machinery), manufacturing
-  processing machinery (i.e., butter, cheese, chocolate), manufacturing
-  rectifying equipment, chemical, manufacturing
-  reeds, loom, manufacturing
-  roasting machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  robots for automobile assembly, manufacturing
-  rope and cordage (except wire) machinery, manufacturing
-  roving machinery, textile, manufacturing
-  Schiffli machinery, manufacturing
-  semiconductor assembly and packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  semiconductor making machinery, manufacturing
-  sewing machines and attachments, household, manufacturing
-  sewing machines and attachments, industrial, manufacturing
-  shoe making and repairing machinery, manufacturing
-  shuttles for textile weaving machinery, manufacturing
-  sieves and screening equipment, chemical processing type, manufacturing
-  sieves and screening equipment, food manufacturing type, manufacturing
-  sifting machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  silk screen machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  silver recovery equipment, electrolytic, manufacturing
-  slicing machinery (i.e., food manufacturing type), manufacturing
-  spindles for textile machinery, manufacturing
-  spinning machines, textile, manufacturing
-  spools for textile machinery, manufacturing
-  stitchers and trimmers (i.e., bookbinding equipment), manufacturing
-  stone working machinery, manufacturing
-  sugar refining machinery, manufacturing
-  surface mount machinery, for making printed circuit boards, manufacturing
-  tannery machinery, manufacturing
-  textile finishing machinery (e.g., bleaching, dyeing, mercerizing), manufacturing
-  textile making machinery (except sewing machines), manufacturing
-  texturizing machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  thin layer deposition equipment, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  thread making machinery, manufacturing
-  through-hole machinery, for loading printed circuit boards, manufacturing
-  tile making machinery (except kilns), manufacturing
-  tobacco processing machinery (except farm type), manufacturing
-  tufting machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  typesetting machinery, manufacturing
-  vegetable oil processing machinery, manufacturing
-  veneer drying machinery, manufacturing
-  wafer processing equipment, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  warping machinery, manufacturing
-  weaving machinery, manufacturing
-  winding machinery for textiles, manufacturing
-  wire and cable insulating machinery, manufacturing
-  wool and worsted finishing machinery, manufacturing
-  yarn texturizing machinery, manufacturing
-  zipper making machinery, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing commercial cooking and food warming equipment
-  manufacturing industrial refrigeration equipment
-  manufacturing food and beverage packaging machinery

333310 Commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery for use in commercial and service industries.

Examples:
-  adding machines (except electronic), manufacturing
-  adding machines, electronic, manufacturing
-  aerial cameras, manufacturing
-  alignment and balancing equipment, motor vehicle wheel, manufacturing
-  automated information booth, manufacturing
-  automobile air-conditioning servicing equipment, manufacturing
-  binding equipment (i.e., plastic or tape binding), office type, manufacturing
-  binoculars, manufacturing
-  blueprint equipment, manufacturing
-  brake servicing equipment, motor vehicle (except hand tools), manufacturing
-  bundling machinery (e.g., mail, newspaper, box strapping), manufacturing
-  calculators (except electronic), manufacturing
-  calculators, electronic, manufacturing
-  cameras (except television and video), manufacturing
-  cancelling machinery, post office type, manufacturing
-  car washing machinery, manufacturing
-  carnival and amusement park rides, manufacturing
-  carnival and amusement park shooting gallery machinery, manufacturing
-  carousels (i.e., merry-go-rounds), manufacturing
-  carpet and floor cleaning equipment, electric, manufacturing
-  carpet sweepers, mechanical, manufacturing
-  cash registers (except electronic), manufacturing
-  cash registers, electronic, manufacturing
-  central vacuuming systems, commercial type, manufacturing
-  change making machines, manufacturing
-  cheque writing machines, manufacturing
-  cigarette vending machines, manufacturing
-  coffee makers, commercial type, manufacturing
-  coin counting machinery, manufacturing
-  coin wrapping machines, manufacturing
-  coin-operated vending machines, manufacturing
-  collating machinery, office type, manufacturing
-  commercial and service industry machinery manufacturing
-  comparators, optical, manufacturing
-  cooking equipment, commercial type, manufacturing
-  corn popping machines, commercial type, manufacturing
-  currency counting machinery, manufacturing
-  deep fat fryers, commercial type, manufacturing
-  densitometers (except fuel and laboratory analytical), manufacturing
-  dictating machines, manufacturing
-  digital cameras, manufacturing
-  dishwashing machines, commercial type, manufacturing
-  drycleaning equipment and machinery, manufacturing
-  dryers, film (i.e., photographic equipment), manufacturing
-  dryers, laundry (except household type), manufacturing
-  duct cleaning equipment, manufacturing
-  editing equipment, motion picture (e.g., rewinders, viewers, titlers, splicers), manufacturing
-  enlargers, photographic, manufacturing
-  envelope stuffing, sealing and addressing machinery, manufacturing
-  exposure meters, photographic, manufacturing
-  ferris wheels, manufacturing
-  floor washing and polishing machines, commercial type, manufacturing
-  food warming equipment, commercial type, manufacturing
-  frame and body alignment equipment, motor vehicle, manufacturing
-  garbage disposal units, commercial type, manufacturing
-  gas ranges, commercial type, manufacturing
-  gauges, machinists' precision tools, optical, manufacturing
-  glasses, field or opera, manufacturing
-  gratings, diffraction, manufacturing
-  gun sights, optical, manufacturing
-  hair dryers, beauty parlour type, manufacturing
-  hand dryers, commercial type, manufacturing
-  hole punches (except hand operated), office type, manufacturing
-  hot beverage vending machines, manufacturing
-  incoming mail handling equipment (e.g., opening, sorting, scanning), manufacturing
-  instrument lenses, manufacturing
-  interferometers, manufacturing
-  laundry extractors, manufacturing
-  laundry machinery and equipment (except household type), manufacturing
-  lens grinding, mounting, polishing and coating (except ophthalmic)
-  lenses (e.g., photographic, camera, projection), manufacturing
-  lenses (except ophthalmic), manufacturing
-  letter folding, stuffing and sealing machines, manufacturing
-  light meters, photographic, manufacturing
-  locks, coin-operated, manufacturing
-  loupes (e.g., jewellers'), manufacturing
-  magnifying glasses (except vision correcting type), manufacturing
-  mail handling machinery, post office type, manufacturing
-  mechanisms for coin-operated machines, manufacturing
-  microfilm and microfiche equipment (e.g., cameras, projectors, readers), manufacturing
-  microscopes (except electron, proton), manufacturing
-  microwave ovens, commercial type, manufacturing
-  mirrors, optical, manufacturing
-  mop wringers, manufacturing
-  motion picture projectors and cameras, manufacturing
-  optical alignment and display instruments (except photographic), manufacturing
-  optical gun sighting and fire control equipment and instruments, manufacturing
-  optical test and inspection equipment, manufacturing
-  ovens, ranges or stoves, commercial type, manufacturing
-  overhead projectors (except computer peripherals), manufacturing
-  ozone machines for water purification, manufacturing
-  periscopes, manufacturing
-  photocopying (photocopier) machines, manufacturing
-  photographic camera equipment (i.e., lens hoods, flash apparatus), manufacturing
-  photographic equipment (except lenses), manufacturing
-  photographic equipment, coin operated, manufacturing
-  photographic film developing equipment (i.e., tanks and trays for fixing and washing, etc.), manufacturing
-  photographic film developing equipment, manufacturing
-  postage meters, manufacturing
-  power washer cleaning equipment, manufacturing
-  pressing machines (except household type), manufacturing
-  prisms, optical, manufacturing
-  range finders, photographic, manufacturing
-  ranges, commercial type, manufacturing
-  reflectors, optical, manufacturing
-  sanding machines, floor, manufacturing
-  screens, projection (i.e., motion picture, slide, overhead), manufacturing
-  sensitometers, photographic, manufacturing
-  sewage treatment equipment, manufacturing
-  sights, telescopic, manufacturing
-  simulation equipment, manufacturing
-  snack and confection vending machines, manufacturing
-  soft drink vending machines, manufacturing
-  steam cookers, commercial type, manufacturing
-  steam tables, manufacturing
-  stenography machines, manufacturing
-  swimming pool filter systems, manufacturing
-  teaching machines (e.g., flight simulators), manufacturing
-  telescopes, manufacturing
-  theodolites, manufacturing
-  tire mounting machines, motor vehicle, manufacturing
-  trash and garbage compactors, commercial type, manufacturing
-  tripods, camera and projector, manufacturing
-  typewriters, manufacturing
-  vacuum cleaners, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing
-  vending machines, manufacturing
-  video graphics (e.g., commercial projectors), manufacturing
-  voting machines, manufacturing
-  washing machines, laundry (except household type), manufacturing
-  water heaters (except boilers), commercial type, manufacturing
-  water softening equipment, manufacturing
-  water treatment and purification equipment, manufacturing
-  word processing machines, dedicated, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing sensitized film, paper, cloth and plates; prepared photographic chemicals; and photocopier toner and toner cartridges
-  manufacturing computer and peripheral equipment; point-of-sale machines and automatic teller machines
-  manufacturing television and video cameras
-  manufacturing time clocks and other time-recording devices
-  manufacturing pencil sharpeners, staplers and similar office supplies

333413 Industrial and commercial fan and blower and air purification equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing industrial and commercial blowers.

Examples:
-  air curtains, manufacturing
-  air purification equipment, stationary, manufacturing
-  air scrubbing systems, manufacturing
-  air washers (i.e., scrubbers), manufacturing
-  attic ventilation fans (e.g., gable fans, roof ventilators, etc.), manufacturing
-  blower filter units, manufacturing
-  dust and fume collecting equipment, manufacturing
-  electrostatic precipitation equipment, manufacturing
-  exhaust fans, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing
-  fans, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing
-  furnace filters, manufacturing
-  industrial and commercial fan and blower and air purification equipment manufacturing
-  ventilating fans, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing household fans (except attic), and portable electric space heaters, humidifiers and dehumidifiers

333416 Heating equipment and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electric and non-electric heating equipment, and commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment.

Examples:
-  air-conditioning and refrigeration compressors (except motor vehicle), manufacturing
-  air-conditioning and warm air heating combination units, manufacturing
-  air-conditioning condensers and condensing units, manufacturing
-  air-conditioning equipment (except motor vehicle), manufacturing
-  air-conditioning units (e.g., window, travel trailer, motor home), manufacturing
-  beer cooling and dispensing equipment, manufacturing
-  boilers, heating (i.e., low-pressure or cast iron sectional), manufacturing
-  burners, oil, gas or a combination of both, manufacturing
-  coolers, refrigeration, manufacturing
-  cooling towers, manufacturing
-  dehumidifiers (except portable), manufacturing
-  drinking fountains, refrigerated, manufacturing
-  electric household-type furnaces (e.g., electric forced air furnaces, heat pumps, etc.), manufacturing
-  evaporative condensers (i.e., heat transfer equipment), manufacturing
-  fireplace inserts (i.e., heat directing), manufacturing
-  forced air heating furnaces (except household type), manufacturing
-  freezers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  furnaces, manufacturing
-  gas fireplaces, manufacturing
-  gas space heaters, manufacturing
-  heat pumps, manufacturing
-  heaters, swimming pool, electric, manufacturing
-  heating and air-conditioning combination units, manufacturing
-  heating boilers, manufacturing
-  heating equipment and commercial refrigeration equipment manufacturing
-  heating equipment, hot water (except hot water heaters), manufacturing
-  humidifying equipment (except portable), manufacturing
-  ice making machinery, manufacturing
-  infloor radiant heat system, manufacturing
-  kerosene space heaters, manufacturing
-  logs, gas fireplace, manufacturing
-  non-electric household forced air furnaces, manufacturing
-  non-electric permanent mount room space heaters, manufacturing
-  non-electric swimming pool heaters (i.e., oil, gas or solar), manufacturing
-  permanent mount electric space heaters (i.e., baseboard), manufacturing
-  radiators (except motor vehicle, portable electric), manufacturing
-  range boilers, manufacturing
-  refrigerated counters and display cases, manufacturing
-  refrigerated lockers and showcases, manufacturing
-  refrigeration equipment, industrial and commercial type, manufacturing
-  refrigeration units, truck type, manufacturing
-  snow making machinery, manufacturing
-  soda fountain cooling and dispensing equipment, manufacturing
-  solar energy heating equipment (e.g., panels, mirrors), manufacturing
-  solar heating systems, manufacturing
-  steam heating equipment, manufacturing
-  stoves, heating, manufacturing
-  water coolers, manufacturing
-  wood stoves, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing industrial process furnaces and ovens
-  manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors
-  manufacturing household cooking stoves, ranges, refrigerators, freezers and water coolers
-  manufacturing commercial cooking and food-warming equipment
-  manufacturing industrial, power and marine boilers
-  manufacturing blowers for warm-air heating equipment

333511 Industrial mould manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in casting and machining industrial metal moulds.

Examples:
-  forms (i.e., moulds), industrial metal, manufacturing
-  foundry casting moulds, manufacturing
-  industrial mould manufacturing
-  industrial moulds (except steel ingots), manufacturing
-  metal moulds (e.g., for working plastics, rubber, glass), manufacturing
-  moulds for forming materials (e.g., plastics, rubber, glass), manufacturing
-  moulds for metal casting (except steel ingots), manufacturing
-  moulds for plastics and rubber working machinery, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing moulds for heavy steel ingots

333519 Other metalworking machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing metal cutting and forming machine tools (except hand tools), and related products, except industrial moulds. The machine tools included in this industry are those not supported in the hands of an operator when in use. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; machine tool accessories and attachments; and rolls are included.

Examples:
-  angle rings (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  arbor presses, metalworking, manufacturing
-  arbors (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  assembly machines (e.g., rotary transfer, in-line transfer), manufacturing
-  automatic screw machines, manufacturing
-  bar mill machinery, manufacturing
-  beading machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  bending and forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  billet mill machinery, manufacturing
-  bits and knives, for metalworking lathes, planers and shapers, manufacturing
-  blooming and slabbing mill machinery, manufacturing
-  brakes, metalworking, manufacturing
-  broaches (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  broaching machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  brushing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  buffing and polishing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  burnishing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cams (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  can forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  chamfering machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  chasers (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  chemical milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  chucks or mandrels (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  clamps (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  coil winding and cutting machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cold rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  collars (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  collets (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  counterbores, metalworking, manufacturing
-  countersinks (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  cradle assemblies machinery (i.e., wire making equipment), manufacturing
-  crankshaft grinding machines, manufacturing
-  custom roll forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cutoff machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cutters, metal milling, manufacturing
-  cutting dies, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cutting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  cylinder boring machines, manufacturing
-  deburring machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  diamond dies, metalworking, manufacturing
-  die sinking machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  die-casting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  dies and die holders for metal cutting and forming (except threading), manufacturing
-  dies, metalworking (except threading), manufacturing
-  dies, plastics forming, manufacturing
-  dies, steel rule, metalworking, manufacturing
-  dies, thread cutting, manufacturing
-  diesets for metal stamping presses, manufacturing
-  draw benches machinery, manufacturing
-  drill bits, metalworking, manufacturing
-  drill presses, metalworking, manufacturing
-  drilling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  drop hammers, metal forging and shaping, manufacturing
-  duplicator machines (e.g., key cutting), metalworking, manufacturing
-  electro-chemical milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  electrolytic metal cutting machines, manufacturing
-  electron-discharge metal cutting machines, manufacturing
-  extruding machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  extrusion dies, for use with all materials, manufacturing
-  facing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  files (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  filing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  flange facing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  forging machinery and hammers, manufacturing
-  forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  galvanizing machinery, manufacturing
-  gear chamfering machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  gear cutting and finishing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  gear rolling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  grinding machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  hobs (i.e., metal gear cutting tool), manufacturing
-  home workshop metal cutting machine tools (except hand tools), manufacturing
-  honing and lapping machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  honing heads (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  hopper feed devices (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  hot strip mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  inserts, cutting tool, manufacturing
-  jigs (e.g., inspection, gauging, checking), manufacturing
-  jigs and fixtures, for use with machine tools, manufacturing
-  key cutting machines, manufacturing
-  knurling machines, manufacturing
-  laser boring, drilling and milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  lathes, metal cutting, manufacturing
-  letter pins (e.g., gauging, measuring), manufacturing
-  machine knives, metalworking, manufacturing
-  machine tool attachments and accessories, manufacturing
-  machine tools, metal cutting, manufacturing
-  machine tools, metal forming, manufacturing
-  machine tools, rebuilding
-  magnetic forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  marking machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  metal deposit forming machines, manufacturing
-  metal forming machine tools, manufacturing
-  milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  nail heading machines, manufacturing
-  numerically controlled metal cutting machine tools, manufacturing
-  picklers and pickling machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  pipe and tube rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  pipe cutting and threading machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  planers, metalworking, manufacturing
-  plasma jet spray metal forming machines, manufacturing
-  plasma metal cutting machines (except welding machines), manufacturing
-  plate rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  powder metallurgy forming presses, manufacturing
-  press brakes, metalworking, manufacturing
-  presses (e.g., punching, shearing, stamping), metal forming, manufacturing
-  presses, drill, metal cutting, manufacturing
-  propeller straightening presses, manufacturing
-  punches, for use with machine tools, manufacturing
-  punching machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  pushers (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  reamers (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  reaming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  rebuilding machine tools, metal cutting types
-  rebuilding machine tools, metal forming types
-  rifling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  riveting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  rod rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  rolling mill machinery and equipment, metalworking, manufacturing
-  rotary indexing tables, machine tool, manufacturing
-  sawing machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  saws, metal cutting (except hand-held), manufacturing
-  scarfing units, rolling mill machinery, manufacturing
-  screw and nut slotting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  screwdowns and boxes machinery, metal, manufacturing
-  screwdriving machines, manufacturing
-  shaving machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  shearing machines, metal forming, manufacturing
-  sheet metal forming machines, manufacturing
-  slotting machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  spinning machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  spline rolling machines, manufacturing
-  spring winding and forming machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  stamping machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  stretching machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  structural rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  subpresses, machine tool, manufacturing
-  swaging machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  tapping machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  taps and dies (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  thread cutting dies (i.e., a machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  thread rolling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  threading machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  threading toolholders, manufacturing
-  toolholders (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  tools and accessories for machine tools, manufacturing
-  tracing and tapering machine tool attachments, manufacturing
-  tube rolling mill machinery, metalworking, manufacturing
-  turning machines (i.e., lathes), metalworking, manufacturing
-  turret lathe, metalworking, manufacturing
-  ultrasonic boring, drilling and milling machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  ultrasonic metal forming machines, manufacturing
-  upsetters (i.e., forging machines), manufacturing
-  valve grinding machines, metalworking, manufacturing
-  vises (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  welding positioners (i.e., jigs), manufacturing
-  wheel turning equipment (i.e., machine tool accessory), manufacturing
-  wire drawing and straightening dies, metalworking, manufacturing
-  wire drawing machines, metalworking, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing power-driven hand tools, welding and soldering equipment, and industrial robots
-  manufacturing cutting dies (except metal cutting), hand tools (except power-driven), precision measuring devices, and saw blades and handsaws
-  manufacturing machinery for cutting and forming wood
-  manufacturing moulds for die-casting and foundry casting, plaster working, rubber and plastics working, glass working and similar machinery

333611 Turbine and turbine generator set unit manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing turbines and turbine generator sets.

Examples:
-  gas turbine generator set units, manufacturing
-  gas turbines (except aircraft type), manufacturing
-  generator set, turbine (e.g., steam, gas, hydraulic), manufacturing
-  governors, steam, manufacturing
-  hydraulic turbine generator set units, manufacturing
-  hydraulic turbines, manufacturing
-  rebuilding hydraulic turbines
-  steam turbine generator set units, manufacturing
-  steam turbines, manufacturing
-  turbine and turbine generator set unit manufacturing
-  turbine generator set unit, manufacturing
-  turbines (except aircraft type), manufacturing
-  water turbines, manufacturing
-  wind powered turbine-generator sets, manufacturing
-  wind turbines (i.e., windmills), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing aircraft-type turbines

333619 Other engine and power transmission equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing engine and power transmission equipment.

Examples:
-  ball joints (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
-  bearings, plain (except internal combustion engines), manufacturing
-  biodiesel engines, manufacturing
-  brakes (except motor vehicle and electromagnetic industrial controls), manufacturing
-  bushings, plain (except internal combustion engine), manufacturing
-  chains and pulleys, power transmission, manufacturing
-  clutches (except motor vehicle and electromagnetic industrial controls), manufacturing
-  collars, shaft, for power transmission equipment, manufacturing
-  couplings and sheaves, mechanical power transmission, manufacturing
-  diesel and semi-diesel engines, stationary, marine or traction, manufacturing
-  diesel engines, automotive, manufacturing
-  diesel engines, rebuilding
-  drive chains, bicycle and motorcycle, manufacturing
-  drives, high-speed industrial (except hydrostatic), manufacturing
-  engines, internal combustion (except aircraft and non-diesel automotive), manufacturing
-  engines, military tanks (except turbines), manufacturing
-  engines, natural gas or propane (except automotive), manufacturing
-  gasoline engines (except aircraft and automotive), manufacturing
-  gearmotors (i.e., power transmission equipment), manufacturing
-  gears, industrial power transmission, manufacturing
-  gears, power transmission (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
-  governors, diesel engine, manufacturing
-  joints, swivel (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
-  joints, universal (except motor vehicle and aircraft), manufacturing
-  locomotive diesel engines, manufacturing
-  marine engines, manufacturing
-  motorcycle engines, manufacturing
-  outboard motors, electric, manufacturing
-  railroad car journal bearings, plain, manufacturing
-  reduction gears and gear units (except automotive and aircraft power transmission equipment), manufacturing
-  semi-diesel engines, manufacturing
-  snowmobile engines, manufacturing
-  speed changers or reducers (i.e., power transmission equipment), manufacturing
-  sprockets, power transmission equipment, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing ball and roller bearings
-  manufacturing electric power transmission and distribution equipment, and electric motors, except outboard
-  manufacturing automotive engines (except diesel)
-  manufacturing motor vehicle power transmission equipment
-  manufacturing aircraft engines and power transmission equipment

333910 Pump and compressor manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing pumps, pumping equipment and compressors for general use.

Examples:
-  air compressors, manufacturing
-  bicycle pumps, manufacturing
-  centrifugal pumps, manufacturing
-  compressors, general purpose air and gas, manufacturing
-  dispensing and measuring pumps (e.g., gasoline), manufacturing
-  oil measuring and dispensing pumps, manufacturing
-  paint sprayers (i.e., compressor and spray gun units), manufacturing
-  power (i.e., pressure) washer units, manufacturing
-  pump and compressor manufacturing
-  pumps, for railroad equipment lubrication systems, manufacturing
-  pumps, industrial and commercial type, general purpose, manufacturing
-  pumps, oil well and oil field, manufacturing
-  pumps, sump or water, residential type, manufacturing
-  reciprocating pumps, general purpose, manufacturing
-  rotary pumps, general purpose (except fluid power), manufacturing
-  sprayers, manually-pumped units, general purpose type, manufacturing
-  vacuum pumps (except laboratory), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing pneumatic pumps and motors for fluid power transmission
-  manufacturing motor vehicle pumps
-  manufacturing motor vehicle air-conditioning systems and compressors
-  manufacturing agricultural spraying and dusting equipment
-  manufacturing laboratory vacuum pumps
-  manufacturing air-conditioning and refrigeration systems and compressors (except motor vehicle)

333920 Material handling equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing material handling equipment.

Examples:
-  aerial work platforms, manufacturing
-  aircraft engine cradles, manufacturing
-  aircraft loading hoists, manufacturing
-  automobile hoists (i.e., tow truck, wrecker), manufacturing
-  automobile lifts (i.e., service station and garage type), manufacturing
-  belt conveyor systems, manufacturing
-  block and tackle, manufacturing
-  boat cradles, manufacturing
-  boat lifts, manufacturing
-  bomb lifts, manufacturing
-  buckets, elevators or conveyors, manufacturing
-  cabs for industrial trucks and tractors, manufacturing
-  capstans, marine, manufacturing
-  carousel conveyors (e.g., luggage), manufacturing
-  carts for moving goods (e.g., laundry, industrial), manufacturing
-  chain hoists, manufacturing
-  coal and ore conveyors, manufacturing
-  conveyor systems, general industrial type, manufacturing
-  conveyors, farm type, manufacturing
-  cranes, overhead travelling, manufacturing
-  davits, manufacturing
-  dollies, industrial, manufacturing
-  drum cradles, manufacturing
-  dumbwaiters, manufacturing
-  elevators or escalators, passenger and freight, manufacturing
-  elevators, farm type, manufacturing
-  forklift trucks, manufacturing
-  grocery carts, manufacturing
-  hand trucks, industrial, manufacturing
-  hay conveyors, manufacturing
-  hoists, manufacturing
-  industrial truck cranes, manufacturing
-  industrial trucks and tractors (plant and warehouse), manufacturing
-  laundry carts, manufacturing
-  locomotive cranes, manufacturing
-  lowering devices, burial, manufacturing
-  material handling equipment manufacturing
-  mechanics' creepers, manufacturing
-  mine conveyors, manufacturing
-  mine hoists, manufacturing
-  monorail systems (except passenger), manufacturing
-  overhead conveyors, manufacturing
-  pallet movers, manufacturing
-  passenger baggage belt loaders, manufacturing
-  pneumatic tube conveyors, manufacturing
-  potato loaders, manufacturing
-  pulleys (except power transmission), metal, manufacturing
-  screw conveyors, manufacturing
-  ship cranes and derricks, manufacturing
-  stackers, industrial truck type, manufacturing
-  stairways and walkways, moving, manufacturing
-  stands, ground servicing aircraft, manufacturing
-  straddle carriers, mobile, manufacturing
-  tractors, industrial, manufacturing
-  tunnel kiln cars, manufacturing
-  wheelbarrows, manufacturing
-  winches, manufacturing
-  wire rope hoists, manufacturing
-  work platforms, elevated, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing farm-type wheeled tractors
-  manufacturing construction tractors and cranes
-  manufacturing motor vehicle trailers

333990 All other general-purpose machinery manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery that is not designed for use in any specific industry.

Examples:
-  acetylene welding equipment, manufacturing
-  aircraft carrier catapults (aircraft launching gear), manufacturing
-  arc welding transformers, manufacturing
-  arc-welding equipment, manufacturing
-  baby scales, manufacturing
-  bag opening, filling and closing machines, manufacturing
-  balances (except laboratory), manufacturing
-  balances and scales, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  balancing equipment (except wheels), manufacturing
-  baling machines (e.g., scrap metal, paper), manufacturing
-  bathroom scales, manufacturing
-  battery-powered, hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  bellows, industrial, manufacturing
-  bottle washers, packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  bottling machinery (e.g., washing, sterilizing, filling, capping, labelling), manufacturing
-  brake burnishing and washing machines, manufacturing
-  bread wrapping machines, manufacturing
-  bridge and gate lifting machinery, manufacturing
-  buffing machines, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  calcining kilns, manufacturing
-  canning machinery, manufacturing
-  capping, sealing, lidding and packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  carton filling machines, manufacturing
-  cartridge (i.e., powder) hand-held power-driven tools, manufacturing
-  centrifuges, industrial, manufacturing
-  centrifuges, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  ceramic kilns and furnaces, manufacturing
-  chain saws, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  chisels, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  circular or jig saws, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  coding, dating and imprinting packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  commercial scales (e.g., butcher, delicatessen, produce), manufacturing
-  corded (i.e., electric-powered), hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  core baking and mould drying ovens, manufacturing
-  cremating ovens, manufacturing
-  dental laboratory equipment, manufacturing
-  dental laboratory furnaces, manufacturing
-  dielectric industrial heating equipment, manufacturing
-  distillation ovens, charcoal and coke, manufacturing
-  drills (except heavy construction, mining type), hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  electrode holders, welding, manufacturing
-  electron beam welding equipment, manufacturing
-  filters, industrial and general line (except for warm air furnaces and internal combustion engines), manufacturing
-  fire-fighting sprinklers, automatic systems, manufacturing
-  fluid power actuators, manufacturing
-  fluid power cylinders, manufacturing
-  fluid power motors, manufacturing
-  fluid power pumps, manufacturing
-  food packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  fuel cell-powered, hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  fume hoods, chemical, manufacturing
-  furnaces and ovens for drying and redrying, industrial process, manufacturing
-  furnaces and ovens, semiconductor wafer, manufacturing
-  furnaces, industrial process, manufacturing
-  gas generating machinery, general purpose type, manufacturing
-  gas separating machinery, general purpose type, manufacturing
-  gas welding equipment, manufacturing
-  gasoline-powered, hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  generating apparatus and parts, welding, electrical, manufacturing
-  granulators, laboratory, manufacturing
-  grinders, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  hand tools, power-driven, manufacturing
-  heat treating ovens, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  hydraulic cylinders, fluid power, manufacturing
-  hydraulic pumps, fluid power, manufacturing
-  hydrogen generators (gas producers), manufacturing
-  hydrostatic transmissions, manufacturing
-  ice crushers, industrial and commercial, manufacturing
-  impact wrenches, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  incinerators, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  induction heating equipment, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  industrial scales, manufacturing
-  infrared ovens, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  jacks, hydraulic and pneumatic, manufacturing
-  kilns (except cement, chemical, wood), manufacturing
-  labelling (i.e., packaging machinery), manufacturing
-  laboratory furnaces, manufacturing
-  laboratory type equipment (e.g., furnaces, centrifuges), manufacturing
-  laser welding equipment, manufacturing
-  metal melting furnaces, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  motor truck scales, manufacturing
-  ovens (e.g., japanning, enamelling, sintering, lacquering), manufacturing
-  ovens, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  ovens, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  paint baking and drying ovens, manufacturing
-  paint spray guns, pneumatic, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  parcel post scales, manufacturing
-  planers, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  plasma welding equipment, manufacturing
-  pneumatic cylinders, fluid power, manufacturing
-  pneumatic pumps, fluid power, manufacturing
-  pneumatic, hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  polishers, hand-held power-driven tools, manufacturing
-  powder-actuated hand-held power tools, manufacturing
-  power-driven hand tools, manufacturing
-  presses, metal baling, manufacturing
-  railroad track scales, manufacturing
-  resistance welding and cutting equipment, manufacturing
-  riveting guns, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  rotary pumps, fluid power, manufacturing
-  routers, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  sanders, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  saws, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  scales (i.e., apothecary, chemical, scientific), manufacturing
-  screening and sifting machines, general industrial type, manufacturing
-  screwdrivers and nut drivers, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  seam welding equipment, manufacturing
-  shears and nibblers, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  sieves and screening equipment, general industrial type, manufacturing
-  sirens, steam and air, manufacturing
-  smelting ovens, manufacturing
-  soldering non-electric equipment (except hand-held), manufacturing
-  spot welding equipment, manufacturing
-  spray guns, pneumatic, manufacturing
-  sprinkler systems, automatic fire, manufacturing
-  staplers and nailers, hand-held power-driven, manufacturing
-  steam separating machinery, manufacturing
-  strainers, pipeline, manufacturing
-  testing, weighing and inspecting packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  thermoform, blister and skin packaging machinery, manufacturing
-  ultrasonic welding equipment, manufacturing
-  vacuum furnaces and ovens, manufacturing
-  vapour separating machinery, manufacturing
-  welding electrodes, manufacturing
-  welding wire or rod (i.e., coated or cored), manufacturing
-  wrapping (i.e., packaging) machinery, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing bakery ovens, and cement, wood and chemical kilns
-  manufacturing furnace filters
-  manufacturing electric welding transformers
-  manufacturing motor vehicle engine filters
-  manufacturing laboratory scales and balances

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334110 Computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing computers and computer peripheral equipment.

Computers can be digital, analogue or hybrid. Digital computers, the most common type, are devices that can do all of the following: (1) store the processing program or programs and the data immediately necessary for the execution of the program; (2) be freely programmed in accordance with the requirements of the user; (3) perform arithmetical computations specified by the user; and (4) execute, without human intervention, a processing program that requires the computer to modify its execution, by logical decision, during the processing run. Analogue computers are capable of simulating mathematical models and comprise, at least, analogue, control and programming elements.

Peripherals are assemblies of components that are self-contained, but designed for use with computers. For purposes of classification, a peripheral must consist of more than a loaded circuit board. Peripheral equipment may be installed inside or outside the computer's housing. Important types of peripheral equipment are input-output devices, such as monitors, keyboards, mice and joysticks; storage devices, such as disk drives and CD-ROM readers; and printers. Dumb computer terminals, automated teller machines (ATM's), point-of-sale (POS) terminals and bar code scanners are treated as peripheral equipment.

Computers and peripheral equipment may be sold complete or in kits to be assembled by the purchaser.

Examples:
-  analog computers, manufacturing
-  automatic teller machines (ATM's), manufacturing
-  bar code scanners, manufacturing
-  CD-ROM drives, manufacturing
-  computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing
-  computer peripheral equipment (i.e., keyboards, scanners, monitors, pointing devices, mouse), manufacturing
-  computer terminals, manufacturing
-  computers servers, manufacturing
-  computers, manufacturing
-  digital computers, manufacturing
-  digital video disc (DVD) drives, computer peripheral equipment, manufacturing
-  direct access storage devices, manufacturing
-  disk drives, computer, manufacturing
-  drum drives, computer, manufacturing
-  flat panel displays (i.e., complete units), computer peripheral equipment, manufacturing
-  flexible (i.e., floppy) magnetic disk drives, manufacturing
-  floppy disk drives, manufacturing
-  funds transfer devices, manufacturing
-  hand-held computer (e.g., PDA's), manufacturing
-  hard disk drives, manufacturing
-  input/output equipment, computer, manufacturing
-  joystick devices, manufacturing
-  laptop computers, manufacturing
-  lottery terminals, manufacturing
-  magnetic ink recognition devices, computer peripheral equipment, manufacturing
-  magnetic/optical combination storage units for computers, manufacturing
-  mainframe computers, manufacturing
-  media-to-media data conversion equipment, computer peripheral equipment, manufacturing
-  microcomputers, manufacturing
-  minicomputers, manufacturing
-  optical disk drives, manufacturing
-  optical readers and scanners, manufacturing
-  overhead projectors, computer peripheral-type, manufacturing
-  personal computers, manufacturing
-  plotters, computer, manufacturing
-  point-of-sale (POS) terminals, manufacturing
-  portable computer, manufacturing
-  postal code readers, manufacturing
-  printers, computer, manufacturing
-  smart boards, electronic, manufacturing
-  smart card readers, manufacturing
-  storage devices, computer, manufacturing
-  tape storage units (e.g., drives, backups), computer peripheral equipment, manufacturing
-  teleprinters (i.e., computer terminals), manufacturing
-  USB flash drives (e.g., thumbdrives, jumpdrives), manufacturing
-  virtual reality helmets, manufacturing
-  workstations, computer, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing digital telecommunications switches, local area network and wide area network communications equipment, such as bridges, routers and gateways
-  retailing computers, assembled in the store
-  manufacturing magnetic and optical recording media
-  manufacturing audio speakers, for use in computer systems
-  manufacturing parts, such as casings, stampings, cable sets and switches, for computers and peripheral equipment (other manufacturing industries based on the associated production processes)
-  manufacturing machinery or equipment that incorporate electronic computers for operation or control purposes and embedded control applications (other manufacturing industries based on the classification of the complete machinery or equipment)
-  manufacturing internal loaded printed circuit-board devices, such as sound, video, controller and network interface cards; personal computer modems, whether or not in an external housing; central processing units, memory chips and similar integrated circu

334210 Telephone apparatus manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing wired telephone and data communications equipment. These products may be stand-alone or board-level components of a larger system.

Examples:
-  carrier equipment (i.e., analog, digital), telephone, manufacturing
-  central office and switching equipment, telephone, manufacturing
-  communications headgear, telephone, manufacturing
-  cordless telephones (except cellular), manufacturing
-  data communications equipment (e.g., bridges, gateways, routers), manufacturing
-  facsimile equipment, stand-alone, manufacturing
-  keysets, telephone, manufacturing
-  modems, carrier equipment, manufacturing
-  multiplex equipment, telephone, manufacturing
-  PBX (private branch exchange) equipment, manufacturing
-  private branch exchange (PBX) equipment, manufacturing
-  repeater and transceiver equipment, carrier line, manufacturing
-  subscriber loop equipment, telephone, manufacturing
-  switching equipment, telephone, manufacturing
-  telephone answering machines, manufacturing
-  telephone apparatus manufacturing
-  telephone carrier line equipment, manufacturing
-  telephone carrier switching equipment, manufacturing
-  telephone sets, refurbishing on a factory basis
-  telephones (except cellular telephones), manufacturing
-  telephones, coin operated, manufacturing
-  toll switching equipment, telephone, manufacturing
-  wide (WAN) and local area network (LAN) communication equipment (e.g., bridges, gateways, routers), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing cellular telephones; and microwave transmission equipment
-  manufacturing internal and external computer modems, fax/modems and telephone transformers

334220 Radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing radio and television broadcast and wireless communication equipment.

Examples:
-  airborne radio communications equipment, manufacturing
-  amplifiers (e.g., RF power, I-F), broadcast and studio equipment, manufacturing
-  antennas, receiving, manufacturing
-  antennas, transmitting and communications, manufacturing
-  automobile antennas, manufacturing
-  broadcast equipment (including studio), for radio and television, manufacturing
-  cable decoders, manufacturing
-  cable television transmission and receiving equipment, manufacturing
-  cameras, television, manufacturing
-  carrier equipment, cellular communications (i.e., analog, digital), manufacturing
-  cellular telephones, manufacturing
-  citizens' band (CB) radios, manufacturing
-  closed circuit television equipment, manufacturing
-  communications equipment, mobile and microwave, manufacturing
-  global positioning system (GPS) equipment, manufacturing
-  marine radio communications and earth station equipment, manufacturing
-  microwave transmitting equipment (except telephone and telegraph), manufacturing
-  microwave transmitting equipment (telephone and telegraph), manufacturing
-  mobile communications equipment, manufacturing
-  pagers, manufacturing
-  personal video recorders (PVRS), manufacturing
-  radio and television broadcasting and wireless communications equipment manufacturing
-  radio broadcasting equipment, manufacturing
-  receiver-transmitter units (i.e., transceivers), manufacturing
-  satellite antennas, manufacturing
-  satellites, communications, manufacturing
-  space satellites, communications equipment, manufacturing
-  studio equipment, radio and television broadcasting, manufacturing
-  television broadcast equipment, manufacturing
-  television or radio transmitting antennas and ground equipment, manufacturing
-  transceivers (i.e., transmitter-receiver units), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing wired and non-wired intercommunications equipment (intercoms)
-  manufacturing household audio and video equipment, such as television and radio receiving sets

334290 Other communications equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments, not classified to any other Canadian industry, primarily engaged in manufacturing communications equipment.

Examples:
-  alarm systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  automotive theft alarm systems, manufacturing
-  burglar alarm systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  car alarms, manufacturing
-  carbon monoxide detectors, manufacturing
-  controlling equipment, street light, manufacturing
-  electromechanical control equipment (e.g., signalling, safety, traffic), manufacturing
-  fire detection and alarm systems, manufacturing
-  intercom systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  motion detectors, manufacturing
-  nurse call systems, manufacturing
-  radio or infrared remote control devices, manufacturing
-  railroad signalling equipment, manufacturing
-  remote control units (e.g., garage door, television) manufacturing
-  signalling equipment (i.e., traffic, pedestrian), manufacturing
-  sirens (e.g., air raid, industrial, marine, vehicle), manufacturing
-  smoke detectors, manufacturing
-  traffic advisory communication highway signs, manufacturing

334310 Audio and video equipment manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing electronic audio and video equipment.

Examples:
-  audio and video equipment manufacturing
-  automobile radio receivers, manufacturing
-  camcorders, manufacturing
-  car stereos, manufacturing
-  clock radios, manufacturing
-  coin-operated jukeboxes, manufacturing
-  compact disc players (e.g., automotive, household-type), manufacturing
-  digital video disc (DVD) players or recorders (except computer peripherals), manufacturing
-  digital video disc players, manufacturing
-  headphones (e.g., radio, stereo, computer), manufacturing
-  home stereo systems, manufacturing
-  home tape recorders and players (e.g., cartridge, cassette, reel), manufacturing
-  home theatre audio and video equipment, manufacturing
-  jukeboxes, manufacturing
-  karaoke machines, manufacturing
-  loudspeakers or speaker systems, manufacturing
-  microphones, manufacturing
-  mp3 players, manufacturing
-  phonograph turntables, manufacturing
-  portable digital audio and video players, manufacturing
-  portable stereo systems, manufacturing
-  projection televisions, manufacturing
-  public address systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  radio headphones, manufacturing
-  radio receivers (including satellite), manufacturing
-  radio receiving sets, manufacturing
-  record players, manufacturing
-  tape players and recorders, household-type, manufacturing
-  television (TV) sets, manufacturing
-  video cameras, household-type, manufacturing
-  video cassette recorders (VCR), manufacturing
-  video game consoles (games run from DVD or CD-ROM), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing photographic (still and motion picture) equipment
-  manufacturing telephone answering machines

334410 Semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing semiconductors and other electronic components.

The following activities involving printed circuit boards are undertaken in this industry: the production of the laminate material; the manufacture of the bare (rigid or flexible) printed circuit boards without mounted electronic components; and the loading of electronic components onto the boards.

Examples:
-  capacitors, electronic, fixed and variable, manufacturing
-  cathode ray tubes (CRT), manufacturing
-  chokes for electronic circuitry, manufacturing
-  circuit boards, printed, bare, manufacturing
-  condensers, electronic, manufacturing
-  connectors, electronic (e.g., coaxial, cylindrical, printed circuit, rack, panel), manufacturing
-  crystals and crystal assemblies, electronic, manufacturing
-  cylindrical connectors, electronic, manufacturing
-  diodes, solid state (e.g., germanium, silicon), manufacturing
-  discrete (except built-in) electronic components (e.g., transistors, diodes), manufacturing
-  electron tube parts (e.g., bases, getters, Gunn effect) (except glass blanks), manufacturing
-  electron tubes, manufacturing
-  fibre optic connectors, manufacturing
-  filters, electronic component type, manufacturing
-  fuel cells, solid state, manufacturing
-  geiger tubes, manufacturing
-  Gunn effect devices, manufacturing
-  hall effect devices, manufacturing
-  harness assemblies (insulated wire and connectors) for electronic use, including printer cables, monitor cables and similar, manufacturing
-  heads (e.g., recording, read/write), manufacturing
-  hybrid integrated circuits stencil, manufacturing
-  hybrid integrated circuits, manufacturing
-  inductors, electronic component type (e.g., chokes, coils, transformers), manufacturing
-  infrared sensors, solid state, manufacturing
-  instrument transformer, electronic, manufacturing
-  integrated microcircuits, manufacturing
-  integrated optical circuits (IOC), manufacturing
-  interface cards (e.g., sound, video, controllers, network), manufacturing
-  klystron tubes, manufacturing
-  laser diodes, manufacturing
-  light emitting diodes (led), manufacturing
-  liquid crystal display (LCD) unit screens, manufacturing
-  loaded computer boards, manufacturing
-  loading of electronic components onto circuit boards
-  magnetron tubes, manufacturing
-  memory boards, manufacturing
-  memory card for digital camera, personal digital assistant (PDA), laptop and cellular telephone), manufacturing
-  memory chips, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  metal oxide silicon (MOS) devices, manufacturing
-  microcontroller or microprocessor chips, manufacturing
-  microwave components, manufacturing
-  modems, personal computer, manufacturing
-  monolithic integrated circuits (solid-state), manufacturing
-  needles, phonograph and stylus, manufacturing
-  optoelectronic devices, manufacturing
-  photoelectric cells, solid state (e.g., electronic eye), manufacturing
-  photomultiplier tubes, manufacturing
-  photonic integrated circuits (pic), manufacturing
-  photovoltaic devices, solid-state, manufacturing
-  piezoelectric crystals, manufacturing
-  piezoelectric devices, manufacturing
-  planar cable connectors, manufacturing
-  printed circuit assemblies, manufacturing
-  printed circuit boards, bare (i.e., without mounted electronic components), manufacturing
-  printed circuit boards, loading
-  printed circuit laminates, manufacturing
-  quartz crystals, electronic applications, manufacturing
-  rack and panel connectors, manufacturing
-  radio frequency identification tags (RFID), manufacturing
-  ram (random access memory) chips, manufacturing
-  rectifiers, electronic component-type (except semiconductor), manufacturing
-  rectifiers, electronic component-type, manufacturing
-  resistors, electronic, manufacturing
-  resonant reed devices, electronic, manufacturing
-  rheostats, electronic, manufacturing
-  semiconductor circuit networks (i.e., solid-state integrated circuits), manufacturing
-  semiconductor devices (e.g., wafers), manufacturing
-  semifinished dice or wafers, semiconductor, manufacturing
-  silicon wafers, chemically doped, manufacturing
-  silicon waveguides, manufacturing
-  solar cells, manufacturing
-  solenoids for electronic applications, manufacturing
-  static converters, integrated circuit, manufacturing
-  static power supply converters for electronic applications, manufacturing
-  switches, for electronic applications, manufacturing
-  technical laminates, manufacturing
-  telephone and telegraph transformers, electronic component type, manufacturing
-  television picture tubes, manufacturing
-  thermistors (except industrial process type), manufacturing
-  thin film integrated circuits, manufacturing
-  thyristors, manufacturing
-  transducers (except pressure), manufacturing
-  transformers, electronic component type, manufacturing
-  transistors, manufacturing
-  traveling wave tubes, manufacturing
-  vacuum tubes, manufacturing
-  varistors, manufacturing
-  voltage regulators, integrated circuit, manufacturing
-  wafers (i.e., semiconductor devices), manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing finished products that incorporate loaded printed circuit boards (other manufacturing industries based on the classification of the final product)
-  manufacturing X-ray tubes
-  manufacturing wire and cable for electronic, computer and communications applications
-  manufacturing capacitors, rectifiers, surge suppressors and similar devices for electrical applications

334511 Navigational and guidance instruments manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing navigational and guidance equipment.

Examples:
-  acceleration indicators and systems components, aerospace type, manufacturing
-  aeronautical navigational systems, electronic, manufacturing
-  air traffic control radar systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  airborne navigational systems, manufacturing
-  aircraft flight instruments (except engine instruments), manufacturing
-  airframe equipment instruments, manufacturing
-  airspeed instruments (aeronautical), manufacturing
-  altimeters, aeronautical, manufacturing
-  angle-of-attack instrumentation, manufacturing
-  angle-of-yaw instrumentation, manufacturing
-  artificial horizon instrumentation, manufacturing
-  bank and turn indicators and components (aeronautical instruments), manufacturing
-  cabin environment indicators, transmitters and sensors, manufacturing
-  compasses, gyroscopic and magnetic (except portable), manufacturing
-  countermeasure sets (e.g., active countermeasures, jamming equipment), manufacturing
-  distance measuring equipment (DME), aeronautical, manufacturing
-  driftmeters, aeronautical, manufacturing
-  electronic guidance systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  fathometers, manufacturing
-  fish finders (i.e., sonar), manufacturing
-  flight and navigation sensors, transmitters and displays, manufacturing
-  flight recorders (i.e., black boxes), manufacturing
-  glide slope instrumentation, manufacturing
-  gyrocompasses, manufacturing
-  gyrogimbals, manufacturing
-  gyroscopes, manufacturing
-  heads-up display (HUD) systems, aeronautical, manufacturing
-  horizon situation instrumentation, manufacturing
-  inertial navigation systems, aeronautical, manufacturing
-  infrared homing systems, aeronautical, manufacturing
-  instrument landing system instrumentation, airborne or airport, manufacturing
-  light reconnaissance and surveillance systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  machmeters, manufacturing
-  mine detectors, sending out and responding to a signal, manufacturing
-  nautical instruments (except electronic), manufacturing
-  nautical instruments, electronic, manufacturing
-  navigational and guidance instruments manufacturing
-  navigational instruments (except electronic), manufacturing
-  navigational instruments, electronic, manufacturing
-  omnibearing instrumentation, manufacturing
-  pictorial situation instrumentation, manufacturing
-  position indicators (e.g., for landing gear, stabilizers), airframe equipment, manufacturing
-  proximity warning (i.e., collision avoidance) equipment, manufacturing
-  radar detectors, manufacturing
-  radar systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  radio magnetic instrumentation (RMI), manufacturing
-  rate-of-climb instrumentation, manufacturing
-  sextants (except surveying), manufacturing
-  sonar buoys, manufacturing
-  sonar fish finders, manufacturing
-  sonar systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  space vehicle guidance systems and equipment, manufacturing
-  speed, pitch and roll navigational instruments and systems, manufacturing
-  taffrail logs, manufacturing
-  underwater navigational systems, manufacturing
-  warfare countermeasures equipment, manufacturing
-  wheel position indicators and transmitters, aircraft, manufacturing

Exclusions:
-  manufacturing aircraft engine instruments, and meteorological systems and equipment
-  manufacturing global positioning system (GPS) equipment

334512 Measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing This Canadian industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing measuring, medical and controlling devices.

Examples:
-  abrasion testing machines, manufacturing
-  absorption analyzers, industrial process type (e.g., infrared), manufacturing
-  accelerometers (except aerospace type), manufacturing
-  acidity (i.e., ph) instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  acidity (i.e., ph) instruments, laboratory analysis type, manufacturing
-  actinometers, meteorological, manufacturing
-  air flow controllers (except valves), air-conditioning and refrigeration, manufacturing
-  aircraft engine instruments, manufacturing
-  alarm clocks, manufacturing
-  alidades, surveying, manufacturing
-  alternator and generator testers, manufacturing
-  amino acid analyzers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  ampere-hour meters, manufacturing
-  analyzers for testing electrical characteristics, manufacturing
-  analyzers, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  anemometers, manufacturing
-  annunciators, relay and solid state types, industrial display, manufacturing
-  appliance controls, manufacturing
-  appliance regulators (except switches), manufacturing
-  appliance timers, manufacturing
-  arc lamp units, electrotherapeutic (except infra-red, ultra-violet), manufacturing
-  audio-frequency oscillators, manufacturing
-  audiological equipment, electromedical, manufacturing
-  audiometers, manufacturing
-  automated blood and body fluid analyzers (except laboratory), manufacturing
-  automatic chemical analyzers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  automatic environmental controls and regulators (e.g., heating, air-conditioning, refrigeration), manufacturing
-  automotive emissions testing equipment, manufacturing
-  automotive engine, electrical diagnostic equipment, manufacturing
-  barographs, manufacturing
-  barometers, manufacturing
-  battery testers, electrical, manufacturing
-  beta-ray irradiation equipment, manufacturing
-  blood bank process equipment, manufacturing
-  boiler controls, industrial, power and marine type, manufacturing
-  bridges, electrical (e.g., Kelvin, megohm, vacuum tube, Wheatstone), manufacturing
-  building services monitoring controls, automatic, manufacturing
-  buoyancy instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  cable testing machines, manufacturing
-  carbon arc lamp units, electrotherapeutic (except infra-red, ultra-violet), manufacturing
-  cardiodynameters, manufacturing
-  cardiographs, manufacturing
-  cardiophones, electric, manufacturing
-  cardioscopes, manufacturing
-  cardiotachometers, manufacturing
-  ceilometers, manufacturing
-  chains, surveyors', manufacturing
-  chromatographic instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  chromatographs, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  chronographs, manufacturing
-  chronometers, manufacturing
-  chronoscopes, manufacturing
-  circuit testers, manufacturing
-  clock materials and parts (except crystals), manufacturing
-  clock or watch springs, precision, made from purchased wire
-  clock parts (e.g., cases, movements, springs (except crystals)), manufacturing
-  clocks, assembling
-  clocks, assembling from purchased components
-  clocks, motor vehicle, manufacturing
-  clothes drier controls (including dryness controls), manufacturing
-  colorimeters, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  combination limit and fan controls, manufacturing
-  combination oil and hydronic controls, manufacturing
-  combustion control instruments (except commercial and household furnace type), manufacturing
-  commercial timing mechanisms, manufacturing
-  communication signal testing apparatus, manufacturing
-  compasses, magnetic, portable type, manufacturing
-  computerized axial tomography (ct/cat) scanners, manufacturing
-  computerized environmental control systems for buildings, manufacturing
-  consumption meters (e.g., gas, water), manufacturing
-  controllers for process variables (e.g., electric, electronic, mechanical, pneumatic operation), manufacturing
-  controls, revolution and timing instruments, manufacturing
-  coulometric analyzers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  coulometric analyzers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  count rate meters, nuclear radiation, manufacturing
-  counters (e.g., electrical, electronic, mechanical), totalizing, manufacturing
-  counting devices, manufacturing
-  current measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  damper operators (e.g., electric, pneumatic, thermostatic), manufacturing
-  data loggers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  dating devices and machines (except rubber stamps), manufacturing
-  decade boxes (i.e., capacitance, inductance, resistance), manufacturing
-  defibrillators, manufacturing
-  demand meters, electric, manufacturing
-  densitometers, laboratory analytical, manufacturing
-  density and specific gravity instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  detectors, scintillation, manufacturing
-  diagnostic equipment, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), manufacturing
-  dialysis equipment, electromedical, manufacturing
-  diathermy apparatus, electromedical, manufacturing
-  differential pressure instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  differential thermal analysis instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  digital displays of process variables, manufacturing
-  digital panel meters, electricity measuring, manufacturing
-  digital test equipment (e.g., electronic and electrical circuits and equipment testing), manufacturing
-  diode and transistor testers, manufacturing
-  display instruments, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  distortion meters and analyzers, manufacturing
-  dosimetry devices, manufacturing
-  draft gauges, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  drafting instruments (e.g., templates, squares, t-squares, compass), manufacturing
-  dynamometers, manufacturing
-  elapsed time meters, electronic, manufacturing
-  electric air cleaner controls, automatic, manufacturing
-  electric and electronic controllers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  electric heat proportioning controls, modulating controls, manufacturing
-  electric space heater controls, automatic, manufacturing
-  electrical network analyzers, manufacturing
-  electricity and electrical signal measuring instruments, manufacturing
-  electricity and electrical signal testing equipment, manufacturing
-  electrocardiographs, manufacturing
-  electrodes used in industrial process measurement, manufacturing
-  electroencephalographs, manufacturing
-  electrogastrographs, manufacturing
-  electrolytic conductivity instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  electrolytic conductivity instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  electromagnetic flowmeters, manufacturing
-  electromechanical counters, manufacturing
-  electromedical apparatus, equipment and instruments (e.g., bronchoscopes, gastroscopes, colonscopes), manufacturing
-  electromedical apparatus, equipment and instruments (e.g., cystoscope, otoscopes, retinoscopes), manufacturing
-  electromedical diagnostic equipment (e.g., CT scanner, CAT scanner, MRI device) , manufacturing
-  electromedical therapy equipment, manufacturing
-  electromyographs, manufacturing
-  electron microprobes, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  electron microscopes, manufacturing
-  electron tube test equipment, manufacturing
-  electronic test equipment for testing electrical characteristics, manufacturing
-  electronic totalizing counters, manufacturing
-  electrophoresis instruments, manufacturing
-  electrotherapeutic apparatus, manufacturing
-  electrotherapy units, manufacturing
-  elemental analyzers, manufacturing
-  energy cut-off controls, residential and commercial types, manufacturing
-  energy measuring equipment, electrical, manufacturing
-  evaporation meters, manufacturing
-  fan controls, temperature responsive, manufacturing
-  fare collection equipment, manufacturing
-  fatigue testing machines, industrial, mechanical, manufacturing
-  field strength and intensity measuring equipment, electrical, manufacturing
-  fire detector systems, non-electric, manufacturing
-  flame photometers, manufacturing
-  flame safety controls for furnaces and boilers, manufacturing
-  float controls, residential and commercial types, manufacturing
-  flow instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  fluidic devices, circuits and systems for process control, manufacturing
-  fluoroscopes, manufacturing
-  frequency meters (e.g., electrical, electronic, mechanical), manufacturing
-  frequency synthesizers, manufacturing
-  fuel densitometers, aircraft engine, manufacturing
-  fuel level gauges, manufacturing
-  fuel mixture indicators, aircraft engine, manufacturing
-  fuel system instruments, aircraft, manufacturing
-  fuel totalizers, aircraft engine, manufacturing
-  function generators, manufacturing
-  galvanometers (except geophysical), manufacturing
-  galvanometers, geophysical, manufacturing
-  gamma ray irradiation equipment, manufacturing
-  gas analyzers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  gas analyzers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  gas and liquid analysis instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  gas burner automatic controls (except valves), manufacturing
-  gas chromatographic instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  gas chromatographic instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  gas flow instrumentation, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  gas leak detectors, manufacturing
-  gasmeters, consumption, registering, manufacturing
-  gasoline dispensing meters (except pumps), manufacturing
-  gauges (i.e., analog, digital), industrial process type, manufacturing
-  gauges for computing pressure-temperature corrections, manufacturing
-  Geiger counters, manufacturing
-  gradual switches, pneumatic, manufacturing
-  graphic recording meters, electric, manufacturing
-  hand stamps (e.g., date, time), timing mechanism operated, manufacturing
-  hardness testing equipment, manufacturing
-  hearing aids, electronic, manufacturing
-  heart-lung machines, manufacturing
-  heating and cooling systems controls, residential and commercial, manufacturing
-  heating regulators, manufacturing
-  household-type timing mechanisms, manufacturing
-  humidistats (e.g., duct, skeleton, wall), manufacturing
-  humidity controls, air-conditioning type, manufacturing
-  humidity instruments (except industrial process and air-conditioning type), manufacturing
-  humidity instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  hydrometers (except industrial process type), manufacturing
-  hydrometers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  hydronic circulator controls, automatic, manufacturing
-  hydronic limit, pressure and temperature controls, manufacturing
-  hygrometers (except industrial process type), manufacturing
-  hygrometers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  hygrothermographs, manufacturing
-  ice bank controls, manufacturing
-  ice maker controls, manufacturing
-  ignition controls for gas appliances and furnaces, automatic, manufacturing
-  ignition testing instruments, manufacturing
-  impedance measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  impeller and counter driven flow meters, manufacturing
-  in-built thermostats, filled system and bimetal types, manufacturing
-  incinerator control systems, residential and commercial types, manufacturing
-  indicator testers, turntable, manufacturing
-  indicators, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  industrial process control instruments, manufacturing
-  infrared analytical instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  infrared instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  instrument panels, assembling using gauges made in the same establishment
-  instrumentation for reactor controls, auxiliary, manufacturing
-  instruments (e.g., hematology, microbiology, immunology), manufacturing
-  instruments for measuring electrical quantities, manufacturing
-  instruments, laboratory analysis type, manufacturing
-  integrated-circuit testers, manufacturing
-  integrating electricity meters, manufacturing
-  integrating meters, non-electric, manufacturing
-  internal combustion engine analyzers (i.e., testing electrical characteristics), manufacturing
-  ion chambers, manufacturing
-  irradiation apparatus and tubes (e.g., industrial, medical diagnostic, medical therapeutic, research, scientific), manufacturing
-  irradiation equipment (X-ray, gamma ray, beta ray), manufacturing
-  kelvin or wheatstone bridges (i.e., electrical measuring instruments), manufacturing
-  kinematic test and measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  laboratory analytical instruments (except optical), manufacturing
-  laboratory standards testing equipment (e.g., capacitance, electrical resistance, inductance), manufacturing
-  lamps, X-ray, manufacturing
-  laser equipment, electromedical, manufacturing
-  laser systems and equipment, medical, manufacturing
-  level and bulk measuring instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  level gauges, radiation type, manufacturing
-  levels and tapes, surveying, manufacturing
-  lie detectors, manufacturing
-  light responsive appliance controls, manufacturing
-  limit controls (e.g., air-conditioning, appliance, heating), manufacturing
-  line or limit controls for electric heat, manufacturing
-  linear counters, manufacturing
-  liquid analysis instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  liquid chromatographic instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  liquid concentration instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  liquid flow meters, manufacturing
-  liquid level controls, residential and commercial heating types, manufacturing
-  liquid level instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  lithotripters, manufacturing
-  logic circuit testers, manufacturing
-  magnetic counters, manufacturing
-  magnetic flow meters, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) devices, medical diagnostic equipment, manufacturing
-  magnetometers, manufacturing
-  manometers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  mass spectrometers, manufacturing
-  mass spectroscopy instrumentation, manufacturing
-  measuring instruments and meters, electric, manufacturing
-  measuring instruments, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  measuring wheels, manufacturing
-  measuring, medical and controlling devices manufacturing
-  mechanical measuring instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  mechanisms for clockwork operated devices, manufacturing
-  medical equipment, ultrasonic, manufacturing
-  medical radiation therapy equipment, manufacturing
-  metal detectors, manufacturing
-  meteorologic tracking systems, manufacturing
-  meteorological instruments, manufacturing
-  metering devices (except electrical and industrial process control), manufacturing
-  meters (except electrical and industrial process control), manufacturing
-  meters, electrical (i.e., graphic recording, panelboard, pocket, portable), manufacturing
-  meters, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  microprobes (e.g., electron, ion, laser, X-ray), manufacturing
-  microscopes, electron and proton, manufacturing
-  microwave test equipment, manufacturing
-  modules for clocks and watches, manufacturing
-  moisture analysers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  moisture meters, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  monochrometers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  motor vehicle instruments (e.g., fuel level gauges, oil pressure, speedometers, tachometers, water temperature), manufacturing
-  movements, watch or clock, manufacturing
-  multimeters, manufacturing
-  nephelometers (except meteorological), manufacturing
-  nephoscopes, manufacturing
-  neutron activation analysis instruments, manufacturing
-  nuclear instrument modules, manufacturing
-  nuclear radiation detection instruments, manufacturing
-  odometers, manufacturing
-  ohmmeters, manufacturing
-  oscillators (e.g., instrument type audiofrequency and radiofrequency), manufacturing
-  oscilloscopes, manufacturing
-  osmometers, manufacturing
-  oven temperature controls, non-industrial, manufacturing
-  pacemakers, manufacturing
-  panelboard indicators, recorders and controllers and receiver, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  parking meters, manufacturing
-  particle beam excitation instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  particle size analyzers, manufacturing
-  patient monitoring equipment (e.g., intensive care, coronary care unit), manufacturing
-  pedometers, manufacturing
-  phase angle meters, manufacturing
-  phonocardiographs, manufacturing
-  photogrammetrical instruments, manufacturing
-  photometers (except photographic exposure meters), manufacturing
-  photonexcitation analyzers, manufacturing
-  physical properties testing and inspection equipment, manufacturing
-  pitometers, manufacturing
-  pneumatic controllers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  pneumatic relays, air-conditioning type, manufacturing
-  polariscopes, manufacturing
-  polarizers, manufacturing
-  polarographic equipment, manufacturing
-  polygraph machines, manufacturing
-  portable test meters, manufacturing
-  positive displacement meters, manufacturing
-  positron emission tomography (PET) scanners, manufacturing
-  potentiometric instruments (except industrial process type), manufacturing
-  potentiometric instruments (except x-y recorders), industrial process type, manufacturing
-  power factor meters, manufacturing
-  power measuring equipment, electrical, manufacturing
-  predetermined counters, manufacturing
-  pressure and vacuum indicators, aircraft engine, manufacturing
-  pressure controllers, air-conditioning system type, manufacturing
-  pressure gauges (e.g., dial, digital), industrial process type, manufacturing
-  pressure instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  pressure transducers, manufacturing
-  pressurestats, manufacturing
-  primary elements for process flow measurement (i.e., orifice plates), manufacturing
-  primary oil burner controls (e.g., cadmium cells, stack controls), manufacturing
-  primary process temperature sensors, manufacturing
-  probes, electric, medical, manufacturing
-  production counters, manufacturing
-  programmers, process type, manufacturing
-  propeller type meters with registers, manufacturing
-  protein analyzers, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  pulse (i.e., signal) generators, manufacturing
-  pulse analyzers, nuclear monitoring, manufacturing
-  pyrheliometers, manufacturing
-  pyrometers, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  radar testing instruments, electric, manufacturing
-  radiac (radiation detection, identification and computation) equipment, manufacturing
-  radiation detection and monitoring instruments, manufacturing
-  radioactivity detection, identification and computation (radiac) equipment, manufacturing
-  radiofrequency measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  radiofrequency oscillators, manufacturing
-  radium equipment, manufacturing
-  rain gauges, manufacturing
-  recorders, industrial process control type, manufacturing
-  recorders, oscillographic, manufacturing
-  redox (i.e., oxidation-reduction potential) instruments, manufacturing
-  refractometers, manufacturing
-  refrigeration controls, residential and commercial type, manufacturing
-  refrigeration/air-conditioning defrost controls, manufacturing
-  relays (except electrical, electronic), instrument, manufacturing
-  remote sensing instruments, manufacturing
-  resistance measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  resistance thermometers and bulbs, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  resonance instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  respiratory analysis equipment, electromedical, manufacturing
-  rods, surveyors', manufacturing
-  room thermostats, manufacturing
-  rotary type meters, consumption registering, manufacturing
-  rules, slide, manufacturing
-  sample analysis instruments (except medical), manufacturing
-  sample changers, nuclear radiation, manufacturing
-  scalers, nuclear radiation, manufacturing
-  scintillation detectors, manufacturing
-  seismographs, manufacturing
-  seismometers, manufacturing
-  seismoscopes, manufacturing
-  semiconductor test equipment, manufacturing
-  sentinels, cardiac, manufacturing
-  sequencing controls for electric heating equipment, manufacturing
-  sextants, surveying, manufacturing
-  shunt instrument, manufacturing
-  signal generators and averagers, manufacturing
-  soil testing and analysis instruments, manufacturing
-  solarimeters, manufacturing
-  spark plug testing instruments, electric, manufacturing
-  specific ion measuring instruments, laboratory type, manufacturing
-  spectrofluorometers, manufacturing
-  spectrographs, manufacturing
-  spectrometers (e.g., electron diffraction, mass, NMR, Raman), manufacturing
-  spectrometers (e.g., liquid scintillation, nuclear), manufacturing
-  spectrophotometers (e.g., atomic absorption, atomic emission, flame, fluorescence, infrared,Raman, visible), manufacturing
-  spectrum analyzers, manufacturing
-  speedometers, manufacturing
-  springs, clock and watch, made from purchased wire
-  standards and calibration equipment for electrical measuring, manufacturing
-  standing wave ratio measuring equipment, manufacturing
-  static pressure regulators, manufacturing
-  steam pressure controls, residential and commercial type, manufacturing
-  stop watches, manufacturing
-  stroboscopes, manufacturing
-  surface area analyzers, manufacturing
-  surface burner controls, temperature, manufacturing
-  surgical support systems (e.g., heart-lung machines) (except iron lungs), manufacturing
-  surveying and geophysical instruments, manufacturing
-  sweep generators, manufacturing
-  switches, pneumatic positioning remote, manufacturing
-  switches, thermostatic, manufacturing
-  synchroscopes, manufacturing
-  tachometer generators, manufacturing
-  tachometers, manufacturing
-  tallying meters (except clocks, electrical instruments, watches), manufacturing
-  tank truck meters, manufacturing
-  tapes, surveyors', manufacturing
-  taximeters, manufacturing
-  telecommunications line testing equipment, manufacturing
-  telemetering instruments, industrial process type, manufacturing
-  temperature controls, automatic, residential and commercial type, manufacturing
-  temperature instruments (except glass and bimetal thermometers), industrial process type, manufacturing
-  temperature sensors for motor windings, manufacturing
-  tens (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators), manufacturing
-  tensile strength testing equipment, manufacturing
-  test equipment for electronic and electrical circuits and equipment, manufacturing
-  test sets, ignition harness, manufacturing
-  testers for checking hydraulic controls on aircraft, manufacturing
-  testing equipment (e.g., abrasion, shearing strength, tensile strength, t